SRD 5 - הפונדק

of /
לא למכירה. מותר להדפיס או לצלם מסמך זה לשימוש אישי בלבד.SRD 5.1 (20190510) SRD 5.1 .SRD מסמך זה הינו תרגום לעברית של ה‑.http://dnd.wizards.com/articles/features/systems-reference-document-srd הקובץ המקורי זמין ב: לקהל דובר עברית.5 התרגום הינו חלק ממאמץ קהילתי להנגיש חומרי מו״ד ונערך על ידי צוות התרגום.)[email protected]( התרגום נעשה על ידי יובל ספיר אם נתקלתם בטעות אתם מוזמנים לשלוח תיקון לדוא״ל הנ״ל. צוות התרגום: אורן ברנסטין אייר בנימין איתי אסף ריזמן‑גריף איתמר ויסברג גיא קאפח דניאל רוזנברג חגי אלקיים חגי מ. גומפרט יבגני רזניקוב יוני מנדס יותם מיכאל בן משה ערן אבירם ערן שגב

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of SRD 5 - הפונדק

SRD 5.1 (20190510) . .
SRD 5.1 .SRD
.http://dnd.wizards.com/articles/features/systems-reference-document-srd : 5 .
)[email protected]( . .
:




SRD 5.1 (20190510)1 . .
Legal Information Permission to copy, modify and distribute the files collectively known as the System Reference Document 5.1 (“SRD5”) is granted solely through the use of the Open Gaming License, Version 1.0a.
This material is being released using the Open Gaming License Version 1.0a and you should read and understand the terms of that license before using this material.
The text of the Open Gaming License itself is not Open Game Content. Instructions on using the License are provided within the License itself.
The following items are designated Product Identity, as defined in Section 1)e( of the Open Game License Version 1.0a, and are subject to the conditions set forth in Section 7 of the OGL, and are not Open Content: Dungeons & Dragons, D&D, Player’s Handbook, Dungeon Master, Monster Manual, d20 System, Wizards of the Coast, d20 )when used as a trademark(, Forgotten Realms, Faerûn, proper names (including those used in the names of spells or items(, places, Underdark, Red Wizard of Thay, the City of Union, Heroic Domains of Ysgard, Ever- Changing Chaos of Limbo, Windswept Depths of Pandemonium, Infinite Layers of the Abyss, Tarterian Depths of Carceri, Gray Waste of Hades, Bleak Eternity of Gehenna, Nine Hells of Baator, Infernal Battlefield of Acheron, Clockwork Nirvana of Mechanus, Peaceable Kingdoms of Arcadia, Seven Mounting Heavens of Celestia, Twin Paradises of Bytopia, Blessed Fields of Elysium, Wilderness of the Beastlands, Olympian Glades of Arborea, Concordant Domain of the Outlands, Sigil, Lady of Pain, Book of Exalted Deeds, Book of Vile Darkness, beholder, gauth, carrion crawler, tanar’ri, baatezu, displacer beast, githyanki, githzerai, mind flayer, illithid, umber hulk, yuanti.
All of the rest of the SRD5 is Open Game Content as described in Section 1(d) of the License.
The terms of the Open Gaming License Version 1.0a are as follows:
OPEN GAME LICENSE Version 1.0a
The following text is the property of Wizards of the Coast, Inc. and is Copyright 2000 Wizards of the Coast, Inc )“Wizards”(. All Rights Reserved.
1. Definitions: )a(”Contributors” means the copyright and/or trademark owners who have contributed Open Game Content; (b)”Derivative Material” means copyrighted material including derivative works and translations )including into other computer languages), potation, modification, correction, addition, extension, upgrade, improvement, compilation, abridgment or other form in which an existing work may be recast, transformed or adapted; (c) “Distribute” means to reproduce, license, rent, lease, sell, broadcast, publicly display, transmit or otherwise distribute; (d)”Open Game Content” means the game mechanic and includes the methods, procedures, processes and routines to the extent such content does not embody the Product Identity and is an enhancement over the prior art and any additional content clearly identified as Open Game Content by the Contributor, and means any work covered by this License, including translations and derivative works under copyright law, but specifically excludes Product Identity. )e( “Product Identity” means product and product line names, logos and identifying marks including trade dress; artifacts; creatures characters; stories, storylines, plots, thematic elements, dialogue, incidents, language, artwork, symbols, designs, depictions, likenesses, formats, poses, concepts, themes and graphic, photographic and other visual or audio representations; names and descriptions of characters, spells, enchantments, personalities, teams, personas, likenesses and special abilities; places, locations, environments, creatures, equipment, magical or supernatural abilities or effects, logos, symbols, or graphic designs; and any other trademark or registered trademark clearly identified as Product identity by the owner of the Product Identity, and which specifically excludes the Open Game Content; )f( “Trademark” means the logos, names, mark, sign, motto, designs that are used by a Contributor to identify itself or its products or the associated products contributed to the Open Game License by the Contributor (g) “Use”, “Used” or “Using” means to use, Distribute, copy, edit, format, modify, translate and otherwise create Derivative Material of Open Game Content. (h) “You” or “Your” means the licensee in terms of this agreement.
2. The License: This License applies to any Open Game Content that contains a notice indicating that the Open Game Content may only be Used under and in terms of this License. You must affix
SRD 5.1 (20190510)2 . .
such a notice to any Open Game Content that you Use. No terms may be added to or subtracted from this License except as described by the License itself. No other terms or conditions may be applied to any Open Game Content distributed using this License.
3.Offer and Acceptance: By Using the Open Game Content You indicate Your acceptance of the terms of this License.
4.Grant and Consideration: In consideration for agreeing to use this License, the Contributors grant You a perpetual, worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive license with the exact terms of this License to Use, the Open Game Content.
5.Representation of Authority to Contribute: If You are contributing original material as Open Game Content, You represent that Your Contributions are Your original creation and/or You have sufficient rights to grant the rights conveyed by this License.
6.Notice of License Copyright: You must update the COPYRIGHT NOTICE portion of this License to include the exact text of the COPYRIGHT NOTICE of any Open Game Content You are copying, modifying or distributing, and You must add the title, the copyright date, and the copyright holder’s name to the COPYRIGHT NOTICE of any original Open Game Content you Distribute.
7.Use of Product Identity: You agree not to Use any Product Identity, including as an indication as to compatibility, except as expressly licensed in another, independent Agreement with the owner of each element of that Product Identity. You agree not to indicate compatibility or co-adaptability with any Trademark or Registered Trademark in conjunction with a work containing Open Game Content except as expressly licensed in another, independent Agreement with the owner of such Trademark or Registered Trademark. The use of any Product Identity in Open Game Content does not constitute a challenge to the ownership of that Product Identity. The owner of any Product Identity used in Open Game Content shall retain all rights, title and interest in and to that Product Identity.
8.Identification: If you distribute Open Game Content You must clearly indicate which portions of the work that you are distributing are Open Game Content.
9.Updating the License: Wizards or its designated Agents may publish updated versions of this License. You may use any authorized version of this License to copy, modify and distribute any
Open Game Content originally distributed under any version of this License.
10.Copy of this License: You MUST include a copy of this License with every copy of the Open Game Content You Distribute. 11.Use of Contributor Credits: You may not market or advertise the Open Game Content using the name of any Contributor unless You have written permission from the Contributor to do so.
12.Inability to Comply: If it is impossible for You to comply with any of the terms of this License with respect to some or all of the Open Game Content due to statute, judicial order, or governmental regulation then You may not Use any Open Game Material so affected.
13.Termination: This License will terminate automatically if You fail to comply with all terms herein and fail to cure such breach within 30 days of becoming aware of the breach. All sublicenses shall survive the termination of this License.
14.Reformation: If any provision of this License is held to be unenforceable, such provision shall be reformed only to the extent necessary to make it enforceable.
15.COPYRIGHT NOTICE Open Game License v 1.0a Copyright 2000, Wizards of the Coast, LLC. System Reference Document 5.1 Copyright 2016, Wizards of the Coast, Inc.; Authors Mike Mearls, Jeremy Crawford, Chris Perkins, Rodney Thompson, Peter Lee, James Wyatt, Robert J. Schwalb, Bruce R. Cordell, Chris Sims, and Steve Townshend, based on original material by E. Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson. END OF LICENSE
SRD 5.1 (20190510)3 . .
, [email protected]

. .
.

. .
, . ,
, ,
.
,
. , , ,
, .
,
1.20 2.40 . ) 60 1.20 (,
.
, "".

)( )""(.
, , ,
.
.
.
.

, .
. 2. .
, .
100 750.
. , , . ,
. . 1.50 1.80 .
. . 9 . .
, . 18
, . , .
. . .
, . . . ,
4 . ) ""(.
, ; . , ,
8 . . , . , . ,
. .
,
. , . ,
. ,
. . 1. . ,
, . .
. .
. , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)4 . .

, .
. 1.
. .
. . .
. 1.50 1.80 . ,
. . 9 .
. , .
, . :
, , .

, .
. 2. . ,
50. , 350 .
. , . ,
.
. 1.20 1.50 75 . .
. ½7 . .
. , .
18 , .
, . . ,
. . ,
, . . :
, . .
)( ,
, .
. , . , .
, ,
, . . 1.
. 1, 1 .

.
. 2 1.
. . , 3
10 15. 80.
. , . ,
. . , 1.80
120 . . . ½7 .
½1 9 )
( ½1 9 )
( ½1 9 )
( ½1 9 )
( ½1 9 )
( ½4 ) ( ½4 ) (
½4 ) ( ½4 ) (
½4 ) (
. . . ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)5 . .
. .
. , , .
,
. 8 + + .
26 . 36 6, 46 11, 56
16. , ,
. .
. . , .
, .
.

.
. 1, 2.
. , .
. , .
, .
. . .
. 9 . . , .
18 , .
, . . .
. . 3,
2 , .
5, ,
. .
. , .

.
. 2. . 20
. . . , , , .
, . . 90
20 . . . ½7 .
. 1 20 , ,
.
. . .
. . , .
, . ,
. , , .
.
, , .
. ,
. . 1.
.
.

.
. 2, 1.
. , 14.
, 75 .
. .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)6 . .
.
. , 1.50 1.80 .
. . 9 .
. , . 18
, . , .
. . . 0 , 1
.
. .
, ,
. . , .
. , .

.
. 2, 1.
. 20. , ,
180 . .
. .
, ,
. .
, 1.50 1.80 . .
. 9 . . , .
18 , .
, . .
, . . . . , ,
.

.
. 2. . ,
40. 350 500. . .
, , , , . , ,
, . , .
. 90 1.20 20 . .
. ½7 . .
. 18 ,
. , .
. , .
. , . , ,
.
,
. . 1.
. )( ,
, , .
. ) (. , 10 ) 5, 1 (. 24 ) 1 (,
; ,
. .
, :
. , , , , , , .
, ½1 .
. . ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)7 . .
, . .
. , .
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)8 . .

, .
: 16
1: 6 + : 16 ) 4( +
:
: , , , , :
: , : , , ,
,
, :
)( )( )( )( )( )(
— —
123456789 ————————32 , 1+2 ————————33 2+2 3+2—342——————— ———————443 4+2 5+3—4432—————— ——————4433 6+3 7+3—44331————— —————44332 8+3 9+4—443331————
————543332 10+4 11+4—5433321——— ———5433321 12+4 13+5—54333211—— ——54333211 14+5 15+5—543332111— —543332111 16+5 17+6—5433321111 5433331111 18+6 5433332111 19+6 5433332211 20+6
,
.
1,
. ,
.
1, 1 .
, , .
.
1 .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)9 . .
, .
.
. , .
+ ) (. .
, 3, 1 2.
16, 1 2, ,
. 1,
1 2. .
.
:
1 .

, .
, . ,
, .
= 8 + +
= +

. .

.
1 , .
, . , ) "
"(.

. ,
. ) (,
6 . , 4, .
2 1.
2,
, .
2 6, 10, 14.
4, 8, 12, 16 19
2, 1. ,
20 .
18,
. 1 2 . .
, .
, , , 8 .
20, .
3 . ,
3 . , .
, .
,
. ,
.
. .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)10 . .
, . ,
, .
, .

, , , . .
, , .
2,
.
2,
.
, 1 + .
, .
6,
. ,
) (, .
10,
.
14,
. 1 5 , .
, .
, 212 , .
, 112 .
.

,
. .
. .
1 ,
.
, .
,
. , 2
50 . ,
. ,
. . ,
. , ,
. 1
10 . ,
.
, . ,
. .
, . ,
,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)11 . .

, .
: 112
1: 12 + : 112 ) 7( +
: , ,
: , :
: , : , , ,
,
, :
)( )( )( )(


2+2
2+2
3+2 3+2 3+2 4+2 ,5+3
3+2
4+2 6+3 4+2 7+3 4+2 8+3 )9+41
( 4+3
4+3 10+4 4+3 11+4 5+3 12+4 )13+52
( 5+3
5+3 14+5 5+3 15+5 5+4 16+5
)17+63 (
6+4
6+4 18+6 6+4 19+6 20+6
+4
. ,
. ,
: .
, , ,
. , .
, .
1 .
. .
,
.
, 10
+ + . .
2,
. , .

, .
2,
, .
, .
, , , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)12 . .
3, .
. 3, 6, 10, 14.
4, 8, 12, 16 19
2, 1. ,
20 .
5, ,
, .
5, 3
.
7,
. ,
, , .
9,
. 13
17 .
11,
. 0 ,
10. , 1 .
, 5.
, 10.
15,
.
18,
, .
20, .
4. 24.
, –
. .
, .
3,
. ,
. ,
) (.
6,
. , .
10,
. , 9 .
, ) 8 +
+ ( . ,
. 18 .
, 24 .
14, ½1
, .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)13 . .

, .
: 18
1: 8 + : 18 ) 5( +

: , , )
( : , , , , , ,
, , , :
: , : , , , ,
, , ,
, :
)( )( )( )( , ,

— — 123456789
————————22, 1+2 ————————23 , 2+2 3+2—242——————— ———————343 , 4+2 5+3—3432—————— ——————3433 6+3 7+3—34331————— —————34332 , 8+3 9+4—343331————
————443332 10+4 11+4—4433321——— ———4433321 12+4 13+5—44333211—— ——44333211 14+5 15+5—443332111— —443332111 16+5 17+6—4433321111 4433331111 , 18+6 4433332111 19+6 443333221120+6
, . . .
)( 15,
.

.
1, .
, .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)14 . .

1 . ,
. .
, , , .
, + )
(. .
, 3, 1 2. 16,
1 2, . 1,
1 2. .
.
: 1 .

, . . ,
.
= 8 + +
= +

.
) ""(
.
2,
. .
.
, . 2, , ¼
, .


¼2 ½4 —81

) (. ,
. . ,
0 , . , :
, ,
, . , .
, . ,
. ,
. ,
. , 0
, . , 10
1 , 9 . 0,
. ,
. , ,
, , .
, , . ,
, , .
,
. ,
, .
, , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)15 . .
.
2, ,
. 2 6, 10 14.
4, 8, 12, 16 19,
2, 1. , 20
.
18, . 10 ,
.
18,
.
, .
20,
. ,
, .
.
.
. , . ,
.
2,
.
2,
. , .
) (,
6 .
. , 4,
. 2 1.
. 3, 5, 7, 9
, . – , , , , , .
. , ,
. ,
.

, 3 , 5 , 7 , 9

, 3 , 5 , 7 , 9

, 3 , 5 , 7 , 9

, 3 , 5 , 7
SRD 5.1 (20190510)16 . .
, 9
, 3 , 5 , 7 , 9

, 3 , 5 , 7 , 9

, 3 , 5 , 7 , 9
6, ,
. ,
. ,
, .
10,
.
14, .
, .
, , . ,
24 .
.
, , , , , , , , , ,
, .
, .
, , .
, . .
, , . ,
, .
. ,
.
,
)
(. .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)17 . .

, .
: 18
1: 8 + : 18 ) 5( +
: , ,
: :
: , : , , ,
.
, :
)( )( ) ( )( , )( )(
) ( )( 20 )(
)( )(
— —
123456789 ————————32 , 1+2 )1 / (, 2+2
33————————
3+2—342——————— ———————443 4+2 ——————4432 ) ½(5+3 )2 / (, 6+3
4433——————
7+3—44331————— , 8+3
) 1( , 44332—————
9+4—443331———— ————543332 10+4 ———5433321 ) 2)11+4 ———5433321 12+4 13+5—54333211—— ——54333211 ) 3)14+5 15+5—543332111— —543332111 16+5 ) 4(, 17+6
5433321111
5433331111 )3 / (18+6 5433332111 19+6 5433332211 20+6
, .
1,
. ,
.

SRD 5.1 (20190510)18 . .
1 . , .
. ,
. ,
+ ) (. .
, 3, 1 2.
16, 1 2, .
1, 1
2. .
.
: 1 .

. . , . ,
, .
= 8 + +
= +
,
.
) ""(
.
,
. , .
1 .
2, 6,
8 17.
,
, . ,
, .
, .
2, ,
. : .
, .
, . ,
. .
, .
6, , 18, .
, .
: ,
. , 9 , .
, 1 .
, 9 . . ,
. , .
4, 8, 12, 16 19
2, 1. ,
20 .
5, ,
, .
...
½ 5
SRD 5.1 (20190510)19 . .
1 8 2 11 3 14 4 17
10,
.
. , . , . ;
. ,
7 . , .
20, , .

– . ,
. ,
) , , (, ) , , (,
) , , , ( ) , , (.

, 1 , 3 , 5 , 7 , 9
1,
.
1, .
1 , 2 +
.
: 2,
. ,
.
9 , .
. .
6, , . 1
, 2+ .
8,
. ,
18 . 14, 28.
17, ,
. , 26 ,
12 .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)20 . .

, .
: 16
1: 6 + : 16 ) 4( +
:
: , , , , :
: , : , , , ,
,
, :
)( 20 )( )( )( )( )(
— —
123456789 ————————422 , —1+2 ————————433 2+22 ———————44423+23 ———————5543 4+24 5+35—56432—————— ——————57433 6+36 7+37—584331————— —————594332 8+38 9+49—51043331————
————6114333210+410 11+411—612433321——— ———612433321 12+412 13+513—6134333211—— ——6134333211 14+514 15+515—61443332111— —61443332111 16+516 61543332111117+617 615433331111 18+618 615433332111 19+619 615433332211 20+620
, ,
. , , .
1, .
, .

1 . ,
. .
, 1 1 2 ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)21 . .
1 1
.
. . ,
3 , 1 2.
, ,
, .

, . , .
, ,
.
= 8 + +
= +

.
,
, .
1 6, 14 18.
2, . ,
.
2 , ,
. .
.

, .
. .
. .
5.
.


12 23 35 46 57
. ,
.
3,
. .
10 17.
, .

, . , 1
) (.
.
½1 , 1 . ,
1 9 .
, 1
) (.
.
.
1 ,
1 ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)22 . .
24 .

, 3
.
1 , 2
1 .
, 1
.

,
(1 (.
, . ,
.
4, 8, 12, 16 19
2, 1. ,
20 .
20, 4
.

, .
. ,
.
, .
, .
1,
. .


, . ,
,
.
, . 1,
1, 1 .
, .
, 13+ .
6,
, .
, 1 1 .
14,
, . .
. ,
, .
18,
, . ,
5 )( 18 .
1 ) (,

SRD 5.1 (20190510)23 . .
) ( ) ( .
24 .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)24 . .

, .
: 110
1: 10 + : 110 ) 6( +

: ,
: , :
: , : , , ,
, , , ,
, :
)( )( , 20
)( )( )( 20 )( )( )(


,1+2 ) (2+2 3+2 4+2 5+3 6+3 7+3 8+3 ) (9+4
10+4 )2)11+4 12+4 ) (13+5 14+5 15+5 16+5 ) (, 17+6
) ( 18+6
19+6 )3)20+6
.
. ,
.
½1
, . .
1 2
, , 1 2.
.
,
.
, 1+ .

, 2+ .
2+ .

. , 110
+ . , .
2, . ,
. ,
. 17,
, .
3,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)25 . .
, . 3
7, 10, 15 18.
4, 8, 12, 16 19
2, 1. ,
20 .
5, ,
, .
11 20 .
9, . ,
, .
13
17.
. .

.
.
3,
19 20.
7,
) ( , , .
, , 30
.
10,
.
15,
18-20.
18, . ,
5+ , .
0 .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)26 . .

, .
: 18
1: 8 + : 18 ) 5( +
:
: :
: , : , , , ,
,
, :
)( 20 )( )( )( )( )( , ,

—2211 , 1+2 23212 2+2 24222 3+2 35222 4+2 5+3—36233 37233 6+3 7+3—38244 39244 8+3 9+4—310255
410255 10+4 411355 ) 6)11+4 411356 12+4 412356 ) 7)13+5 412356 14+5 413357 ) 8)15+5 413357 16+5 414457 ) 9)17+6 18+6—414458 415458 19+6 415458 20+6
1,
: , , .
1 6, 10 14.

.
.
,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)27 . .
. ;
. 1 , .
. , 5, 3. 1, ,
3.
1 1, 1
.
1 .
. , 6,
, 1, 2 3. , ,
,
.

, . ,
, .
= 8 + +
= +

.
, ,
. 2, .
. ,
, .
, ,
, .
3,
. .
.
.
: , , .
, ,
.

. .
. .
½1 1 . ,
) ( .
. 1 , . , ,
. . , 1
1 .
.
.
, )
(. , . .
, .
, 1 .
, . .
4 8, 12, 16 19,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)28 . .
2, 1.
, 20 .
11, . 6 .
. .
, :
7 13, 8 15, 9 17.
.
20,
. 1
. ,
.
,
. .
.
: 15
, .
: 5
,
, .
: 5
.
.
: 12,
,
) 1).
.
.
,
.
: 9
, .
: 15
, .
,
.

1, .
:
90 .
: 5,
, ,
.
: 9
, .
: 7
.
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)29 . .
. , .
, , .
: 7
.
.
,
.
: 9
.
.
: 5
.
.
:
. 1
) (.
. , .
, .
. ,
. ,
) ( . , 2 50
.
: 7
.
.
:
, 3 .
:
.
: 9
, .
:

. , ,
, .
, .
, ,
36 .
: 15
9
.
,
.
: 15,
, , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)30 . .
.

– .
, .
,
. , .
, .
,
, . ,
. , , ; , ,
; .

. .


, 1 \, 2 , 3 , 4 , 5
1, 0 ,
+ ) .(1
6, .
, 10 .
.
,
.
10,
. .
.
14, ,
.
. , , .
, 1010 .
, .

. . .
, .
. ,
. . , ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)31 . .

, .
: 18
1: 8 + : 18 ) 5( +
:
: , , , ,
: :
: , , , , , , , , ,

, :
)( )( )( 20 )(
)( , )( )(
)( ,

, , 11+26
12+26 23+26 24+26 35+36 36+36 47+36 48+36 59+46
510+46 611+46 612+46 713+56 714+56 815+56 816+56
917+66 918+66 1019+66 1020+66
1, ,
.
. 6, )
( .
1, . ,
16 .
. ½1 ,
.
, .
,
, .
.
. ,
, ,
.
2,
. , , ,
.
3,
, , , . 3 9, 13 17.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)32 . .
4 8, 10, 12, 16
19, 2, 1. , 20
.
5,
, .
7,
, .
,
, .
11,
. ,
9 20 10.
14, ,
3 .
15, .
.
18,
. .
20,
. , . ,
, 20 .20
,
.
,
, . , .
, .
. , ,
, , , .
, ,
.
3,
) (,
.
3, ;
. , ,
30 .
9,
)( .
13,
. ,
.
17,
. .
10. .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)33 . .

, .
: 18
1: 8 + : 18 ) 5( +

:
: , :
: , : , , ,
,
, :
)( )( )( )( 10



, ——11+24 , 3+ 122+24 , 3+ 133+24 , 3+ 144+24 , 3+ 155+36 , ½ 4+ 166+36
, ½ 4+ 177+36 ½ 4+ 188+36 ½ 4+ 199+46
6+ 11010+46 6+ 11111+48 6+ 11212+48 6+ 11313+58 ½ 7+ 11414+58 ½ 7+ 11515+58 ½ 7+ 11616+58 ½ 7+ 11717+610 9+ 11818+610 9+ 11919+610 9+ 12020+610
1, , 10+ +
.
1, ,

: .
:
.
4 . ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)34 . .
,
. , ,
,
.
. , )
( ) (. ,
.
2,
. . ,
.
. : , .
.
, .
30 .
.
:
= 8 + +
,
1 .
1
.
1 ,
.
2, 3
. , .
9,
.
3,
, . 3 6, 11
17.
3,
. ,
110 + + .
0, .
, 1 ,
. , ,
. 6 18 .
4 8, 12, 16 19,
2, 1.
, 20 .
4,
.
5, ,
, .
5,
. , 1 .
.
6,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)35 . .
7,
, .
,
, .
7,
.
10,
.
13, , . ,
.
14,
. , ,
1 .
15, , .
, . , .
18, 4
1 . ,
. , 8
, . ,
.
20,
, 4 .
.
, . ,
. , 3.

, . ,
, .
3,
.
, :
. .
, ½4 .
.
6, .
, .
.
11,
. ,
) (. 8 +
+ .
17, .
, 3 ,
. , . ,
. , .
, 0. , 1010 .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)36 . .
.
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)37 . .

, .
: 110
1: 10 + : 110 ) 6( +

: , ,
: , :
: , : : , , ,
, , ,
,
: )( )( )( )(
)( )( 20
— —
12345 —————— , 1+2 ————22 , 2+2 ————33 , 3+2 ————33 4+2 ———442 5+3 ———442 6+3 ———543 7+3 ———543 , 8+3 9+4—6432——
——6432 , 10+4 ——7433 11+4 ——7433 12+4 13+5—84331— —84331 , 14+5 —94332 15+5 —94332 16+5 17+6—1043331 1043331 18+6 1143332 19+6 1143332 20+6
1, , ,
. : , ,
, , , , , , , , , . ,
) (. )(
,
. ,
, . , 6 14. ,
.

SRD 5.1 (20190510)38 . .
. : , , , , ,
. ,
.
:
.
.
) , (. ,
. ,
. ,
, .
6 10.
2, . .
, .
2+ .
, 1+ .

, 2+ .
,
.
2,
, .

1 . , .
. , 1
1 2
, .
1 1
.
. . ,
5 , 1 2.
, ,
, .

, . , . ,
, .
= 8 + +
= +
3, , . 3
7, 11 15.
3,
. 1 , ½1 ) 10 (: , , , ,
, . .
4 8, 12, 16 19,
2, 1.
, 20 .
5, ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)39 . .
, .
8, ,
. ,
. ,
, .
10, 1 . , , , ,
. , , ,
. 10+ )(
. ,
.
14,
. , ,
.
18,
. ,
.
9 , .
20,
. , .
, .
.

. ,
,
.
3,
. .
. , 18
. .
. ½1 ,
, .
. ,
½1 .
7,
. .
. .
, 4+ .
. .
11,
. .
3 .
, .
. ½1 ,
.
15,
. . ,
, ,
.
. ,

SRD 5.1 (20190510)40 . .
) (. . ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)41 . .

, .
: 18
1: 8 + : 18 ) 5( +
:
: , , , ,
: : ,
:
, :
)( , )( , )( )( )( )( )(
— —
123456789 , 1+2
)6) 242————————
————————253, )6)2+2 ———————2642 , 3+2 ———————3743 4+2 )8(, 5+3
38432——————
39433——————
————31243331 )8)9+4 )10), 10+4
, 41443332————
11+4—415433321——— ———415433321 12+4 ——4164333211 )10)13+5 , 14+5
4184333211——

. ,
.
.
,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)42 . .

1 . ,
. .
, 1 1 2 ,
.
1 1
.
. . ,
3 , 1 2.
, ,
, .

. .
, . , ,
.
= 8 + +
= +

.
) ""(
.

. ,
18 . : 6.
, 10 , ,
. 20 ,
. , .
.
) (.
.
. 8 5, 10 10 12 15.
2,
, , .
2,
. , 16
.
: 18 9, 110 13 112 17.
3,
, . 3 6 14.
3, .
.
10, .
4 8, 12, 16 19,
2, 1.
, 20 .
5,

SRD 5.1 (20190510)43 . .
.
6,
. , .
, 9 .
.
) (.
10, . , .
, , .
.
14 18.
20,
, .
.
.
, . , ,
.
, .
.
, .
, ,
.
3,
.
3, ,
. 18 ,
,
.
,
, .
.
6, .
, , .
.
14, ,
. .
,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)44 . .

, .
: 110
1: 10 + : 110 ) 6( +
: ,
: , :
: , : , , , ,

, :
)( )( )( )( )( )(

— 12345
————— , 1+2 ————2 , , 2+2 ————3 , 3+2 ————3 4+2 ———42 5+3 ———42 6+3 ———43 7+3 ———43 8+3 9+4—432——
——432 10+4 ——433 11+4 ——433 12+4 13+5—4331— —4331 14+5 —4332 15+5 —4332 16+5 17+6—43331 43331 18+6 43332 19+6 43332 20+6
, . ,
. ,
, 18 .
), ( , )
', (. , ,
. 1 + . ,
.
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)45 . .
. ,
× 5. ,
, .
, 5 .
, .
.
2, . .
, .
, 1+ .

, 2+ .
1 2
, , 1 2.
.

½1 , .
.
2,
, .

. , .
.
, . , + )
(. .
, 5, 1 2.
14, 1 2, . 1,
1 2.
. .
: 1 .

, . , . ,
, .
= 8 + +
= +

.
2,
, , .
28 1, 18 58. ,
18 .
3,
.
3, . , .
, . 3 7, 15 20.
.
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)46 . .
. ,
. .
,
.

.
. , . ,
. . ,
.
4 8, 12, 16 19,
2, 1.
, 20 .
5, ,
, .
6, 3 ,
) 1+). .
18, 9 .
10, 3
. 18, 9 .
11,
. , 18 .
, .
14,
.
) (.
.

. , 3,
. 3 . ,
, .

, . , , ,
, . , , , .
. –
– , .

, . . .
. . , .
. , . ,
. .
. , .
. ,
.
.

SRD 5.1 (20190510)47 . .
, 3 , 5 , 9
, 13 , 17
3,
. . , . 1 , ) 1+
(. , 6 6 .
, .
. , , .
. , , .
9 . ,
1 .
, 9 . .
, .
, .
7, 3
. 18, 9 .
15,
.
20, , . 1 , 9 ,
9 . ,
10 . , ,
. ,
.

, . ,
. .
. ,
.
, . ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)48 . .
1 ,
, )"(. , . .
, ,
. , 1 2 .
20. , .
, 1 . ,
. ,
, ) (.
1, 1 . , 7 17,
8, 17 18, 3+ 4+.
8.
1 20, .
.

01+2 3002+2 9003+2
2,7004+2 6,5005+3
14,0006+3 23,0007+3 34,0008+3 48,0009+4 64,00010+4 85,00011+4
100,00012+4 120,00013+5 140,00014+5 165,00015+5 195,00016+5
225,00017+6 265,00018+6 305,00019+6 355,00020+6
.

.
, .
. , ,
5. ,
,
. .
, .
,
,
. ,
13 . , ,
.

13 13 13
13 13 13 13
13 13 13 13 13 13
13 13 13
SRD 5.1 (20190510)49 . .
, , . , 6 / 1, 8 2
7 .
1.
1 1.
. , . , 10,
5 / 5, 1010 .
, . 5 / 5, 510 58 .

, " ", . , 3 / 2,
5, 3+.

, ,
.
1
— , , , , )
(
, , — , , , ,
,
, ,
,
, , , , ,
, ,
, , , ,

,
. , ,
: , , .
,
, .
. , 6 /
4, . ,
.

, . , ) (. ,
.
,
.
,
. , . ,
, .
. , . 4 / 3, 1 . 3,
, ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)50 . .
) 3 ( 2.
16, .
,
. , , ,
. .
, , , , ) ( .
.
,
. , .
, ,
, ,
. , ) 4 /
3(, 5 : 1, 2 3. , 3, 2.
– . .
,
,
.
:
12———————— 23———————— 342——————— 443——————— 5432—————— 6433—————— 74331————— 84332————— 943331————
1043332———— 11433321——— 12433321——— 134333211—— 144333211—— 1543332111— 1643332111— 17433321111 18433331111 19433332111 20433332211
,
. : ), (,
), (. ,
.
.
, .
)( . ,
. )(
. , ,
. )( , .
, . )( ,
. .
)( ,
. , .
)( .
. )(
, , . , .
)(
. , .
)( ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)51 . .
, . , .
, .
, , , . , , ,
, .
, .
. , . ,
. )
(.
. , , .
, , , .
– .
. , , ; .
,
. . ' ', . ,
, .
. , , , ,
. .




, , .
,
.
.
. , , .
. –
"" .
,
, . .
, , , .
,
.
.
, . .
.
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)52 . .
. : ?
, , ? , , ,
? ? ?
), , ( .
)
" "(. ,
) ""(. ,
) ( .

. "".
.
, .

. ,
.

. ,
, , .
. )
, (. , ,
, . ,
.

. :
. – . ,
" ,
. , ?
? ,
. : ,
: : )
(, , 5 , ,
15
: ,
, .
, ,
. ) (
. , . , ,
. , ,
.

. ,
. ,
. 8 , 1
.
2
. . 3
, . .4 ) ( 5
, . ) ( 6
) ( .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)53 . .
, 7 .
. , 8
.
6 . 1
. )( . , 2
. )( . .3 . )(4 . 5
. )( . . 6
, . )(
. . ) (
6 1
. 2
. .3 .4 .5 6
.
6 , .1 2
. 3
. .4 .5 , 6
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)54 . .

. )(,
)( )(. , , , 15 . )
( . ,
. , . , ,
, . , . ,
. , .
, . , .
)( )( , .
, .
, .

)(

, , , . ,
. , . , ,
.
.
. . ,
. , , .
.
, . ,
. ,
. . ,
. , – , ,
.

, . , ,
, .
: , .
. ,
. .
. , . .
, ,
, . )(. . )(
. .
, . 13 15 , 3 ,
.
. ,
)(. . .
2. .
,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)55 . .
. ,
. . .
. .
. .
.
, . , , 2+,
. . . ,
.
. .

. . )
( , . .
. .
,
.
. .
.
,
. .
. ,
. .
. . ,
.
. ,
. . . .
. .
. , ,
. .
)(
4 —11 + 5
5 ——11 + 10 ½6 ——12 + 45
6 ——12 + ) 2)10
10 ——13 + ) 2)50 ½22 —13 + ) 2)50
10 ——14 + ) 2)400 20 —15 + ) 2)750
20 —3014
½27 751613 30 2001715 ½32 1,5001815

SRD 5.1 (20190510)56 . .
3 ——10+2
. . .
.
. . , .

1 1 1 5 5 10
1 1

.
, .
,
, . .
½1 , .
,
. .
. , . ,
, , . ,
.
. ,
.

, . . .
. ,
. ,
. , , , ,
.
. ½1
. .
. .
. , .
. . ,
,
, .
. .
. .
) (.
. , .
. . ,
. .
. .
.
. , . ,
) (. ,
.
, ) (.
.
.
, , ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)57 . .
, . ,
. , . ,
.
14 ) (.
, , 14 .
6 18 .

, .
100 . ,

.
.
. ½1 . ,
, .
. .
. 10 . 5 ) 10(
, .
, , ,
.

—2 16 5
, ) 18/6)1 16 5 ) 18/6(, )18)½1 16 1
) 36/9)1 16 5 1 14 1
)18)2 16 2 1 14 1
5 18 2 , , ) 18/6)½ 14 2
, ) 18/6)1 14 2
, ) 18/6)100 14 5 ) 36/9)—14 1
) 96/24(, 1 16 25 ) 96/24(, , ½2 18 25
, ½3 112 30 )110)2 18 10 , , 3 110 20
, 3 26 50 )110)½1 18 15 , 1 16 10
—2 18 15 , , 9 110 5
SRD 5.1 (20190510)58 . .
, , 3 110 20 —1 18 10
—1 18 5 , 5 26 10
, ½1 16 25 1 18 25
)110)1 18 15 ) 18/6(, )18)2 16 5 , 3 112 10 , ½1 14 2
) ½30/7(, ½ 1 10
) 180/45(, , 1 18 50 ) 36/9(, , ½1 16 75 ) 120/30(,, , 9 110 50
, ) ½1/½4)½1 —1

. . .
. . .
20. 20.
. , 15.
15 . .
. , 4+ . , .
. . ,
6 , . . , 14 .
10 .
. 20 . .
, . . ,
½1 . 15
1 . 3
.
. . .
. , , 5 .
. . , , 2
17. . 20 50 , .
) (.
. , ½1
6 , . ,
. , 26 .
. .
. , 6 6 .
, 1 .
. , 1 . ,
, , . .
, , , , ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)59 . .
. . – ,
, , , – .
, .
. , ½1
6 , . , ,
. , 26 .
. 1 , 25 1.
. ,
3 . 10 .
.
. ,
. ,
. 13 14 . ,
, ) 90 (.
13 . 1
. . ½4 ' 9 ' . ,
6 )½ ( . . . ,
15. ,
. .
. .
1 . .
. , ½1 ½1 .
. .
. .
, . .
. ,
, . . , , ,
. )
(. . , 100
. . ,
, . ; ,
½7 , ½7
. . " .
.
. .
, . . ,
0 , )(.
. 9 9 .
, 6 )½ ( . ,
½1 . .
18 18 . , 6 )½
( . .
, , , . . , , , , , . . ,
) ( . ,
, , . 1 .
.
. .
10 14 . , 1 .
. 24 + 2 .
. . ½ . ,
½1
SRD 5.1 (20190510)60 . .
6 , . , . , . ) 1 (, 5 .
½1 , . , 2 5
. . .
, , )
(. . 10 .
20. .
.

½ 1 10 2
3 2 17 4
½ 50 )( ½ 1
½2 2 2 2
3 15 ½1 5
—5 )( 1 2
—1 —1 )1 (
½2 1 2 1
1 1 ) 20) —10 ) 30 (
1 5 —100
35 2 ½2 10 )15 (
5 1 )15 ( ½ 5
½ 25 )( 1 2
—5 100 5
½2 1 )10) 2 2
½2 2 ½ 1
½1 5 ½3 5 )3 (
—1
2 5 —1
½ 10
½ 10 ½1 20
1 10 2 5
½ 10 ½ 25 )( )
(1,000 1 1
5 2 12 5
½ 5 ½ 10
250 5 ½ 1,000
—5 ½2 )(2
—50 )( —2 )(
—1 )( —1
½ 1 —2
12 1 )3 ( 1 4
—5 ½ 5
1 5 ½2 25
½1 50
SRD 5.1 (20190510)61 . .
—2 11 25
½ 2 ½1 5
1 5 1 10
½1 1 —1
1 5 )1 ( 2 1
½ 2 5 2
½ 5 5 2
2 2 —100 )(
250 50 ½1 5
½ 1 )( —5
½ 25 250 1
½3 1 1 25
5 5 )3 (
½ 1 )20) 750 4 )20)
½ 1 )50)
(20) 750 1
2 5 ½22 5
½2 2 ½ 1

750 120
14 150
1/2 5 / 3 4
2 50 / 20
1/2 4
30 / 15 340 / 150
30 / 15 * * ,
.
, .
. , ,
. )40 (. , , 2 , 5 , 5 ,
. )39 (. , 2
, , , , , 2 , 5 , ,
. )10 (. , ,
, , 10 , 10 . 15
. )12 (. , , ,
10 , 10 , , 10 . 15
. )40 (. , , , , 10 ,
. )19 (. , , 10 ,
, , 2 , , , 2 .
)16 (. , 1,000 , 3 , , 5 , ,
, 10 , , 2 , 5 , . 15
.

, , . , ,
. .
, . ,
, .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)62 . .


4 50 ½1 10
½4 20 ½2 10
½2 10 ½2 1
4 10 ½2 1
4 1 3 15 3 8
½2 30 4 20
½2 5 ½2 5
1 25 5 50
½1 25 ½2 15 ½ 25
½ 30 ½ 2
1 12 3 30
1 35 1 30 5 25
½ 2 1 3 ½1 6
1 25 **
—1
—5 ½1 5
1 50 * .
. .
, .

. . . , ,
, .
. . .
, .
. .
. .
. ,
. . ,
.

. .
, , ,
.
. .
, ) (. , . ,
. .
. ,
.
. ,
. . ,
.
.
,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)63 . .
.
. , , , . ,
.
, . ),
, ( ) (.
,
. . ,
, . .
, .
. .
. .
. ) (,
.
. . ,
) 5 ( . ,
. 50 ,
.

240 15 50
210 12 8 100 12 25
270 18 400 270 12 50
240 18 75 110 12 30 660 12 200


20 60 7 5 15 20
12 10 —5 )(
300 100 5 5 )(
150 20 50 250
200 35 100 15
1/2 2 4 4 ×2×4

4 25,000 6 30,000 2 50 ½4 10,000 3 10,000
½1 3,000
. , , ,
) (. , .
, .
, . .
.

½ 1 2 1 5 1 1 1 1 2 1 5 1 1 1
SRD 5.1 (20190510)64 . .
1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 1 5
1 , 1 1 10 1 15 1 30
1 100 1 1000
, ,
. , ,
. , .
.
, . , ,
. )(,
. , , 30.
, ,
. .
, . ,
, .

4 10
. .
, , , . . ,
. , ,
. . . ,
. , ,
, . , . . ,
. .
. , ,
. . , , . ,
, , , .
. .
, . ,
, . , , ,
, . .
. ' ,
. , .
. , . ,
. ,
. .
. . . , .
, . , , ,
. . ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)65 . .

, – , , . ,
,
. , .
, .
.
, ,
. .
,
)(
3 )( 1 )(
2 )(
10 )( 2 )(
10 )( )(
7 1
5 8
2 4
2

. ,
, .
.
.
, ) ( .
.
.
. ,
. ,
,
.
.
) , (: , , . ; .
, ,
.
2
1
2 2
1 2

. ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)66 . .
. , ,
.
1 2, , , 10 50
) (.
, . ,
– ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)67 . .

. , .
, .
, . ,
.
. , . ,
13 . 13 – –
.
: 13
. :
.
. , . , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)68 . .

: , , , , , , ,
? ? ?
– .
– , –
. : 20,
.
, .
,
. 10 11 ,
. 18 .
, 20, 30.
5- ) 1( 10+ ) 30(.
, 1 30.

1-5 3-2-4 5-4-3 7-6-2 9-8-1
11-10+0 13-12+1 15-14+2 17-16+3 19-18+4 21-20+5 23-22+6 25-24+7
27-26+8 29-28+9
30+10 ,
10 2 ) (.
, ,
.

, . , 20 , .
, . ,
17 5, 5. , 17.
, 20 . , ,
20 . ,
, 20 .
. . 20
, , .
. , 1 13,
1. , .
.
.
.
, .
, .
. ,
, .
, ), ( . , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)69 . .
, .
,
, .
0, 0 0. ,
,
)(. ,
. , .

. ) ( .
, .
,
, . , .
.

10 15 20
25 30
, 20 . 20 ,
, . , :
. , ,
.

. ,
.
– , . ,
, .
.
, , .
.
. , . ,
. ,
. ,
.
, .
, . )
,
.( ,
, .
: , , . .
. ) .(
.



SRD 5.1 (20190510)70 . .


, – , " )(". ,
. ,
. , .
, , )(.
, . ,
.
: , . , ,
. , , . ,
, . ,
, . ,
)(. ,
)(. , ,
)(, .

. ,
, , .
:
10 +
, 5. , 5. .
, 1 15 , )(
14. ""
, .

. – –
, . ,
.
. , ,
. , . ,
, .
,
. ,
. ,
. , . , .
, . , ,
)( , .
, . , .

.
.
,
.
, ,
, .
. . )( , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)71 . .
: ,
.
.
, .
. .
: ,

, .
, .
.
. . ½7. )( ,
. , . , )
15 (. ,
½1 . .
, . , , .
, .
: . .
, '' ''.
½2 , 3 .
5 , , , 6
, , , .
, .
, , .
, .
. )( , ,
. )( , , ,
. . )(
, ,
. .
, ,
) (. ) (
. .
:

, .
, .
,
, , .
,
. .
.
, )(. ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)72 . .
)( .
, ,
. .
, . , ,
, . , ,
, .
. , .
, )( )( ,
10+ , . , 5. , 5. , 1 ) 2+( 15 ) 2+( , )( 14.
? ,
, , "".
, .
,
, .
, .
:

.
, .
, ,
1. , 4
1+ 2+, 2+. 3
, 4, .
1,
7.
, .
,
, . , , , ,
. . )(
, , , .
. )( , ,
, , .
. ,
)(. ,
, .
)(. . )( , ,
. . )(
, , , , .
. :


, .

.
,
, .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)73 . .
, , , .
. )( , . . ,
, .
, , .
. )( , ,
, ,
. .
, ,
) (. ) (
. . )(
. . )(
,
. , .
. :


,
, .
.
,
.

,
. , ,
. . , ,
)(. ,
.
. )( , , ,
. .
, ,
)(. , , ,
. ,
. . )(
. , , .
, , ,
,
. .
: ,


, ,
, .
– –
, , , . ;
. , 20
. , .

, . .
, , . ,
.
.
. ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)74 . .
. ,
. , ,
, .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)75 . .
,
. . , .
,
. , .
,
. , . ,
.
, , 6 .
, ,
,
. : "
". ,
, : " ,
".
, ,
. :
.
,
.
.
, .
,
, , .
. ,
. .
8 . , .
, ,
. 10 + 1 8 .
) (. . ) (.
. 8 10
, ,
. ,
. ,
. ,
24 . , ,
, , .
...
5- 45 6 120
)(
36 5 90 27 3 60

: ,
. , ,
, , – .
– 1 2 ,
, .

. , ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)76 . .
, , 1 1
)2 (, . ,
)(. ,
)(.
.
. ,
3, 3 . , . ,
. , . ,
)( 10 ) (,
. , . ,
)( 10 . , .
. , 1 + , 3 .
, . ,
. , )(
.
. , ½1 .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)77 . .
, ,
.
.
. , 16 3
, 206. , .
1
+ ) 30 (. , )
1 (. , 0 , . , 14
3 . , 2 0 .

, , , – .
. . , , , )(
. – , – .
) ( .
: , .
. ,
, , .
, , . , , . .
.
. )
(,
.

. , , ,
, .
,
, .
, . , , .
, , , ,

. , .
) (.
.

. .
3+ ) 1(.
, .
.
, .
15 .
.
, .
.
, ,
SRD 5.1 (20190510)78 . .
, , . , ,
, , , . ,
, .
. .
. ,
.
, .
), (. ,
. 0 , .
. .
,
, . , ,
.
.
,
, , , .
, ,
. , .
. .
, .
,
8 , : , ,
. – , , –
. ,
. ,
) (. , ,
. 24 , .
SRD 5.1 (20190510)79 . .
,
, , .
, , , .
, . ,
. ,
.
,
.
, . , ,
.
,
. , , .
. ,
, . .
, .
, .
) (.
. , .
, 5 , . 5
, 5 . , )
1,500 ( 300 .
,
. 5 . ,
100 ,
750 . ,
1 , .

1 . .
, ,
.
, .

, . ,
15. , :
.
24 , .

.
.
, , ,
) , (. , , )( ,
)( . , .
, 1 .
.

. .
, . ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)80 . .
250 1 . ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)81 . .
, , , ,
. . 6 .
, . ,
. , , .
. . 1
. . . 2
. , ,
. . . 3
, . . . 4
. . . 5
, . 4 .
,
. ' ,
. .
. ,
. , )(
)( . .
, ,
. .
.
, .
, .
,
. ) ( . .
,
, . . ,
20 , .
,
. . –
– . " ".
. " " .
, .
, , " ".
, .
, .
, .
. ,
.
, ,
.

. , ,
.
, . ,
, . ,
. . .
. ,
.

SRD 5.1 (20190510)82 . .
,
. ,
. .
, .
, .
,
, .
, .
, , . , .
, . ,
.
,
. , 9 , 3 ,
, 6 .
,
. ,
, ½7 3 , , ½4
.
,
, . , .
. 0 ,
. , 9
18 , 6 , 3
9 .
. , , –
. 1 .
. , , , ,
. , ,
.

, . ,
, .
. ;
. , 9 , ½4 .
.0
, . 1 . , 1 , 3
.

: 3
. ,

SRD 5.1 (20190510)83 . .
. , . ,
.
, .
,
. , 0 , ,
, .
.
, . .

75 75 .
½1 ½1 .
½1 ½1 . 3 3 .
½4 ½4 . 6 6

, . , ½1 ,
. ½1 ,
. . , .
, ½1 .
, . ,
. , .
. ,
½1 . 1 ,
. .
, , .
. ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
, , .
. 1 ,
.

. , ,
. ,
. , . . : " , "
" , ". ,
.
. , ,
. , 1 ,
. , . , , ,
, .
,
)( , . ,
, " ".
SRD 5.1 (20190510)84 . .
,
, . , . " " . , ,
.
,
. ,
)( )(.
,
. , ,
, .
) ( 0.
, .
, . , 9 , 18
. . ,
9 ½4 , 9 .
,
.
.
,
, .
, ½1 . ,
, .
, .
,
. , .
.
, ,
. . : , . 1
. . . 2
. , ,
. . . 3
. , , .
.
, :
, .
, . ,
20 .
)( , . ,
.
,
. ,
. . .
. .
.
.
.
1 20 ,
.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)85 . .
20 20, .
. 1,
.

, .
, .
.
, ,
. ,
. – – ,
.
,
, . . .

. , , ,
. , , .
, .
, .

. , , ½1
.

. , , .
, , , .
. ½1 ½1
. ) ( ½1 ,
. ,
: , , ) (. , 1 +
. .
, .
.
. ,
. .
.
, . ,

.

,
. ,
. , ,
.
,
: .
, .
. ,
. )( )( )( ) (. ,
) (. ,
) (.
SRD 5.1 (20190510)86 . .
. . ,
)( )( )( .
. , ,
, .
. .
: .
.
,
. . ,
.
. , )( )( )( ) (.
, ½1 .
, , , .
. .
, ; . ,
, .
2+ .
. , , ,
. 5+ . .
, . ,
.
.

. , ,
, .
, .
. .
) ( 0
. .
, .
0 .
,
. , .
, . ,
0 , . ,
– .
. , .
, ,
.
,
. . , . ,
. , ,
24 , 14, .
, , .
,
. , , , .
, .
SRD 5.1 (2019051