(Slideshare Version) 3. The Nature Of Understanding

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Transcript of (Slideshare Version) 3. The Nature Of Understanding

  • 1.Information efficiency
    • Google
  • eBay
  • Apples iPod
  • Wikipedia

2. Information efficiency

  • People will pay extra money not to have to think .

3.

  • Information efficiency and
  • The Nature of Understanding

4.

  • The memory-prediction framework
    • Understanding is about generating expectations
  • Capyblanca
    • a state of meaningful anticipation

5. Any ambiguity here? 6. 7.

  • Psychology: Expectations drive perception
  • Neuroscience: more links going towards the input than otherwise

8.

  • In Feb, 14, 1989,Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeiniissued a Fatwa against Salman Rushdie, for the publication of Satanic Verses.
  • A fatwa is a death sentence.Since though shall not kill is a sacred commandment from the Roman Catholic Church, they had condemned the fatwa.
  • Or did they?

9.

  • The Roman Catholic church's reaction to Khomeini's threat was especially remarkable, as it discovered its spiritual kinship with the Imam and was visibly fascinated by the success of the Iranian god's reign. After all, what Khomeini had done was something the Roman Catholic church had not been able to accomplish in its agitation against Martin Scorsese's film "The Last Temptation of Christ."
  • (from Blasphemy is enlightment )

10.

  • In its mouthpiece,L'Osservatore Romano , the Vatican condemnedThe Satanic Versesas blasphemous. Rushdie had hurt the "religious feelings" of hundreds of millions of the Moslem faithful.
  • Affiliation with the Roman Catholic church demanded rebuke of the blasphemous statements in the book, said the paper.Pope John Paul IIsaw fit to call Khomeini (after his overdue death)one of the world's greatest religious leaders .

11.

  • Not only Rome, but other high dignitaries of the church elsewhere got a word in: Cardinal Decourtray, head of the French episcopal congregation, spoke of an "insult to God";

12.

  • New York's Cardinal O'Connor stated it would be stupid to read Rushdie's book and that it was important to " let Moslems know we disapprove of attacks on their religion ."

13.

  • The church had mapped their own situation with the last temptation to the fatwa and satanic verses
  • How could the church be soinconsistent ?

14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Any inconsistency there? 23. Understanding

  • Analogies and roles
    • A Fattah and a pope
    • The light-cone / relevance cone
    • A sense of meaningful anticipation
  • How can that be implemented?
    • Top-down pressures creating expectations
    • Situations and Roles

24.

  • What is perception?
  • Introduction to analogies & abstract roles

25. What is perception?

  • For example, what is anA ?
  • 3 line segments is a specific arrangement, perhaps with some decorations?(Donald Knuths metafont?)

26. hei ~ black in Chinese 27. 28. 29.

  • Make an analogy that fits your case
    • Quebec will become a lifeboat!
    • This is a new Vietnam
    • This is Germany all over again
  • And what are analogies made of?

30. Letter string analogies

  • abc abd
  • ijk?

31. Letter string analogies

  • abc abd
  • ijjkkk?
  • abc abd
  • xyz ?

32.

  • aabc aabd change the last letter to its successor
  • ijkk?
  • ijkl? - change the last letter to its successor

33.

  • aabc aabd change the last letter to its successor
  • ijkk?
  • ijkl? - change the last letter to its successor
  • ijll? change the last group of letters to its successor

34.

  • aabc aabd change the last letter to its successor
  • ijkk?
  • ijkl? - change the last letter to its successor
  • ijll? change the last group of letters to its successor
  • jjkk? change the first letter to its successor

35.

  • aabc aabd change the last letter to its successor
  • ijkk?
  • ijkl? - change the last letter to its successor
  • ijll? change the last group of letters to its successor
  • jjkk? change the first letter to its successor
  • hjkk? - change the first letter to its predecessor

36.

  • aabc aabd change the last letter to its successor
  • ijkk?
  • ijkl? - change the last letter to its successor
  • ijll? change the last group of letters to its successor
  • jjkk? change the first letter to its successor
  • hjkk? - change the first letter to its predecessor
  • ijlk? change the last letter of the increasing sequence to itssuccessor

37.

  • aabc aabd change the last letter to its successor
  • ijkk?
  • ijkl? - change the last letter to its successor
  • ijll? change the last group of letters to its successor
  • jjkk? change the first letter to its successor
  • hjkk? - change the first letter to its predecessor
  • ijlk? change the last letter of the increasing sequence to itssuccessor
  • There are many interpretations of the rule

38.

  • We have to find out what fits in the same abstract roles.
  • Could a machine do it?
  • Could a machine do it like people do it?

39. 40. slipnet 41. WORKSPACE CONCEPTNETWORK 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53.

  • ABC ABD : IJK ?

54. Screencast #1 http://www.capyblanca.com 55.

  • ABC ABD : IIIJJJKKK ?

56. Screencast #2 http://www.capyblanca.com 57.

  • ABC ABD : XYZ ?

58. Screencast #3 http://www.capyblanca.com 59. 60. MORE IMPORTANT THAN

  • What something usually is, or is usually called, is the relation to other objects, and the abstract role that it plays in a larger context.
  • Quebec will become a lifeboat!
  • The lawyer is arriving, but before the vampire says anything

61. Whats this guys role? 62. 63. Current theory of Simon and Gobet Brums theory 64. The Capyblanca Project Screencast #4 http://www.capyblanca.com 65. Summary

  • Expectations drive perception
  • Perception and high-level cognition interact intensively
    • Bottom-up, data driven processes
    • Top-down, hypothesis-driven processes
  • The right level of description maximizesinformation efficiency

66. Information Efficiency

  • Google search and Apples iPod successes are due to it. People will pay extra money not to have to think .
  • The mind only understands something when information efficiency is achieved
    • ABC:ABD-> IIIJJJKKK:?
    • The only way out of a double check is to escape with the King
  • Information efficiency arises at the level of abstract roles