Rome Seminar Luc Francois

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  • 1. Mobility and Recognition: the Flemish Case Prof. dr. Luc Franois, Flemish Bologna-expert


  • Recognition of foreign diplomas
    • Full recognition
      • Flemish government:
        • authorized for professional recognition
        • Flemish government: authorized for academic recognition (NARIC) together with Flemish HEIs
      • HEIs: authorized for academic recognition in so far an (equivalent) education is offered by that particular HEI
    • Partial recognition
      • Flemish government: certificate of equivalence on the level of education (ba-ma)
      • HEI: exemption of courses

Current situation in Flanders 3 3.

  • April 11th 1997
  • Set up of Committee on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region
    • Recommendations
  • LRC has two characteristics
    • Change of paradigm: focus on recognition not on equivalence
    • Focus on procedures and criteria

Lisbon RecognitionConvention (LRC) 3 4.

  • 11 basic principles
    • Adequate access re recognition
      • yes
    • No discrimination
      • yes
    • Refusal of full recognition must be based onsubstantial differences(equivalence based on Learning outcomes)
      • No real instructions BUT practice learns that equivalence still prevails in a lot cases ( Learning Outcomes)
    • Possibility of partial recognition (recommendation)
      • Not automatically (new applicationworkintensive!

Lisbon RecognitionConvention (LRC) 3 5.

    • 5Transparent, coherent and reliable procedures and criteria
  • Procedures: yes Coherence between procedures: ?
    • 6Delivery of adequate and appropriate information by the applicant and its institution of origin
    • Yes
    • 7Onus of proof for refusal of recognition rests with competent recognition authority
    • Yes oblged by law
    • 8. Onus of Motivation in case of refusal
    • OK but must be made explicit in Flemish recognition rules
    • 9. Reasonable time limit for decisions on recognition
  • Theoretical: yes In practice: not always .

Lisbon RecognitionConvention (LRC) 3 6. LRC versus Flemish Case 10 Appeal Yes 11 Specal procedures forrefugees Yes 7.

  • Suggestions in three categories:
    • Principles
    • General suggestions regarding:
      • Content
      • Organization and procedures
    • Central or decentral approach

Suggestions for reformation of Flemish recognition procedures3 8.

  • Reformation of existing procedures and practice must consist of 5 principles:
    • Fair assesment must be guaranteed
    • 2. Reformation must be assure and stimulate quality process
    • 3. Promotion/stimulation of mobility
    • 4. One stop shop: coherence between procedures
    • 5. Increase economic effiency

Reformation re Principles 3 9.

  • Content
    • Substantial differences = decision criterium
    • Output approach is necessary: focus on learning outcomes, not on equivalence
    • Toolkitof best practices will be helpful in this approach
    • Input approach can however be useful in order to reach the output approach!

Reformation suggestions on content 3 10.

  • Organisation
    • One covering regulation determined by decree
    • The procedures in this regulation must be applicable to every applicant
    • One stop shop
    • Decision on recognition must count for all Flemish institutions
    • Reasonable time limit
    • Procedure free of charge for applicant
    • Level of applicant must be evaluated by tests/exams if credential evaluation is not the answer
    • Shift focus away from diploma and education: focus on Learning outcomes

Reformation suggestions on organization 3 11.

    • Three levels of recognition:
      • Full equivalence
      • Equivalence to a level of education
      • Equivalence to a certain domain of education (not to a diploma or education)
    • Evidencelies with qualified authority
    • Quality of advises must raise
    • Attention for joint/double diplomas
    • One qualified authority for appeal
    • Governmental investment

Reformation suggestions on organization 3 12.

  • Central
    • Pros:
      • Increase quality of advice
      • Increase procedural expertise
      • Consistent approach
      • Decision on recognition: valid for the whole region
      • No shopping for applicants
    • Cons:
      • Treshold
      • Time limit would not go down
      • Cost for applicant?
      • Danger of bureaucracy

Central or decentral approach 3 13.

  • Decentral
    • Pros:
      • Institutions principle of subsidiarity
      • Lower threshold
      • HEIs (and its staff) are highly involved
      • Reasonable time limit
    • Cons:
      • Harder to ensure consistent approach
      • Applicants must know the HEIs
      • Recognition decisions are individually based
      • Shopping
      • Increase staff time
      • Cost for applicant

Central or decentral approach 3 14.

  • Its up to you now:
    • Input output approach ?
    • Central decentral ?
    • Three levels of recognition: solution or barrier?
    • Thank you for your attention!
    • Luc Franois

Food for thought 3