(Qualcomm) Ecall Antenna…

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Ralf Weber eCall RF Aspects 9th AECS Meeting, June 7-9, 2015, St. Petersburg, Russia

Transcript of (Qualcomm) Ecall Antenna…

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Ralf Weber

eCall RF Aspects

9th AECS Meeting, June 7-9, 2015,

St. Petersburg, Russia

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Outline

Introduction Cellular network concept Network coverage examples MSD performance in weak coverage Impact of in-car propagation loss Conclusions

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Introduction eCall – Save Lives in an Emergency

Goal – eCall should allow emergency organizations for faster response times by providing

automatic and manual calls in case of an incident

Typical use case – Car crash in rural or urban outdoor environments

eCall requires mobile network coverage for TS12 emergency services – Voice services have the most reliable performance in todays networks – Call prioritization of TS12 emergency services are guaranteed by networks operators

Caveat

– Network operators have to provide emergency services only in regions where they have network coverage

– Network coverage is a design criteria determined by commercial considerations and regulatory requirements

– Network availability highly depends on type and placement of antenna systems

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Cellular Network Concept

Source: GSMA

A network consists of base stations covering limited areas (cells) Coverage continuity is achieved by partially overlapping cells Devices determine best suited cells based on receive power measurements

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Coverage Example – Urban Area

Areas of weak or no 112 service

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Coverage Example – Rural Area

Example taken from https://www.vodafone.co.uk/explore/network/uk-coverage-map/index.htm

Regions of outdoor-only coverage can span several km

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-106 -105 -104 -103 -102 -101 -100 -99 -980

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RSSI [dBm]

BLE

R [%

]

MSD successMSD failed

Expected IVS Performance Weak Coverage Environment

Weak Speech

Good Speech

Good RF Weak RF

Small number of MSD failures at low RSSI + high BLER

Measured MSD failures after

successful call setup

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Simplified Cell Border Scenario Network planning case for outdoor coverage

Cell A Cell B

RX Power Cell B RX Power Cell A HO/reselection

region

HO/reselection threshold

Min. required RX power

Cell A out-of-service Cell A service area

IVS served by

Cell A

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Simplified Cell Border Scenario Good Case: External antenna

Cell A Cell B

RX Power Cell B RX Power Cell A HO/reselection

region

HO/reselection threshold

Min. required RX power

Cell A out-of-service Cell A service area

IVS looks for better

cells

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Simplified Cell Border Scenario Good Case: External antenna

Cell A Cell B

RX Power Cell B RX Power Cell A HO/reselection

region

HO/reselection threshold

Min. required RX power

Cell A out-of-service Cell A service area

IVS reselects to Cell B

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Simplified Cell Border Scenario Good Case: External antenna

Cell A Cell B

RX Power Cell B RX Power Cell A HO/reselection

region

HO/reselection threshold

Min. required RX power

Cell A out-of-service Cell A service area

IVS served by

Cell B

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Simplified Cell Border Scenario Propagation loss due to in-car antenna placement

Cell A Cell B

RX Power Cell B RX Power Cell A HO/reselection

region

HO/reselection threshold

Min. required RX power IVS cannot make a

call

Coverage hole

Propagation loss Propagation loss

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Conclusions

Voice/TS12 emergency calls - Networks are configured to prioritize all emergency calls - Voice services are typically the best optimized by operators - Call setup and retention performance for eCall are the same as for normal voice/TS12 calls

Network coverage (managed by operators)

- Urban areas: Network optimized for indoor and outdoor scenarios - Rural areas: Network optimized for outdoor scenarios (may or may not include in-car

scenario) - Typical network planning parameters:

Indoor propagation loss: 20 dB In-car propagation loss: 10 dB External antenna gain: 3-6 dBd

eCall performance

- eCall and voice/TS12 calls experience performance degradations when coverage gets weak - eCall performance is reliable even at BLER values exceeding coverage target for voice/TS12 - Service continuity of emergency calls can only be achieved if device integration is following

the typical use case scenario assumed by operators, i.e. outdoor or in-car

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Conclusions (cont’d)

The issue of antenna placement in the car (e.g. IVS embedded antenna) - In-car propagation loss can reach ≥20dB in modern cars (e.g. due to shielded windows) - Reduced cell coverage can lead to call setup failures or call drops in cell border areas

GNSS performance - Similar considerations apply for GNSS antenna systems - Combination of 2G/3G and GNSS antennas possible - Position accuracy requirements that are currently defined for eCall on EU and UN level

may not be achieved by internal antennas

Recommendations for antenna system and placement

- Integrated external antenna system gain should achieve typical minimum 3dBd or more - Antenna system should be crash resistant or provide enough redundancy - Use of only internal antennas is highly discouraged - Car type-approval regulation should consider to include antenna requirements to avoid

implementation deficiencies leading to significant performance impacts

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Thank You ! Questions?

Contact: - Ralf Weber (rweber @ qualcomm.com)