“Returning to Haifa”

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Returning Returning to Haifa” to Haifa” Ghassan Kanafani Ghassan Kanafani
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“Returning to Haifa”. Ghassan Kanafani. SETTING: HAIFA. http://maps.google.com/maps?q=haifa&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF-8&ll=32.83164,34.979353&spn=0.015217,0.027466&t=h&z=15&iwloc=addr. About Haifa. 3 rd largest city in Israel; Largest city in northern Israel More than 264,000 people - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of “Returning to Haifa”

  • Returning to HaifaGhassan Kanafani

  • SETTING: HAIFAhttp://maps.google.com/maps?q=haifa&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF-8&ll=32.83164,34.979353&spn=0.015217,0.027466&t=h&z=15&iwloc=addr

  • About Haifa3rd largest city in Israel; Largest city in northern IsraelMore than 264,000 peopleMixed Jewish and Arab populationBuilt on the hills of Mount CarmelA major seaport on Israels Mediterranean coast

  • BACKGROUNDWhat do you already know?Palestine / Palestinian peopleZionism / Zionist movement1948 Arab-Israeli War1949 UN Armistice Line (Green line)1967 Six-Day War

  • Palestine / Palestinian PeopleGeography of PalestineGenerally, the region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan RiverBroadly, it includes contemporary Israel, Palestinian territories, parts of Jordan, and parts of Lebanon and SyriaPalestinian peoplethe Arabic-speaking population living in PalestinePredominantly Sunni Muslims, with a small minority of Christians

  • Zionism / Zionist MovementJewish tradition of linking the Jewish people and the Land of IsraelInternational political movementSeeks to reestablish a homeland for the Jewish People in PalestineSupport for the modern state of Israel

  • 1948 Arab-Israeli WarSupport for Zionism increased after WWII, particularly among Jewish Holocaust survivors (consider The Name)The United Nations proposed dividing Palestine into separate Jewish, Arab, and international states.Arab population rejected the plan; fighting later erupted between Jewish and Arab Palestinian forcesThe fighting resulted in the exodus of more than 700,000 Arab Palestinians

  • 1949 Armistice Line (Green Line)Israel took control of the western part of Jerusalem, while Jordan took the eastern part, including the old walled city containing important Jewish, Muslim and Christian religious sites. From 1948 to 1967, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, was ruled by Jordan. Palestine remained divided in this way until the outbreak of the Six-Day War in 1967.

  • 1967 Six-Day WarIn addition to East Jerusalem, Israeli forces captured the Sinai peninsula, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Golan Heights.Mandelbaum gate was the main passage between West Jerusalem (belonging to Israel) and East Jerusalem (belonging to Jordan)The gate was torn down by Israeli forces, thus reuniting JerusalemBorders were thus reopened; those who had been previously exiled were allowed to return to see their homeland.This is where the story Returning to Haifa begins.

  • About the story: Returning to HaifaExplores the personal suffering behind the decades-old Middle East conflict, from both an Israeli and Palestinian perspective. The story opens with Said and Safiyya, an Arab couple, as they drive toward Haifa.Through flashbacks, we learn that Said and Safiyya fled from Haifa during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War; they settled in Ramallah in the Jordanian-controlled West BankAfter 20 years in exile, Said and Safiyya return to Haifa in 1967 after the Six-Day war and the reopening of Haifas borders.

  • About the Author: Ghassan KanafaniPalestinian writerDuring the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, his family was forced into exile; he was 12 years oldThey fled to Lebanon, and then settled in Syria to live as Palestinian refugeesEducated and began writing while in SyriaWrote short stories, novelsLiterary techniques: complex narrative structures, using flashbacks and multiple narratorsPublished Returning to Haifa in 1969Assassinated in 1972

  • Return to Haifa: The PlayThe short story was adapted by an Israeli playwright Boaz GaonThe play was performed in April 2008 in a theatre in Jaffa, south of central Tel Aviv.Pictures taken April 14, 2008. REUTERS/Baz Ratner (ISRAEL)