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Transcript of QUALITY ASSURANCE IN TERMINOLOGY MANAGEMENT IN TERMINOLOGY MANAGEMENT ... 5.1.4 Basic requirements...

  • Igor Kudashev

    QUALITY ASSURANCE IN TERMINOLOGY MANAGEMENT Recommendations from the TermFactory project

    Helsinki 2013

  • This guide provides recommendations on quality assurance in terminology manage- ment as well as practical quality assurance tools from the TermFactory research and development project. Launched at the University of Helsinki in 2008, the TermFactory project is developing an ontology-underpinned platform for collaborative terminology work. The guide is addressed to a wide range of experts engaged in terminology work and terminology management.

    ISBN 978-952-10-7756-2 (paperback) ISBN 978-952-10-7757-9 (PDF)

    Unigrafia 2013

    Igor Kudashev holds a PhD degree and the title of associate professor from the University of Helsinki, Finland. He is an author or co-author of several published terminological dictionaries, including the Finnish-Russian Forestry Dictionary, which was awarded the International Terminology Award for Applied Research and Development by the European Association for Terminology (EAFT) in 2008. The author has also developed MyTerMS, an in-house terminology management system. Experience obtained in these projects proved very valuable when addressing such a challenging topic as quality assurance in terminology management and collaborative content creation.

    9 789521 077562

  • Igor Kudashev

    QUALITY ASSURANCE IN TERMINOLOGY MANAGEMENT

    Recommendations from the TermFactory project

    Helsinki 2013

  • Igor Kudashev

    QUALITY ASSURANCE IN TERMINOLOGY MANAGEMENT: RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE TERMFACTORY PROJECT

    Responsible Organization: University of Helsinki, Palmenia Centre for Continuing Education, Kouvola

    Copyright © 2013 Igor Kudashev

    Commercial use of this publication is prohibited without written permission from the author.

    Cover design: Igor Kudashev and Hanna Sario

    Back cover photograph by Irina Kudasheva

    ISBN 978-952-10-7756-2 (paperback)

    ISBN 978-952-10-7757-9 (PDF)

    UNIGRAFIA HELSINKI 2013

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    PREFACE ...................................................................................................................7

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS...........................................................................................9

    1 OVERVIEW OF THE TERMFACTORY PLATFORM.....................................10

    1.1 ONTOLOGY-BASED ARCHITECTURE .....................................................................10

    1.2 SUPPORT FOR COLLABORATIVE CONTENT CREATION.............................................12

    1.3 A DISTRIBUTED AND CLOUD-READY SYSTEM.........................................................13

    2 QUALITY ASSURANCE INFRASTRUCTURE ..............................................14

    2.1 DEFINITION OF BASIC CONCEPTS.........................................................................14

    2.2 CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE INFRASTRUCTURE ............15 2.2.1 Methodological data........................................................................................16 2.2.2 Structural metadata.........................................................................................16 2.2.3 Descriptive metadata ......................................................................................17

    2.3 ELEMENTS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE INFRASTRUCTURE INCLUDED IN THIS GUIDE .....19

    3 METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE IN COLLABORATIVE TERMINOLOGY WORK ............................................22

    3.1 WORKFLOWS AND USER ROLES IN COLLABORATIVE TERMINOLOGY WORK ...............22 3.1.1 Workflows in traditional terminology work .......................................................22 3.3.2 Comparison of traditional and collaborative content creation..........................27 3.3.3 Benefits and challenges of collaborative terminology work.............................32 3.3.4 Recommendations on the organization of collaborative terminology work

    on the TermFactory platform...........................................................................39

    3.2 OBJECTS OF TERMINOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION IN A TERM BANK................................48 3.2.1 General requirements for objects of description in a term bank......................48 3.2.2 LSP designations that can be objects of description in a term bank ...............49 3.2.3 LSP units that are unlikely to be objects of description in a term bank ...........61 3.2.4 ‘Impurities’ in term banks ................................................................................62 3.2.5 Forms of LSP designations.............................................................................64 3.2.6 Terminological lexeme....................................................................................70

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    4 STRUCTURAL ASPECTS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE IN TERMINOLOGY MANAGEMENT............................................................. 72

    4.1 LANGUAGE IDENTIFICATION AND INDICATION ........................................................ 72

    4.2 CHARACTER ENCODING ..................................................................................... 75

    4.3 COLLATION....................................................................................................... 77 4.3.1 Standard-based customization of collation rules ............................................ 78 4.3.2 Extensions to the collation customization table .............................................. 79

    4.4 DOMAIN CLASSIFICATION ................................................................................... 84 4.4.1 Reasons for using domain classification in a term bank................................. 84 4.4.2 Overview of existing domain classifications (case: Finland)........................... 85 4.4.3 Overview of domain classifications used in term banks ................................. 86 4.4.4 Problems with existing domain classifications................................................ 87 4.4.5 Requirements for domain classification.......................................................... 88 4.4.6 General problems in compilation of domain classifications ............................ 89 4.4.7 Principles of compilation of the TermFactory core domain classification........ 90 4.4.8 User extensions to the core domain classification.......................................... 97

    4.5 DATA CATEGORY CLASSIFICATION ...................................................................... 99 4.5.1 The concept and function of data categories.................................................. 99 4.5.2 Typical mismatches between data categories.............................................. 100 4.5.3 Mapping between formally different data categories .................................... 102 4.5.4 Mapping between structurally different data categories ............................... 103 4.5.5 ISO 12620 data category classification ........................................................ 104 4.5.6 Linguistic classification of data categories.................................................... 106 4.5.7 Mapping of other data category classifications onto linguistic classification 114

    5 DESCRIPTIVE METADATA AND ITS ROLE IN QUALITY ASSURANCE 116

    5.1 DOCUMENTATION OF SOURCES ........................................................................ 116 5.1.1 Types of data related to the documentation of sources................................ 117 5.1.2 Basic requirements for source references.................................................... 118 5.1.3 Additional elements of source references .................................................... 119 5.1.4 Basic requirements for bibliographic records ............................................... 121 5.1.5 Documentation of private sources and contributors’ expertise ..................... 123 5.1.6 Advanced support for source management.................................................. 124

    5.2 ADMINISTRATIVE DATA..................................................................................... 126 5.2.1 Definition of administrative data ................................................................... 126 5.2.2 The potential multifunctionality of administrative data categories................. 126 5.2.3 Administrative data categories in ISO 12620 ............................................... 127 5.2.4 Classification of administrative data ............................................................. 128

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    6 CONCLUSION..............................................................................................135

    BIBLIOGRAPHY.....................................................................................................139

    APPENDIX 1 CLASSIFICATION OF TERMINOLOGICAL DATA.......................147

    APPENDIX 1.1 LINGUISTIC CLASSIFICATION OF TERMINOLOGICAL DATA........................147

    APPENDIX 1.2 MAPPING OF ISO 12620:1999 DATA CATEGORIES ONTO LINGUISTIC CLASSIFICATION OF TERMINOLOGICAL DATA.........................................149

    APPENDIX 2 CLASSIFICATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE DATA .........................159

    APPENDIX 3 DOMAIN CLASSIFICATION..........................................................160

    APPENDIX 3.1 DOMAIN CLASSIFICATION IN FINNISH ...................................................160

    APPENDIX 3.2 DOMAIN