Presentation in Athens

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Magna Grecia Much of Southern Italy was colonised by Greeks 2500 years ago, and these areas form what we still know today as Magna Grecia (Greater Greece) Southern Italy became a centre of Greek culture, music, and language for hundreds of years. To this day, we can see the Greek influence in Italy, and Italian influence in Greece, through architecture, music, food and language.

Naples (Nea Polis)

Naples was a Greek speaking town until the 9th century BC. It is an ancient Greek city, with a 'secret abandoned' underground city and a Greek-Roman theatre

Ortigia in Siracusa, SicilyThe Greeks arrived here in 734 BC

Traditional Southern Italian and Greek music both use similar instruments such as the mandolino (similar to the Greek bouzouki) and tamburello (tambourine), The 'tamburello' was originally introduced via Greek influence in South Italy.

Tambourine

Tamburello

Tarantella The tarantella is a famous traditional Southern Italian dance and is directly related to the ritual of the cult of Dionysus (the patron god of wine) of Ancient Greece. It is named after the tarantula spider.

Italy and Greece use and grow similar products, e.g. olives and olive oil, aubergines, courgettes, peppers, garlic and tomatoes.

There is also Greek influence in some Southern Italian cuisine and vice versa. Parmigiana moussaka

Melanzane a scarpetta

papoutsakia

The Griko people are a population in Italy of ultimately Greek origin that still exists today in the Italian regions of Calabria and Apulia. The Griko people traditionally spoke the Griko language , a form of the Greek language combining ancient Doric and Byzantine Greek elements.

It is no wonder, then, that Italians and Greeks have a saying "Una Faccia Una Razza" (pronounced una fatsa una razza in Greek)! Translated literally, it means "one face one race" and refers to similarities and history between Greece and Italy.

The sight of Scottish actors portraying ancient Greek heroes is one that has become familiar to the cinema-going public around the world

The comparisons between Scotland and Greece go deeper than that. Both are seafaring nations with a long history, both conjure up romantic imagery and associations, and both share a patron saint in St Andrew. it was Greece that gave the ancient world the foundations of its intellectual life: something that Scotland has done for the modern world

In the ancient world, there arose one civilization to which all Western eyes would turn for enlightenment: the Greeks Drawing on the wisdom of civilizations that had gone before of Ur, of Babylon, of Egypt the philosophers of classical Greece enhanced all that had come down to them by examining the world through the lens of reason.

Scottish Enlightenment The spirit of questioning assumptions and reluctance to accede to authority that was born on the shores of the Aegean was behind the intellectual revolution of the Enlightenment that swept Europe in the 18th century, and its home was here in Scotland. The Scottish Enlightenment transformed a world of received teachings and social orders set in stone by Kings and Churches into a recognizably modern world of individual liberty, free thought and free trade: a world where humanity has value and virtue of its own, not just that bestowed by authority; a world that encouraged philosophical and scientific innovation rather than suppressing it.

Cultural links between Scotland and Greece are not limited to history by any means: strong ties are in place in the present day. The literary, intellectual and architectural gifts of the ancient Greeks to the world are a seemingly inexhaustible source of scholarly investigation and, as is so often the case, Scottish academics and universities are among the world leaders in its pursuit.

Ernst (Ernestos) Moritz Theodor Ziller (22 June 1837, Oberlnitz/Radebeul 1923, Athens) was a German architect who later became a Greek national, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was a major designer of royal and municipal buildings in Athens, Patras and other Greek cities. Ziller managed to change the face of Athens by making it more beautiful with splendid buildings, for which he is called the "poet of modernism in classical architecture. Ziller is the first architect in Greece, who installs in buildings technical ventilation systems and central heating, replaces the store wooden window shutters in Athens with automatic ones and decorates buildings with molten iron railings with elements inspired by Greek mythology.

Stathatos Mansion

Presidential Mansion

The National Theatre

The Numismatic Museum

Greek-Latvian relations

Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, of NATO and the European Union. The Latvian embassy in Athens was established in 1998. Latvia also has two honorary consulates in in Piraeus and in Thessaloniki. The Greek embassy in Riga was opened in January 2005. Greece recognized the State of Latvia on May 23, 1922. Relations between the two countries were disrupted by World War II, which saw Latvia occupied briefly by Germany and then for a longer period by the Soviets. Latvia's return to independence was recognized by Greece on August 27, 1991; followed by the restoration of diplomatic relations on September 2, 1991.

Greece's exports to Latvia in 2006 included: chemicals (19.2% of total exports), processed foods (18.7%), metals (18.7%), clothing (13.5%), and raw fruit and vegetables (8.2%). Greece imports from Latvia in 2006 included: timber (42% of total imports), minerals (17.3%), clothing (13.8%). Greece has a trade surplus with Latvia.