Seed Saving

download Seed Saving

of 21

  • date post

    10-Apr-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    192
  • download

    1

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Seed Saving

EMERGENCY SEEDS INC.

d r e B p e a r P e

Its not just about getting seeds, its about getting prepared!

SEED SAVING GUIDE

SeedsBean, California Blackeye (Bush) Bean, Kentucky Wonder (Bush) Bean, Slenderette (Bush) Bean, Edamame BeSweet 2015 (Soybean) Beet, Detroit Dark Red Beet, Early Wonder Beet, Ruby Queen Broccoli, Waltham 29 Cabbage, Golden Acre Carrot, Chantenay Red Core Carrot, Scarlet Nantes Corn, Golden Bantam 8 Corn, Indian Ornamental Cucumber, Boston Pickling Cucumber, Spacemaster Cucumber, Straight 8 Lettuce, Iceberg (Crisphead) Lettuce, Salinas (Crsphead) Lettuce, Black Seeded Simpson (Leaf) Lettuce, Oakleaf (Leaf) Lettuce, Salad Bowl Green (Leaf) Lettuce, Salad Bowl Red (Leaf) Lettuce, Cimarron (Romaine) Lettuce, Parris Island Cos (Romaine) Melon, Hales Best Jumbo (Cantaloupe) Melon, Hearts Of Gold (Cantaloupe) Melon, Green Flesh (Honeydew) Melon, Orange Flesh (Honeydew) Okra, Clemson Spineless Onion, Utah Sweet Spanish Onion, Tokyo Long White (Bunching) Onion, Crystal White Wax (Pickling) Parsnip, Harris Model Pea, Green Arrow Pea, Lincoln Pea, Little Marvel Pea, Dwarf Sugar Grey (Snow) Pea, Oregon Sugar Pod II (Snow) Pepper, Anaheim Chili (Hot Pepper) Pepper, Cayenne Long Slim (Hot Pepper) Pepper, Jalapeo (Hot Pepper) Pepper, Santa Fe Grande (Hot Pepper) Pepper, California Wonder (Sweet Pepper) Pepper, Yolo Wonder (Sweet Pepper) Pumpkin, Big Max Pumpkin, Jack O Lantern Pumpkin. Sugar Pie Radish, Champion Radish, Cherry Belle Radish, White Icicle Spinach, Bloomsdale Longstanding Squash, Early Prolic Straightneck (Summer) Squash, Black Beauty Zucchini (Summer) Squash, Burgess Buttercup (Winter) Squash, Pink Banana Jumbo (Winter) Squash, Sweet Meat (Winter) Squash, Vegetable Spaghetti (Winter) Squash, Waltham Butternut (Winter) Swiss Chard, Lucullus Tomato, Beefsteak Tomato, Brandywine Pink Tomato, Large Red Cherry Tomato, Rio Grande Tomato, Roma VF Tomato, Rutgers Tomato, VR Moscow Tomato, Yellow Pear Watermelon, Crimson Sweet Watermelon, Jubilee Watermelon, Sugar Baby Watermelon, Striped Klondike Blue Ribbon

G IDE S E E D S AV I NbGi d SUe d s e y r100% Non H

Never underestimate the wisdom of an old gardener. They know local conditions, and can give you lifesaving advice.Sa vin g S eed s , C a n S a v e y o ur l i f e

W

hile lots of arguments can be made for the importance of saving your own seeds, most people agree that feeding your family and perpetuating seed varieties that are in danger is a worthwhile endeavor. Saving your own seeds isnt very complicated, or hard to do, although there are many dierent methods that people will recommend. That being said, this guide is just that, a guide to get you started. Never underestimate the wisdom of old gardeners in your area, and the information they provide you. Their experience with local weather and soil

conditions, common pests, and other factors, is invaluable to any gardener. I hope you enjoy this guide and appreciate the work and thought that went into its making, Sincerely, Dustin Merritt

Reasons For Saving Seedshe golden rule in farming goes something like this, He who controls the seeds, controls the feed. Not only is it unwise to put all of your eggs into one basket, it is unwise to allow one seed company to control everything you can grow. And yet, more and more across the country, that is what is going on.

T

Bred for large companies Most of the seeds that consumers are able to purchase were bred specically for large companies, with no intention of being sold to small farmers. Not only that, but many of these seeds arent suited to home gardening at all. By saving and trading seeds, you free yourself from the constraints of a large corporation as well as exchange and encourage genetic diversity in the seed stock. Saving seeds is critical to the survival of many heritage varieties of plants, as well as a great way to gain new varieties. Many gardeners will save an extra amount of seeds to trade with others, instead of purchasing new seeds from year to year.

Packing your seeds in glass jars is ne as long as they are dried properly, and protected from light and heat. Keep them in a cool dark place.

When planning on gardening with the intention to save seeds it is important to make sure that you are growing the highest quality seeds that you can in the rst place. Your name goes along with each packet of seeds you sell or trade, and so you may get people calling you for tips and tricks.

It is important that you know how to save each variety of seed you possess. While there are common tips and tricks, and many seeds that can simply be put in a glass jar, following specic instructions for your variety of seed can guarantee an abundant harvest in years to come.

Selecting Plants for Seed StorageI have no idea what the chart here is supposed to represent, but I do know that when you are going to save seeds from a plant, you want to make sure you save them 2007 7% from the best specimens you have 2008 8% grown. Not only the fruit or veggie size, 2009 35% 10% but look at leaf coloring, drought 2010 resistance, leaf structure, and the plant 2011 11% shape overall. You want to select seeds 2012 that will carry these strong genes 29% forward. Also note that saving larger seeds is always a better bet than saving smaller seeds. The larger the seed, the larger the reserve of food it has for its initial burst into life.

Desiccant use is a controversial subject in seed storage. I prefer to dry my seeds to the correct moisture level, and then store them in an air tight container. Those who want to use some form of desiccant however, can use the small packets from pill bottles, or even powdered milk, which is safe for seeds.

Saving Heirloom Tomato SeedsLuckily tomatoes, the favorite of most gardeners, won't usually cross pollinate. Insects can't usually get into the anthers to pollinate them. In a few varieties, like the potatoes tomato or currant tomato, the stigma will stick out allowing for cross pollination. In these cases you can only grow one type of easily pollinated tomato. To collect your seeds you need to cut a tomato from a healthy plant in half, squeeze the juice, pulp and seeds into a cup, and add water to the top of the cup. Leave this somewhere warm (kitchen counter) and let it begin to ferment. The bad seeds and jell will oat to the top. After about three days, it will stink really bad and you may have mold, this is normal. Just pour out the water and oating seeds, rinse the remaining seeds in clean water, and strain

There are hundreds of types of heirloom tomatoes, and although they arent all perfectly round and red like the grocery store type, they are beautiful and delicious.

them. Put them onto a plastic plate and allow to dry somewhere warm and out of direct sunlight. Once they are completely dry, you can save your seeds in a paper envelope stored in a glass jar.

These seeds should store well for about 4 years as long as you keep them out of direct sunlight.

Cultivate for your climateHeirloom tomato cultivars can be found in a wide variety of colors, shapes, avors and sizes. Some cultivars can be prone to cracking or lack disease resistance. As with most garden plants, cultivars can be acclimated over several gardening seasons to thrive in any geographical location through careful selection and seed saving.Heirloom tomatos come in an almost limitless variety of colors, shades, and avors. Have fun trading seeds with neighbors and local gardening clubs.

Seed Life = 4 Years with care, longer if frozen.

Savin g Bro a d B e a n sBroad beans can cross easily with other varieties, so if you are saving seeds you need to keep each variety isolated from one another if you want to maintain 100% purity. You can do this by covering them with netting, so that insects can't carry foreign pollen into the seeds. If you aren't very concerned with them crossing, you can just save seeds from plants in the middle of a block, insects will usually work the outer plants rst, meaning there is little foreign pollen contamination.

an oad Be Br

s

To save seeds, let your beans mature on the bush. Your pods will turn brown, and will get dry and wrinkled. You can now pick the pods, and shell out the beans. Test if they are really dry, by trying to bite into them. If your teeth leave a dent, they are still moist inside, and need to be dried somewhere dark and warm, not hot. Bean seeds will keep for many years without any special provisions, so they don't need to be re-planted every year just for seeds.

Mature pods should be dry and leathery before harvesting for seed production. Make sure you select the healthiest pods, from the healthiest plants.

It is a rigid, erect plant 0.5-1.7 m tall, with stout stems with a square cross-section. The leaves are 10-25cm long, pinnate with 2-7 leaets, and of a distinct glaucous greygreen color; unlike most other vetches, the leaves do not have tendrils for climbing over other vegetation. The owers are 1-2.5cm long with ve petals, the standard petal white, the wing petals white with a black spot (true black, not deep purple or blue as is the case in many "black" colorings [1]), and the keel petals white. Crimson owered broad beans also exist, which were recently saved from extinction[2]. The fruit is a broad leathery pod, green maturing to blackish-brown, with a densely downy surface; in the wild species, the pods are 5-10cm long and 1cm diameter, but many modern cultivars developed for food use have pods 15-25cm long and 2-3cm thick.

1) Kathrynne Holden. "Fava Beans, Levodopa, and Parkinson's Disease". 2) Russ Parsons. "The Long History of the Mysterious Fava Bean". http:// archive.southcoasttoday.com/daily/ 05-96/05-29-96/c01li096.htm.

Saving French BeansIt is important to grow some of you