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    RPP CUTE executive report 2014

    December 2014

    Coordinators: Arnaud Bertrand (IRD, UMR EME) Marie Bonnin (IRD, UMR LEMAR) Hamady Diop (CSRP, Senegal) Vincent Echevin (IRD, UMR LOCEAN) Dimitri Gutirrez (IMARPE, Peru) Coleen Moloney (UcT, South Africa) Executive summary Activities developed in 2014 The RPP CUTE has been officially launched in 2014. The guideline letter from Mr. Michel Laurent, President of IRD, indicated the geographic and thematic priorities of the RPP CUTE. We have been asked to focus, in a first time, on the Tropical Atlantic. Also the letter insisted on the fact that we should focus on the main Axis of the RPP CUTE, the central one (Axis 4 - integrated approach for marine ecosystems sustainability and human development) i.e. the interdisciplinary approach. Following these recommendations we opened an internal call for funding the following categories of activities: - Pluridisciplinary activities focusing on the objectives of the Axis 4 and involving different partners.

    The thematic should be relevant for the local and international communities and funding agency (for further application).

    - Meetings to prepare pluridisciplinary proposals to be submitted to funding agencies. - Research coordination of the RPP CUTE The first call was open to proposal in May and closed in early June. A second call was opened on July 30, 2014 for additional proposals. The following proposals have been selected for funding in accordance to the guidance letter: 1- Workshop on legal interactions on marine environment in the tropical Atlantic (West Africa -

    Brazil), Recife, Brazil. CUTE support: 11000 (PI: M. Bonnin). Annex 1: p3. 2- Establishment of a coordination unit "Scientific western African fleet", Dakar, Senegal. CUTE

    support: 8000 (PI: P. Brehmer). Annex 2: pp 4-5. 3- Workshop on coastal embayments in Mexico, Peru and Senegal: high frequency environmental

    variability and ecological dynamics in pelagos-benthos coupling. Dakar, Senegal December 3-5 2014. CUTE support: 11000 (PI: F. Jean). Annex 3: pp 6-9.

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    4- Workshop on "The negotiated territorial regulation for the co-viability of marine and coastal ecological and social systems between transdisciplinary concepts and experiences, 24 - 28 November 2014, Valleraugue, France. CUTE support: 5000 (PI: O. Barrire). Annex 4: pp 10-12.

    5- Support to the workshop on Inter hemispheric Climate and Oceanographic reconstructions during the last 2000 years. Interplay between Pacific and Atlantic variability and impacts in Marine ecosystems South America/France/Africa Cooperative project Marrakech-Morocco, 20 - 23 October. CUTE support: 3000 (PI Abdel Sifeddine). Annex 5: p13.

    Additionally about 1000 have been used for coordination; in total 70% has been dedicated to mission and 30% to support workshops logistic. Note that almost 1000 could not be used due to credit reservation at the end of the year that could ne be liberated on time to use the credit (see our comment in the next section on the necessity to be able to start RPP activities at the beginning of the year). The RPP CUTE reached its objective in 2014 (see annexes). All activities involved both North-South and South-South interactions, in particular between Africa and Latin America. Also, the RPP CUTE allowed strengthening interactions between UMR and disciplines. The activities initiated with the support of CUTE include the submission of proposals to agencies and capacity building on thematic at the centre of the RPP CUTE. We are confident that CUTE is currently helping to efficiently structure pluridisciplinary activities and that the seed money will allow us funding a series of project submitted to international and local agencies. In particular, the following proposals will be submitted (note that other proposals are expected to emerge in 2015): - Resubmission of the proposal SMART (human development and conservation targets for a

    Sustainable use of MARine Tropical ecosystems: an integrative monitoring, modelling and management approach) to the International call between the ANR and the Brazilian 'Fundao de Amparo Cincia e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco' (FACEPE).

    - Submission of a proposal on oceanic Tropical islands to the 'Centre de synthse et d'analyse sur la biodiversit' (CESAB).

    - Submission of proposal (Brazilian and agencies) of a proposal and a postdoc fellowship on environmental law and fisheries activities with a spatial approach (see Annex 1); note that a preliminary funding has been obtained.

    - Preparation of proposals on 'environmental variability and ecological dynamics in pelagos-benthos coupled systems' (see Annex 3).

    - Preparation of a proposal on Guyana and Amap in the framework of the Franco-Brazilian program GUYAMAZON (see Annex 4).

    - Longer-term preparation of a Brazilian / French / Moroccan project on coastal areas with high anthropogenic dynamics: Para and Bahia in Brazil, Agadir in Morocco and the Reunion France (see Annex 4).

    - Project of a collective book on: "Co-viability of Social and Ecological Systems, Reconnect Human with Biosphere" (see Annex 4).

    Activities proposed in 2015 One important aspect that came up from the different activities achieved in 2014 is the need for a better coordination of activities in the Tropical Atlantic in link with other systems. We thus propose organising a CUTE transversal meeting during the first trimester of 2015 in order to better set up future initiatives and finalise proposals. Funding such workshop is currently not possible since credits are only made available in May. We thus ask to benefit of a credit advance in early 2015 to ensure a higher efficacy of the RPP CUTE in 2015. Other activities funded during the RPP CUTE in 2015 are those planned following the initiatives that begin in 2014 (see above and Annexes) and new activities that will be opened to a CUTE internal call for funding in 2015.

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    Annex 1- Interactions juridiques sur lenvironnement marin en Atlantique tropical

    Dans le cadre du PPR CUTE, un atelier de travail sur les interactions juridiques qui sappliquent au milieu marin et ctier a t organis les 30 et 31 octobre 2014 l'Universit Fdrale Rurale du Pernambuco - UFRPE) Recife. Lobjectif de latelier tait de dvelopper des initiatives transatlantiques entre des spcialistes du droit de lenvironnement marin et des biologistes brsiliens (UFRPE, Universit Fdrale du Pernambuco, Universit Mackenzie de Sao-Paulo, Ministre de la Pche et de l'aquaculture, reprsentant de la Fondation Joaquim Nabuco), africains (Universit Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Sngal et Universit catholique dAfrique centrale, Cameroun) et franais (UMRs LEMAR et EME).

    Les droits applicables lespace ctier de lAtlantique tropical relvent encore trop souvent dune approche sectorielle et ceci tant au Brsil, quen Afrique de lOuest et centrale. Dvelopper une approche intgre ncessite de dpasser cette approche sectorielle. Cet atelier a permis de prsenter des tudes de cas des deux cots de lAtlantique tropical et de faire merger des axes de coopration transatlantique. De premires actions concrtes sont en prparation sous la forme de rponses appels d'offres brsiliens associant des quipes de chercheurs en biologie marine et en droit de l'environnement brsiliennes, africaines et franaises. En particulier, une premire action focalisera sur la problmatique qui intresse les deux cts de l'Atlantique: l'exploitation ptrolire (plateformes), leur impact sur les activits de pche et la biodiversit. Suite ce groupe de travail, Parfait Oumba de l'Universit Yaound au Cameroun vient d'obtenir un financement pour un sjour de 2 mois Brest pour travailler avec Marie Bonnin. Parfait Oumba devrait faire son Post Doctorat au Brsil pour travailler sur l'aspect juridique. L'aspect biologique devant tre ralis au sein de l'UMR MARBEC en collaboration avec des universits Brsiliens. Contact: Marie Bonnin (Marie.Bonnin@ird.fr, UMR LEMAR, PPR CUTE).

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    Annex 2- Commission flotte ocanographie - rgion nord ouest africaine

    La runion spcifique sur l'organisation de la flotte ocanographique de la rgion nord ouest africaine s'est droule en marge de la premire confrence internationale du projet AWA.

    La ncessit de suivre ltat trs instable des espces marines exploites notamment les petits plagiques et leur importance conomique et sociale dans la rgion nord ouest africaine cre une forte demande sur lvaluation des ces stocks. Cette variabilit est lie fortement aux variations des conditions environnementales. Les captures commerciales sur lesquelles se fondent les approches dvaluations classiques peuvent prsenter plusieurs limites qui militent en faveur dautres approches indpendantes de la pche. Les campagnes scientifiques fournissent de telles informations qui demandent cependant des moyens et des comptences qui ne sont pas facilement mobilisables au niveau de la rgion. Depuis plus de 30 ans, plusieurs pays de la rgion (Maroc, Mauritanie et Sngal, Guine notamment) conduisent des campagnes scientifiques qui ont couvert des degrs divers laire dextension des stocks concerns du nord ouest africain. A la fin des annes 1990 et au dbut des annes 2000, ces quatre pays ont bnfici dun programme daide japonais qui a permis la mise leur disposition des navires de recherches avec les quipements et appareils adquats pour lvaluation des stocks demersaux et plagiques et le suivi de la dynamique environnementale et de la biodiversit (Ctacs, oiseaux et tortues marins.). Plusieurs campagnes internationales ont galement eu lieu dans les ZEE des pays concerns (65 campagnes pour le cas de la Mauritanie entre 2000 et 2014). Elles ont couvert diffrents domaines ocanographiques et biologiques. Dans la zone allant du Maroc la Cte dIvoire en pass