Presentation on fishing & fishing capacity
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Presentation on Fisheries & fishing capacity in PAKISTAN.
Presentation on Fishing & fishing capacity in PAKISTAN.M.Sc 1st SemesterPresented by: Sayed Tabarak ShahClass No # 15Department : Environmental & Conservation Sciences University of Swat
ContentsIntroductionClassificationFishing & Fishing Capacity in PakistanMarine fishingMarine fishing in coastal area of SindhMarine fishing in coastal area of BaluchistanFresh water fishingHatcheries
What is Fish?Fish can be defined as cold-blooded vertebrate adapted for living in water. It respires by means of gills and has paired appendages, if any, in the form of fins.
A limbless cold-blooded vertebrate animal with gills and fins living wholly in water.
Classification of fishes:
Fish are classified into three major groups.
AgnathaThey include 108 species, these are the primitive fish without jaws.
They are about 7 to10 species in Pakistan.
ChondrichythyesThese are cartilaginous fishes which includes 980 species.
There are 10-50 of Sharks, rays & skates species in Pakistan.
Examples; Sharks, Rays & skates.
OsterictyesThese are the modern bony fishes which includes 26,898.
The all are about 120 in Pakistan.
Examples; Salmo trutta, Onchorynious my kiss & Schyzothoryx fishes etc.
ContOsteichythyes are divided into three sub classes.
Actinopterigii Actinopterigii has been divided into three infra classes.
TeleoisteiMost of the bony fish belong to this class, they includes 26,585 species. They are the modern boney fish which have 40 orders.
Examples; Trout, Hearing & cat fish etc
ContIn Pakistan 1099 species are present which belongs to class Actinoptergii, Sub class Teleostei.
Have six super order. 13 order, 30 families, 86 genera, 8 Exotic, 78 Indigenous, Endemic of Kashmir 8 species are cold water of Himalayas and Hindukush and Karakorum, total 45 in KPK, 26 are indigenous and 8 are exotic in KPK.
Fishing, Fishing capacity in Pakistan Catching of fish is one of the oldest occupation of the people of Pakistan.
Next to forestry, fishing constitutes the smallest sector of the Pakistani economy.
Fishing is only a minor sector of Pakistani economy, constituting 0.3 percent of the GNP.
ContFishing is the traditional means of livelihood for about 400,000 Pakistanis.
At percent about ninety thousand of Pakistani are engaged in fishing profession.
The nominal fish catch comprises the commercial, industrial and subsistence catches.
ContFishing in Pakistan is done at least ten months of the year
The total nominal fish catch has increased since 1947 from 40,000 metric tons to 590,000 metric tons in 2000.
The total fish catch in thousand metric tons since 1947 is given below;
ContTotal fish catch inthousand metric tons Year 40,000 1947 80,657 1960 615,904 1998 590,000 2000 627,000 2003-04 581,000 2004-05 630,000 2005-06 668,000 2010-12
ContThe per capita use of fish in Pakistan is less than other countries such as Japan, UK, USA and Bangladesh.
Pakistan exports a reasonable quantity of shrimp and fish and earns a substantial amount of foreign exchange.
About 3 per cent in 1985 having fallen from 2 per cent in 1998.
Cont About 1.2 per cent of the total exports in 2003.
Thus during July-March 2005-06, 630,000 metric tons of fishery products were exported to more than 40 countries such as Japan, USA, UK, Germany and Middle East etc.
ContThe main export market for Pakistani fish and shrimp is japan.
In the interior area of Pakistan the use of fish is in very small quantity.
In Pakistan the fish consumption is more in Baluchistan & Sindh than Punjab and KPK.
ContIn Pakistan fish are not caught only on costal areas but some are also done in Inland areas.
There are two main sources of fish in Pakistan.
Marine fishes (Outland fishes).
Fresh water fishes (Inland fishes).
Marine fishing:The share of marine fisheries is 75 per cent of the total fish catch.
The marine fishing is done in coastal areas of Sindh and Baluchistan which has a coast line of 600 miles long.
During the breeding seasons all fishing is strictly prohibited.
Marine fishing in coastal area of Sindh:
Sindh has a coast line of about 150 mile long.
The Sindh coast account for 70% of the total marine catch although it constitutes only 33% of Pakistan's cost.
The Sindh coast has the advantage of a wider continental shelf(130 km).
Mostly fishermen live on coastal area of Sindh.
Marine fishing in coastal area ofBaluchistan:
This coast is about 350 miles long.
This coast is mainly consist of sand dunes due to which it is less suitable to fishing.
The chief varieties of fish caught over here are Mackerel, Sardines, Shark and herrings.
It constitutes 67% of the countrys coast but produces only 30% of the marine catch
Fresh water fishing:Inland fisheries produce about 26% of the Pakistanis total fish catch.
Sources are rivers, dams, ponds, canals and lakes.
The province of Sindh accounts for more than 60%, Punjab 39%, KPK 1% and Baluchistan virtually no inland fishing.
ContManchar lake is the largest single source of supply for fresh water fish.
In Mangla, Tarbela and Warsak fish are also caught in large quantity.
KPK and Northern Areas are not important areas for fishing.
Hatcheries & Aquaculture:In Sindh there are two hatcheries at Chilya and Sukkur and several nurseries one is at Mando Dero near Sukkur, the other at Husri near Hydrabad etc.
KPK has two trout hatcheries & one carp hatchery.
Punjab had six hatcheries & 22 nurseries in (1995-86).