Simple present and present continuous

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Transcript of Simple present and present continuous

  • 1. Simple Present vs. Present Continuous When do we use each tense?

2. Remember :

  • Grammar hasmeaning!
  • Different grammar tenses are used in different situations or contexts and they carry different meanings.
  • For example . . .

3.

  • Use thesimple presentfor:
  • 1) action that happens repeatedly (habitual action)
  • 2) general or permanent situations
  • 3) facts
  • Use thepresent continuousfor:
  • Something that is happening now or close to the time of speaking
  • 2) A temporary situation

Examples . . . 4.

  • Simple Present (Examples)
  • 1) Habitual Action:
  • Tomgoesfishing every week.
  • I usuallyworkuntil 2:00 p.m.
  • My familycomesto visit me every year.
  • *Frequency adverbs: these adverbs are commonly used with simple present:
  • Always, never, usually, rarely, sometimes, often, etc.

5.

  • Simple Present (More Examples)
  • 2) General or Permanent Situations:
  • My familylivesfar away.
  • Jackdoesnt workon Saturday.
  • Beth and Toanworkat ECC.
  • 3) Facts:
  • The Earthisround.
  • Waterboilsat 100 degrees Celsius.
  • The Eiffel Towerisin Paris.

6.

  • Present Continuous (Examples)
  • 1) Action happening now or close to time of speaking:
  • Wheres Tom? He s playingsoccer.
  • Dont bother the kids. Theyare doingtheir homework.
  • 2) Temporary situations:
  • Martha and her husbandare travelingaround Europe for two weeks.
  • Lisais livingwith friends until she finds an apartment.

7.

  • Present Continuous . . .
  • We often use the present continuous (and not simple present) when action continues over a period of time.
  • this week, this semester, this year
  • I m working50 hours this week.
  • She s takingan Italian class this semester.
  • This year, I m trying
  • to cut back on junk food.

8.

  • Grammar Structure:
  • Here are some reminders about how tomakethe simple present and present continuous:

9. Simple Present:

  • The most important thing to remember about this tense is . . .
  • 3 rdperson singular (he, she, it)
  • We say :
  • I
  • You
  • We
  • They

work 10. Simple Present:

  • But for 3 rdperson singular, we say . . .
  • He
  • She
  • It

work s 11. The verb BE

  • Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple present tense:
  • I AM
  • He, She, It IS
  • They, We, You ARE

12. Simple Present (Negative)

  • For all verbs (EXCEPTbe ), use:

doesn't don't simple form of VERB + Examples . . . 13.

  • 1) Sara works on Sunday. Saradoesnt workon Sunday. 2) They have a big house. Theydont havea big house. 3) Sam takes classes at night. Samdoesnt takeclasses at night. 4) I have a lot of free time. Idont havea lot of free time.

14.

  • VERB BE(Negative)
  • For this verb ONLY,never use doesnt or dont .Simple ADD the wordNOTafter the verb.
  • I am tired. I amNOTtired.
  • She is rich. She isNOTrich.
  • They are here. They areNOThere.

15. Present Continuous:

  • Dont forget that VERB BE is part of this structure.
  • IAM
  • You, We, They ARE
  • He, She, It IS

verb -ING + 16.

  • Examples:
  • Everyoneis studyinghard.
  • Theyare celebratingtheir 40 thanniversary today.
  • Iam cleaningmy house this week.

17.

  • Present Continuous(Negative)
  • For this tense, simply ADD the wordNOTafter the verb BE.
  • They are working today.
  • They areNOTworking today.
  • She is taking a Math class.
  • She isNOTtaking a Math class.

18.

  • Important Note about
  • Present Continuous!
  • Some verbs are NOT typically used in the present continuous tense.Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple present.
  • These verbs are calledSTATIVE(or non-action) verbs. Here are some examples:
  • want like love hate
  • know need see hear
  • believe understand have (possession)
  • forget remember belong

19.

  • Examples:
  • IlikeRome.
  • NOT: I am liking Rome.
  • Shehasa big house.
  • NOT: She is having a big house.
  • Ipreferto have coffee.
  • NOT: I am preferring to have coffee.

_____________ _____________ _____________ 20.

  • Practice!
  • Do these exercises with your class.
  • Choose the simple present or present continuous and discusswhyeach is correct.
  • 1. On Tuesdays, I ________ (go) to the gym.
  • 2. Karen ________ (paint) her apartment this week.
  • 3. This room __________ (be) very large.
  • 4. He _________ (have) a headache right now.
  • 5. It ________ (rain) really hard right now.
  • 6. Where is John? He _______ (work).
  • 7. I ________ (meet) my friend in a few minutes.
  • 8. My family ________ (come) to San Diego often.

21.

  • Answers!
  • 1.On Tuesdays , Igoto the gym.
  • 2. Karenis paintingher apartmentthis week .
  • 3. This roomisvery large.(fact)
  • 4. Hehasa headache right now.(stative)
  • 5. Itis rainingreally hardright now .
  • 6. Where is John? Heis working .(right now)
  • 7. Iam meetingmy friendin a few minutes .
  • 8. My familycomesto San Diegooften .

22.

  • For more practice . . .
  • 1) Go to ourclass website :
  • www.ecc6.blogspot.com
  • 2) On the right side, click onGrammar Site .Then click on330 .
  • 3) Click onGrammar , and then go down the page toVerbs .Click on theSimple Present or Present Continuous?for explanation and practice.

23.

  • And . . .
  • Remember to ask your teacher or another classmate if you need help.
  • Your teacher can give you more explanation, examples, and exercises if you need them.