Sahana General 2009 Community And System

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Talk by Chamindra De Silva at the Sahana Conference 2009, Colombo, Sri Lanka. March 24-25, 2009.

Transcript of Sahana General 2009 Community And System

  • 1. Evolution of the Sahana System and Community Sahana Conference March 24 2009, Sri Lanka Chamindra de Silva SAHANA, Director and First PMC Chair VIRTUSA, Technology Strategist H-ICT Community Co-Founder W3C EIIF XG Co-Chair
  • 2. In the long history of humankind (and animal kind, too) those who learned to collaborate and improvise most effectively have prevailed - Charles Darwin
  • 3. Agenda Before Evolution... Environment? Sahana System & Community Interaction Mutation of Sahana so far..
  • 4. Environment: What is a Disaster? A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses which exceeds the ability of the affected society to cope using only its own resources Source:UNDP
  • 5. Some Disaster by Type and Impact
  • 6. A more specific definition UK Home Office Definition: Any Event or Circumstance (happening with or without warning) that causes or threatens death or injury, disruption to the community on such a scale that the effects cannot be dealt with by the emergency services, local authorities and other organizations as part of their normal day today activities
  • 7. The Response Community Disasters Coordination 10s of Orgs 100s of Orgs 1000s 1 Mill Local Relief Government Relief UN, NGOs Spontaneous volunteers, Local Authorities, Police, Red Cross, OCHA, CARE, corporate village Army, Fire fighters, WHO, Sarvodaya, etc communities, friends and + Authorized coord + focused on people family + Well trained + trusted to accept aid + first responders + Accountable +/- less well trained + lot of capacity +/- Big picture relief + accountable + instant aid (e.g. national security) - Donor driven - not trained - Procedures create - narrow focus / fragmented - focus unknown bottlenecks - sometimes competing - not accountable - Overloaded Effective Collaboration and Coordination! Relief Victims
  • 8. Objectives of Disaster Management Achieve survival of maximum number of people and suffering of the minimum Restore essential services ASAP Restore order to chaos Inform the public Coordinate Relief Provide a foundation for subsequent Recovery
  • 9. Typical Problems Responders have work on.. Search And Rescue Tracing Missing People Evacuation Trauma Counseling Setting up Shelters Assuring Security of Effective Distribution Affected Areas of Aid Protecting Children Management of Donars and Donations Rehabilitation Live saving decisions need to be made very fast! The best decisions are the most informed ones
  • 10. Situation Awareness Defn: Perception of the environment critical to decision-makers in complex and dynamic situations Studies show, lack of SA has been identified as one of the primary factors in accidents attributed to human error (Hartel, Smith, & Prince, 1991; Merket, Bergondy, & Cuevas-Mesa, 1997; Nullmeyer, Stella, Montijo, & Harden, 2005) Important especially in high information flow, high consequential impact domains (lives at stake) Air Traffic Control, Military Command and Control, Emergency Response, Disaster Management
  • 11. SA in Emergency Management Well Trained Well defined Responders Information Flows Information Situation Act Awareness Information Decide Well defined Response Process
  • 12. Disaster => Unexpected info Sources Government & Emergency Services relief capacity has been exceeded or crippled To match relief capacity boundary of response effort extends to external groups (NGOs, Civil Society, Foreign Aid, UN) Core Decision Makers need to consult a wider group for better situation awareness Information has to be gathered from non- traditional uninitiated sources for better Situation Awareness
  • 13. SA in Disaster Management Multiple Disparate Information Sources Diverse Responders Relief workers, Information Volunteers Overload Info rma Large delta tion to reality Situation Information Act Awareness?? Information ion mat for In Decide n o ati m r nfo Multiple Parallel independent Processes I
  • 14. If you were to do it manually 2 Channels N(N-1)/2 = O(N ) 5 Information Lost in relay and propagation 10 Redundant Data Collection 8 Inconsistent Terminology Manual Collation / 28 Calculation 16 Delayed Situation Awareness 120
  • 15. How Can I.T. Help? Scalable management of information No stacks of forms and files to manage Efficient distribution of information Accessibility of information on demand Automatic collation and calculation No delay for assessments and calculations Live Situation Awareness Reports are updated live as data goes in IT Improves Manageability ( I H x V / M )
  • 16. Thus the Sahana Project What is it? A free & open source portable web tool Sub-applications designed to address the common Disaster Management p