Primary vs Secondary Sources - Davenport University and Secondary Sources Rev.pdf Primary vs...

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Transcript of Primary vs Secondary Sources - Davenport University and Secondary Sources Rev.pdf Primary vs...

  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?

    Primary vs Secondary Sources

  • Primary Sources Are either original materials created during the historical era you are researching or replicas of these materials.

  • Primary Sources Present an original work or original thinking, report a discovery or event experienced by the writer, or share new information.

  • Primary Sources These sources have not been interpreted or evaluated.

  • Examples of Primary Sources Artifacts

    • plant specimens, fossils, coins, pottery, tools, clothing, furniture (from that period under study)

    Creative Works

    • painting, sculpture, musical scores, poetry, novels, architecture

    Documents & Recordings

    • autobiographies, memoirs, letters, emails, diaries, speeches, interviews, oral histories, birth certificates, wills, patents, trial transcripts

    Other

    • market surveys; journal articles in peer reviewed publications; proceedings of meetings, conferences, symposia; records of organizations & government agencies - annual reports, constitutions

  • Secondary Sources Interpret, analyze, summarize, discuss, and draw conclusions about primary sources.

  • Secondary Sources They are accounts written by those who didn’t experience events first-hand or create the work.

  • Secondary Sources Can provide you with background information and historical perspective based on other events that have taken place since the original event or work.

  • Secondary Sources Can contain copies or portions of primary sources, in order to discuss them.

  • Examples of Secondary Sources

    • dictionaries, encyclopedias, fact books, guide books, manuals, directories

    • book or movie reviews, articles found in scholarly publications that discuss or evaluate someone else’s original research

    • biographies, histories, text books, commentaries, indexes, abstracts

  • Primary vs Secondary Sources Primary Source Secondary Source

    Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address The book Lincoln at Gettysburg: the words that remade America by Gary Willis

    A fossil of Tyrannosaurus Rex Journal article about dinosaurs that does not uncover new findings.

    The movie Gone with the Wind, 1939

    Biography of Victor Fleming, director of Gone with the Wind.

    Notes taken by a Registered Nurse that record the symptoms of a patient who has been diagnosed with Ewing Sarcoma.

    An entry on Ewing Sarcoma in Wikipedia or Encyclopedia Britannica.

    The letters of Martin Luther King, Jr. A website that critiques the letters, speeches and sermons of Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa An eBook surveying the history of painting.

  • But it can get complicated. Focus on what you are studying to help determine what the primary source is.

  • Primary Source = what is being studied Primary Source Secondary Source What is being studied?

    A published copy of the diary of Anne Frank

    1995 documentary film Anne Frank Remembered

    The diary

    1995 documentary film Anne Frank Remembered

    Reviews of the documentary film

    The film

    Letters between Frank Lloyd Wright and the Guggenheim estate on the creation of the Guggenheim museum.

    1986 book Frank Lloyd Wright, the Guggenheim correspondence

    The letters

    1986 book Frank Lloyd Wright, the Guggenheim correspondence

    Journal article about 1986 book Frank Lloyd Wright, the Guggenheim correspondence

    The book