Project based learning with ICT

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It gives the basic knowledge about what Project based learning (PBL) is.

Transcript of Project based learning with ICT

  • Project Based Learning with ICT Assoc. Prof. Petya Asenova, PhD Computer Science Department New Bulgarian University 1.08.2014
  • Introduction What is project based learning Benefits/inappropriate sites Roles in project based learning Final delivery Assessment Challenges Example Topics
  • Introduction This is the reason for the increased interest in learning activities in which students are actively involved. Such type of activity is learning through projects. 3 Students are active constructors of their knowledge They apply them in practical activities More effective acquiring knowledge
  • Introduction Some history Confucius (6-5 c.BC): Tell me, and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will understand. John Dewey supported "learning by doing, the end of the 19th century This sentiment is also reflected in constructivism 4 Educational research has advanced this idea of teaching and learning into a methodology known as "project-based learning - PBL."
  • What is project based learning (PBL) PBL approach is a valid instructional strategy that promote active learning and engage the learners in higher-order thinking 5
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Opinion [Blumenfeld et al, 1991, in Educational Psychologist, 26(3&4)]: "Project-based learning is a comprehensive perspective focused on teaching by engaging students in investigation. Within this framework, students pursue solutions to nontrivial problems by asking and refining questions, debating ideas, making predictions, designing plans and/or experiments, collecting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, communicating their ideas and findings to others, asking new questions, and creating artifacts. 6
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Opinion [Thomas, Mergendoller, Michaelson, 1999]: Projects are complex tasks, based on challenging questions or problems, that involve students in design, problem-solving, decision making, or investigative activities; give students the opportunity to work relatively autonomously over extended periods of time; culminate in realistic products or presentations. 7
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Opinion [ Greeno, J. G. (2006) in The Cambridge handbook of the learning sciences]: Project-based learning has been associated with the "situated learning. 8
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Opinion [Stephanie Bell (2010), in Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas]: PBL is a student-driven, teacher-facilitated approach to learning. Learners pursue knowledge by asking questions that have piqued their natural curiosity. The genesis of a project is an inquiry. Students develop a question and are guided through research under the teachers supervision. PBL is not a supplementary activity to support learning. It is the basis of the curriculum. 9
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Opinion [Markham, T. (2011) in Teacher Librarian, 39(2)]: PBL integrates knowing and doing. Students learn knowledge and elements of the core curriculum, but also apply what they know to solve authentic problems and produce results that matter. PBL students take advantage of digital tools to produce high quality, collaborative products. PBL refocuses education on the student, not the curriculum These cannot be taught out of a textbook, but must be activated through experience. 10
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Thomas, J. offered five criteria what must a project have in order to be considered PBL: centrality, driving question, constructive investigations, autonomy, and realism. [Thomas, J. (2000). A Review of the Research on Project-Based Learning] 11
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Kriterion 1: PBL projects are central, not peripheral to the curriculum. This means: PBL projects are the curriculum. In PBL, the project is the central teaching strategy trough which students cover elements of the curriculum. If the project provide illustrations, examples, additional practice, or practical applications for material taught already, it is not example of PBL. Project in which students learn things that are outside the curriculum ("enrichment" projects) it is not example of PBL. Example? 12
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Kriterion 2: PBL projects are focused on questions or problems that "drive" students to meet the central concepts and principles of a discipline. It means the project must provide such activities for students to learn new knowledge of a discipline/disciplines. This is done with a "driving question". Example? 13
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Kriterion 3: Projects involve students in a constructive investigation. An investigation is a goaldirected process that involves inquiry and knowledge building. Investigations may be design, decision-making, problem-finding, problem-solving, discovery, or model-building processes. To be considered as a PBL project, the central activities must involve transformation and construction of knowledge. If the project activities represent no difficulty to the student or provide application of already-learned information or skills, the project is an exercise, not a PBL project. 14
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Kriterion 3: Projects involve students in a constructive investigation. Example: given a right triangle (the black one) with sites a, b, c, where c is hypotenuse. Prove that: a2 + b2 = c2 (Pythagoras theorem) It is involved in the curriculum but students have not learned it before. Have to discover. After additional drawing given on the figure, Using previous knowledge (S and S ) they can prove the new formulae a2 + b2 = c2 15
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Kriterion 4: Projects are student-driven to some significant degree PBL project are supervised by the teacher. Doing students have autonomy, choice, unsupervised work time, and responsibility. If laboratory exercises and instructional booklets are PBL projects? 16
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Kriterion 5: Projects are realistic, not school- like. It means: Authenticity in everything: real topics and tasks, real roles that students play, real context of working, real collaboration, real product produced with potential to be implemented. Assessment according to real criteria. 17
  • Group activity: You are teachers and have to create a PBL project around a driving question. Having in mind the curriculum, what students have learned and what have not, find out a driving question. What is project based learning (PBL)
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Collaboration is essential Sharing information between members in the group. Each individual share what he or she has learned and how that information might impact on developing a solution. Sharing products produced by individuals. These products are combined in a common product of the whole team. 19
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Using ICT is essential. It gives: Tools (software, hardware) to develop project Skills to use technology Sources of information Communication tools Presentation tools 20
  • What is project based learning (PBL) Using ICT is essential. It gives: Cognitive tools: semantic organization tools (e.g., databases) dynamic modeling tools (e.g., spreadsheets) visualization tools (e.g., MathLab, Geometry Tutor) knowledge construction tools (e.g., a multimedia authoring tool) socially shared cognitive tools (e.g., computer conferencing, forums and computer-supported collaborative tools) [Kim and Reeves (2007:226)] 21
  • Benefits/inappropriate sites Benefits: Students are more active doing project Students are more responsible in their learning Students have more autonomy to propose and find solutions Students can use their previous experience 22
  • Benefits/inappropriate sites Benefits: Every student can participate according his/her learning style, according to his/her strong sites and will achieve better results Students are more motivated to discover, more confident that can be useful PBL stimulate cognitive development and critical thinking PBL helps students to develop a variety of social skills as communication and collaboration, working in group, negotiation 23
  • Benefits/inappropriate sites Benefits: Accommodates different kinds of intelligence Encourages the mastery of technological tools PBL make students better prepared for the real life 24
  • Benefits/inappropria