Power Teams - The Essence of PM Practice
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Power Teams - The Essence of PM Practice
What Makes a Great Team?
Power Teams - The Essence of PM PracticeWhat Makes a Great Team?J. Richard Hackman, HarvardAs applies to Project Management Leadership byLinda Clark-Borre, PMPThe PuzzleGroups have access to greater resources, diversity of resources, and more flexibility in deploying those resources.
They are more flexible than a single person is in terms of resource deployment, and their potential for synergy is strong.
So why is their actual performance typically sub-par?Problem:Groups are, frankly, often used for work best performed by talented/strong individuals.
Groups are often structured in ways that cap their potential.
Hackmans ApproachFocus less on direct causes of team behavior and performanceand more on enabling conditions. (Think of positive/negative enablers)
What Are the Specific Positive Conditions, You Ask?
DiscussionYou have been part of teams, and have, by now studied them. What one or two team organizational conditions most strongly increase the chance that a team will perform effectively?
1) Acceptable (at least) output to those who receive, review or use the deliverable.2) Capability and desire of team members to work together again 3) Individuals growth and well-being are fostered by their work experiencesThe conditions to follow were identified through studies ofCivilian and military flightdeck crewsSymphony and chamber orchestrasHospital and patient care teamsTop management groupsAnalytic teams in intelligence agenciesVarious other public and private sector teams
There are Five Specific Conditions for Top Team Performance.A REAL team--clearly bonded--members interdependent not threats to one another--stable over time, whatever their level of contribution*
*The longer they work together, the higher their capacity for achievementNumber Two of Five2. Compelling direction
Ends and Means Are Specified When the Team is Advancing in a Compelling DirectionIf you are clear on your ends and means, then you as PM have set the stage for self-managed, goal directed teamwork.
If you went with the flow and didnt take any charge whatever, you risk--anarchy--wasted humanity, I mean human resources--people just being turned off by being part of yet another meaningless, aimless enterprise.
Number Three of FiveA positively enabling team structure
Properties of a positive enabling structure Well designed taskProper group compositionClear norms of conduct
Your enabling team structure doesnt have to be formal, however.
Good teams link up well at many points could be psychological alsoNumber Four of Five.4. A supportive organizational context--access to rewards, information, education, and resources to help everyone produce the best work possible
Number Five of Five5. Available, expert coaching (motivator, consultant, educator)
YES YOU CAN!TEAM CYCLE & COACHING INTERVENTIONStart________________Mid-Point___________________End
Conditions that Promote Team EffectivenessA real teamCompelling directionEnabling team structureSupportive organizational contextAvailable, expert coachingIn Business, We Models