SRI LANKA RAPID POST DISASTER NEEDS ... ... Sri Lanka Rapid Post Disaster Needs Assessment Floods...
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Floods and Landslides MAY 2017
Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs
Ministry of Disaster Management
SRI LANKA RAPID POST DISASTER NEEDS ASSESSMENT
Sri Lanka Rapid Post Disaster Needs Assessment Floods and Landslides, May 2017
Published by the Ministry of Disaster Management & Ministry of National Policy and Eco- nomic Affairs in collaboration with the United Nations, World Bank and European Union.
Ministry of Disaster Management
Vidya Mawatha, Colombo 7
T: +94-112665170 / +94-112-665389
Design: Ana P. Santander
Photo Credits: European Press Photo Agency, Indian Express, Reuters, United Nations, Asian Tribune, Amila Weerasinghe, Rainforest Protectors of Sri Lanka.
mailto:[email protected] http://www.disastermin.gov.lk
List of Abbreviations 9
List of Figures 13
List of Tables 14
E X E C U T I V E S U M M A RY 21
SECTOR REPORTS S O C I A L S E C T O R 35
1. Housing 37
2. Education 53
3. Health 65
P R O D U C T I V E S E C T O R 75
4. Food Security, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries 76
5. Productive Sector: Industry and Commerce 88
I N F R A S T R U C T U R E S E C T O R 105
6. Irrigation 106
7. Transport 119
8. Water and Sanitation 130
9. Power supply 149
C R O S S C U T T I N G I S S U E S 157
10. Environment 159
11. Disaster Risk Reduction 181
12. Gender and Social Inclusion 197
A N N E X U R E S 213
Annex 1: PDNA Sector Team and Contributors 215
Annex 2 : Terms of Reference 218
Annex 3: Stakeholders Involved 223
ANNEX 4: District Breakdown of Damages and Losses 224
ANNEX 5: Damages and Losses to the Private and Public Sector 225
ANNEX 6: District Breakdown of Recovery Needs 226
ANNEX 7: International Response- Foreign Donations 228
ANNEX 8: Additional Information by Sector 230
Industry and commerce 260
Power Supply 268
Disaster Risk Reduction 273
Sri Lanka was once again affected by severe floods and landslides, in May 2017. While the spread of disaster situation was confined only to 15 districts compared to the 24 districts in the previous year, increased incidents of landslides and deaths in 2017 made the situation equally challenging.
The disaster was triggered by heavy rain and high winds brought about by the southwest monsoon on 25th and 26th May affecting 879,778 people with 219 deaths and 74 missing. The disaster caused destruction and damaged nearly 80,000 houses and affected livelihood of over 342,000 people de- pendent on agriculture, trade, and industry. The Ministry of Disaster Management and District and Divisional Secretariats led the extensive rescue and relief operations with the support of the Sri Lankan Army, Navy and Air Force, Media, CSOs, private sector and individuals.
A post disaster needs assessment was initiated as moved out of emergency/relief phase. In response to the request of our government, the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Union provided support to the PDNA 2017, while this year’s assessment was carried out using the local capacity build on the internationally accepted methodology last year.
The Rapid PDNA was conducted under the overall leadership of the Ministry for Disaster Manage- ment and the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs. The line ministries undertook the assessment supported by national experts and the young graduates who were coordinated by the University of Colombo.
The report was produced within 1 ½ months based on the participatory process inclusive of all stakeholders and communities in the affected areas. Our sincere thanks to all those who contribut- ed to this report and the UN, WB and EU for their overall guidance.
The PDNA report covers nine sectors and three cross cutting themes and looks at the overall impact of the disaster. As a complement to the PDNA, a Post Disaster Recovery Plan will be developed by the Government of Sri Lanka considering the available resources and budgets for next three years.
The overall outcome we are aiming for is a safer Sri Lanka, where the lives of the Sri Lankan people are better protected from extreme events. In order to ensure this outcome, we envisage continuous and Inclusive consultations with the concerned urban and rural communities, particularly vulner- able groups, throughout the recovery process. We look forward to working with all stakeholders in the implementation of the recovery programmes proposed in this PDNA report towards a resilient Sri Lanka.
ministry of national policies and economic affairs and
ministry of disaster management
6 SRI LANKA FLOODS AND LANDSLIDES - MAY 2017 / RAPID PDNA REPORT
The PDNA for the floods and landslides of May 2017 was developed as a collaborative effort of the Government of Sri Lanka with its partners- the United Nations agencies, the World Bank, the European Union, and other organizations. The PDNA was led and conducted by the Ministry of Disaster Management, and the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs of the Gov- ernment of Sri Lanka and line ministries with support from its partners. The Secretaries of the Ministry of Disaster Management, and the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs would like to extend the special acknowledgment to the following Sri Lankan authorities:
Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of City Planning and Water Supply, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Development, Ministry of Health Nutri- tion & Indigenous Medicine, Ministry of Highways and Higher Education, Ministry of Hous- ing and Construction, Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Ministry of Plantation Industries, Ministry of Power and Energy, Ministry of Provincial Councils and Local Government, Minis- try of Mahaweli Development and Environment, Ministry of Rural Economic Affairs, Ministry of Sustainable Development and Wildlife, Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation, Ministry of Women and Children Affairs, Ministry of Hill Country New Villages, Infrastructure and Com- munity Development, Central Environment Authority, Ceylon Electricity Board, Department of Agriculture, Department of Census and Statistics, Department of Agrarian Development, Department of Export Agriculture, Department of Meteorology, Disaster Management Centre, Hector Kobbekaduwa Agrarian Research and Training Institute, Irrigation Department, Nation- al Building Research Organisation, National Disaster Relief Services Centre, Natural Resources Management Centre, National Water Supply and Drainage Board, Sri Lanka Army, and Ceylon Chamber of Commerce.
The Secretaries of the Ministry of Disaster Management, Ministry of National Policies and Eco- nomic Affairs are grateful for the technical inputs and support from the following partner orga- nizations:
Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre, European Union, Food and Agriculture Organization, International Labour Organization, Janathakshan (gte) Ltd., Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, UN-Habitat, United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations Development Programme, Unit- ed Nations Office for Project Services, United Nations Population Fund, United Nations Volun- teers, UN Women, World Bank Group, World Food Programme and World Health Organization.
The Secretaries of the Ministry of Disaster Management and the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs would like to express their gratitude:
To the members of the PDNA team: Dr. S. Amalanadan (Addl. Secretary -Development - Min- istry of Disaster Management), Mrs. Sepali Rupasinghe (Ministry of Disaster Management), Mr. M.D.N. Cooray (Ministry of Disaster Management), Anoja Seneviratne (Disaster Manage- ment Centre), Chaminda Pathiraja (National Disaster Relief Services Centre), Savithri Jayako- dy (NDRSC), Mr. S.S. Mudalige (Director General, Department of National Planning, Ministry
of National Policies and Economic Affairs), Ms. J.M.S.D. Rathnayake (MNPEA/NPD), M.F.A Mubarak (MNPEA/NPD), Mr. Sachith Fernando (MNPEA/NPD), Dr. Janaka Wickramarathne (Ministry of Health), Anuradhi Perera (Ministry of Power and Renewal Energy), Visaka Punyawa- na Hidellage (UNDP), Buddika Hapuarachchi (UNDP), Sureka Perera (UNDP), Ranjana Piyadasa (University of Colombo), Vajira Hettige (Coordinator PDNA), Luis Gamarra (Editor and Tech- nical Advisor), Madhavi Ariyabandu (DRR and gender technical advisor), Rita Missal (UNDP), Kalana Cooray (UNDP), U.W.L Chandradasa, (UNDP), Aziza Uzof (UN-Habitat), Paula Bulan- cea, Mohamed Shibly Haroon Raseed, Watsala Jayamanna and Mihlar Mohammad Abdul Malik (UNICEF), Suranga Kahandawa (World Bank), Keiko Sakoda (World Bank), David Newhouse (World Bank), D.S.D. Jayasiriwardene (Consultant–World Bank), Janaka Weerawardana (Con- sultant–World Bank), Upali Delpechitre (Consultant–World Bank), Ana Maria Leal (UNFPA), Thisantha Ameresekere, Dinoo Prabhathi Wickramage and Buddhika Kodithuwakku (UNOPS), Ganga Samaraw