Session 11 auteur theory: Film Appreciation Course

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  • 1. Auteur The Story Tellers of Film Mass Communication Hum 3: Film Appreciation Ateneo de Davao University
  • 2. Auteur Theory auteur author (French) Theory advances that film reflects the directors personal creative vision Directors creative touch as distinct from the collective and industrial process of filmmaking Director outshines the studio interference
  • 3. Genre and Auteur Theory The auteur theory is different to the genre theory as auteur draws our attention towards what is different between film, rather than what is similar. Many media texts are meant to be consider as a product of individuals creativity and many are simply products for instants, Tim Burtons Nightmare before Christmas is an auteur as you recognize his individual style of gothic tones where as Heat magazine writer is not an auteur as it is a generic product. Genre theory focuses on... Auteur theory focuses on... Generic similarities. Individual stylistic features. How texts are determined by historical/ social/ political contexts. How texts are determined by artists creativity. How texts emerge as commercial products from an industry. How texts emerge as part of an artists body of work.
  • 4. Legal Implication Film as a work of art The auteur, the creator of the film, is the original copyright holder (under the European Union law). The director is the author or one of the authors of a film (largely because of the auteur theory).
  • 5. European Origins European Cinema More individualized than Hollywood cinema Style of Filmmaking: Small crews and independence More intimate and less dependent on master narratives and stereotypes beloved by Hollywood Post WWII: explosion of strong independent filmic intelligence
  • 6. Jean-Luc Godard Your camera movements are ugly because your subjects are bad, your casts act badly because your dialogue is worthless; in a word, you dont know how to create cinema because you no longer even know what it is.
  • 7. In America, a few years later, Andrew Sarris, developed auteur theory through the writings of The Village Voice He used the theory as a way to further analysis of what defines serious work through the study of respected writers/directors. Andrew Sarris
  • 8. Introduced in the 1950s by French film directors like Francois Truffaut who advocated a focus on the contribution directors made on the style and form of film, he quoted... A true film auteur is someone who brings something genuinely personal to his subject instead of producing a tasteful, accurate but lifeless rendering of the original material
  • 9. The Birth of the Auteur Started as myth of individual creator Grew from political and economic issues between U.S. and France after WWII Popularity of US films threatened the viability of the countrys own cinema New Wave of filmmakers: Francois Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Jacques Rivette, Eric Rohmer and Claude Chabrol
  • 10. Auteur Theory: Origins The term Auteur Theory originated from Andrews Sarriss essay Notes on the Auteur Theory in 1962. Auteur theory draws on the work of cinema enthusiasts who wrote Cahiers du Cinema and argued that a directors vision should be reflected in their films. Absolute Auteurs: - Alfred Hitchcock - Akira Kurosawa - Jean Renoir Alexandre Astrucs concept of the camra-stylo (camera pen) promotes directors to wield cameras as writers use pens and to guard against the obstacles of traditional storytelling.
  • 11. French Filmmakers American directors were placed as model filmmakers in France. The French discovered the personal style of the American directors. Despite the anonymity and mass production of Hollywood studio system: personal style emerged. Continuity discovered across a group of films: style of the director
  • 12. Auteur Theory
  • 13. Principles of Stylistic Continuity Studied extensively by film critic Andrew Sarris Based on the given: the director as the controlling force in the structure of the film (a) Technical competence (b) Coherent personal style (c) consistent view of the world/ a coherent set of attitudes and ideas
  • 14. Stylistic Continuity Truffaut expressed that directors should use the mise-en- scne to imprint their vision on their work. Andre Bazin and Roger Leenhardt also expressed that the director brings the film to life and uses it to express their feelings on the subject matter. An auteur can also use lighting, setting, staging, and editing to add to their vision. According to Andrew Sarris in his Notes on the Auteur Theory, a director must accomplish technical competence in their technique, personal style in terms of how the movie looks and feels, and interior meaning.
  • 15. John Ford Use of Monument Vallet as landscape for his imaginary West; Vision of Western landscape, settlement, domesticity, of Indians as force of the land, outlaws as impediments to lonely heroes.
  • 16. Alfred Hitchcock Use of cross tracking Variations of shot/ reverse shot in which the character, walking and looking at a threatening object Use of high angle shot: show character in a vulnerable state
  • 17. David Fincher Use of dark mise-en- scene created across the horizontal line of the Panavision screen
  • 18. Ingmar Bergman Intense close-ups of a character in a profound state of existential despair The cinematic angst of Soren Kierkegaard
  • 19. Rainer Werner Fassbinder Framing of characters in doorways or behind doors Images of men driving the road from city to city
  • 20. Chris CunninghamChris Cunningham Chris Cunningham is a British music video film director and video artist. Chris has worked on many projects and has produced; music videos, video art, short films, commercials, music production, photography, and a novel. Cunningham is known for his warped style and disturbing imagery, he has worked and produced music videos for the likes of; Aphex Twins, Bjork, Placebo and Madonna. He Won multiple awards, including break through video at the MTV awards for his video All in love. As well as producing music video he has also produced commercials for; Gucci, Play station and orange. Chris Cunningham is a British music video film director and video artist. Chris has worked on many projects and has produced; music videos, video art, short films, commercials, music production, photography, and a novel. Cunningham is known for his warped style and disturbing imagery, he has worked and produced music videos for the likes of; Aphex Twins, Bjork, Placebo and Madonna. He Won multiple awards, including break through video at the MTV awards for his video All in love. As well as producing music video he has also produced commercials for; Gucci, Play station and orange.
  • 21. After watching several music videos and also commercials that Chris Cunningham has directed I believe that I can establish his distinctive auteur signature style which is; Fast paced editing and sharp cuts are used in nearly all of his videos he has produced, this disorientates the audience as it creates; confusion, myst