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Introduction Seed is the basic and most critical input for sustainable

agriculture. The response of all other inputs depends on quality of seeds to a large extent. National Seed Project Phase-I (1977-78) Phase-II (1978-79) Phase-III (1990-1991) New Seed Development Policy (1988 1989) more emphasis on high value hybrids of cereals and vegetables and hi-tech products such as Bt. Cotton

y farmer has a wide product choice and seed industry

today is set to work with a farmer centric approach and is market driven

2.Enactment of the Seeds Act, 1966in Seed Sector: Policy Initiatives ySeed Review Team-SRT (1968) National Commission on Agriculture s Seed Group (1972) Launching of the World Bank aided National Seeds Programme (1975-85) in three phases leading to the creation of State Seeds Corporations, State Seed Certification Agencies, State Seed Testing Laboratories, Breeder Seed Programmes etc Seed Control Order (1983) Creation of the Technology Mission on Oilseeds & Pulses (TMOP) in 1986 now called The Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM).

National Seeds Policy, 2002: Thrust Areasvariety development plant variety protection seed production quality assurance seed distribution and marketing infrastructure facilities transgenic plant varieties import of seeds and planting materials seed exports promotion of domestic private sector seed industry strengthening of the monitoring system

Seeds Bill, 2004: Salient FeaturesRegistration of kinds and varieties of Seeds etc. Evaluation of performance Compensation to Framers Registration of Seed Producers and Processing Units Seed dealers to be Registered Regulation of Sale of Seed and Seed Certification Seed Analysis and Seed Testing Export and Import of Seeds and Planting Material Offences and Punishment.

Seed Production System In IndiaProgeny of nucleus seed breeder, foundation and certified seeds Breeder Seed i) ICAR Research Institutions, National Research Centres and All India Coordinated Research Project of different crops; y ii) State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) with 14 centres established in different States; y iii) Sponsored breeders recognized by selected State Seed Corporations, and y iv) Non-Governmental Organizations.y y y y

Foundation Seed: y progeny of breeder seed y NSC, SFCI, State Seeds Corporation, State Departments of Agriculture and private seed producers Certified Seed y Certified seed is the progeny of foundation seed y production and distribution of quality/certified seeds is primarily the responsibility of the State Governments

Role of Public & Private Seed Sectory private seed companies has been on the high value low

volume seeds y market for low value high volume seeds of cereals, pulses and oilseeds is still dominated by the public sector seed corporations y Private sector companies have a significant place mainly in the case of maize and sunflower and cotton.

Cont ..y

Production and Distribution Subsidy Distribution of Seed Mini-kits Seed Transport Subsidy Scheme (1987) New Policy on Seed Development (1988) Seed Bank Scheme (2000) National Seeds Policy (2002) The Seeds Bill (2004) Formulation of National Seed Plan (2005) National Food Security Mission (2007) Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (2007)

Availability & Requirement of certified seeds300 250 200 150 100 50 0132.27 280

Requirement ( Qty in lakh Quintals Availability ( Qty in lakh Quintals

110.83 250

Year of Production

Total Seed Production (Lakh qtls.)

Share of private sector

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07

132.27 140.51 148.18 194.31

47.48% 45.02% 46.80% 41.00%

US $42 billion world seed market US $ 1500 million Indian market

Commercial seed market, 25%

Seed market composition

Farm saved seeds, 75%

Commercial seed market by volumepublic sector, 24% Private sector, 76%

Private sectorUnorgani sed sector, 43 %

Organise d sector, 57 %

MONSANTOMonsanto Chairman Hugh Grant

Monsanto is a leading global provider of technology-based solutions and agricultural products that improve farm productivity and food quality. Delivered high-yielding seeds and biotech traits in corn, cotton, and vegetables; as well as agricultural herbicide products. investing US$ 1 billion/Rs. 5,000 crores annually

In India, Monsanto is present under three entities:1) Monsanto India Limited (MIL) A subsidiary of the parent company, MIL is the only publicly listed Monsanto company outside USA; Focuses on maize seeds - Dekalb, India's largest selling hybrid maize seed brand) and agricultural productivity - Roundup, the world's and India's largest selling glyphosate herbicide.

Monsanto Holdings Private Limited (MHPL) 100% wholly-owned subsidiary of Monsanto Company; and 26% Stake in Mahyco, focused on marketing Paras cotton hybrid seeds withBollgard and Bollgard Btcotton technologies, and Seminisvegetable hybrid seeds. Mahyco Monsanto Biotech (India) Limited (MMB) 50:50 Joint Venture between Mahyco and MHPL, which markets Bollgard andBollgard II Bt cotton technologies to seed companies.

Alfalfa, Canola, Corn, Cotton, Sorghum, Soybeans, Sugarbeets, Wheat

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NuziveeduseedsMr Mandava Prabhakar Rao, Chairman and Managing Director

Cotton, Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Jowar, Sunflower, Wheat, Mustard , Vegetables. 35% market share of cotton in India. Growth plan:- To attain sales revenue of Rs. 16,950 million by 2013 while maintaining present leadership position Product differentiation:-High-density Cotton Cultivation After conducting extensive research in crop improvement and innovative breeding techniques, NSPL has developed a new concept to increase farm yields. This is achieved by using erect plant types in Bt Cotton hybrids that reduce the space between plants, thereby leading to an overall increase in crop density per acre of land.

Today it can be said about 35% of the farming community has adopted this innovation, and about 70% cotton cultivation in India will follow this practice in the next 3 years. In Farmer's Service Since 1975

DupontCharles "Chad" Holliday

HYDERABAD, India June 25, 2009 DuPont today announced it has made two cotton acquisitions in India to enhance its product line up and strengthen its growing business here. DuPont business Pioneer HiBred has purchased the cotton seed business of Nandi Seeds, based in Mehboob Nagar, Andhra Pradesh, India, and acquired cotton germplasm from Nagarjuna Seeds, based in Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Top 10 seed companies in India (2009) Monsanto Rallis H. J. Heinz Advanta India Ltd. Phalada Agro Research Foundation Ltd. Poabs Organic Estates National Agro Industries DuPont India Rasi Seeds ABT Industries

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