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    Presented by-

    Ashish Thakur

    Ashish Jaidev

    Neha Ganotra

    Jomon Johny (G.L.)

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    Contents

    A Brief intro Operating System Overview Where an O.S. Lives? What an operating system does?

    Different Versions Solaris Linux Windows XP Difference b/w Windows & XP Windows Server 2003

    Difference b/w XP & 2003 Difference b/w XP & Vista Why did vista fail? Improvements in windows 7 Selecting the right O.S.

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    O.S. :- A Brief Intro

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    Users

    SysteSoft are Application

    rogra s

    OperatingSyste

    Co puter Hard are

    Applications cannot run on their own

    Rely on operating system software Operating system provides

    the interface between the

    hardware and the usersoftware

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    WHAT IS AN OPERATING SYSTEM?

    An interface between users and hardware - anenvironment "architecture

    Allows convenient usage; hides thetedious stuff

    Allows efficient usage; parallel activity, avoids wasted cycles

    Provides information protection

    Gives each usera sliceoftheresources

    Acts as a control program.

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    Where the Operating System Lives

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    Modern computers store part oftheir operating system in ROMforstartup

    The remaining system(or kernel) is loaded into RAMmemory as the system starts (aprocess known as booting)

    Once up and running, the OSworks mostly behind the scenes,managing computer operations

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    What the Operating System Does

    1. Communicates with peripheralsSending and receiving info to/from screens,

    printers, harddrives, optical drives, etc.

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    What the Operating System Does

    2. Coordinates concurrent processingMultitasking between applications

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    What the Operating System Does

    3. Manages memoryAllocating memory to applications

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    What the Operating System Does

    4. Monitors resources and provides securityPrivacy and security ofuser data

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    What the Operating System Does

    5. Manages programs anddataFile system management

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    What the Operating System Does

    6. Coordinates network communicationsCommunication between computers

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    Solaris is a UNIX basedoperating system

    made by Sun Computers that runs on Sun

    SPARC and Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

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    64 processors64 BITSSOLARIS10

    Maximum

    Processors

    Number of BITSLATESTVERSION

    workstations (for

    those with UNIX

    familiarity)

    medium to large scale servers; corporate databases;

    supercomputers

    propriet

    ary

    UNIX

    Desktop/WorkstationServer/MainframeKind..

    SOLARIS

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    Linux

    Linux was created by Linus Torvalds

    Free for anyone to use or improve(i.e. open source software)

    Free, reliable alternative to Unix, Windows. Runs on many Platforms.Open-source.

    LINUX is a free version ofUNIX that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMDPentium, Intel 80x86, Motorola/IBM PowerPC, Motorola 680x0, SunSPARC, SGI MIPS, DEC Alpha, HP PA-RISC, DEC VAX, ARM, API 1000+,and CL-PS7110.

    2)

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    Windows XP ProfessionalWindows XP Professional

    yy Windows XPWindows XP is a server, workstation, anddesktop operating systemsis a server, workstation, anddesktop operating systems

    made byMicrosoft that run on the Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentiummade byMicrosoft that run on the Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium

    2 (Professional), 4 (Server), 8 (Server Advanced) processors32XP sp3

    maximum processorsNo. of Bitscurrent

    version

    low quality workstations

    desktop

    low quality serversproprietary

    custom

    desktop/workstationserver/mainframekind

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    Windows

    Built by Microsoft

    Commercial

    Is a wide-spread O.S. and

    simple user-interface

    Very costly operating system

    Because it is common, it is

    less secure

    path _C:\Documents and

    Settings\Jody\Desktop\

    Linux

    Created by Linus Torvalds

    Non-Commercial

    Mostly used in business firms

    and complex

    Open-source software

    More secure

    path _ /home/jryall/Desktop/

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    y Feature Highlights

    y File System / Storage

    y Volume Shadow Copy

    y Manageabilityy Distributed File System

    Features Missing 32-bit Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)

    NetBEUI

    NetworkInterface Cards MSKB 317594

    Modems MSKB 320892

    VisualBasic 5.0 Runtime MSKB 327063

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    Windows XP Windows Server 2003

    Client operating system

    cannot install active

    directoryCannot centralize XP

    Supports smaller

    network

    Network Operating System

    we can install active

    directoryWe can centralize 2003

    edition

    We can manage largenetwork

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    Windows Vista Windows XP

    Easier to install in comparisonHardware and Software support

    range is less

    Has a quick start-up

    Much more secureMore synchronized explorer (AERO

    user- interface)

    Greater support for wi-fi

    connectivity and gaming

    Much more lengthier taskSupports much more wider range

    (hardware & software)

    Not as quick

    Less secureExplorer not as user-friendly

    Less support

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    Why Did Windows Vista Fail?

    Over Promised Under Delivered Bad Marketing

    Too Many Version RushedTo Market

    Overpriced CompetitionfromApple

    Slow 50,000,000 lines ofcode Requiredmore powerful hardware

    Driverproblems Expensivevendor certification

    UserAccess Control (

    UAC)

    Upgrades from 98 and XP failed

    Bootleg XP Readily Available Designed by committee

    CorporateIT Wasnt Ready Over-reactedto security issues

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    Whats Improved In Windows 7?

    Looks Pretty Runs Faster

    Requires less hardwareresources Smallerfootprint

    Loads and shuts downmuch faster Improved search capabilities

    Newtask bar Easierfile sharing

    Beautifulwallpaper Multi-touch capability

    Virtualfolders Easiertoviewrunning programs

    Non-essential programs eliminated Stilltoomany versions

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    Selecting the Right O.S.

    Addresses ourCurrentNeeds

    Inter-Operability Support for DifferentHardware Platforms

    Maintainability

    Non-Propriety

    POSIX-Compatibility

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    Usage Share ofOperating Systems

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    Questions?