Prehistoric Americas

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Prehistoric Americas. The First Civilizations of The Caribbean. Before Christopher Columbus. Some ancient village sites in Caribbean dated as far back as 6000 BC Earliest evidence in Cuba, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico. Island Populations. Shell and stone tools dated 2,000 BC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Prehistoric Americas

The Olmec

Prehistoric AmericasThe First Civilizations of The CaribbeanBefore Christopher ColumbusSome ancient village sites in Caribbean dated as far back as 6000 BC

Earliest evidence in Cuba, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico

Island PopulationsShell and stone tools dated 2,000 BC

Bone and shell jewelry dated 800 BC

Three distinct tribes: SaladoidTainoCarib

The SaladoidOriginated from mouth of the Orinoco River in Venezuela

Occupied Trinidad and then the Greater Antilles

Named for origins in Saladero, Venezuela

The SaladoidIntroduced pottery, tools and agriculture to hunter/gatherer tribes

Absorbed most tribes in these areas

Became an integrated community throughout islands

The TainoSaladoid advanced into Taino culture in 1200 BC

culture on Hispaniola further developed agriculture to include cotton

body painting, piercing and headdresses developed

First to developed gold-copper-silver alloys

The TainoExpert woodworkers and stone carvers

Women had high status as their bloodlines determined chiefs

Created first communal houses, central plazas and ball-courts

The TainoCreated their own gods called Zemis

Zemis encompassed spiritual, cosmic, ancestral and supernatural

They were the tribe first encountered by Christopher Columbus in 1492

The CaribsLate arrivals to the Caribbean ~1400s

Colonized the Lesser Antilles

Close trading relations with mainland South America

Developed fishing techniques of hooks, nets and harpoons

The CaribsA more basic society

Less hierarchy, religion and less sophisticated crafts and tools than Taino

Wore jewelry of stone and wood to protect against evil spirits mabouya

Petroglyphs give evidence to these accounts

The CaribsAccused of cannibalism by Taino

Allowed Columbus to define the savagery of the natives

Most incorrect impressions and misunderstandings of Amerindians in South and Central America began in the Caribbean.

Prehistoric AmericasThe First Civilizations of The Caribbean