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SEED BIOLOGYAdvances and Applications

SEED BIOLOGYAdvances and Applications

Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Seeds, Mrida, Mxico, 1999

Edited by

Michael BlackDivision of Life Sciences Kings College, London, UK

Kent J. BradfordDepartment of Vegetable Crops University of California Davis, USAand

Jorge Vzquez-RamosDepartamento de Bioqumica Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico Mxico DF

CABI Publishing

CABI Publishing is a division of CAB International CABI Publishing CAB International Wallingford Oxon OX10 8DE UK Tel: +44 (0)1491 832111 Fax: +44 (0)1491 833508 Email: cabi@cabi.org Web site: http://www.cabi.org CABI Publishing 10 E 40th Street Suite 3203 New York, NY 10016 USA Tel: +1 212 481 7018 Fax: +1 212 686 7993 Email: cabi-nao@cabi.org

CAB International 2000. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronically, mechanically, by photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owners.

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library, London, UK. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data International Workshop on Seeds (6th : 1999 : Merida, Mexico) Seed biology : advances and applications : proceedings of the sixth International Workshop on Seeds, Merida, Mexico, 1999 /editors Michael Black, Kent J. Bradford, Jorge Vazquez-Ramos. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 0-85199-404-0 (alk. paper) 1. Seeds Congresses. I. Black, Michael. II. Bradford, K.J. (Kent J.). III. Vazquez-Ramos, Jorge. IV. Title. SB113.3.I46 1999 575.68dc21

99-42460 CIP

ISBN 0 85199 404 0 Typeset by AMA DataSet Ltd, UK Printed and bound at the University Press, Cambridge

Contents

Contents

Contributors Preface I Opening Presentations 1 Travels with Seeds: a Cartography of Seed Science M. Black 2 Protein Synthesis in Seed Germination: Connecting External Cell Signals with the Ribosome E. Snchez de Jimnez II Development and Quality

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3 bZIP and DOF Transcription Factors in the Regulation of Gene Expression in Barley Endosperm P. Carbonero, J. Vicente-Carbajosa, M. Mena, L. Oate, P. Lara and I. Diaz 4 Impact of Amphiphile Partitioning on Desiccation Tolerance F.A. Hoekstra and E.A. Golovina 5 Unravelling the Responses of Metabolism to Dehydration Points to a Role for Cytoplasmic Viscosity in Desiccation Tolerance O. Leprince, F.A. Hoekstra and F.J.M. Harren

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6 Soluble Sugars in Maturing Pea Seeds of Different Lines in Relation to Desiccation Tolerance R.J. Grecki, L.B. Lahuta, A.D. Jones and C.L. Hedley 7 The Role of Stachyose Synthase in the Oligosaccharide Metabolism of Legume Seeds A. Richter, G. Hoch, M. Puschenreiter, U. Mayer and T. Peterbauer 8 Compartmentation of Abscisic Acid in Developing Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) Seeds G.E. Welbaum, E.W. Pavel, D.R. Hill, M.K. Gunatilaka and R.L. Grayson 9 Involvement of ABA and GAs in the Regulation of Dormancy in Developing Sorghum Seeds R.L. Benech-Arnold, S. Enciso, R.A. Snchez, F. Carrari, L. Perez-Flores, N. Iusem, H. Steinbach, D. Lijavetzky and R. Bottini 10 Irrigation and Seed Quality Development in Rapid-cycling Brassica R.H. Ellis, U.R. Sinniah and P. John 11 Molecular Genetic Analysis of Arabidopsis Seed Quality S.P.C. Groot, A.H.M. van der Geest, K. Tesnier, C. Alonso-Blanco, L. Bentsink, H. Donkers, M. Koornneef, D. Vreugdenhil and R.J. Bino 12 Analysis of the Cell Cycle in Sugarbeet Seed during Development, Maturation and Germination E. UliwiPska 13 Possible Roles of Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase and Pyruvate Kinase in Assimilate Partitioning in Developing Maize Embryos R. Rodrguez-Sotres, A. Lara-Nuez and M. Rodrguez-Penagos III Storage and Vigour 14 Effects of Seed Ageing on the Enzymic Antioxidant System of Maize Cultivars I. Bernal-Lugo, A. Camacho and A. Carballo 15 Towards the ex situ Conservation of Aquatic Angiosperms: a Review of Seed Storage Behaviour F. Hay, R. Probert, J. Marro and M. Dawson 16 Treatment of Immature Embryos of Maize with Water Reduces their Storability and the Desiccation Tolerance of the Scutellum A. Bochicchio, B. Mariotti, P. Berjak and N.W. Pammenter

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17 Maillard Reactions Cause Browning in Bean Seed Coats during Ageing: Inhibition by Aminoguanidine A.G. Taylor, T-G. Min and D.H. Paine 18 Effects of Desiccation on the Subcellular Matrix of the Embryonic Axes of Quercus robur D.J. Mycock, P. Berjak and W.E. Finch-Savage 19 Loss of Viability in Rye Embryos at Different Levels of Hydration: Senescence with Apoptotic Nucleosome Cleavage or Death with Random DNA Fragmentation I. Boubriak, V. Naumenko, L. Lyne and D.J. Osborne 20 The Effect of Drying Rate on Recalcitrant Seeds: Lethal Water Contents, Causes of Damage, and Quantification of Recalcitrance N.W. Pammenter, P. Berjak and C. Walters 21 Conservation of Genetic Resources Naturally Occurring as Recalcitrant Seeds P. Berjak, D.J. Mycock, M. Walker, J.I. Kioko, N.W. Pammenter and J. Wesley-Smith IV Germination 22 Gene Expression Prior to Radicle Emergence in Imbibed Tomato Seeds K.J. Bradford, F. Chen, M.B. Cooley, P. Dahal, B. Downie, K.K. Fukunaga, O.H. Gee, S. Gurusinghe, R.A. Mella, H. Nonogaki, C-T. Wu, H. Yang and K-O. Yim 23 Characterization of Germination-related Genes in Avena fatua seeds R. Johnson 24 Cell Cycle Control during Maize Germination J.M. Vzquez-Ramos 25 Recent Advances in ABA-regulated Gene Expression in Cereal Seeds: Evidence for Regulation by PKABA1 Protein Kinase M.K. Walker-Simmons 26 Lettuce Endosperm Weakening: a Role for Endo--mannanase in Seed Germination at High Temperature D.J. Cantliffe, W.M. Nascimento, Y. Sung and D.J. Huber

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27 Effect of Free Mg2+ on the Kinetics of the Plasma Membrane H+-ATPase from Dry and Hydrated Maize Embryos S. Snchez-Nieto, R. Rodrguez-Sotres, M. Tuena de Gmez-Puyou, A. Carballo and M. Gavilanes-Ruz 28 The Barley Scutellar Peptide Transporter: Relationship to Germination and Loss of Seed Viability W.M. Waterworth, C.E. West, M.I. Daws and C.M. Bray 29 Molecular Cloning and Possible Role of an Asparaginyl Endopeptidase (REP-2) from Germinated Rice Seeds H. Kato and T. Minamikawa 30 Metabolism of Essential Oils during Inhibition of Wheat Seed Germination N. Dudai, O. Larkov, A.M. Mayer, A. Poljakoff-Mayber, E. Putievsky and H.R. Lerner V Dormancy

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31 Genetic Model for Dormancy in Wild Oat M.E. Foley 32 Characterization and Expression of Two Protein Kinase Genes and an EIN3-like Gene, which are Regulated by ABA and GA3 in Dormant Fagus sylvatica Seeds O. Lorenzo, D. Rodrguez, C. Nicols and G. Nicols 33 Effects of Fusicoccin and Gibberellic Acid on Germination and -Amylase Expression in Barley Grains R.M. van der Meulen, J. Vredenbregt-Heistek, M.P.M. Caspers and M. Wang 34 Smoke and Germination of Arable and Rangeland Weeds S.W. Adkins, P.J. Davidson, L. Matthew, S.C. Navie, D.A. Wills, I.N. Taylor and S.M. Bellairs VI Ecology 35 Intermittent Germination: Causes and Ecological Implications P.B. Cavers, M.M. Qaderi, R. Manku and M.P. Downs 36 Seed Ecology at the Northern Limit of the Tropical Rain Forest in America C. Vzquez-Yanes, A. Orozco-Segovia, M.E. Snchez-Coronado, M. Rojas-Archiga and A.I. Batis

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37 Genotypic and Phenotypic Germination Survival Strategies of Ecotypes and Annual Plant Species in the Negev Desert of Israel Y. Gutterman 38 Hydrothermal Time as a Tool in Comparative Germination Studies P.S. Allen, S.E. Meyer and M.A. Khan 39 Emergent Weedy Foxtail (Setaria spp.) Seed Germinability Behaviour J. Dekker VII Applications of Seed Biology 40 Biotechnological Applications of Seed Biology D.J. Murphy 41 Manipulating Starch Quality in Seeds: a Genetic Approach T.L. Wang, T.Y. Bogracheva and C.L. Hedley 42 Identification of Germination-specific Protein Markers and their Use in Seed Priming Technology D. Job, I. Capron, C. Job, F. Dacher, F. Corbineau and D. Cme

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43 A Critical Assessment of the Role of Oligosaccharides in Intracellular Glass Stability 461 J. Buitink, F.A. Hoekstra and M.A. Hemminga 44 Improvement of Tomato Seed Germination by Osmopriming as Related to Energy Metabolism F. Corbineau, N. zbingl, D. Vinel and D. Cme 45 Bio-osmopriming Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Seeds for Improved Seedling Establishment J.E. Warren and M.A. Bennett 46 Use of Threshold Germination Models under Variable Field Conditions W.E. Finch-Savage, K. Phelps, L. Peach and J.R.A. Steckel Index 467

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Contributors

Contributors

S.W. Adkins, School of Land and Food, The University of Queensland, St Lucia Campus, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia P.S. Allen, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Brigham Young University, 275 Widstoe Building, Provo, UT 84602, USA C. Alonso-Blanco, Department of Genetics, Wageningen University, Dreijenlaan 2, NL-6703 HA Wageningen, The Netherlands A.I. Batis, Instituto de Ecologa, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Apartado Postal 70-275, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mxico D.F., Mxico S.M. Bellairs, School of Land and Food, The University of Queensland, St Lucia Campus, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia R.L. Benech-Arnold, IFEVA, Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martn 4453, (1417) Buenos Aires, Argentina M.A. Bennett, Department of