Prophet Jeremiah

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Jeremiah 31:33I will be their God, and they shall be my people, says the Lord.

One heart and one way I will give them, that they ma fear me always, to their own good and that of their children after them.

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Introduction to Jeremiah

Year : 627Place : Israel, Anathoth Years of Prophesy: 627 to 585

Place of Prophesy: Jerusalem and Judah

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His His

callingcalling•Jeremiah 1: 4 - 10

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Jeremiah’s struggle

Chap 15: 10 – 21Jeremiah’s complaint

Jeremiah struggled mightily with God's call on his life, with a sense of failure, with virulent opposition from detractors, and

with deep discouragement.

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Secular events that took Secular events that took placeplace

612 BC — 612 BC — Fall of the Assyrian Fall of the Assyrian Empire and Rise of the Empire and Rise of the Neo-Babylonian EmpireNeo-Babylonian Empire

605 BC — 605 BC — Battle of Carchemish: Crown Prince Battle of Carchemish: Crown Prince Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeats the Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon defeats the army of Necho II of Egypt, securing the army of Necho II of Egypt, securing the Babylonian conquest of AssyriaBabylonian conquest of Assyria

587 BC — 587 BC — Jerusalem falls to the Jerusalem falls to the Babylonians, conquerors Babylonians, conquerors destroy the Jewish Temple destroy the Jewish Temple of Jerusalemof Jerusalem

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Assyrian Empire

Neo Babylonian empire

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•Warning the people about the unavoidable judgments which they will endure because of their proud and obstinate hearts

•Announce judgment and destruction

Message to the Message to the peoplepeople

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-The message of Jeremiah was a call to moral reform to establish a personal relationship between God and humankind. -He called urgently for repentance so that turning to God might lead to a new creation-He thus prefigured the New Testament notion of the "new covenant."

Call to repentance Call for conversion

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•People refused to listen to the Lord's words and had rejected His Law

•People were sinful but not willing to repent and continued to worship idols

•Jeremiah 2: 1, 18

•Without hesitation, he points out the king’s pride and hardness, his selfishness, his vain-glory, his lack of concern for the welfare of his people

The people The people

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•Condemned the false prophets

•Punishment -25: 10 Dwelling in darkness-25: 11 Horrible desolation for 70 years

•Judgment on the Nations-25: 15

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Israel rebuilt and planted by a loving God 33:6 The Lord promised to bring health and healing to the city and to

restoreHis people, He would bless them with much peace and truth inthe future

33:7 He would restore the fortunes of both Kingdoms and would rebuild these nations as they had been formerly

33:8 He would cleanse them of their iniquities against Him, and He wouldpardon their sins

33:9 Jerusalem would become a city associated with joy, praise, and glory inthe thinking of all the world when people heard of all the good things thatYahweh had done for her. The nations would fear and tremble because ofall the good and the peace that He would make for her.

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The New Covenant 31:31-34'Look, the days are coming, Yahweh declares, when I shall make a new covenant with the House of Israel (and the House of Judah), but not like the covenant I made with their ancestors the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of Egypt, a covenant which they broke, even though I was their Master, Yahweh declares. No, this is the covenant I shall make with the House of Israel when those days have come, Yahweh declares. Within them I shall plant my Law, writing it on their hearts. Then I shall be their God and they will be my people. There will be no further need for everyone to teach neighbour or brother, saying, "Learn to know Yahweh!" No, they will all know me, from the least to the greatest, Yahweh declares, since I shall forgive their guilt and never more call their sin to mind.'

Greattheological contribution

Core of the new covenant is God's gift of anew heart

Enters into intimate relationship with His people

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The Fall of JerusalemThe Fall of Jerusalem

Siege of Jerusalem (588-586 B.C.), when Zedekiah was king

39:1-2 Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonian army captured Jerusalem and began its siege in 588 B.C. It took the Babylonians about eighteen months to breach the walls of the city, which they did in 586 B.C.

Chaldeans burned the royal palace, the other houses in the city, including the temple (52:13), and broke down the city walls to make it uninhabitable and indefensible

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THE SACKING OF THE TEMPLE 52:17-23The destruction of the temple described Before the Babylonians burned the temple, they looted it This was the second time they had done this, the first being in 597 B.C. (Jer. 27:19-22).

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Jeremiah 29:13 Jeremiah 29:13 You will seek me and find me when you seek me You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart.with all your heart.