Sachin kadam(sk)

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1. Sachin Kadam(SK) BhiwandiSachin Kadam(SK) Bhiwandi www.sachinkadam.webself.netwww.sachinkadam.webself.net 2. Solar Powered WaterSolar Powered Water Distillation DeviceDistillation Device Eric Frasch, Mike Santorella, Mikio Yanagisawa, Stephen CoffrinEric Frasch, Mike Santorella, Mikio Yanagisawa, Stephen Coffrin Advisor: ProfessorAdvisor: Professor Mohammed TaslimMohammed Taslim 3. Problem StatementProblem Statement Over 1 billion peopleOver 1 billion people without access to cleanwithout access to clean water worldwidewater worldwide 26.8% in Africa26.8% in Africa Clean water essential toClean water essential to stop spread of disease &stop spread of disease & improve overall healthimprove overall health Solar energy = untappedSolar energy = untapped resourceresource 4. Project StatementProject Statement Design low cost, solarDesign low cost, solar powered waterpowered water distillation device fordistillation device for coastal areas of Africacoastal areas of Africa without access to cleanwithout access to clean drinking waterdrinking water 5. Project GoalsProject Goals Solar poweredSolar powered AffordableAffordable 2-4 gallons per day2-4 gallons per day PracticalPractical EfficientEfficient Easy to cleanEasy to clean 6. Water DistillationWater Distillation Process that removes impurities & contaminantsProcess that removes impurities & contaminants How?How? Heat water to point of vaporizationHeat water to point of vaporization Water vapor condenses on cooler surfacesWater vapor condenses on cooler surfaces Condensate runs off into collection binCondensate runs off into collection bin 7. Patent & Periodical ResearchPatent & Periodical Research ResultsResults Beneficial IdeasBeneficial Ideas TroughsTroughs Water height < 2 cmWater height < 2 cm MirrorsMirrors Beneficial InformationBeneficial Information Asymmetrical superiorAsymmetrical superior to other designsto other designs 30% more efficient30% more efficient 8. Market SearchMarket Search Rainmaker 550 TM Unit Cost - $479.00Estimated cost $400-$600 Built & supplied by aid organization El Paso Solar Energy Association (EPSEA) Aid Project Not currently in production Very low output The Water Cone 9. Thermal CircuitThermal Circuit Energy balance at water,Energy balance at water, glass, and air insideglass, and air inside Spreadsheet programSpreadsheet program developeddeveloped InputsInputs OutputOutput temperaturestemperatures Results: 2 gallon outputResults: 2 gallon output requires ~ 1 mrequires ~ 1 m22 10. Thermal Circuit ValidationThermal Circuit Validation Est. Solar Rad: 1.8Est. Solar Rad: 1.8 kWhr/mkWhr/m22 Input 2 LInput 2 L Output 200 mLOutput 200 mL Windspeed, TWindspeed, T, and other, and other inputs entered intoinputs entered into programprogram 2nd Prototype 11. Results: Twater > Tair > Tglass > T 12. Design OutlineDesign Outline Input Tank Reflective Walls Adjustable Legs Output Tank Float Valve Troughs Collection Unit Insulation 13. Basin FeaturesBasin Features MirrorsMirrors Slotted traySlotted tray Min. volume with max. surfaceMin. volume with max. surface areaarea Black body surfaceBlack body surface Easy to levelEasy to level Adjustable legsAdjustable legs Mounted levelsMounted levels Max. water depth: 1.5 2 cmMax. water depth: 1.5 2 cm Regulated by float valveRegulated by float valve Easy cleaningEasy cleaning Wipe down tray with clothWipe down tray with cloth Troughs Bubble Level Output Tank Float Valve 14. Input & Output FeaturesInput & Output Features InputInput Preheated water tankPreheated water tank Tube leading to floatTube leading to float valve/basinvalve/basin OutputOutput Collection mechanismCollection mechanism Stored under basinStored under basin Easy to remove tankEasy to remove tank Input Tank Float Valve Collection Unit 15. Design OverviewDesign Overview Cost: $379.77Cost: $379.77 Highly insulatedHighly insulated no heat lossno heat loss Mirrors to reflect radiationMirrors to reflect radiation Small bodies of waterSmall bodies of water Self regulating water levelSelf regulating water level Easy cleanup / collectionEasy cleanup / collection 16. Future PlansFuture Plans Test Final PrototypeTest Final Prototype Decrease manufacturing costs ~ $90.00Decrease manufacturing costs ~ $90.00 Mold numerous partsMold numerous parts Buy parts in bulkBuy parts in bulk Market DesignMarket Design Red CrossRed Cross Mercy CorpsMercy Corps UNICEFUNICEF (United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund)(United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund) WVWV (World Vision)(World Vision) 17. Questions?Questions? 18. Cost AnalysisCost Analysis Qty Price ($) Total Qty Actual Cost ($) 4 2.10 8.40 293" 6.41 4 6.28 25.12 1950 sq in. 10.63 1 24.37 24.37 All 7.96 2 3.98 7.96 All 8.94 2 4.47 8.94 1401 sq in. 15.66 1 11.98 11.98 743 sq in. 17.34 1 6.44 6.44 1817 sq in. 23.94 1 13.44 13.44 602 sq in. 6.95 1 7.59 7.59 All 12.99 2 9.98 19.96 159 sq in. 2.50 1 2.49 2.49 1 40.00 30 0.42 12.60 3 ft 1.45 2 1.99 3.98 1 0.79 0.79 1 2.98 2.98 3 4.69 14.07 Actual Cost ($) 2 2.99 5.98 1 2.29 2.29 1 12.99 12.99 1 3.97 3.97 1 7.97 7.97 175.00 4 1.88 7.52 2 13.56 27.12 4 1.69 6.76 12 0.33 3.96 2 7.97 15.94 1 40.00 40.00 1 9.68 9.68 Qty Price ($) Total 25.00 Qty Price ($) Total 1 175.00 175.00 1 3.10 3.10 4 2.50 10.00 528.39$Total Material Cost 379.77$Pro-Rated Final Build Total Float Valve Float Valve 24" x 36" x 0.093" Acrylic Sheet Roll of Fiberglass Insulation Item Screws, handles, containers, tape, sealant, latches, paint/brushes, levels, cable ties, hardware, etc 2" Insulating Foam Sheet 1" Insulating Foam Sheet 6 Pack 12" x 12" Mirrored Tiles 30" x 36" x 1/8" Glass Panel Washers 10' Roll of Weather Stripping Roll of Fiberglass Insulation 2"x 4"x 96" Lumber 2' x 4' Poplar Plywood 5 Gallon Gasoling Can Rafter Hangers 24" x 36" x 0.093" Acrylic Sheet Hollow Wall Anchors 2 pack of Line Levels Pack of Cable Ties 30" x 36" x 1/8" Glass Panel 2 Gallon Gasoline Can Hinge Pack of Wood Screws 2 Door Catches Sealant 4' x 8' x 1" Insulating Foam Sheet 6 Pack 12" x 12" Mirrored Tiles Door Handle Tie Plates Adhesive Type 2 Stainless Steel Screws 4' x 8' x 7/16" OSB 4' x 8' x 2" Insulating Foam Sheet Aluminum Basin 5' Silicone Tubing Item Miscellaneous Costs Item Adjustable Legs Screws, Tape, Paint, Brackets Material Costs Anticipated Costs Item 2"x 4"x 96" Lumber 2' x 4' Poplar Plywood 6 Mil Poly Sheeting Adhesive Type 1 Cost of Material Used Item Adhesive Type 1 Adhesive Type 2 4' x 8' x 7/16" OSB Miscellaneous Costs 50.00 Aluminum Basin (Free) 19. Importance of Solar PowerImportance of Solar Power UN Climate Change Conference (Indonesia)UN Climate Change Conference (Indonesia) Attempting to agree to curb the amount of greenhouseAttempting to agree to curb the amount of greenhouse gas emissionsgas emissions The Earth's atmosphere is being changed at an unprecedented rateThe Earth's atmosphere is being changed at an unprecedented rate by pollutants resulting from wasteful fossil fuel use ... These changesby pollutants resulting from wasteful fossil fuel use ... These changes represent a major threat to international security and are already havingrepresent a major threat to international security and are already having harmful consequences over many parts of the globe.... it is imperative to actharmful consequences over many parts of the globe.... it is imperative to act now.now. Emphasizes the importance of using renewableEmphasizes the importance of using renewable resourcesresources 20. Solar Energy - BostonSolar Energy - Boston December Average Value 1530 Whr/m2 21. Solar Energy - SomaliaSolar Energy - Somalia Average Value 6000 Whr/m2