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  • Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base and User Behavior

    SEPTEMBER 2013

    Prepared for:

    Building Technologies Office Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy

    Prepared by:

    D&R International, Ltd.

    epgruberStamp

  • September 2013

    Prepared for:

    Building Technologies Office

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy

    Prepared By:

    D&R International, Ltd.

    1300 Spring Street, Suite 500

    Silver Spring, MD 20910

    Authors:

    Stephen Bickel

    Emily Phan-Gruber

    Shannon Christie

  • CONTENTS

    List of Tables ..................................................................................................................................................................v

    List of Figures................................................................................................................................................................ ix

    Executive Summary .......................................................................................................................................................1

    Acknowledgements .......................................................................................................................................................3

    Introduction...................................................................................................................................................................4

    Structure of the Report..............................................................................................................................................5

    Methodology .................................................................................................................................................................6

    Survey Methodology..................................................................................................................................................6

    Introduction...........................................................................................................................................................6

    Survey Design ........................................................................................................................................................6

    Survey Instrument and Respondent Validation.....................................................................................................7

    Survey Implementation .........................................................................................................................................9

    Survey Data Quality Control ................................................................................................................................10

    Manufacturer Data Collection Methodology...........................................................................................................11

    Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................11

    Survey Design and Implementation.....................................................................................................................11

    Survey Interviews ................................................................................................................................................11

    Internet Survey: Demographic and Housing Characteristics ...................................................................................12

    Demographics......................................................................................................................................................12

    House Characteristics ..........................................................................................................................................13

    Windows......................................................................................................................................................................15

    Window Position and Orientation .......................................................................................................................16

    Window Characteristics .......................................................................................................................................17

    Window Coverings.......................................................................................................................................................29

    Window Coverings by Household............................................................................................................................29

    Window Covering Type............................................................................................................................................29

    ii

  • Own or Rent.........................................................................................................................................................30

    Climate Zone........................................................................................................................................................31

    Income .................................................................................................................................................................32

    Covering Characteristics ..........................................................................................................................................35

    Shade of Covering................................................................................................................................................35

    Mount Type .........................................................................................................................................................36

    Top-Down/Bottom-Up Adjustment .....................................................................................................................37

    Window Coverings on Windows..............................................................................................................................38

    Window Covering Operation .......................................................................................................................................40

    Covering Position.....................................................................................................................................................40

    Position by Climate Zone .....................................................................................................................................41

    Window Covering Position by Orientation and Side of House ............................................................................42

    Window Covering Position by Residence Type....................................................................................................42

    Window Covering Position by Room ...................................................................................................................47

    Window Covering Position by Covering Type......................................................................................................48

    Window Covering Position by Pane Type ............................................................................................................51

    Window Covering Operation at the Household Level .............................................................................................52

    Impact on Energy Use..................................................................................................................................................55

    Air Conditioning and Thermostat Use .....................................................................................................................55

    Manufacturer Data Collection .....................................................................................................................................57

    Shipments Overview................................................................................................................................................57

    Annual Shipments....................................................................................................................................................57

    WCMA Shipments....................................................................................................................................................60

    Pricing ......................................................................................................................................................................64

    Interior Product Pricing .......................................................................................................................................64

    Exterior Product Prices ........................................................................................................................................66

    Domestic Manufacturing .........................................................................................................................................67

    iii

  • Retail Channels ........................................................................................................................................................68

    Appendices ..........................................