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Transcript of Research


The way to do research is to attack the facts at the point of greatest astonishment.-- Celia Green



RESEARCH, WHAT IS IT? AND HOW CAN WE MAKE USE OF IT?Research is a topic that many find intimidating.Over the years, we have been acquainted to research, either as a project we have to accomplish in school even as a grade school student until now in a college, or as a way for us to find new ways of making things more comfortable for us. We could define research as in may ways such as: 1. the systematic investigation into and study of materials, sources, etc, in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. b. an endeavor to discover new or collate old facts etc by the scientific study of a subject or by a course of critical investigation.(2003, Oxford Concise Dictionary)

2. the search for knowledge, or as any systematic investigation, with an open mind, to establish novel facts, usually using a scientific method. The primar y purpose for applied research (as opposed to basic research) is discovering, interpreting, and the development of me t hods and syst ems f or t he advancement of human knowledge on a wide variety of scientific matters of our world and the universe (Jan 2011, Wikipedia, the FreeEncyclopedia)

the phenomenon and to communicate that understanding to others. (2009, Leedy P.D., Practical Research:Planning and Design, Prentice Hall Pub.)

4. a scientific investigation of phenomena which includes collection, analysis, and interpretation of facts that links mans speculation to reality. (2003,Calmorin L.P., Methods of Research and Thesis Writing, Rex Bookstore)

3. t h e s y s t e m a t i c p ro c e s s o f collecting and analyzing information to increase our understanding of the phenomenon under study. It is the function of t he researc her to contribute to the understanding of

There are new materials and techniques that can be used for procedures that YOU can invent

Why do we need


In conclusion research is very vital to our everyday decision making. It arms you from wrong informations and save time and money. It is important to your success as you take on lifes challenges and career decisions making. But be careful though because too much research without action on what you re learning is not good either. The question is how much information is enough? How much information can you afford? Information obesity can be research problem just my advice. Research plus action will most likely guarantee a successful research.

Basic Elements of RESEARCH1. INTRODUCTION Outline your t hesis, problem, question, etc. The most important point is that you are stating a thesis/ theory (relationship among variables), examining a problem, investigating a question, or the like. You are not simply describing. In terms of the Ws, above and beyond the What, When, and Where, the most important is Why. 2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Summarize the state of the current literature relevant to your topic. What have been the major articles and books? What have been their critical findings? How does your research expand upon the relevant literature? 3. ANALYSIS AND SUBSTANTIATION This section is the body of your paper. You are presenting your evidence and developing your a r gum ent. If appro pr i at e , yo u analyze your data, outline your evidence, and apply your research design. 4. CONCLUSION Summarize your major findings. 5. BIBLIOGRAPHY You should alphabe tize your bibliography by authors last name. Each citation should include authors name(s), date of publication, title of publication, publisher, title of journal (if applicable), and page numbers (if applicable). You should utilize footnotes in your content whenever you are directly quoting or borrowing from a particular publication.(2003, University of Texas at Arlington, Basic Elements of a Research)

It can be a fun process where you can learn a lot that is not taught in the classroom

What makes research different from classroom learning?Research differs from classroom learning in many ways, First, research starts by ones personal interest or will of satisfying his thirst for knowledge. Second, it can start with unintentional incidents, or a spur of a movement. Third, the information that are needed are not easily supplied. The researcher must use his own skills to garner the data. Last but not the least, research - most of the time, gathers first hand information.

What makes a good research paper?In order to write a good research paper, one should " identify a broad area of research..., focus the topic through some general background reading, identify a clear research question, marshal primary and secondary resources to answer the question, and present the argument in a clear and creative manner, with proper citations". (http:// faculty/ kingch/ How_to_Write_a_Research_Paper.htm) There are many definitions of a research paper. Most of them have certain elements which are common, which one may conclude are its basic characteristics. The common elements are the following (a) a presentation and/or (b) a point of view which is new or amplification of the old, of limited scope and of one specified subject based on a study of the existing work or on a survey or interview containing logical arguments to oppose, to support , to synthesize and to conclude using one of the accepted methods of presentation of facts, data, arguments, conclusions , footnotes, reference to sources, existing literature etc ( bibliography) From what is understood and accepted as a research paper, it is obvious that there are basically two elements which are of critical importance. These are the subject of the paper and the presentation thereof. In terms of painting, these would be the soul of the painting and its technical perfection- without the other, each by itself is not complete. One may conclude and state what constitutes a good research paper on these two axes. One axis is "Subject". (a) The paper should have a clear objective and should state it clearly, (b) It should state what the existing work or literature have said on the subject and what it seeks to prove or establish, (c) It should also state the line of research, methodology and reasoning, (d) It should logically arrive at its findings unambiguously, and (e) Many times, it also talks about scope for further research on the matter. The other axis is "Presentation" which is seen to have three aspects, namely, (a) the first relates to the style of the author in terms of language- easy to read, non complex, sentence lengths, etc. (Dr. Fletcher M. Green, ), (b) the second relates to the coherence which stems from the flow of the subject in logical sequencing of thoughts and arguments. This would include the step down from Introduction to Conclusion, and (c) the third aspect relates more to the structural documentation aspects such as putting down quotations, bibliography, footnotes.

There are many options for research opportunities from laboratory to clinical to behavioral (depending on your interest)



Basicconcerned with knowledge for the sake of theory. Its design is not controlled by the practical usefulness of the findings.

Appliedconcerned with showing how the findings can be applied or summarized into some type of teaching methodology.

Practicalgoes one step further and applies the findings of research to a specific "practical" teaching situation.

RESEARCHGenerally speaking, in second language research it is useful to distinguish between BASIC (or theoretical ), APPLIED, and PRACTICAL research.A useful way to look at the relationships among these three research types is illustrated in the diagram below. Each of the three d i f f e re n t t y p e s o f re s e a rc h contributes to the other in helping revise and frame the research from each category.

Basic research or fundamental research (sometimes pure research) is research carried out to increase understanding of fundamental principles.

research that is applied, accessing and using some part of the research communities' (the academy's) accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state, commercial, or client driven purpose. Applied research is often opposed to pure research in debates about research ideals, programs, and projects.


APPLIED RESEARCH Many times the end results have no direct or immediate commercial benefits: basic research can be thought of as arising out of curiosity.


Values and Benefits of ResearchResearch is of great value to man. Through research, the quality of a mans life is improved from conventional to modern because life becomes not only meaningful but enriching as well. Research is valuable for:1.Research improves the quality of life. It has led man to search for ways in improving his life. It has led him to focus on improving processes and mean by which he must love. The quality of life has improved through research because man is a dreamer, is ambitious, and is industrious in achieving his dreams. 2.Research improves instruction. Research has no beginning and end. It is a never ending task. Through research, instruction has improved because the modern teacher introduces innovations not only return to the basics but also right conduct, rational thinking, and research well. 3. Research satisfies mans needs

4. Research reduces the burden of work 5. Research had deep-seated psychological aspects. It stimulates and ennobles the human spirit.

Advantages of Research to StudentsResearch improves students achievements. The students achievements could be improved through research if the modern teacher studies and understands the students