Russia of Russia

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Transcript of Russia of Russia

Absolute Rulers of Russia

Rise of Russia and Absolute Rule

Pre-Mongol Russia

The Mongols in RussiaThe Mongols controlled Kiev Rus for over 2 centuriesIn 1480 Ivan the III or The Great refused to pay a tribute to the MongolsOver time joined all Russian states together under his ruleClaimed Russia was now the third RomeFather of Russian Empire

Ivan the GreatConsolidated lands through war, marriage, and purchaseCossacksPeasant Steppe warriors recruited to take new territories in exchange for freedom from serfdom.

Became head of the church as well as head of the government

CossacksPeasant Steppe warriors recruited to take new territories in exchange for freedom from serfdom.

The First CzarIvan the TerribleIn 1533, Ivan the Terrible becomes king of RussiaStruggles for power with boyarslandowning nobles.Seizes power and is crowned czar, meaning caesarRule by TerrorIn 1560, Ivan turns against boyars, kills them, seizes lands

Time of TroubleIvan Executed his oldest sonLeaves questions about who will take the throne

- Rise of the Romanovs- Ivans heir is weak, leading to period of turmoil- In 1613, Michael Romanov becomes czarRomanovs rule to 1917.

Peter the Great Comes to PowerThe Rise of PeterPeter the Great becomes czar in 1696, begins to reform RussiaRussia Contrasts with EuropeCut off geographically from EuropeCulturally isolated, little contact with western EuropeReligious differences widen gap

Peter Rules AbsolutelyPeter Visits the WestIn 1697, Peter visits western Europe to learn European waysPeters GoalGoal of westernizationusing western Europe as a model for changePeters ReformsBrings Orthodox Church under state controlReduces power of great landownersModernizes army by having European officers train soldiers

Peter Rules Absolutely (continued)Westernizing Russia1st Russian NavyStarts Russias first newspaperRaises womens statusAdopts Western fashion (cut Boyar beards)Advances education

Peter Rules Absolutely (continued)Establishing St. PetersburgPeter wants a seaport that will make travel to West easier.Fights Sweden to win port on Baltic SeaIn 1703, begins building new capital called St. Petersburg. (Window on the West)By the time of Peters death, Russia is force to be reckoned with in Europe

St. Petersburg, RussiaPeters Window on the West

Palace Square, St. Petersburg

St. Petersburg, RussiaPeters Window to the West

Russias Catherine II the Great1762-1796Embraced Enlightenment ideasNew law code; almostExtended control of cent. GovtSupported Western art & architectureExtended power of nobles over serfsAdded new territoriesIn the end: Russia = Worlds greatest land empire

Serfdom in RussiaSerfdom spread as Russia expanded

Serfdom in Russia

Serfdom in Russia

Serfdom in RussiaFinally abolished in 1861

Pugachev Rebellion1773-75Cossack-led peasant revoltSignificance = growing peasant discontent and resistance.Revolt crushed, Pugachev killed, reforms tightened against peasants/serfs.

Yemelyan Pugachev

Russias Catherine II the Great1762-1796

Critical Review QuestionsHow did the Tatar Yoke (period of Mongol rule over Russia) contribute to Russias lag behind the West?

Critical Review QuestionsIn what ways was Catherine the Great similar to Peter the Great?

Critical Review QuestionsExplain the win-win that the expansion of serfdom provided for the Russian government.

Critical Review QuestionsWrite 2-3 statements comparing Russian serfdom, Western European serfdom, chattel slavery of the Americas and indentured servitude.

Critical Review QuestionsConsidering the events of the Pugachev Rebellion, make a couple observations about Russian society.

Critical Review QuestionsDBQ prompt: Analyze the attitudes of the Russian government toward serfdom.Tasks from Decree on Serfs 17671. annotate doc.2. write POV statement

Describe the common labor characteristics (using specific terms) in Russia, W. Europe, Americas and Japan during period 4.Critical Intro: