Seven wonders of pomerania comenius project

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  • 1. Seven wonders of Pomerania Natural Treasures of Europe

2. Table of contents Wieyca (mountain) Hel (peninsula) uawy The Baltic Sea Orowski Cliff Sowiski National Park Oliwski National Park Natural Treasures of Europe 3. The highest hill in Pomerania, with 329 meters of height. The tip is overgrown by beeches and has its own tower called John Paul II Tower. Wieyca (mountain) Natural Treasures of Europe 4. There are ski slopes and a ski lift. Natural Treasures of Europe 5. The top of Wieyca with some of its slopes has been a nature reserve called"Szczyt Wieyca" since 1962, it is the area of 33,6 ha. Natural Treasures of Europe 6. One of the hills Natural Treasures of Europe 7. Hel Peninsula That long sand bar peninsula is located by The Baltic Sea. It is about 34 km long, width ranges from 150m in the narrowest part, to 3km at the tip. The area is 160 km2 .The coast from open seaside is smooth, while from the bayside is jagged. Natural Treasures of Europe 8. Natural Treasures of Europe 9. There is a specific microclimate on the Peninsula. It is strongly influenced by the sea arounded it. Because of its unique form the whole Hel Peninsula has been the National Park since 1978. The highest dunes are Gra Szwedw(15 above the sea level) and Bocianie Gnizdo. In the waters around the Hel Peninsula there are sea fish (flounders, herrings, cods,salmons) and freshwater fish (pikes, perches). There are also lots of different animals that can be seen in the area: seals, dolphins, porpoises, sea gulls, deer, hares, boars, foxes, hegdehogs and many more. Natural Treasures of Europe 10. uawy uawy Wilane is the alluvial delta area of the Vistula. It is only about 2 percent of the Polish area, however because of its uniqueness it is worth to pay special attention to it. Everything here is unique: the landscape, natural environment and history. Its shape is similar to inverted triangle whose top is located in a fork of Vistula and Nogat, close to Biaa Gra. On the opposite side there is Mierzeja Wilana. Natural Treasures of Europe 11. Generally, there are three parts of this region: uawy Gdaskie also called uawy Stablewskie (on the west side of Vistula), uawy Wielkie (between Vistula and Nogat) and uawy Elblskie also called Small ones (on the east side). This territory includes about 1.700 square kilometers. More then a quarter of the region is situated below sea level. The biggest depressed areas are located near to Raczki Elblskie (about 1.8 meters below sea level). It is also the lowest place in Poland. Natural Treasures of Europe 12. Until now, there are differences in determining the meaning of the word uawy. Some researchers claim that it is connected to the Prussian word sulava which precisely means an island. However the others assure that its origin is associated with Polish noun u which is nowadays translated as forest mud. Both agree that water is an element which was necessary to create delta of the Vistula. Natural Treasures of Europe 13. Delta began arising about six thousand years ago. The water of Vistula and many smaller rivers carrying its mud and sand, put them into former bay. Therefore famous soils of this area were created. Natural processes that led to the formation of the delta, also decided of the characteristic shape of the surface. Natural Treasures of Europe 14. The Baltic Sea Natural Treasures of Europe 15. General information: Location Europe Max length 1,600 km (990 mi) Max width 193 km (120 mi) Surface area 377,000 km2 Average depth 55 m (180 ft) Water volume20,000 km3 The Baltic Sea is the second largest brackish water basin in the world in terms of water volume. The water is mixture of ocean water and fresh water brought by numerous rivers. Natural Treasures of Europe 16. Life in the Baltic Sea The Baltic is a young sea in geological terms, with relatively few species. Freshwater species live in its brackish waters alongside truly marine species more associated with saltwater conditions. All of the species in the Baltic have adapted to cope with its cold winter temperatures. Though few species may be present, the certain species can be extremely abundant in numerical terms. Natural Treasures of Europe 17. Harmul substances Harmful substances deriving from human activity reach the Baltic Sea from many different sources. Oil spills release large amounts of hydrocarbons into the sea. Radioactive fallout reaches the Baltic either airborne or carried by sea currents. Heavy metals such as cadmium, lead and mercury are directly harmful to the environment.Harmful substances also accumulate in organisms. We should remember to care about our environment, because it can rebound upon us someday. Natural Treasures of Europe 18. Beaches and coast dunes. Natural Treasures of Europe 19. Important spieces living in Bay of Gdask Seal Herring Propoise Sprat Cod Salmon Sturgeon Natural Treasures of Europe 20. Natural Treasures of Europe 21. Orlowski Cliff Steep seashore Redowska Clumps in Gdynia, located within the district Redowo, and preferably visible from located in the immediate vicinity of the district Orlowo. Other names of this Klif in Redowo are Cypel Orowski or Orla Head. It is made mainly of clay glacial of moraine origin. It is over 650 m long and 600 m high. Natural Treasures of Europe 22. The Cliff is made of Igneous rocks: granitoids, porphyry, pegmatites, sjenity metamorphic rocks: gneisses, quartzites. Natural Treasures of Europe 23. On the beach there are dark-brown layer of sand, which form a cluster of heavy minerals (eg magnetite, manganese, zirconium, titanium). They are destroyed source igneous and metamorphic rocks. At the foot of the cliff there are also layers of lignite. Natural Treasures of Europe 24. However Promontory Orlowski, consists mainly of clay works. The southern part is characterized by a predominance of the cliff osypiskowych processes, and the North - landslide. Orlowski cliff is divided into two parts: dead - unaffected abrasion, having the form of vegetated landslides - extends to the port in Gdynia active - steep wall hanging towards the sea, exposed to abrasion Cliff slopes are covered by a variety of vegetation. Some landslides and steep slopes often occupied by coltsfoot. At the foot of the cliff one by one settles sea buckthorn, which is under protection. While on the slopes of the cliff there are patches of scrub with a broom prevailing miotlastym. Natural Treasures of Europe 25. Natural Treasures of Europe 26. Along the coastal cliff walking path leads to Sopot. Following the summit of the slope you can see the panorama of the Hel Peninsula, the port of Gdynia and the beach. The Orowski cliff is visited by many tourist in every season. Natural Treasures of Europe 27. Sowiski National Park is visited by thousands of tourists who love beauty and flexibility of this area. It was founded in 1967. This national park is one of 23 national parks in Poland. It is situated in the central part of polish seaside in the Pomeranian Voivodeship. Natural Treasures of Europe 28. Characteristic elements of this park are lakes next to the sea, swamps, fields, mires, seaside forests and the most known element which are moving sand dunes. Symbol of the Park is Seagull. Natural Treasures of Europe 29. Worth visiting places in Sowiski Nationoal Park: Moving sand dunes with the highest - Mount cka (42 meters above sea level, speed of moving- 3,5-10 m/year) Lighthouse Czopino and the nature path Lantern Saint Mount od Kashubs Rowok with sight seeing tower Museum of Sowinian Villages in Kluki Natural Treasures of Europe 30. Oliwski National Park It is the last of town parks, which survive to our Times. Park Oliwski is an oasis of beauty and silence in noisy district of city. If youre looking for a great place to relax and purifacation of spirit you just know where to find it. Natural Treasures of Europe 31. The beginning of todays park was a small monastery garden created by Cistercians at the end of 12th century. fully recreational and decorative it have been Since 16th century. Natural Treasures of Europe 32. The most-known part of garden is the avenue along lindens 112 meters long. Height of trees is 15 meters. This make a illusion that the sea is just behind the garden, which is actually 2 kilometers further. Cistercian monks used to call it The way to eternity. In the parallel of Lindens Avenue is part of garden called Paradise. On one of the Paradise alleys there is an object called Cave of Whisper. If one Man stands in one of the large shells and second one in the opposite they are able to talk in whispers. Natural Treasures of Europe 33. Natural Treasures of Europe 34. Value of the Park Oliwski is that we find there precious specimens of flora from almost All continents. Here grow wonderful european larch, American tulip tree, rare Japanese Larch, great Castanea sativa and many other exotic trees. Natural Treasures of Europe 35. Park Oliwski was made available for inhabitants in 1860 and to this Day is a favorite place for people of the city where thay can just walk and relax. Being in the park is a great opportunity to visit cathedra Oliwa, which is chose as a one of the 7 wonders of Poland. In the cathedral there are about 20 historical altars, which represents the architectural styles of the Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo. Natural Treasures of Europe 36. Presentation has been prepared by: *M.Danielewicz *J.Guszek *P.ukasiuk *P.Pietrzak *P.Putko *M.Szmidt Sources used: * The rest of the material was prepared by ourselves, including taking photos and learning about these topics. Natural Treasures of Europe The presentation XXHighSchool,Gdask,Polska Supervision:AleksandraRacho, Consultation:Danielumianek