1. EFFECT OF STRIKE ON INDIAN ECONOMY Presented by CHIKUMEENA MOHANTY SWAYAMSNIGDHA DASH LAXMIPRIYA NAYAK
2. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION WHAT IS STRIKE TYPES OF STRIKE JUSTIFICATION OF STRIKE DISADVANTAGES ADVANTAGES CONCLUSION OF STRIKE
3. INTRODUCTION Industrial peace implies the existence of harmonious relation between the management & workers. When the relationship between them are not cordial, industrial atmosphere is not peaceful, such a situation is called industrial unrest. Industrial unrest organised unorganised When it is unorganised, the moral Of the workers are generally low & the managements are not sincere in solving the problems of the workers. when industrial unrest takes an organised form, it gets expression in the form of strikes, demonstrations, picketing & lock-outs.
4. WHAT IS STRIKE? A strike action is when a large no. of people used to pressure government or an Organisation to change the policy. Strike is a very powerful weapon to get its demands accepted by a trade union or in the hand its the way of showing strength of a union . The use of English word strike first appeared in 1768, when sailors in support of demonstration in London. removed the topgallant sails of merchant ships at port, thus crippling the ships. According to industrial disputes act, 1947, Strike means , cessation of work by a group of workers for the purpose of bringing pressures on their employers to accept their demands.
5. TYPES OF STRIKES ECONOMIC STRIKES SYMPATHETIC STRIKES GENERAL STRIKES SIT-DOWN STRIKES SLOW-DOWN STRIKES HUNGER STRIKES GHERAO BOYCOTT WILDCAT STRIKES
6. CONTINUED.. Economic strikes Strikes arise for a number of reasons, though principally in response to economic conditions. Economic strike is conducted by the workers to improve wages , benefits or to improve work conditions and facilities provided to them. SYMPATHETIC STRIKES This type of strike is conducted in support of other workers who are on strike. In this case the workers may not have direct injustice from the employer of the former union of workers. GENERAL STRIKES A general strike is a strike action in which a substantial proportion of the total workers in a region or country participates. It may also be an extension of the sympathetic strike to express generalized protest by the workers.
7. CONTINUED. SIT-DOWN STRIKES A sit-down strike is a form of civil disobedience in which a group of workers, usually employed at a factory take possession of the workplace by "sitting down" at their stations. Main reason behind this is preventing their employers from replacing them with strikebreakers or in some cases moving production to other locations. It is also called tools down or pens down strike. SLOW-DOWN STRIKES A slowdown is an industrial action in which employees perform their duties but seek to reduce productivity or efficiency in their performance of these duties. It an alternative to a strike, as it is seen as less disruptive as well as less risky and costly for workers employers HUNGER STRIKES It is followed either by leaders or by some workers or by both for a limited period. The purpose is to create sympathy of the employer & to attract the attention of the public. It is non-violent in nature. In this method the participants try to provoke feelings of guilt in others or the employers , usually with the objective to achieve a specific goal, such as a policy change.
8. CONTINUED.. GHERAO Gherao, meaning "encirclement," is a word originally from Hindi . This type of strike is restricted to India only . Usually, a group of people would surround a politician or a government building until their demands are met, or answers given. This principle was introduced as a formal means of protest in the labour sector by Subodh Banarjee, the PWD and Labor Minister in the 1967 and 1969. BOYCOTT A boycott is an act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest. In this case workers decide not to use the companys products the appealing the public to do so. It is an voluntary withdrawal of co-operation. WILDCAT STRIKES It is suddenly announced, without notice or at very short notice & thereafter the issues of disputes are discussed . This type of strike action is taken by workers without the authorization of their trade union officials. This is sometimes termed unofficial industrial action
9. WHEN ARE STRIKES JUSTIFIED All strikes are not justified, and nor all strikers are unjustified. If the strike was held by the workers in support of their reasonable, fair & bonafide demands in peaceful manner, then the strike will be justified. If it was held by using of violence or acts of sabotage or for any ulterior purpose, then the strike will be unjustified. Examples JUSTIFIED WHEN EXISTING FACILITIES WITHDRAWN, BENEFITS WITHDRAWN. UNFAIR LABOUR PRACTICE BY MANAGEMENT. NO RESPONSE FROM MANAGEMENT IN SPITE OF REFERRING A DEMAND & ISSUING A REMINDER. UNJUSTIFIED STRIKES LAUNCHED FOR POLITICAL REASONS. DEMANDS ARE EXCESSIVE, NOT FEASIBLE AND UNREASONABLE
10. DISADVANTAGES AND ILL-EFFECTS Revenue loss When a strike takes place, a state or country has to bear huge revenue losses, Since at the time of a strike the state-run transportation system comes to a standstill . Studies are affected The students of various schools and colleges get primarily affected by a strike since the institution authorities have no choice but to close the educational institution due to fears of political turbulence and chaos. Participants families When work stops because of an industrial dispute, often it is not only the workers themselves who are affected, their families also feel the impact of lost household income. Patients get affected Since the transportation system during a strike is lamed, patients cant reach the hospitals when the need is utterly high. When they cant reach the hospitals on time, it leads to horrible outcomes.
11. CONTINUED Peoples lives are at risk As strikes often turn into violent protests and clashes between political parties and police , people often get injured. On certain occasions the injuries become so serious that innocent people lose their lives. Tourism industry and small businesses are affected Tourists coming to a state get a bad impression when they see the evils of a strike. This is not beneficial for the travel and tourism industry of the state that fetches a lot of revenue to country . Small businesses are also hit by these strikes since they largely depend on their daily sales or turnover.
12. ADVANTAGES Apart of the disadvantages strikes also provide certain amount of benefits such as:Gives the economy an idea something is wrong Gives them media attention to grow Gives them better opportunities after press is involved. Gives them what they went on strike for Improves their situation
13. CONTINUED.. Apart from that public figures ANNA HAZARE and BABA RAMDEV went on a hunger strike in order to make the common public know about the jan lokpal bill and make the government to pass the same . Candlelight processional conducted by the public for heroic act of certain person creates a peaceful environment through out the country.
14. CONCLUSION As we all know that strikes are more disadvantageous but still we have to admire the fact the In order to fulfil our desires we have to sacrifice certain things. Prior to the announcement of strike it should be realised that it is justified or not. More importantly at the time of strike violence must be avoided. But still its rightly stated that STRIKES ARE NOT A USUAL RIGHT OF THE EMPLOYEES OR THE PUBLIC