SFD forcible entry

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Forcible Entry Powerpoint slides prepared for Sanford Fire Department rookie school, April 2013

Transcript of SFD forcible entry

  • 1. Forcible EntryForcible EntryPrepared by Lt. Eric NeubertApril, 2013Sourced from Jones & BartlettFundamentals of Firefighter Skills,2ndEdition1

2. OpeningOpening Instructors/Students Exits Cell Phones/Radios Interactive Plan Companies2 3. ObjectivesObjectives Understand the association between specifictools and special forcible entry needs. Describe the basic construction of typicaldoors, windows, and walls. Know the dangers associated with forcing entrythrough doors, windows, and walls. Know how forcible entry relates to salvage.311 4. IntroductionIntroduction (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Forcible entry Method to gain access when normal means of entrycannot be used Requires strength, knowledge, proper techniques, andskill Use amount of force appropriate to situation. Alarm/Nothing showing VS. working fire411 5. IntroductionIntroduction (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Arrange to secure the opening before leaving scene. Keep up with how new styles of windows, doors, locks,and security devices operate.511 6. PreparationPreparation Your Gear Personal tools Your Truck (Engine) Available tools and location Your Tools In service and ready to use Your District Yourself6 7. Preparation (cont)Preparation (cont) Your District Types of occupancies Special problems or hazards7 8. Whats In Your Pockets?Whats In Your Pockets?8 9. Forcible Entry SituationsForcible Entry Situations Required at emergency incidents where time is acritical factor Effect a rescue. Control a fire before it extends. Non Emergency situations Calls for a more thoughtful approach911 10. Forcible Entry SituationsForcible Entry Situations Company Officer Selects Point of entry Method to use Try before you pry10 11. The ProblemThe Problem Primarily Residential, Mercantile, Light Industrial Look for the easy way Try doors & windows Knox Box or hidden keys Neighbors Alternate Entry 2ndFloor Bulkhead Air conditioners11 12. Forcible Entry ToolsForcible Entry Tools Fire fighters must know: What tools are available Uses and limitations of each tool How to select the right tool How to operate each tool How to carry each tool How to inspect and maintain each tool1211 13. What Is Your MostWhat Is Your MostImportant Tool?Important Tool?13 14. General Tool SafetyGeneral Tool Safety Incorrect use or improper maintenance can bedangerous. Always wear proper PPE. Use the right tool for the job. Keep tools clean and serviced. Take broken tools out of service for repair. Keep tools in proper area or container.1411 15. General Carrying TipsGeneral Carrying Tips (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Request assistancewith heavy tools. Use your legs to liftheavy tools.1511 16. General Carrying TipsGeneral Carrying Tips (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Keep sharp edges and points away from your body. Cover them with a gloved hand. Carry long tools pointing down. Be aware of overhead wires.1611 17. General Maintenance TipsGeneral Maintenance Tips (1 of 2)(1 of 2) All tools should bein a ready state. Tools must be inworking order, intheir storage place,and ready for use.1711 18. General Maintenance TipsGeneral Maintenance Tips(2 of 2)(2 of 2) Tools require regular maintenance and cleaning toensure readiness. Perform required checks conscientiously. Follow manufacturers guidelines and instructions. Keep proper records of maintenance, repairs, andwarranty work performed.1811 19. Types of Forcible Entry ToolsTypes of Forcible Entry Tools Striking Tools Prying/Spreading Tools Cutting Tools Lock Specialty Tools1911 20. Striking ToolsStriking Tools Used to generate an impact force directly on an objector another tool Head usually made of hardened steel Flat-head axe TNT Tool Sledgehammer2011 21. Flat-Head AxeFlat-Head Axe One side of the axe head is a cutting blade. Other side is a flat striking surface. Fire fighters often use flat side to strike a Halligan tooland drive a wedge into an opening.2111 22. SledgehammerSledgehammer Sometimes called mauls Come in various weights and sizes Head of hammer can weigh from 2 to 20 pounds. Handle may be short like a carpenters hammer or longlike an axe handle. Can be used alone to break down a door or with otherstriking tools2211 23. Prying/Spreading ToolsPrying/Spreading Tools Halligan tool Pry bar/Crow bar/Variations Pry axe Hydraulic tools2311 24. Halligan ToolHalligan Tool (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Widely used Commonly used toperform forcibleentry2411 25. Halligan ToolHalligan Tool (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Incorporates adz, pick, and claw Adz end pries open doors and windows. Pick end makes holes or breaks glass. Claw pulls nails and pries apart wooden slats.*Pairing with flat head axe creates The Irons2511 26. The IronsThe Irons FH Axe and Halliganmarried together. Tools complement eachother & cover a widevariety of situations.26 27. Pry BarPry Bar Made from hardened steel in a variety of shapes andsizes Commonly used to force doors and windows, removenails, or separate building materials Various shapes allow fire fighters to exert differentamounts of leverage in diverse situations.2711 28. Hydraulic ToolsHydraulic Tools Spreaders Cutters Rams Require hydraulicpressure2811 29. Cutting ToolsCutting Tools Primarily used for cutting doors, roofs, walls, andfloors Hand operated and power cutting tools Axe Bolt cutters Circular saw Bullet/Chain Saw2911 30. AxeAxe (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Many different typesof axes Flathead Pickhead Pry axe Special purpose3011 31. AxeAxe (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Cutting edge of axe used to break into plaster andwood walls, roofs, and doors Pick used for opening walls, floors, etc. Flat portion for striking other tools3111 32. Bolt CuttersBolt Cutters Used to cut metal components as bolts, padlocks,chains, and chain-link fences Available in several different sizes The longer the handle, the greater the cutting force. May not be able to cut into some heavy-duty padlocksmade of case-hardened metal3211 33. Circular SawCircular Saw Gasoline-powered Light, powerful, and easy-to-use Blades can be changed quickly. Carbide-tipped blades Metal-cutting blades Masonry-cutting blades3311 34. Bullet SawBullet Saw Gas Powered Chain Saw Depth Gauge Carbide tipped bullet chain Able to cut through multiple layers of roofing, boards,nails, light gauge metal Roll over rafters/floor joists34 35. Lock/Specialty ToolsLock/Specialty Tools (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Used to disassemble the locking mechanism on a door Cause minimal damage to the door and the door frame Experienced user can usually gain entry in less than aminute.3511 36. Lock/Specialty ToolsLock/Specialty Tools (2 of 2)(2 of 2) K tool Lock wrenches Halligan (pick) Credit Card Pocket Knife Hood Latch Tool3611 37. K ToolK Tool Designed to shearoff a lock cylinder soit can be removed3711 38. DoorsDoors Basic DoorConstruction Door Jamb Hardware Locking device3811 39. Construction MaterialConstruction Material Wood Metal Fiberglass/Composite Glass3911 40. WoodWood (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Slab Solid-core Solid wood coreblocks covered by aface panel Hollow-core Lightweight,honeycomb interior4011 41. WoodWood (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Ledge Wood doors with horizontal bracing Panel Solid wood doors made from solid planks to form arigid frame with solid wood panels set into the frame4111 42. MetalMetal Hollow-core metal doors Have a metal framework interior so they are lightweight Solid-core metal doors Have a foam or wood interior to reduce weight withoutaffecting strength4211 43. FiberglassFiberglass Fiberglass shell Foam core Interior woodreinforcement in keyareas43 44. GlassGlass Generally steel frame with tempered glass or temperedglass only Easy to force Produce a large amount of broken glass4411 45. Types of DoorsTypes of Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Inward-opening Outward-opening Sliding doors Revolving doors Overhead doors4511 46. Types of DoorsTypes of Doors (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Hinges indicate ifdoor is inward- oroutward-opening. Outward Hinges arevisible. Inward Hinges are notvisible.4611 47. Door FramesDoor Frames (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Wood-framed doors Stopped door frames Have a piece of wood attached to the frame to stop thedoor from swinging past the latch Rabbeted door frames Have a stop cut built into the frame so it cannot beremoved4711 48. Door FramesDoor Frames (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Metal-framed doors are more difficult to force open. Look like rabbeted door frames4811 49. Inward-Opening DoorsInward-Opening Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Made of wood, steel, or glass Have an exterior frame with a stop or rabbet Locking mechanisms range from standard door knoblocks to deadbolt locks or sliding latches. Most residential open inward4911 50. Inward-Opening DoorsInward-Opening Doors (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forcing Entry Determine what type of frame the door has. Use a prying tool near the locking mechanism to pry thestop away from the frame. Use a striking tool to force the prying tool further intothe jamb.5011 51. Outward-Opening DoorsOutward-Opening Doors (1 of(1 of2)2) Design Used in commercialoccupancies and formost exists Designed for a quickexit Made of wood,metal, or glass Usually haveexposed hinges5111 52. Outward-Opening DoorsOutward-Opening Doors (2 of(2 of2)2) Forcing entry Check to see if hinges can be disassembled or hinge pinsremoved. Place adz end of prying tool into the door frame. Use striking tool. Leverage the tool to force the door outward away fromthe jamb.5211 53. Sliding DoorsSliding Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Made of temperedglass in a wood ormetal frame Have two sectionsand a double track A weak latch on theframe of the doorsecures the movableside.5311 54. Sliding DoorsSliding Doors (2 of 2)(2 of 2) Forcing Entry Check whether a security rod is in the door track. If present, try another door. If not present, use a pry bar to lever door away fromlocking mechanism. If necessary, break the glass.-Some patio doors swing on hinges-5411 55. Overhead DoorsOverhead Doors (1 of 2)(1 of 2) Design Can roll up or tilt Made of wood ormetal May be hollo