Sport fish of oklahoma[1]

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Different types of bass, salmon, trout, perch, sunfish, and paddle fish

Transcript of Sport fish of oklahoma[1]

  • Sport Fish OfOklahoma
  • Sunfish Family (Centrarchidae) Contains Three Black Bass Species Largemouth, Smallmouth, and Spotted Three Sunfish Bluegill, Redear, and Green Sunfish Two Crappie Species Black and White Crappie
  • Largemouth Bass (Micropterus Salmonoides) Most sought after game fish in N.A. Description Mouth Hinges Behind the Eye State Record 14 lbs. 12.3 ozs. Habitat Found near cover at different depths dependent on time of year Food Source Crustaceans, insects, crayfish, frogs and fish Spawning Start when water temp. is about 65oF Male builds nest Female deposits eggs between 2,000 and 7,000 per pound the male drives the female and any other intruders from the nest until the eggs hatch and the fry leave. Fry swim in schools until reaching a length of approximately 1 inch.
  • Small Mouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu) Description Mouth hinges in front of eye State record 8 lbs. 7 ozs. Habitat Clean clear water with rocky substrate, weedy areas along shoreline, etc. Food Source Crayfish, aquatic and terrestrial insects, worms, small fish, etc. Spawning Water temp between 60 to 75O F Males build nests along gravel bars Males drive multiple females onto nests Females lay between 2,000 to 7,000 per pound Little to no parental care after hatching
  • Spotted Bass (Micropterus punctulatus) Description Mouth hinges with back edge of eye Rough tongue patch State record 8 lbs. 3 ozs. Habitat Flowing streams, Deep water in lakes with rock substrate and along bluffs Food Source Crayfish and immature insects, some small fish Spawning Water temp from 63 to 68oF Males build nest on gravel or rock bottom Same as Largemouth
  • Bluegill (Lepomis machrochirus) Important forage species Description small mouth, black opercular (ear) flap, and a black spot at the rear base of the dorsal fin State record 2 lbs. 6 ozs. Habitat Shallow weedy areas morning and evening: deeper during day Food Source Insects, crustaceans, snails, sometimes aquatic plants Spawning Very prolific After water temp. 75oF Colony nesters Males excavate nest in sand or gravel 1 to 3 feet deep Females lay eggs (average 40,000 per season) Males drive away females and guard nest until a few days after hatch
  • Redear Sunfish (Lepomis michrolophis) Description Bright red spot on opercula flap State record 2 lbs. 1 oz. Habitat Usually clear vegetated water Food Source Insects, crustaceans, snails Spawning Similar to bluegill Water temp around 66 to 70oF Not as prolific
  • Green sunfish (Lepomis Cyanellus) Description Elongated body Large mouth State record 2 lbs. 7 ozs. Habitat Rocky areas with lots of cover Well adapted to fluctuating conditions Food Source Insects, crustaceans, snails Spawning Same as other sunfish
  • White Crappie (Poxomis annularis) Description Distinct vertical bands 5 to 6 bony spines along dorsal fin State record 4 lbs. 15 ozs. Habitat Standing timber and brush Shallow in spring deep in winter Food Source Minnows, shad, crayfish, mollusks, and insects Spawning Very prolific Similar to other sunfish (deeper water) Water temp around 65o Females lay 3,000 to 15,000 eggs
  • Black Crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) Description No vertical bars 7 to 8 bony spines on dorsal fin State record 4 lbs. 10 ozs. Habitat food source and spawning same as white
  • Catfish Family (Ictaluridae) Blue, Channel, and Flathead Catfish Spawning Cavity nesters (under rocks logs holes in bank etc. Water temp. around 75o Males fan out nest Females lay about 10,000 eggs Males guard nest and fry Food Source Blues and channels are omnivorous ( feed on anything Flatheads primarily on live fish and crayfish
  • Blue Catfish (Ictalus furcatus) Description Straight anal fin and forked Tail State record 118 lbs 8oz Habitat Found in large rivers and major reservoirs, blue catfish generally prefer areas with sand, gravel or rock bottoms Found state wide
  • Channel Catfish (Ictalurus punctuatus) Description Rounded anal fin forked tail State record 35 lbs 15 ozs Habitat Found in deep holes and all depths Found state wide
  • Flathead catfish (Pylodictus olivaris) Description Obvious flat head and an unforked tail State Record 106 lbs Habitat Flatheads are found near cover in deep holes
  • Temperate Bass FamilyPercichthyidae
  • White Bass (Morone chrysops) State fish Description Arched back and unbroken vertical lines State record 5 lbs 4 ozs. Habitat Adults prefer open water over sandy shoals during the day and shallows at night. Food Source Shad, minnows crustaceans, and insects Spawning Prefer upstream migration (release eggs into current) Water temp 50 to 55oF At random over weeds and rocks so eggs dont settle in mud No Parental Care
  • Striped Bass (Morone Saxatilis) Stripers were originally a marine Description or estuarine species. An Back not arched strong unbroken anadromous spawner (ascends lines State Record 47 lbs 8 ozs. freshwater streams to spawn), Habitat striped bass became landlocked Cruise in large schools in open in an artificial impoundment near water the Atlantic coast. They adapted Food Source so well to that environment that Insects, shad and minnows many states, including Spawning Oklahoma, began transplanting Water temp ranges from 55 to 70oF Females may have up to 5 million stripers. Striped bass can reach eggs weights of 40 pounds or more. Eggs are semi-bouyant Require moving unobstructed river for eggs remain viable Males and females release eggs at same time in current
  • Striped Bass Hybrid(Morone The first Oklahoma stocking chryops x Morone Saxatilis) of striped bass hybrids was in Description Sooner Lake in 1977. Back slightly arched and has broken Subsequent stockings have lines also shape of tongue patch been made in lakes 23 lbs 4 ozs. statewide including Konawa, Habitat Optima, Ft. Supply, Tom Prefer similar areas as Striped and Steed, Altus-Lugert, White Bass Overholser, Grand, Heyburn, Spawning Cross between male white bass and Atoka, Ft. Cobb, Salt Plains, female Striped bass Waurika and Ellsworth. Striped bass female because of egg capacity
  • Perch Family (Percidae)
  • Walleye (Stizostedion vitreum) Distribution originated from Description introductions made during the No scales on cheek patch no spots on early 1950s in Canton and dorsa State Record 12 lbs. 13 oz. Tenkiller lakes. Since that time, Habitat adult walleye have been near the bottom on sand bars or near ledges and drop-offs trapped (primarily from Canton Food Source Lake), their eggs taken by Insects, larvae, nightcrawlers, crayfish, hand stripping, fertilized and snails and small fish. hatched in state fish Spawning hatcheries. Most major lakes in Water temps 45 to 50oF Oklahoma have been 25,000 to 50,000 eggs per pound of body weight stocked. Best populations are Males an