Sociology as a humanistic and scientific discipline

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2. A. IMPORTANCE OF SOCIOLOGY 3. 1. We become more understanding, broad-minded, and tolerant 4. 2. It enables us to learn the application ofscientific methods and techniques to our dailylife problems. 5. 3. Enables us to see the connection between ourown personal forces in the bigger social worlddaily which influence life. 6. 4. It furnishes interested people andspecialized sciences with principles andscientific data which they can use in theirwork. 7. 5. It undertakes scientific sociologicalresearches and inquiry on immediate andcontemporary social problems 8. 6. It has made great strides in the study ofcriminology, ethnic relation, socialprocesses, the family, population and collectivebehavior. 9. 7. Provides insights into the interrelationshipof human beings within the group so that we maylive in harmony with others. 10. 8. The results of sociological investigationsprovide a better background for meeting andsolving social problems. 11. 9. The results of sociological inquiry can help dispelpopular myths, superstition, and stereotypes with accurateknowledge about human behavior and human societies. 12. 10. It broadens our experiences as we learn todiscard our prejudices and biases as we becomemore understanding and tolerant of the customsof other people. 13. 11. Results of sociological investigationare useful to everyone. 14. B. AREAS OF SOCIOLOGY 15. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION 16. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 17. SOCIAL CHANGE 18. HUMAN ECOLOGY 19. POPULATION STUDIES 20. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY AND RESEARCH 21. APPLIED SOCIOLOGY 22. C. PIONEER/FORERUNNERS OFSOCIOLOGY 23. Henri Sain-Simon (1760-1825)He based his ideas on the assumption that the law of human behavior could be determined in the same manner that the law of nature had been arrived at by natural scientist. 24. Auguste Comte (1978-1857) He advocated the idea ofpositivism or the use ofempiricalinvestigation tounderstand society and socialphenomenon 25. Herbert Spencer (1830-1903)Scientist who argued thathuman societies go through anevolutionary process and whocoined the concept survival ofthe fittest 26. Karl Marx (1818-1883)He believed that the misery and exploitation of the working lower classes in society was caused by capitalism the existing industrial order. 27. Emil Durkheim (1858-1917)He focused on the characteristics ofsocial groups,particularly the cohesion or non-cohesion of religious groups. 28. Max Weber (1864-1920)His works dwelt on thesignificance of subjectivemeanings people give to theirinteractions with others. 29. OTHER PIONEERS 30. Walter Bagehot (1826-1877), English 31. Ludwig Gumplowicz (1838- 1909, Polish) 32. Gustav Ratzer Hoofers (1842-1912, Austrian) 33. Jacquez Novicow (1849-1912, Russian) 34. Achille Loria (1857- 1943, Italian) 35. Adolphe Coste (1842- 1901, French) 36. Benjamin Kid (1858- 1916, English) 37. William Graham Sumner (1840-1913, American) 38. Albion Small (1854-1926, American) 39. Lester Ward (1841- 1913, American) 40. Franklin Giddings (1855-1931, American) 41. OTHER EARLY THEORISTS 42. Adolfe Quetelet (1796-1874, Belgian) 43. Frediric Le Hay (1806-1882, French) 44. Edward Taylor (1832- 1917, British) 45. Lewis Morgan (1818-1881, American) 46. Arthur de Gobineau (1816- 1882, English) 47. Henry Buckle (1821-1862) 48. Nicholas Danilevsky (1822-1885, Russian)