SIMON & SCHUSTER’S PIMSLEUR - Playaway€¦ · 3 lesson 1 Egyptian arabic the arabic alphabet The...

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EGYPTIAN ARABIC READING BOOKLET PIMSLEUR SIMON & SCHUSTER’S ®

Transcript of SIMON & SCHUSTER’S PIMSLEUR - Playaway€¦ · 3 lesson 1 Egyptian arabic the arabic alphabet The...

Page 1: SIMON & SCHUSTER’S PIMSLEUR - Playaway€¦ · 3 lesson 1 Egyptian arabic the arabic alphabet The Arabic writing system is easy to learn and master because the Arabic alphabet has

egyptian arabic

reading booklet

PIMSLEURSIMON & SCHUSTER’S

®

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Graphic Design: Maia Kennedy

© and ‰ Recorded Program 2001 Simon & Schuster, Inc.

© Reading Booklet 2001 Simon & Schuster, Inc.Pimsleur® is an imprint of Simon & Schuster Audio, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. Mfg. in USA.

All rights reserved.

Travelers should always check with their nation's State Department for current advisories on local conditions before traveling abroad.

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Egyptian arabic

Voices

English-Speaking Instructor. . . . . . . . . . . Ray BrownEgyptian-Speaking Instructor . . Ahmed El-GhandourFemale Arabic Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . Sahar HassanMale Arabic Speaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alaa Hamed

course Writers

Sahar Hassan Dr. Mahdi Alosh

Dr. Ulrike S. Rettig

editors

Mary E. Green Beverly D. Heinle

executiVe Producer

Beverly D. Heinle

Producer & director

Sarah H. McInnis

recording engineers Peter S. Turpin Kelly Saux

Simon & Schuster Studios, Concord, MA

acknowlEdgmEnts

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tablE of contEnts

reading lessons

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1The Arabic Alphabet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Diacritical Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Lesson One. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Lesson Two . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Lesson Three . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Lesson Four . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Lesson Five . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Lesson Six . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Lesson Seven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Lesson Eight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Lesson Nine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Lesson Ten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Lesson Eleven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Lesson Twelve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Lesson Thirteen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Lesson Fourteen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Lesson Fifteen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Lesson Sixteen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Lesson Seventeen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Lesson Eighteen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

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Egyptian arabic

introduction

Reading can be defined as “the act of decoding graphic material in order to determine its message.” To put it another way, reading consists of coming back to speech through its graphic symbols. In short, meanings reside in the sounds of the spoken language. Speaking a language is the necessary first step to acquiring the ability to read a language with meaning.

Arabic is written in the Arabic alphabet which dates back to pre-Islamic periods. It is used today in any country where Arabic is spoken. It has also been adopted by neighboring countries whose language is not Arabic, such as Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Although Arabic dialects differ, they are all written using the same alphabet.

A complete listing of the Arabic alphabet has been included for your reference, beginning on page 6. It is shown in a 2-page spread, reading right to left. This is to be used only as a guide since all of the necessary information for beginning to read in Arabic will be given in the audio portion of the readings. In the reading lessons for this course, you will practice recognition and pronunciation of Arabic letters and combination of letters, as well as their use in different words and contexts.

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introduction (continued)

The recorded portion of the reading materials for Egyptian Arabic will be found at the end of the program. You can do the Readings as it is most convenient for you. They can be done individually after every other unit or so, or done entirely after completing the full 30 units. Full instructions on how to proceed are recorded along with with the Readings.

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the arabic alphabet

The Arabic writing system is easy to learn and master because the Arabic alphabet has a high correspondence between sound and symbol. This means that a letter is pronounced almost the same in every word position.

The Arabic alphabet contains 28 letters in addition to the hamza (glottal stop) and two variants of existing letters (alif and taa). A number of diacritical marks complement the alphabet. These are signs written above or below the letters; they are listed on page 5. Each letter has four different representations, depending on its position within a word. There is an independent form, as well as a beginning, a middle, and an end form.

Arabic is written cursively, reading from right to left, with the letters connected to one another. However, some letters connect only to preceding letters, or from the right side. These are known as one-way connectors. The other group is called two-way connectors as they connect to other letters from both sides.

The alphabet contains three long vowels: alif (aa), waw (uu), and ya (ii). The latter two function also as semi-vowels, as in “wet” and “yes.” There are three short counterparts of these vowels represented by diacritical marks: the fatHa (a), the damma (u),

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Egyptian arabic

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the arabic alphabet (continued)

and the kasra (i). They are about half as long. A tiny circle written above a consonant is called sukuun and represents the absence of a vowel.

The mark that resembles a tiny w is called “shadda.” It signifies a doubled consonant. For example, this mark over the letter t in the word for “six” makes the word pronounced /sit-tah/ rather than /sitah/ if it were not there.

If you are not familiar with the Arabic alphabet, you may at first find that it takes some time to associate the appropriate sounds with each letter and/or group of letters. Therefore, we recommend that you take the Reading Lessons at your own pace, repeating each until you feel comfortable proceeding to the next. With a little effort, you will be astonished at how quickly you are reading Arabic.

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Egyptian arabic

diacritical marks

none

a

u

i

none

سكون

فتحة

ضمة

كسرة

شدة

name in name sound lettertransliteration

sukuun

fatHa

Damma

kasra

shadda

no vowel follows, above the letter

short vowel, above the letter

short vowel, below the letter

indicates a double consonant, above the letter

short vowel, above the letter

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Egyptian arabic

the arabic alphabet

symbol in final medial initialtransliteration position position position

aa ـا ـا ا

b ـب ـبـ بـ

t ـت ـتـ تـ

th ـث ـثـ ثـ

j ـج ـجـ جـ

H ـح ـحـ حـ

kh ـخ ـخـ خـ

d ـد ـد د

dh ـذ ـذ ذ

r ـر ـر ر

z ـز ـز ز

s ـس ـسـ سـ

sh ـش ـشـ شـ

S ـص ـصـ صـ

D ـض ـضـ ضـ

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the arabic alphabet (continued)

name name in letter transliteration

ألف ا

باء ب

تاء ت

ثاء ث

جيم ج

حاء ح

خاء خ

دال د

ذال ذ

راء ر

زاي ز

سني س

شني ش

صاد ص

ضاد ض

alif

baa’

taa’

thaa’

geem

Haa’

khaa’

daal

dhaal

raa’

zay

seen

sheen

Saad

Daad

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Egyptian arabic

the arabic alphabet (continued)

symbol in final medial initialtransliteration position position position

T ـط ـط ط

Dh ـظ ـظ ظ

'a ـع ـعـ عـ

gh ـغ ـغـ غـ

f ـف ـفـ فـ

q ـق ـقـ قـ

k ـك ـكـ كـ

l ـل ـلـ لـ

m ـم ـمـ مـ

n ـن ـنـ نـ

h ـه ـهـ هـ

uu/w ـو ـو و

ee/y ـي ـيـ يـ

aa ـى - -

t ـة - -

٫ ـأـؤـئ ـئـ أإ

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the arabic alphabet (continued)

name name in letter transliteration

طاء ط

ظاء ظ

عني ع

غني غ

فاء ف

قاف ق

كاف ك

الم ل

ميم م

نون ن

هاء ه

واو و

ياء ي

ألفمقصورة ى

تاءمربوطة ة

همزة ء

Taa’

Dhaa’

'ayn

ghayn

faa’

qaaf

kaaf

laam

meem

nuun

haa’

waaw

yaa’

alif maqSoora

taa’ marbuuTa

hamza

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Egyptian arabic

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ا

دا

داد

دادا

ذا

داذ

ذاد

داذا

ذادا

ذاذا

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lesson two

داد

ذاد

ذادا

داذا

را

دار

راد

راذ

دارا

رادا

داز

زا

زار

زاد

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lesson three

زادا

رادار

زود

رادو

رود

ورد

ود

دوب

داب

)بـ(باد

بار

بود

بادو

دابو

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lesson four

دور

ذور

زور

باب

زادو

دي

)يـ(ديد

يد

دابي

ديب

)ـيـ(بير

ياد

بادي

رودي

داري

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lesson five

ذوبي

رازي

بوري

دادي

بابا

بات

)تـ(توب

)ـتـ(بتيد

زيت

روث

)ثـ(ثابت

ثريد

)ـثـ(بثود

ثور

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lesson six

تور

روبي

تاب

ثابو

زول

بيل

)لـ(لبيب

)ال(الري

)ـال(بالل

لودي

دليل

)ـلـ(بليد

بالد

ال

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lesson seven

ليزا

لوري

ليرا

لوز

ثول

الذا

تالل

وليد

بان

تان

نان

)نـ(نبي

)ـنـ(بنت

نبيل

بنات

بين

نار

بريد

نوال

ذيب

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lesson Eight

داوي

باري

بيان

بيت

ولد

تين

أبي

أديب

أب

أدب

إبني

إذا

راء

دواء

براء

تاء

بنات

نبات

تين

تيل

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lesson nine

أنا

إن

داء

نوال

ثؤل

رؤل

)فـ(في

فن

)ـفـ(نفير

ريف

باف

برق

بريق

)قـ(قريب

)ـقـ(يقين

راقي

رافي

فريد

قرار

قليل

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lesson ten

لبن

نور

رن

فيل

ثقيل

فريق

الفريق

نيل

النيل

أرض

ضرير

نضير

قضير

قدير

ندير

قرض

إبريق

برد

بارد

دافي

ألف

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lesson Eleven

ثري

لدود

أراضي

راس

)سـ(سرير

)ـسـ(يسار

سوري

نسب

نسيب

سفر

سفير

بوش

)شـ(شفق

شفيق

بشر

ريش

روسي

فشر

شوف

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lesson twelve

بشير

زف

زفير

فقير

ضرب

سيب

باص

)صـ(صابون

)صـ(بصير

ناصر

نصير

قصير

شام

مين

مير

سمير

ريم

مساء

ميل

مدام

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lesson thirteen

رشيد

شديد

رئيس

أمين

سوق

دينار

ناس

مالك

كريم

مـكان

كتب

رفاه

بهاء

هناء

هادي

هالل

سهيم

كتاب

شكب

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lesson fourteen

سالم

رشيق

صافي

صديق

توم

بصل

فؤاد

سؤال

ليرة

صورة

سفيرة

فقيرة

بذخ

بايخ

بخر

بخيل

خروف

خشن

خشين

سماء

صباح

صالح

صالح

صح

سحر

حرير

بقر

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lesson fifteen

صحيح

رحيم

بخس

صخر

هشام

كريمة

بصيرة

راج

نسيج

سجد

جريدة

راح

حديث

حديثة

اجتماع

ربيع

بعيد

عسل

جميل

حجر

خبير

عادل

صانع

صناعة

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lesson sixteen

هاتف

علي

ماهر

كشف

خبيرة

بخيل

جميل

مصر

فراغ

بليغ

بغداد

غريب

بالغ

أمريكا

سلوى

مستشفى

دعوى

غالي

خبر

بليد

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lesson seventeen

بنك

شاي

دفع

مدافع

جامع

بالط

ربط

لطيفة

طبيخ

مطر

غلط

فاظ

غليظ

فظيع

ظريف

ظالم

غار

حافظ

خبز

بطل

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lesson Eighteen

واحد

إتنين

تالتة

أربعة

خمسة

ستة

سبعة

تمانية

تسعة

عشرة

حداشر

إتناشر

تـلـتاشر

أربعتاشر

خمستاشر

ستاشر

سبعتاشر

تمنتاشر

تسعتاشر

عشرين

واحدوعشرين

إتنينوعشرين

تالتةوعشرين

أربعةوعشرين

Page 32: SIMON & SCHUSTER’S PIMSLEUR - Playaway€¦ · 3 lesson 1 Egyptian arabic the arabic alphabet The Arabic writing system is easy to learn and master because the Arabic alphabet has

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