Rome Seminar Luc Francois
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- 1. Mobility and Recognition: the Flemish Case Prof. dr. Luc Franois, Flemish Bologna-expert
- Recognition of foreign diplomas
- Full recognition
- Flemish government:
- authorized for professional recognition
- Flemish government: authorized for academic recognition (NARIC) together with Flemish HEIs
- HEIs: authorized for academic recognition in so far an (equivalent) education is offered by that particular HEI
- Partial recognition
- Flemish government: certificate of equivalence on the level of education (ba-ma)
- HEI: exemption of courses
Current situation in Flanders 3 3.
- April 11th 1997
- Set up of Committee on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region
- LRC has two characteristics
- Change of paradigm: focus on recognition not on equivalence
- Focus on procedures and criteria
Lisbon RecognitionConvention (LRC) 3 4.
- 11 basic principles
- Adequate access re recognition
- No discrimination
- Refusal of full recognition must be based onsubstantial differences(equivalence based on Learning outcomes)
- No real instructions BUT practice learns that equivalence still prevails in a lot cases ( Learning Outcomes)
- Possibility of partial recognition (recommendation)
- Not automatically (new applicationworkintensive!
Lisbon RecognitionConvention (LRC) 3 5.
- 5Transparent, coherent and reliable procedures and criteria
- Procedures: yes Coherence between procedures: ?
- 6Delivery of adequate and appropriate information by the applicant and its institution of origin
- 7Onus of proof for refusal of recognition rests with competent recognition authority
- Yes oblged by law
- 8. Onus of Motivation in case of refusal
- OK but must be made explicit in Flemish recognition rules
- 9. Reasonable time limit for decisions on recognition
- Theoretical: yes In practice: not always .
Lisbon RecognitionConvention (LRC) 3 6. LRC versus Flemish Case 10 Appeal Yes 11 Specal procedures forrefugees Yes 7.
- Suggestions in three categories:
- General suggestions regarding:
- Organization and procedures
- Central or decentral approach
Suggestions for reformation of Flemish recognition procedures3 8.
- Reformation of existing procedures and practice must consist of 5 principles:
- Fair assesment must be guaranteed
- 2. Reformation must be assure and stimulate quality process
- 3. Promotion/stimulation of mobility
- 4. One stop shop: coherence between procedures
- 5. Increase economic effiency
Reformation re Principles 3 9.
- Substantial differences = decision criterium
- Output approach is necessary: focus on learning outcomes, not on equivalence
- Toolkitof best practices will be helpful in this approach
- Input approach can however be useful in order to reach the output approach!
Reformation suggestions on content 3 10.
- One covering regulation determined by decree
- The procedures in this regulation must be applicable to every applicant
- One stop shop
- Decision on recognition must count for all Flemish institutions
- Reasonable time limit
- Procedure free of charge for applicant
- Level of applicant must be evaluated by tests/exams if credential evaluation is not the answer
- Shift focus away from diploma and education: focus on Learning outcomes
Reformation suggestions on organization 3 11.
- Three levels of recognition:
- Full equivalence
- Equivalence to a level of education
- Equivalence to a certain domain of education (not to a diploma or education)
- Evidencelies with qualified authority
- Quality of advises must raise
- Attention for joint/double diplomas
- One qualified authority for appeal
- Governmental investment
Reformation suggestions on organization 3 12.
- Increase quality of advice
- Increase procedural expertise
- Consistent approach
- Decision on recognition: valid for the whole region
- No shopping for applicants
- Time limit would not go down
- Cost for applicant?
- Danger of bureaucracy
Central or decentral approach 3 13.
- Institutions principle of subsidiarity
- Lower threshold
- HEIs (and its staff) are highly involved
- Reasonable time limit
- Harder to ensure consistent approach
- Applicants must know the HEIs
- Recognition decisions are individually based
- Increase staff time
- Cost for applicant
Central or decentral approach 3 14.
- Its up to you now:
- Input output approach ?
- Central decentral ?
- Three levels of recognition: solution or barrier?
- Thank you for your attention!
- Luc Franois
Food for thought 3