Refugees and Immigrants in Wisconsin Department of Children and Families Division of Families and...

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  • Refugees and Immigrantsin WisconsinDepartment of Children and FamiliesDivision of Families and Economic Security, Refugee Assistance Program Section

    Presented by Irina Zelenskaya and Shoua Vang, October 8, 2009

  • Mission of the Refugee Assistance ProgramEnhance Workforce Development Services to Immigrants/Refugees/Limited English Proficient (LEP) individualsImprove LEP Access in Job CentersBuild Partnership with local, state, federal entitiesBuild partnerships with Faith-Based (FBO) /Community-Based Organizations (CBO), resettlement agencies, Mutual Assistance Association (MAA)

  • Migrant Services ResponsibilitiesBureau is charged with the responsibility of enforcing the states Migrant Labor Law. The Law, enacted in 1977, provides standards for wages; hours and working conditions of migrant workers, certification, maintenance and inspection of migrant labor camps, recruitment and hiring of migrant workersguarantees the right of free access to migrant camps to insure migrant families are not isolated from the rest of the community, and/or services they are legally entitled to.

  • Refugee Services SectionAdminister & monitor programsSecure federal grant fundingEnsure culturally & linguistically competent services deliveryOrganize trainings for interpreters & bilingual professional staffReview state policy & procedures

  • Programs & ServicesPrograms & ServicesEmployment and TrainingPreventive HealthHealth ScreeningOlder RefugeeMental HealthBatterers Treatment PilotUnaccompanied Minors

  • Definition of RefugeeA person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion; and is unable or unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, or to return there, for fear of persecution. -- Article 1 of the 1951 U.N. Refugee Convention

  • RefugeeWhen did refugees become recognized as political refugees in the United States?Following World War II thousands of Eastern Europeans entered the U.S. as refugees.The Displaced Persons of 1948 first refugee legislation enactedRefugee Act of 1980 Refugees from Southeast Asia

    Where are refugees from?From all over the world: Laos, Vietnam, Former Yugoslavia, and Somalia. The newest refugee groups arriving in the United States today are the Iraqis and Burmese/Karen-Burmese.

  • Refugee Resettlement ProcessUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) makes refugee status determination after interviewing them.Three solutionsRepatriation to country person fledIntegration into country of asylumThird country resettlement

    Third Country Resettlement United StatesRefugee Act of 1980 federal/state support and private/public coordination of refugee resettlementU.S. official interviews and determines if they qualify under U.S. refugee law.Approval for resettlement: medical examination, security background checks, cultural orientation.Resettlement and Placement agencies provide initial resettlement services to refugees in the U.S.

  • WI Refugee PopulationEstimated Population of Refugees and Former Refugees (YTD 2009)*may include U.S. born childrenTotal estimate73,981

    FFY 2004-2009Refugees 4,823Secondary Migrants and Asylees 773Total 5,563

    Projected Arrivals for FFY 2010Africa115East Asia389Former Soviet Union/Eastern Europe3Western Hemisphere20Near East/South Asia317Total844

  • refugee per countyDouglasBayfieldAshlandSawyerWashburnBurnettPolkBarron346RuskPriceIronVilasOneidaLincolnTaylorChippewa27St. CroixPierceDunn63PepinEau Claire142BuffaloTrempealeauJacksonMonroeClark14Marathon439Wood68Portage132Juneau4AdamsSaukLa Crosse289VernonCrawfordRichlandGrantLaFayetteGreenRockDane322IowaColumbiaDodgeJefferson4Waukesha45Walworth11Kenosha5Racine33Milwaukee2252Ozaukee5Washington51Sheboygan364Fond du Lac49Green LakeMarquetteWausharaWinnebago169CalumetManitowoc141KewauneeBrown303Outagamie285WaupacaShawanoMenomoneeOcontoLangladeForestMarinetteFlorenceDoorRefugee Population in Wisconsin 2004 2008

    0-15 Refugees

    16-30 Refugees 31-100 Refugees

    101-500 Refugees

    501+ Refugees

    Total 5,563

    refugee per county

  • Refugee Service Areas

  • Service Delivery SystemAll refugee programs are federally funded

    Contract to regional consortium consisted of Volags, MAAs and other non-profit organizations

    Have one elected member of the consortium to serve as a fiscal agent

  • Employment ProgramsSocial Services 8 consortiums & 4 agencies

    2008 outcomes: 506 FT employment

    Road-to-Work (TAG fund)7 consortia 2008 outcomes: 187 FT employment, 32 grant termination

  • Employment & Training ServicesDeveloping a Family Self-Sufficiency Plan (including Employability Plan)Job development: job placements, grant terminations, grant reductions and job follow-upsVocational ESL trainingShort term Customize Skills TrainingOn-the-Job-TrainingCase management services

  • Targeted Assistance Supplemental: Milwaukee RegionAllocation based on refugee population. $287,138; three year term, 2008-2011Additional support/case management for new refugees in Milwaukee regionOther supportive services to new refugees: orientation to world of work and to life in US, citizenship, ESL, etc.

  • Preventive Health Program ServicesWrap around health screening and education services Access to mainstream health services Provide health education in a culturally competent manner

  • Older Refugee Program ServicesOutreach and education to the refugee community Partnership with local Area Agency on Aging

    Holistic and culturally appropriate services Citizenship classes

    Case management to coordinate supportive services

  • Mental Health Program ServicesOutreach and education to the refugee community Holistic and culturally appropriate clinical services Case management to coordinate support services Health system change through training bilingual clinical staff and in-service training for mainstream mental health staff

  • Batterers Treatment Pilot ProgramClose coordination with court system Linguistic and culturally appropriate treatment Support groups Case management to coordinate with other counselors or treatment providers Sustain a feeling of belonging and attachment to families and communities

  • DiscriminationTreating people differently through prejudice:unfair treatment of one person or group, usually because of prejudice about race, ethnicity, age, religion, or gender

    --Encarta on-line dictionary

  • Consequences of traumatic stressSocialDrug abuseSchool failureAnti-social behaviorIsolation/withdrawalPsychologicalPosttraumatic Stress DisorderReexperiencing, Avoidance, HyperarousalDepressionConduct disorder Emotion Regulation

  • Continuum of careCommunitySchoolChildPreventionEarly InterventionIntensive Intervention

  • CommunityApproach: Parent outreach lead by Community-based organization

    Goals:Engage parents as partners in advocating for childrenConnect with parents before problems emerge Connect parents with school and beyond

  • SchoolApproach: School-based youth groups Teacher consultation

    Goals:Connect with youth in non-stigmatized settingConnect before problems emergeAddress core risk factors of alienation, discrimination

  • Refugee DemographicWisconsin is home to over 69,839 refugees & former refugees The Hmong are by far the largest group Trend of refugee in the last 10 years include groups from Southeast Asia, Former Yugoslavia, Former Soviet Union and different countries of Africa. As we speak, we are expecting our newest group of refugees: Burmese, Somali, Iraqi, Bhutanese. The refugees have settled in 20+ counties

  • HMONG HISTORYForbearers of U.S. Hmong immigrants settled in northern Laos, plateau known as Plains of Jars

    Life before 1960s: Animists Agrarian lifestyle:farming gardening huntingfishing

  • HMONG HISTORYLife before 1960s changed for approximately 150,000 Hmongs when war erupted in Vietnam Hmong fled Laos to ThailandUnited States

  • One of eleven refugee camps in Thailand holding 120,000 Burmese refugees

  • Burmese family at home in camp

  • Burmese children in camp school

  • The first Somali Bantu family to arrive in Milwaukee

  • EnjoymentMake the Job Development experience enjoyable and memorable.Smile

    Motivate, Motivate, Motivate

    Maintain morale (you and your staff)

    Help refugees achieve their American Dream

  • Contact InformationIrina Zelenskayaphone: (608) 266-8354 e-mail: [email protected]

    Shoua Vang phone: (608) 266-8759 e-mail: [email protected] information:Heidi EllisEmail: [email protected]: 617 919 4679

    ****Primary funder ORR, DHFS; RFP process to contract with agencies and MAAs; Must hire and train bilingual staff; Capacity buildingInterpreter Training programsAdvise on Policy in refugee issues*DWD/BMRLS contracts with VOLAGs, MAAs, CAPs, PICs, and W-2 agencies to provide E&T services through the RFP process.Refugees are eligible for W-2If ineligible for W-2, Refugee Cash AssistanceRefugee can be triple-enrolled inW-2A refugee employment and training programWIARefugee/W-2 co-case management enables the W-2 agency to leverage the bilingual refugee case manager**There is a distinct difference between a refugee and immigrant. A refugee is someone who has been