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Transcript of Postmodernism
- 1. POSTMODERNISMAFTER THE MODERN ERA
2. POSTMODERNISMIs the fashionable term used to describe CONTEMPORARY culture, or the very recent CULTURE which we live amongst. We are inhabiting a POSTMODERN WORLD.The term is a lose one , hard to define because of vagueness about the MODERN era, there is no definite start or point of change when society suddenly became postmodern,The term gradually crept in during the 1980s! Articles and books on postmodernism started to be published from the early 1980s. 3. ITS NOTJUSTABOUTMEDIA 4. It started with postmodernarchitecture Philip Johnstons towerhas a classical greekpediment shape on thetop taken from furnituredesign They started to make reference to older styles of architecture and develop playfulArchitects and their grew boredformswith the restrictive rules ofmodernism which dictated thatform follow function and allowedfor no decoration. 5. There is postmodern food . .A blending ofculturesA HYBRIDFORM!!! 6. Postmodern fashion Fashion can also be inspired by other cultures and by the past If the feisty antics of Grace Jones or the controversial designs displayed by Vivienne Westwood at the beginning of her career mean anything to you, then you will agree that a Postmodernism exhibition has been a long time coming. The V&A has put together its first in-depth assessment of the 1970s - 1990s, entitled Postmodernism: Style and Subversion at the V&A from 24 September 2011 to 15 January 2012. 7. Postmodern fashion The V&A has put together its first in-depth assessment of the 1970s - 1990s, entitled Postmodernism: Style and Subversion. To help identify the key areas of the era, the curators have devised three parts to the exhibition, in chronological order. The first will look at architecture - where the genre first emerged, the second at club culture - this enormous section encompasses all of fashion, design, art and music; and lastly, what most people affiliate with postmodernism: money, excess and boom. After Modernism, the world made a remarkable change from all that was simplistic and plain to something more expressive. Being bold and being seen to experiment with shapes and humour rapidly spread and became a new wave. The exhibition provides a great window into a time when confidence and wit was everything and even goes on to highlight forgotten developments like hip-hop pioneers Grandmaster Flash, along with the lights, track and extravagance of Las Vegas. Some would argue that we havent really moved on from the Postmodernism of the last 30 years - we only have to look at artists like Lady Gaga to realise that we cannot claim a definitive departure from similar performers of the 80s. The current vintage revival - whereby any period is up for grabs - has also positioned us in a spot of constant review and attachment to major shifts of the past - thus making it difficult to make a distinction between then and now. But whether or not weve all been there, done that - and possibly still living a Postmodern existence, the exhibition brings home the radical ideas that moved us into a world of colour, freedom and good fun. 8. Postmodern DANCE, ART ,even MAGIC !Mathew Bournes interpretation ofSwan lake cast males in the 2 mainparts and the corps de ballet,presenting a representation of a gayrelationship.Exploring gender has become a post-modern feature. 9. SO WHAT IS IT? Postmodernism is a concept that emerged as an areaof academic study around mid 1980s. It is a wide variety ofconcepts which includes architecture, music, literature, fashion,technology, film etc. In 1980s the political climate in changed. During this period,Postmodernism involves a radical re-estimate of modernassumptions about culture, identity ,history and language. It attacks the meaning of classifications like black or white,straight or gay, male or female etc. Postmodernism started with architecture. It focused on idealperfection, harmony of form and function and return ofornaments, The functional and formalized shapes of modernistmovements are replaced by aesthetic, playfulness, unusualsurfaces, or kitsch style. 10. Key characteristicsPostmodern style is often characterized byeclecticism,digression,collage,pastiche,and irony.Postmodern theorists see postmodern art as a conflation or reversal of well-established modernist systems, such as the roles ofartist versus audience,seriousness versus play,or high culture versus kitsch 11. NOW what about Media? Post Modern Media presumes that the audience is media literate and familiar with a wide range of media references and needs a high level of stimulation. Media started to makeINTERTEXTUAL REFERENCES to othermedia texts to entertain and amuse the audience and involvethem through their familiarity.ON TVTHESIMPSONSDOES IT ALLTHE TIME . . 12. See what I mean? 13. Would Salvador Dali approve? 14. What FILM examples ofINTERTEXTUALITYcan you think of ? Shrek is one of my favourites, it makes textualreference to the Matrix bullet time effects andpokes fun at rival production company DisneysSnow White. Po-Mo Horror! In the horror movie Scream, when the characters reference other horror movies, it is postmodern. Pomo tends to be self-referential and ironic. Baz Luhrmans Moulin Rouge, acontemporary musical references manypopular songs in the soundtrack. 15. Another feature is HYBRIDITY Popular genres are combined to increase the entertainment value of films, some have got it all! Sci-Fi narrative. (parody also of the Western) Epic Action sequences and SFX. Romance too. AVATAR 16. The films of Quentin Tarantino are oftenpostmodern, In Inglourious Basterds there areverious postmodern elements which is typical ofQuentin Tarantinowork as an auteur. Firstly, the music; in a war film you would expect tofind old fashioned music from the era it is set ormodern music conducted to sound old. however, inI.B tarantino uses modern music. for example, inone scene he plays a David Bowey song. Thesong works for the scene of Shosanna doing herhair and makeup, yet clearly wasnt released in thattime era.(BREAKS THE VERISIMILITUDE) Also, the way Tarantino uses music from spaghettiwesterns is is odd as you wouldnt expect cowboymusic in a war film because it is completely mixingtwo genres, yet in the woods scene it does work.Furthermore, the way the film starts with onceupon a time and is split into chapters is postmodern. In a war film you would maybe expect it tobe split up into dates/years, yet not chapters withthat opening line, this implies it is a fairy tale andall made up. which in the most it is, yet the idea isthat you believe this happened during WW2. 17. The Music IndustryIn music for example, pomo popular musiccontains similar characteristics to postmodern art eclecticism in musical form and musical genre, combining characteristics from different genres, employs jump-cut sectionalization (such asblocks). For example . . .The Scissor Sisters Comfortably numb containsblocks of the original Comfortably numb by PinkFloyd from1979Currently Alyssa Reidhas released AloneWhich contains blocks of the original Alone byHeart again from the 1970s 18. Marylin:Madonna:Lady GaGa The way in which Artists are presented canuse postmodern ideas, Marylin Monroes stylebeing an influence on contemporary artistsMadonna, Gwen Stefania and La GaGa. Lady Gagas referencing of Madonnas style inher track, lead to a feud, if you believe thepress n gossip mags. 19. AUDIENCES The advent of a highly MEDIA LITERATE audience has made post modern media possible Since the 80s audiences have become more and more MEDIA SATURATED or bombarded by the media on a daily basis. Audiences are familiar with many texts, both current and from the past, making INTERTEXTUAL REFERENCES entertaining and engaging for them. Audiences are also more and moredemanding, HYBRID GENRES satisfy their more complex and varied demand for entertainment. 20. Both are artistic movements in culture, new ways of viewing culture;Mo v PoMo MODERNISM is characterized by the shift from agricultural to industrial society. Modernist view of culture: was rooted in the idea that "traditional" forms of art, literature, social organization and daily life had become outdated, and that it was therefore essential to sweep them aside and reinvent culture. Modernism encouraged the idea of re-examination of every aspect of existence, and replacing it with new, and therefore better, ways of reaching the same end. Stylistically it advocated industrial rather than decorative forms and an absence of decoration.POST MODERNISM is cultural movement that came aftermodernism, also it follows our shift from being a industrialsociety to that of an information society, throughglobalization of capital. Markers of the postmodern cultureinclude opposing hierarchy, diversifying and recyclingculture, questioning scientific reasoning, and embracingparadox. Postmodernism is a term applied to a wide-rangingset of developments in critical theory, philosophy,architecture, art, literature, and culture, which are generallycharacterized as either emerging from, in reaction to, orsuperseding modernism. 21. So . . . .what is Post Modernism? Produce a presentation of not more than 3 slides tosummarise what Postmoden media is. If you can, useexamples which you have noticed yourself. On the 3rd slide . . .does your own work have any postmodernfeatures?A discussion of POSTMODERNFEATURES in your own textwould fit comfortably into yourQ1b exam answer forGenre, Languageor Audience.