Sumba Green Inclusive Growth

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INCLUSIVE ACCESS TO ENERGY: CASE OF SUMBA ICONIC ISLAND INITIATIVEFabby TumiwaInstitute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), Jakarta-IndonesiaGreen Inclusive Green Conference, Siem Reap, 25-26 March 2014

Situation in 2010/2011: 700 thousand inhabitants, 1/3 is living below poverty lineOnly 1 of 4 households has access to electricity2 - 3 kWh/day average electricity consumptionAverage income per capita Rp. 1.8 mil ($170) per capita, >1/4 of average national income (2008)

Electricity demand would be tripled in 20 years85% of power supplied by diesel generator (2010)Vast renewable energy potential: hydro, solar, wind, and vast land for biomass or energy crops plantation


Sumba Iconic IslandAlleviating poverty and fighting climate change by increasing access to energy from renewable sources.Demonstrate the utilisation on site renewable energy potential to supply energy to households, productive use, and economic activities.Platform for partnership and coordinated actions of various stakeholders (Governments, state-owned electricity company, development agencies, donor organisation, NGOs, CBOs, private companies, investors, etc) to reach a goal.Goal: 95% of population is electrified supplied by 100% renewable sources by 2025.Photo credit: (top): HIVOS, bottom: HIVOS-Josh Estey 2012

2010SII initiated by HIVOSMin of Energy became co-initiator, PLN, Provincial Government of NTT, 4 District Government in Sumba Island joined the initiative (MoU Signed) NGOs (incl. IESR), more Ministries, private energy companies, consultants/technical providers, investors, ADB joined Local university, Norwegian Embassy joined2011201220132014


Collaboration & PartnershipBlueprint and Action Plan SII 2011-2025 ~ updated regularlyIdentify barriers (policy, regulation, licenses and permits) for project implementation, communicate those barriers to respective agencies, develop enabling environment for investmentSynchronised planning and project implementation for on-grid and off-grid, biogas, improve cook-stove (ICS), productive end-use, etc.Funding coordinationCapacity building to local government, local communities, local NGOsPromotion and outreachTracking progress and result

Role of IESR in supporting SIIMember of Working Group 1 ~ Policy and Institutional Development (3 WGs established under SII by MEMR).Policy and institutional advisory services to secretariat of SII and to MEMR. Linking and communicate SII initiative with the IESRs national campaign ~ Ending Energy Poverty 2025 and SE4ALL implementation in Indonesia. Facilitate dialogue of various stakeholders in regular meetings.Identify potential community RE projects (micro/pico hydro, solar PV) to be developed in the near future, exercising Energy Delivery Model toolkit.

In conclusionSumba Iconic Island is a collaborative work of various stakeholders (governments, business (SOE, private), NGOs/community) to achieve an agreed goal.It has clear target, objective and planning. Planning is regularly updated and implementation is regularly monitored, and the activity is well coordinated.It encourage and facilitate all stakeholders to come with their expertise and resources and make contribution to meet the goal.It demonstrates the inclusive access to energy both for process and result/impact.It gives example of bottom-up energy provision strategy that could contribute to the best practice of Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Initiative implementation in the South East Asia.Photo credit: HIVOS-Josh Estey 2012

THANK [email protected]