Reading to young learners

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2. Do studentsRead to LearnORLearn to Read? Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 3. Language Skills L Listening S Speaking R Reading W WritingHanadi [email protected] 4. Reading versus Reading ComprehensionREAD:psychology / naranjas / pneumonia / cesame / chiot / piaza / pollo Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 5. Reading ProcessReading = DecodingReading Comp= Decoding + EncodingHanadi [email protected] 6. 1.1- Communicate with others observingrules appropriate to own levelNCERDKG 1KG 2 KG 3-Listen to what is Listen to what is Listen to what isheard.-Apply heard.Apply heard.-Followsome instructionsinstructions given by instructions &interactgiven by others.-others.Express needswith the urgings ofExpress needswith variousothers -Express needswith various methods.Express whatwith various methods.-methods.-Express he/she or others areExpress what he orwhat he himself is doing.-Apply rules of others are doing.-Appldoing.-Takecommunication duringrules of communicatioinitiative indialog.Take initiative in during dialog Takespeaking tospeakinginitiative in speakingothers.and discussing with Hanadi Mirza [email protected] others . 7. Characteristics of Emergent Reader1- Attitude toward Books(Attentive listener & Interested to talk aboutsrory read to him/her) 2- Behaviors with Books (Handle bookcorrectly & Pretend to read from pics ormemory) 3- Word Recognition I(Logos) Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 8. The 5 Elements of Reading 1- Phonemic Awareness 2- Phonics 3- Vocabulary 4- Comprehension 5- Fluency Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 9. 1- Phonemic Awareness1- Rhyming words2- Sounds within wordsa) Beginning sounds b) Middle sounds c) Ending Sounds d) Sound Blending (sounds into a word) e) Sound Segmenting (a word into sounds)3- Words within sentences4- Syllables within words Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 10. 2- PhonicsSOUND of a letter NOT Writing Process of translating written words into speech Letter Reading NOT Writing Connect sounds to spelling Sound blending Word Building Connect sounds to wordHanadi [email protected] 11. Phonics1) m M ABCDEFGHI.2) m + a = ma e + d = ed ma + n = manb + ed = bed3) cat = c + atca + t4) hatpen can dog matred bed satHanadi [email protected] 12. 3- VocabularyLearn 2000-4000 new words/grade level Pre-teach VocabHow to Teach Vocabulary words:1-Questioning and coaching strategies - Meaning prompts- Structure prompts- Visual information prompts2- Prompts that use more than one cue source3- Demonstrating self monitoring4- Relationships between words: synonyms, prefixes, roots etcHanadi [email protected] 13. 4- ComprehensionComprehension isthe REASON we Read. Develop Schemata for Story ReadingReading Strategies: | Reading Skills:1- Predictinga) Skimming2- Questioning b) Scanning3- Clarifying4- SummarizingHanadi [email protected] 14. Comprehension (continued)1) Cover page a- Title/Picture / Author /Illustrator (GraphicOrg.) b- Predict story from Title & Picture 2) Picture Walk using Reading Strategies 3) Retell story using Pictures 4) Decode words with the help of pictures 5) Using Reading Strategies to checkstudents comprehension of the written text 6) Summarize the story using pictures tocheck comprehension of the story itself Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 15. 5- FluencyAccuracy Rates Frustration level: below 90% Too hard Instructional level: 90-94% Just righ Independent level: 95 100% EasyHanadi [email protected] 16. Balanced Reading Program Read Aloud PROPER Pronunciation Shared Reading Guided Reading Independent Reading Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 17. Schwa [][euh] sound or Arabic hamza Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 18. Spelling vs Pronunciation Psychology (ps--) [saykoldjy]Pneumonia (pn--)[nmonia] Climbing, comb, lamb, bomb (--mb) [klayming], [kom], [lm], [bm] Calm, Palm (--l m) [km] , [pm] Folk , Folktale (-- l k) [fok] , [fokteyl] Vegetable [ve dj tbl]Comfortable[kmftbl] Government (nm)[gavrmnt] Suggest, Suggestion[sag djst], [sagdjstshn] People, Apple[pypl], [pl] Sensual , Sensuality [snshwl] , [snshwality] Nation, Nationality[neyshn], [nashnality] Social , Beautiful [soshl] , [byurfl] Original but Originally[oridjinl] but [oridjnly] Actually [aktshly] Say but Says [sey] but [sz]Hanadi [email protected] 19. Spelling vs. Pronunciation (continued) Determine but Mine[ditrmn] but [mayn] Examine[gzmin] Seduce but Seduction [sidous] but [sidakshn] Appreciate [aprishiyeyt] Result, Adult [rizlt] , [dlt] World, Work, Word, War[wrld], [wrk], [wrd], [wor] July, Major[djoulay] , [meydjr] Children, Church[tshildrn], [tshrtsh] Pleasure , Pleasurable bur Leisure [plejr] , [plejrbl] / [lyjr] Write/Written, Hide/Hidden [rayt] / [ritn] , [hayd] /[hidn] Teacher [tytshr] Doctor, Dollars[daktr] , [dlrz] Cat, Cup, Color: (c) [k] [Kat] , [Kap] , [kalr] Circus, Ceremony: (c) [s] [srks] , [srmony] Gallery, Go, Gut: (g) [g][galry] , [go] , [gat] Giraffe, Generous: (g) [dj] [djiraf] , [djnrs] Hanadi Mirza [email protected] 20. (continued) The + any letter EXCEPT (a/e/i/o/u) [o ] never [za] Although , Thunder, Thumb [ol o] , [thndr] , [thm] Thank You [thnk] Never [sank] You The +a pple/ e lephant/ i sland/ o range/ u mbrella [ ] never [o ]nor [zi] The + eu ropean, u nited the+[you] (as 1st sound) [o ] NOT[za] Usethe [yous] but I/you [youz] Process but processes [prss] but [prossyz] Woman but women [woumn] but [wymin] Police , Policeman [polys] .[polysmn] Symptom (--m p) [simtm] Wanted / Added / Promised / Grinned[wantid] , [did] , [promist] , [grind] Battles, Flags / Groups, Mats Kisses, Churches,>[btlz] , [flgz] / [groups] , [mts] / [kisz] , [tshrtshz]Hanadi [email protected] 21. VOICED & VOICELESS SOUNDSPast Tense of Regular Verbs (-ed) [- id] , [-t] , or [-d] ?[-t] & [-d] + [-id] / Vd + [-d] / vl + [-t] Created , Needed / Proved / FixedPlural Form of Nouns (-s) [-z] or [-s] or [-z] ? vd + [-z] / vl + [-s] / -ch, -sh, -ss, -x + [-z] Boys, girls / cats, lin ks / classes, foxesHanadi [email protected] 22. IMPORTANT toYoung Learners Movement Play / Games Breaks Drama Songs Dance Positive Environment Safe + Low Anxiety Literacy Reading & WritingHanadi [email protected] 23. Successful ReaderIndependent Reader in KGs (+ Reading Strategies) Successful Elementary Reader Successful Adult ReaderREAD Aloud Pronunciation + IntonationREAD Silently ComprehensionHanadi [email protected] 24. Todays CHALLENGE Is to READFluently AND AccuratelyTO ComprehendHanadi [email protected] 25. Do studentsREAD to Learn orLearn to READ?Hanadi [email protected]