Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

84
YANG-YU HUANG 2003 - 2008 Academic Work

description

This portfolio collects my works of Architecture and Urbanism from 2004 to 2008. Receiived admissions from University of Michigan MUD program and Univeristy of Austin MUD program.

Transcript of Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Page 1: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

YANG-YU HUANG

2003 - 2008Academic Work

Thanks for Your Review

Page 2: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Skills

D. P. V. City - Paradigm of City Planning

Thesis

Urban Architecture Design

Architecture Design in Two Islands

Size and Barter - Four Sizes x Four Programs

Academic Writing - Undifferentiated City

1: Methodology of City Planning

2: Context and Paradigm

3: The Sampling of Experiment

4: Activate the Density

5: Activate the Program

6: Activate the Volume

Postscript:

Size - S, M, L, XL

Barter - [O]ffice, [S]chool, [L]ibrary, [M]arket

Building with Regulation

Building with Chaos

Building with Urban Form

Outside: Four Temporary Voids

Inside: The Two Exhibition

Temporary Details

A Bio-Climatic Architecture

Exhibition and Landscape Plan

Application of Water Tank

Border Ecotone

Alabawan - The Further Border

Community Centre Plan of Alabawan

Concrete Wall is the Border

Temporary Void - Future Concept Store

First Island: Jiju Island - Hill of Sea Women Museum

Second Island: Ho-Ping Island - Border Ecotone

Public or Private - Public Lavatory

Issues

Page 3: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Skills

D. P. V. City - Paradigm of City Planning

Thesis

Urban Architecture Design

Architecture Design in Two Islands

Size and Barter - Four Sizes x Four Programs

Academic Writing - Undifferentiated City

1: Methodology of City Planning

2: Context and Paradigm

3: The Sampling of Experiment

4: Activate the Density

5: Activate the Program

6: Activate the Volume

Postscript:

Size - S, M, L, XL

Barter - [O]ffice, [S]chool, [L]ibrary, [M]arket

Building with Regulation

Building with Chaos

Building with Urban Form

Outside: Four Temporary Voids

Inside: The Two Exhibition

Temporary Details

A Bio-Climatic Architecture

Exhibition and Landscape Plan

Application of Water Tank

Border Ecotone

Alabawan - The Further Border

Community Centre Plan of Alabawan

Concrete Wall is the Border

Temporary Void - Future Concept Store

First Island: Jiju Island - Hill of Sea Women Museum

Second Island: Ho-Ping Island - Border Ecotone

Public or Private - Public Lavatory

Issues

Page 4: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

No natural history can be interpreted in the

absence of at least some implicit body

of intertwined theoretical and methodological belief

that permits selection, evaluation, and criticism.

If that body of belief is not already implicit in

the collection of facts- in which case more

than “mere facts” are at hand- it must be externally supplied,

perhaps by a current metaphysic, by another science,

or by personal and historical accident.

Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolution

1: Methodology of City Planning

Part 1. Research D.P.V. City

Thesis Design 2007 - 2008

Advisor: Chun-Hsiung, Wang

2: Context and Paradigm - Sampling of Taipei City

Part 2. Acitvate D.P.V. City

3: The Sampling of Experiment - Lian-yun Block

4: Activate the Density - Density Arrangement of Lian-yun Block

5: Activate the Program - Program Resources of Lian- yun Block

6: Activate the Volume - Form the D.P.V. City

Postscript:

Thesis: D.P.V. City - Paradigm of City Planning

Page 5: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

No natural history can be interpreted in the

absence of at least some implicit body

of intertwined theoretical and methodological belief

that permits selection, evaluation, and criticism.

If that body of belief is not already implicit in

the collection of facts- in which case more

than “mere facts” are at hand- it must be externally supplied,

perhaps by a current metaphysic, by another science,

or by personal and historical accident.

Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolution

1: Methodology of City Planning

Part 1. Research D.P.V. City

Thesis Design 2007 - 2008

Advisor: Chun-Hsiung, Wang

2: Context and Paradigm - Sampling of Taipei City

Part 2. Acitvate D.P.V. City

3: The Sampling of Experiment - Lian-yun Block

4: Activate the Density - Density Arrangement of Lian-yun Block

5: Activate the Program - Program Resources of Lian- yun Block

6: Activate the Volume - Form the D.P.V. City

Postscript:

Thesis: D.P.V. City - Paradigm of City Planning

Page 6: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

1: Methodology of City Planning 2: Context and Paradigm

What kind of methodology is useful to help us to design a new paradigm of city planning that can change the current one, but it still cares the original

local context? Moreover, when we face a city that already has the complete city form but its condition is chaos and weak, it means that the current

paradigm of the city is failed. So we need to find a new one of city planning that has the ability to replace the current on same location. It is not to

create a complete new city on other side.

Why do we need to face the situation of city planning? There have the two reasons. First, it is no more meaning to extend a current city. In the

modern world, the scale of city is too massive but it is still congested especially the Asian cities. If we expect to extend the size of cities, they only

create new satellite cities or other cities, and most importantly, the original city still need renewable completely to fulfill new necessities of future.

Second, the development of an original city is over fifty years until now. Even though the current city planning is poor, we still can find out many

resources from local context and it will be useful to make ideas for new paradigm of city planning.

Following the concept, we can not only decrease the waste of resources but also have the better scheme to recovery the heritage of cities. For example, it is possible that we can change the city form dramatically but the basic road system and local heritage are protected well. It is truly a positive work.

So if a city can follow a new paradigm in the modern world, what kind of methodology is workable for the job?The question always stays there through all work of D.P.V. City.

In the D.P.V. City, I decide the tools that are useful to realize the original city, and then using them to design the city to follow a new paradigm of city planning. Furthermore, I also design the process that assists the tools. In the end, the tools (Density, Program, and Volume) and Process (Round of List, Comparison, and Option) are the ideas of the methodology of city planning.

1-1: Tools (Density, Program, and Volume) 1-2: Process (Round of List, Comparison, and Option)

1-1a: The Belief of City Planning

Operation of the three tools follows a belief that it is the time we can make the deep assessment of the current city. The reason is that it is hard to expect a new city that is constructed from an empty space in the modern world. The experience of Dubai is scarce. In my country, it is impossible to provide a cause of new city because almost all chances are stayed in the capital. So if we deny the above possibility, it is rational to design a better planning of our existed city. Is it operated well with past or current paradigm

? We need precise statistic or diagram to figure out the situation. Furthermore, we also can use them to improve the city environment. The most importantly, It is necessary to assess the new city again and again to make sure the new ideas is workable or not. It is the belief that the continuous assessment of city is necessary because the operation of city is never stop in any time.

time. The different kinds of substances can be transformed into readable information as statistic and diagram. The simple scientific method has enough power to transform the truth into the evidence. It is the basic material to help people have a discussion of city planning.

1-1b: The Scientific Tool of Assessment

Using the scientific tools to make a continuous assessment is rational because the statistic and diagram can operate well at any

1-1c: The Different Tools face the Same Truth

It is possible that we can use the three different tools to read the same truth and then the result would provide the clear viewpoint. For a simple example:

1-2a: List

When we only know the population density of

a city is no meaning, but when we list other population densities of other cities, it would be easy to realize which one is the most congested. The simple idea can be used not only for density but also for program and volume. The different kinds of lists are effective to solve an old problem or make a new perspective through D.P.V. City.

Following the regional requirement, a little space can be used to be a reading room (program) and we expect that the room needs to contain ten people in the same time (density). But size of the reading room is 30 m3 (volume). Is it rational? If it is not rational, which tool is the most appropriate to be changed. I think it can be so simple but also can be so difficult. The truth is fixed but the perspective of option is changed.

1-2b: Comparison

The work of comparison is to find out which one is the most rational in a list. In a city planning, it is more necessary to choose a rational condition rather than logical condition

because the city is too complicate so the logic is always failed in some part. Using the comparison to pursue a rational option is rational.

1-2c: Option

For example, choosing an option in a list that compares the density arrangement is the first step, but following the 1-1c idea, we can use the option to make the other list that compares the program. The status of same option can be changed to explain or solve problems in different sectors.

In the Portfolio, I abandonor combine some chapter of D. P. V. City.The thesis can be readedefficiently.

The tools (Density, Program, and Volume) of city planning are so simple but it makes the most conspicuous possibility of operation. In the condition, we can have the consensus of

statistic, diagram, and pure form. The discussion is workable because the basic knowledge and common sense are mixed to create the new paradigm of city planning. So it

is also the work that I need to make many conversations with my advisors and the instruct professor in the period of thesiswork

The idea of tools is useful to operate the designing process of D.P.V. City. The idea of process also is so simple that I try to make a continuous comparison of density, program,

and volume. When I find out a new question of a subject, the first work is to list other same kind of subjects, then making a comparison of them and, in the end, finding out the interesting

viewpoint from the option. It is a round in a sector. The several rounds lead the development of scheme to construct D.P.V. City.

Page 7: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

1: Methodology of City Planning 2: Context and Paradigm

What kind of methodology is useful to help us to design a new paradigm of city planning that can change the current one, but it still cares the original

local context? Moreover, when we face a city that already has the complete city form but its condition is chaos and weak, it means that the current

paradigm of the city is failed. So we need to find a new one of city planning that has the ability to replace the current on same location. It is not to

create a complete new city on other side.

Why do we need to face the situation of city planning? There have the two reasons. First, it is no more meaning to extend a current city. In the

modern world, the scale of city is too massive but it is still congested especially the Asian cities. If we expect to extend the size of cities, they only

create new satellite cities or other cities, and most importantly, the original city still need renewable completely to fulfill new necessities of future.

Second, the development of an original city is over fifty years until now. Even though the current city planning is poor, we still can find out many

resources from local context and it will be useful to make ideas for new paradigm of city planning.

Following the concept, we can not only decrease the waste of resources but also have the better scheme to recovery the heritage of cities. For example, it is possible that we can change the city form dramatically but the basic road system and local heritage are protected well. It is truly a positive work.

So if a city can follow a new paradigm in the modern world, what kind of methodology is workable for the job?The question always stays there through all work of D.P.V. City.

In the D.P.V. City, I decide the tools that are useful to realize the original city, and then using them to design the city to follow a new paradigm of city planning. Furthermore, I also design the process that assists the tools. In the end, the tools (Density, Program, and Volume) and Process (Round of List, Comparison, and Option) are the ideas of the methodology of city planning.

1-1: Tools (Density, Program, and Volume) 1-2: Process (Round of List, Comparison, and Option)

1-1a: The Belief of City Planning

Operation of the three tools follows a belief that it is the time we can make the deep assessment of the current city. The reason is that it is hard to expect a new city that is constructed from an empty space in the modern world. The experience of Dubai is scarce. In my country, it is impossible to provide a cause of new city because almost all chances are stayed in the capital. So if we deny the above possibility, it is rational to design a better planning of our existed city. Is it operated well with past or current paradigm

? We need precise statistic or diagram to figure out the situation. Furthermore, we also can use them to improve the city environment. The most importantly, It is necessary to assess the new city again and again to make sure the new ideas is workable or not. It is the belief that the continuous assessment of city is necessary because the operation of city is never stop in any time.

time. The different kinds of substances can be transformed into readable information as statistic and diagram. The simple scientific method has enough power to transform the truth into the evidence. It is the basic material to help people have a discussion of city planning.

1-1b: The Scientific Tool of Assessment

Using the scientific tools to make a continuous assessment is rational because the statistic and diagram can operate well at any

1-1c: The Different Tools face the Same Truth

It is possible that we can use the three different tools to read the same truth and then the result would provide the clear viewpoint. For a simple example:

1-2a: List

When we only know the population density of

a city is no meaning, but when we list other population densities of other cities, it would be easy to realize which one is the most congested. The simple idea can be used not only for density but also for program and volume. The different kinds of lists are effective to solve an old problem or make a new perspective through D.P.V. City.

Following the regional requirement, a little space can be used to be a reading room (program) and we expect that the room needs to contain ten people in the same time (density). But size of the reading room is 30 m3 (volume). Is it rational? If it is not rational, which tool is the most appropriate to be changed. I think it can be so simple but also can be so difficult. The truth is fixed but the perspective of option is changed.

1-2b: Comparison

The work of comparison is to find out which one is the most rational in a list. In a city planning, it is more necessary to choose a rational condition rather than logical condition

because the city is too complicate so the logic is always failed in some part. Using the comparison to pursue a rational option is rational.

1-2c: Option

For example, choosing an option in a list that compares the density arrangement is the first step, but following the 1-1c idea, we can use the option to make the other list that compares the program. The status of same option can be changed to explain or solve problems in different sectors.

In the Portfolio, I abandonor combine some chapter of D. P. V. City.The thesis can be readedefficiently.

The tools (Density, Program, and Volume) of city planning are so simple but it makes the most conspicuous possibility of operation. In the condition, we can have the consensus of

statistic, diagram, and pure form. The discussion is workable because the basic knowledge and common sense are mixed to create the new paradigm of city planning. So it

is also the work that I need to make many conversations with my advisors and the instruct professor in the period of thesiswork

The idea of tools is useful to operate the designing process of D.P.V. City. The idea of process also is so simple that I try to make a continuous comparison of density, program,

and volume. When I find out a new question of a subject, the first work is to list other same kind of subjects, then making a comparison of them and, in the end, finding out the interesting

viewpoint from the option. It is a round in a sector. The several rounds lead the development of scheme to construct D.P.V. City.

Page 8: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

SAMPLE 1.

SAMPLE 1. SAMPLE 2. SAMPLE 3. SAMPLE 4. SAMPLE 5. SAMPLE 6. SAMPLE 7. SAMPLE 8.

SAMPLE 2.

SAMPLE 3.

SAMPLE 4.

SAMPLE 5.

SAMPLE 6.

SAMPLE 7.

SAMPLE 8.

FARMLAND

Paradigm 1.

Paradigm 2.

Paradigm 3.

Administrative Residencial

Paradigm 1.

Paradigm 2.

Paradigm 3.

Administrative

Factory

Taipei City Government

Shopping Mall

3: The Sampling of Experiment - Lian-yun Block

If trying to reappear the different sector of development of urban form, it would make the contradiction that no matter what reason the blocks were formed, the superimposed building only follow the current paradigm: the real estate of new principle of FAR (Floor Area Ratio).

Monga Village1709

Connection + Geography

Taipei Castle1885

Connection +Politics (China)

Simon Market1895

Connection + Economy

Administrative District1935

Politics (Japan)

Lian-yun Block1944

Connection +Japanese

Official Residences

Tun-Hwa South Road1980

Modern Urban Design +Economy

Water Canal1980

Modern Urban Design +Geography

Xinyi District1990

Modern Urban Design +Economy

2-2-1: Paradigm of Block

2-2-1: Paradigm of Block 1~8

Following the purposes of designing blocks, they always make sense for partial planning, but if we follow the view of topology, it would be easy to divide all blocks into three paradigms:

1. Focus of Society Politics2. Medieval street, and 3. Modern grid urban design.

Sometimes they are mixed for composite reasons (not purposes). The eight blocks each has the ability to earn enough information only by their forms. The blocks had program that obeyed their paradigm.

2-2-2: Paradigm of BuildingOriginally, the building form was constructed with its block because most of the time, the building allocation decides the roads’ direction, size, and even material. Buildings can be any form that fulfills its function. So how do we divide the building form into different paradigm?

FAR is one way that we can set the partitions for FAR intothree paradigms. The three paradigms also were covered from historical data, and the data proved it:

FAR 0.20 Shed, and 2.25 or 4.00 old or modern apartment building.

2-2: Displacement of Paradigms

2-1: Mapping - Old Town & New Town

Firstly, partial planning of a newer block cannot match the form of nearby past block completely, so the road system is broken.

Secondly, the current paradigm of building usually is cube but it cannot match the single block form that is abnormal shape.

ResidencialResidencialResidencialResidencial ResidencialOld Town New Town

FAR 0.20

FAR 4.00

FAR 2.25

N 76° W

N 89° W

S 81° WS 74° E

S 88° E

S 88° E

S 88° E

West EastOld Town

New Town

Core

Tiny Grid Massive Grid

Connection Connection Incision

Massive GridGrid

1709 1885 1944 1990

Taipei Station

Administration

Shopping Mall

2008

0m1200m

Like other Asian city, Taipei city is ordinary on its urban form because it has lacked planning to face the condition of population explosion in a short time. The city did not have time to adjust its density, public spaces, and skyline, etc. and quickly it was covered by a new principle that is greed.

The context is broken, and new paradigm is powerful but chaos. The city development is sick. In this way, the sampling of Taipei can help us to find out practical cause of the disease.

Following the mapping, it is not hard to figure out the block form that divides into the widely different two parts: the classic and modern outline.

The hidden information from the block form is invisible in the first time if we can not construct the groups of block units in the right way. However, the property of topology is an ideal catalyst that helps us to identify the meaning of elements, not just the accurate measure. For example, in the west side, many block units have the “core” that was a collecting centre. It was a pinpoint of early emigrants to connect the relationship with their society. People could have gathering, but the function is disappeared in the modern Taipei city, and the core only be occupied by mobiles that follow current traffic system.

In this way, it is possible to find out the property of different block forms. The characters represent that block forms have their purposes to be constructed, so blocks had programs originally. But the question is: Can the programs of blocks be continuous from past to now?In the other words, can the program of blocks still keep suitable when they were superimposed a completely new paradigm of buildings?

5. 6. 7. 8.

4.

3.2.

1.

FARMLAND

JAPANESE OFFICIAL RESIDENCES

1944RAILWAY

Administration Factory

2: Context and Paradigm - Sampling of Taipei City

Page 9: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

SAMPLE 1.

SAMPLE 1. SAMPLE 2. SAMPLE 3. SAMPLE 4. SAMPLE 5. SAMPLE 6. SAMPLE 7. SAMPLE 8.

SAMPLE 2.

SAMPLE 3.

SAMPLE 4.

SAMPLE 5.

SAMPLE 6.

SAMPLE 7.

SAMPLE 8.

FARMLAND

Paradigm 1.

Paradigm 2.

Paradigm 3.

Administrative Residencial

Paradigm 1.

Paradigm 2.

Paradigm 3.

Administrative

Factory

Taipei City Government

Shopping Mall

3: The Sampling of Experiment - Lian-yun Block

If trying to reappear the different sector of development of urban form, it would make the contradiction that no matter what reason the blocks were formed, the superimposed building only follow the current paradigm: the real estate of new principle of FAR (Floor Area Ratio).

Monga Village1709

Connection + Geography

Taipei Castle1885

Connection +Politics (China)

Simon Market1895

Connection + Economy

Administrative District1935

Politics (Japan)

Lian-yun Block1944

Connection +Japanese

Official Residences

Tun-Hwa South Road1980

Modern Urban Design +Economy

Water Canal1980

Modern Urban Design +Geography

Xinyi District1990

Modern Urban Design +Economy

2-2-1: Paradigm of Block

2-2-1: Paradigm of Block 1~8

Following the purposes of designing blocks, they always make sense for partial planning, but if we follow the view of topology, it would be easy to divide all blocks into three paradigms:

1. Focus of Society Politics2. Medieval street, and 3. Modern grid urban design.

Sometimes they are mixed for composite reasons (not purposes). The eight blocks each has the ability to earn enough information only by their forms. The blocks had program that obeyed their paradigm.

2-2-2: Paradigm of BuildingOriginally, the building form was constructed with its block because most of the time, the building allocation decides the roads’ direction, size, and even material. Buildings can be any form that fulfills its function. So how do we divide the building form into different paradigm?

FAR is one way that we can set the partitions for FAR intothree paradigms. The three paradigms also were covered from historical data, and the data proved it:

FAR 0.20 Shed, and 2.25 or 4.00 old or modern apartment building.

2-2: Displacement of Paradigms

2-1: Mapping - Old Town & New Town

Firstly, partial planning of a newer block cannot match the form of nearby past block completely, so the road system is broken.

Secondly, the current paradigm of building usually is cube but it cannot match the single block form that is abnormal shape.

ResidencialResidencialResidencialResidencial ResidencialOld Town New Town

FAR 0.20

FAR 4.00

FAR 2.25

N 76° W

N 89° W

S 81° WS 74° E

S 88° E

S 88° E

S 88° E

West EastOld Town

New Town

Core

Tiny Grid Massive Grid

Connection Connection Incision

Massive GridGrid

1709 1885 1944 1990

Taipei Station

Administration

Shopping Mall

2008

0m1200m

Like other Asian city, Taipei city is ordinary on its urban form because it has lacked planning to face the condition of population explosion in a short time. The city did not have time to adjust its density, public spaces, and skyline, etc. and quickly it was covered by a new principle that is greed.

The context is broken, and new paradigm is powerful but chaos. The city development is sick. In this way, the sampling of Taipei can help us to find out practical cause of the disease.

Following the mapping, it is not hard to figure out the block form that divides into the widely different two parts: the classic and modern outline.

The hidden information from the block form is invisible in the first time if we can not construct the groups of block units in the right way. However, the property of topology is an ideal catalyst that helps us to identify the meaning of elements, not just the accurate measure. For example, in the west side, many block units have the “core” that was a collecting centre. It was a pinpoint of early emigrants to connect the relationship with their society. People could have gathering, but the function is disappeared in the modern Taipei city, and the core only be occupied by mobiles that follow current traffic system.

In this way, it is possible to find out the property of different block forms. The characters represent that block forms have their purposes to be constructed, so blocks had programs originally. But the question is: Can the programs of blocks be continuous from past to now?In the other words, can the program of blocks still keep suitable when they were superimposed a completely new paradigm of buildings?

5. 6. 7. 8.

4.

3.2.

1.

FARMLAND

JAPANESE OFFICIAL RESIDENCES

1944RAILWAY

Administration Factory

2: Context and Paradigm - Sampling of Taipei City

Page 10: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Floor 0 ~ 2

FAR 0.20 FAR 0.20 FAR 2.25FAR 4.00

Floor 3 ~ 5Floor 6 ~ 10Floor 11 ~

Dwelling no.3 FAR 2.25

Dwelling no.3-1FAR 3.00

Dwelling no.3-2FAR 4.00

Park

Dwelling no.3FAR 5.60

1 ~ 3 m3.1 ~ 6 m6.1 ~ 9 m9.1 ~ m

1944

2008 True FAR

1932

1944?1932?

2008

2008

3: The Sampling of Experiment - Lian-yun Block

4: Activate the Density - Density Arrangement of Lian-yun Block

Reason : Lian-yun Block is classic in Taipei city with the aspects of D.P.V.: the classic density (10000 people / 22ha for whole block = 455 people / 1ha, the block original program (The district of Japanese Official Residences is the original purpose of block form), and superimposing of the traditional volume (FAR 2.25 or 4.00) but it is scanty of well planning.

The classic density (10000 people / 22ha)

Planned FAR≠ True FAREvery city has an official guide of urban design, but for some city, it is too complicated and meaninglessly flexible, so it never plays the most important role to supervise the city environment. The contradiction grows extremely for a city. The banal planned FAR is far away for true FAR, and no one can obtain any benefit for the contradiction, just only aggravation. The city’s possibility is hidden.

Expected FAR

Width of the Streets

Weak Connection

Outline of the Block Planning FAR

Imbalance of RoadConnection betweenWest and East

Same Paradigmbetween1932 and 1944

Farmland withWater Canal

Japanese OfficialResidences

The Main Road Systemworks well but SubsidiaryRoad System works poorly

Different Paradigmbetween1944 and 2008

A. High Level RevenueB. Middle Level RevenueC. Low Level Revenue

A. Cover by AvenueB. New Avenue

B. A.

A.

B.

C.

C.

C. C. C.

B.

It would be a disaster if we cannot abandonthe current planning of real estate in Taipei city. Moreover, the city needs a new paradigm. The paradigm may have the ability to provide diversity of density arrangement and recoveries the contexts that suits the original program of block.

?The population density of a city never stay in a moment or an area, instead, it would increase, decrease, or even transform at any time. People usually careless the urban form but it changes gradually. How do we realize and control the dynamic situation for a city? The exact sampling and compared statistics for a continuous variation would be useful to sensor why Taipei city has the subtle form in the time.

Providing a new condition or a catalyst for current density of Taipei city can stimulate imagination for the other Taipei. Activating the Density is the first step to reconstruct a new city that follows a new paradigm. It would lead other possibilities after.

Following the idea of variation of density, can we expect that we may have the ability to recovery part of the context of Lian-yun block program: Japanese official residences?

Page 11: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Floor 0 ~ 2

FAR 0.20 FAR 0.20 FAR 2.25FAR 4.00

Floor 3 ~ 5Floor 6 ~ 10Floor 11 ~

Dwelling no.3 FAR 2.25

Dwelling no.3-1FAR 3.00

Dwelling no.3-2FAR 4.00

Park

Dwelling no.3FAR 5.60

1 ~ 3 m3.1 ~ 6 m6.1 ~ 9 m9.1 ~ m

1944

2008 True FAR

1932

1944?1932?

2008

2008

3: The Sampling of Experiment - Lian-yun Block

4: Activate the Density - Density Arrangement of Lian-yun Block

Reason : Lian-yun Block is classic in Taipei city with the aspects of D.P.V.: the classic density (10000 people / 22ha for whole block = 455 people / 1ha, the block original program (The district of Japanese Official Residences is the original purpose of block form), and superimposing of the traditional volume (FAR 2.25 or 4.00) but it is scanty of well planning.

The classic density (10000 people / 22ha)

Planned FAR≠ True FAREvery city has an official guide of urban design, but for some city, it is too complicated and meaninglessly flexible, so it never plays the most important role to supervise the city environment. The contradiction grows extremely for a city. The banal planned FAR is far away for true FAR, and no one can obtain any benefit for the contradiction, just only aggravation. The city’s possibility is hidden.

Expected FAR

Width of the Streets

Weak Connection

Outline of the Block Planning FAR

Imbalance of RoadConnection betweenWest and East

Same Paradigmbetween1932 and 1944

Farmland withWater Canal

Japanese OfficialResidences

The Main Road Systemworks well but SubsidiaryRoad System works poorly

Different Paradigmbetween1944 and 2008

A. High Level RevenueB. Middle Level RevenueC. Low Level Revenue

A. Cover by AvenueB. New Avenue

B. A.

A.

B.

C.

C.

C. C. C.

B.

It would be a disaster if we cannot abandonthe current planning of real estate in Taipei city. Moreover, the city needs a new paradigm. The paradigm may have the ability to provide diversity of density arrangement and recoveries the contexts that suits the original program of block.

?The population density of a city never stay in a moment or an area, instead, it would increase, decrease, or even transform at any time. People usually careless the urban form but it changes gradually. How do we realize and control the dynamic situation for a city? The exact sampling and compared statistics for a continuous variation would be useful to sensor why Taipei city has the subtle form in the time.

Providing a new condition or a catalyst for current density of Taipei city can stimulate imagination for the other Taipei. Activating the Density is the first step to reconstruct a new city that follows a new paradigm. It would lead other possibilities after.

Following the idea of variation of density, can we expect that we may have the ability to recovery part of the context of Lian-yun block program: Japanese official residences?

Page 12: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

100A

200B

300C

400D

600F

700G

800H

900I

1000J

0OP

FAR 0.00Floor 0Mix Trees

FAR 1.91Floor 3~6Mix TreesandBusinessChaos

FAR 0.13Floor 1~2Mix Trees

FAR 0.30Floor 1~2Mix Trees

FAR 3.08Floor 3~6Mix Business

FAR 2.25Floor 7

FAR 3.82Floor 5~8 Congestion

Congestion

Chaos

Chaos

FAR 2.45Floor 9

FAR 4.54Floor 12

FAR 8.64Floor 17

Business

Business

Open Park

Open Park

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

4-1: Assessment of Density [A. ~ J.] [100 ~ 1000 people / 1ha in Taipei] 4-2: Reconstruct the Density Group

4-1-1: Paradigm 1. - Cover the Area of Taipei cityA.100 and B.200: The building paradigm was formed from 1900 to 1950. All of that are Japanese residences and they perfectly match the original model of Lian-yun Block.

4-1-2: Paradigm 2. - Cover the Area of Taipei cityC.300: The same building paradigm with D.400 and E.500, it is an exception and also a surviving chance for the kind of paradigm because it has a suit public park. Arranging it in a right way and it would be the other A.100 or B.200.

D.400 and D.500: The density D.400 and E.500 are covering most area of Taipei city because they were formed with the era of population explosion that matches the beginning of current Taipei city. The city grows slowly and loses the chance to own progress for whole area in the mid-town of Taipei city.

4-1-3: Paradigm 3. - Cover the Area of Taipei cityE.600: It is also a chance to save G.700 because it arranges it’s FAR more rational. However, it only sets on suburb now. A transplant operation of E.600 can be an option for Taipei City form.

The density between 400 ~ 500 people/ha is the most common condtion in Taipei City. If we expect to discard the old paradigm of Taipei city, it means that we need to discard the density zone to be the first choice.

G.700: Form of G.700: would be a primary new paradigm in Taipei. It may have progress hardware that compares with D.400 or E.500, but it still represents the more congestion for an area, a block. It cannot take any benefit for surrounding environment.

H.800, I.900, and J.1000: They are the highest density groups and all of them are public housing, providing for middle-class family, more congestion, less personal space. What we can expect is their open space and security. If higher congestion can release more open space nearby, it also can be an ideal option.

Measuring of population density is complex because it never stays in a fixed quantity in an area, so transforming the population density to urban form also never stays in a fixed form in an area, too. Can we find a way to assess the density of Taipei city in some kinds of fixed form or FAR? Following the Chapter 2 (Context and Paradigm), Taipei city’s building form is exclusive. The paradigm has leaded the people to construct their city in one way. In an era, they only have designed a fixed form with a fixed density. For example, the density of D. 400 people/ 1 ha in Taipei, it was made only with the form

with FAR 2.25, 4 to 6 floors, no public space, and congestion because the situation was an echo of the population explosion from 1970 to 1990. The population densities of Taipei city from 0 to 1000 / 1 ha [OP., A. to J.] can divide into three paradigms that teach people who live in Taipei city for one hundred years. Moreover, the three paradigms of density form [A. to J.] are only existed building form in the modern world that we can see.

500E

FAR 3.40Floor 3~6Mix Business

Business

South Elevation North Elevation

OP. [0 x 22] = 0 people / 22ha

A. [100 x 22] = 2200 people / 22ha

B. [200 x 22] = 4400 people / 22ha

C. [300 x 22] = 6600 people / 22ha

F. [600 x 22] = 13200 people / 22ha

G. [700 x 22] = 15400 people / 22ha

H. [800 x 22] = 17600 people / 22ha

I. [900 x 22] = 19800 people / 22ha

J. [1000 x 22] = 22000 people / 22ha

Even: 10000 people / 22 ha

D. [400 x 22] = 8800 people / 22ha

E. [500 x 22] = 11000 people / 22ha

We must need a completely uneven city form in the future. The question is: Is it possible to pursue an extreme city form, in the mean time, and pursue a relatively rational city form? It is the other contradiction.

Can we expect an even city form that only follows a paradigm in an area of 22ha, a block area? Furthermore, can we expect an even city form that helps Taipei city to keep continuous development?

Model E. is the closest with the Current Taipei City Form

65%

5%

30%

Even: + Heritages <10000 people / 22 ha Even: + Heritages + New Residences = 10000 people / 22 ha

Uneven: + Heritages + New Residences = 10000 people / 22 haUneven: + Heritages < 10000 people / 22 ha Uneven: + Heritages < 10000 people / 22 ha

Page 13: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

100A

200B

300C

400D

600F

700G

800H

900I

1000J

0OP

FAR 0.00Floor 0Mix Trees

FAR 1.91Floor 3~6Mix TreesandBusinessChaos

FAR 0.13Floor 1~2Mix Trees

FAR 0.30Floor 1~2Mix Trees

FAR 3.08Floor 3~6Mix Business

FAR 2.25Floor 7

FAR 3.82Floor 5~8 Congestion

Congestion

Chaos

Chaos

FAR 2.45Floor 9

FAR 4.54Floor 12

FAR 8.64Floor 17

Business

Business

Open Park

Open Park

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

South Elevation North Elevation

4-1: Assessment of Density [A. ~ J.] [100 ~ 1000 people / 1ha in Taipei] 4-2: Reconstruct the Density Group

4-1-1: Paradigm 1. - Cover the Area of Taipei cityA.100 and B.200: The building paradigm was formed from 1900 to 1950. All of that are Japanese residences and they perfectly match the original model of Lian-yun Block.

4-1-2: Paradigm 2. - Cover the Area of Taipei cityC.300: The same building paradigm with D.400 and E.500, it is an exception and also a surviving chance for the kind of paradigm because it has a suit public park. Arranging it in a right way and it would be the other A.100 or B.200.

D.400 and D.500: The density D.400 and E.500 are covering most area of Taipei city because they were formed with the era of population explosion that matches the beginning of current Taipei city. The city grows slowly and loses the chance to own progress for whole area in the mid-town of Taipei city.

4-1-3: Paradigm 3. - Cover the Area of Taipei cityE.600: It is also a chance to save G.700 because it arranges it’s FAR more rational. However, it only sets on suburb now. A transplant operation of E.600 can be an option for Taipei City form.

The density between 400 ~ 500 people/ha is the most common condtion in Taipei City. If we expect to discard the old paradigm of Taipei city, it means that we need to discard the density zone to be the first choice.

G.700: Form of G.700: would be a primary new paradigm in Taipei. It may have progress hardware that compares with D.400 or E.500, but it still represents the more congestion for an area, a block. It cannot take any benefit for surrounding environment.

H.800, I.900, and J.1000: They are the highest density groups and all of them are public housing, providing for middle-class family, more congestion, less personal space. What we can expect is their open space and security. If higher congestion can release more open space nearby, it also can be an ideal option.

Measuring of population density is complex because it never stays in a fixed quantity in an area, so transforming the population density to urban form also never stays in a fixed form in an area, too. Can we find a way to assess the density of Taipei city in some kinds of fixed form or FAR? Following the Chapter 2 (Context and Paradigm), Taipei city’s building form is exclusive. The paradigm has leaded the people to construct their city in one way. In an era, they only have designed a fixed form with a fixed density. For example, the density of D. 400 people/ 1 ha in Taipei, it was made only with the form

with FAR 2.25, 4 to 6 floors, no public space, and congestion because the situation was an echo of the population explosion from 1970 to 1990. The population densities of Taipei city from 0 to 1000 / 1 ha [OP., A. to J.] can divide into three paradigms that teach people who live in Taipei city for one hundred years. Moreover, the three paradigms of density form [A. to J.] are only existed building form in the modern world that we can see.

500E

FAR 3.40Floor 3~6Mix Business

Business

South Elevation North Elevation

OP. [0 x 22] = 0 people / 22ha

A. [100 x 22] = 2200 people / 22ha

B. [200 x 22] = 4400 people / 22ha

C. [300 x 22] = 6600 people / 22ha

F. [600 x 22] = 13200 people / 22ha

G. [700 x 22] = 15400 people / 22ha

H. [800 x 22] = 17600 people / 22ha

I. [900 x 22] = 19800 people / 22ha

J. [1000 x 22] = 22000 people / 22ha

Even: 10000 people / 22 ha

D. [400 x 22] = 8800 people / 22ha

E. [500 x 22] = 11000 people / 22ha

We must need a completely uneven city form in the future. The question is: Is it possible to pursue an extreme city form, in the mean time, and pursue a relatively rational city form? It is the other contradiction.

Can we expect an even city form that only follows a paradigm in an area of 22ha, a block area? Furthermore, can we expect an even city form that helps Taipei city to keep continuous development?

Model E. is the closest with the Current Taipei City Form

65%

5%

30%

Even: + Heritages <10000 people / 22 ha Even: + Heritages + New Residences = 10000 people / 22 ha

Uneven: + Heritages + New Residences = 10000 people / 22 haUneven: + Heritages < 10000 people / 22 ha Uneven: + Heritages < 10000 people / 22 ha

Page 14: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Case.1 [ D.E.G.J. + OP. ]Choosing a middle group in the case is appropriate Adding a massive OP is the powerful method to leave [D.,E.,G.] The subsidiary densities are failed The even quantity in low density can provide more multiple volume

Case.5 [ C.F.H. + ] Case.7 [ A.B.C. + ]Case.3 Erase [ D.G. ]

4-2: Reconstruct the Density Group of Lian-yun Block - 10000 People/ 22ha 4-3: 8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure

4-2-1: Erase the [D., E., G.] - Control Group 4-2-2: Rewrite Others [OP., A., B., C., F., H., I., J.]- Experimental GroupThe control groups in the experiment have discussion about outline of Taipei city form, so it is rational to be the first step. Furthermore, making judgments is easier than experimental groups because we not only can check current Taipei city form but also can check the density reconstruction of the form. The most important is that the process of erasing is continuous and comparable.

Excluding the density group [D., E., G.] is finished, and designing other possibility of groups is useful to make a comparison between control group and experimental group. A relatively extreme city form can be the option to make a test. So it means that the Case.1 ~ 4 are constructed from middle density to two sides and the Case.5 ~ 8 vice versa.

4-2-1a: Fluctuation 4-2-1b: Catalyst 4-2-1c: ReplacementIncrease or decrease of the population density is basic idea to adjust a city form, and also sustained formation has the trajectory that is valid to identify every stage in a case. In this way, limitary conditions can be figured out and it will be efficient to create a new city form continuously.

When meeting with a few un-ideal states happens, injecting some catalysts (such as enormous or tiny Open Park) into the case can drastically transform a city form into an entirely different city. For example, if it is hard to abandon the group [D., E., G.], it would needs a catalyst that comes from low density or high density to solve the problem.

Researching some replaceable proposal of [D., E., G.] is the most efficient way to leave original groups. For example, in Caes.2, [C., F.] is the option to replace [D., G.]. It would be clear that the [D., G.] is disappeared because the two neighbors replace the function of [C., F.] well.

4-2-2a: Reference 4-2-2b: Support 4-2-2c: SupplyAfter deciding experimental groups, adding other densities into compared types would guide spatial features to be clear. For example, in Case.7, the proportion of [A., B.] can be adjusted to [B., C.] by the variation from extreme [I., J.] to relative rational [F., H.].

Adding one or two other densities can make a more beautiful proportion. In Case.5, group [C., F., H.] is fixed. Then adding [A., J., D., OP., and B.] is supports to modify proportion of group [C., F., H.]. In the compared options, added densities cannot provide any benefits, so it is clear that the original type in the case still is the best option.

What strategy is bold consideration? If having bold idea is an option, the work is to find out how to supply it to be rationalized. For example, in Case.6, group [A., J.] is the setting option. In the extreme urban form, supply of other densities would be useful to create other rational types. In the time, it would be easier to find an ideal type in the case.

Too EvenVlume

TooExtremeVlume

C. 10ha

C. 16ha

F. 14ha

The kindsofCatalystarefailed

It isfailedto addthecatalysts

600:800

400:2400

1400:1200

4000

1000

6000Theextremeconditionisstillexisted

Population3200vs4200

A huge area of single density is not the optionCase.2 [ D.G. -> C.F. ] Case.4 [ E. -> C.G. ]

E= 0 is successiful in the two last groups, and more even one is the optionCase.6 [ A.J. + ]

In the dramatic condition, rationalization is more important The massive J is not the option in any situationCase.8 [ J. + ]

Population

>>

>>

>

Case1.

Case2.

Case3.

Case4.

Case5.

Case6.

Fault

O.K

O.K

O.K

Designing density groups step by step, then they all follow the standard of density 10000 people/ 22ha to construct new density arrangement. From familiar city form to unfamiliar, how many city forms can be imagined? The most important question is that which city forms are ideal to recovery the local context of Lian-yun Block.

It is a traveling from Taipei city to others such as New York, Beijing, Mexico City, etc.

If setting the density group [D.E.G.] represents current Taipei city form and superimposes it into the current Lian-yun block: density 10000 people/ 22ha, we can realize the true current city form clearly.

4-2a: Step1 - Construct Formula 4-2b: Step2 - Discard [D., E., G.] 4-2c: Step3 - Pursue Diversity 4-2d: Step4 - Pursue Rationalization

It is notexisted inthe currentworld

Page 15: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Case.1 [ D.E.G.J. + OP. ]Choosing a middle group in the case is appropriate Adding a massive OP is the powerful method to leave [D.,E.,G.] The subsidiary densities are failed The even quantity in low density can provide more multiple volume

Case.5 [ C.F.H. + ] Case.7 [ A.B.C. + ]Case.3 Erase [ D.G. ]

4-2: Reconstruct the Density Group of Lian-yun Block - 10000 People/ 22ha 4-3: 8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure

4-2-1: Erase the [D., E., G.] - Control Group 4-2-2: Rewrite Others [OP., A., B., C., F., H., I., J.]- Experimental GroupThe control groups in the experiment have discussion about outline of Taipei city form, so it is rational to be the first step. Furthermore, making judgments is easier than experimental groups because we not only can check current Taipei city form but also can check the density reconstruction of the form. The most important is that the process of erasing is continuous and comparable.

Excluding the density group [D., E., G.] is finished, and designing other possibility of groups is useful to make a comparison between control group and experimental group. A relatively extreme city form can be the option to make a test. So it means that the Case.1 ~ 4 are constructed from middle density to two sides and the Case.5 ~ 8 vice versa.

4-2-1a: Fluctuation 4-2-1b: Catalyst 4-2-1c: ReplacementIncrease or decrease of the population density is basic idea to adjust a city form, and also sustained formation has the trajectory that is valid to identify every stage in a case. In this way, limitary conditions can be figured out and it will be efficient to create a new city form continuously.

When meeting with a few un-ideal states happens, injecting some catalysts (such as enormous or tiny Open Park) into the case can drastically transform a city form into an entirely different city. For example, if it is hard to abandon the group [D., E., G.], it would needs a catalyst that comes from low density or high density to solve the problem.

Researching some replaceable proposal of [D., E., G.] is the most efficient way to leave original groups. For example, in Caes.2, [C., F.] is the option to replace [D., G.]. It would be clear that the [D., G.] is disappeared because the two neighbors replace the function of [C., F.] well.

4-2-2a: Reference 4-2-2b: Support 4-2-2c: SupplyAfter deciding experimental groups, adding other densities into compared types would guide spatial features to be clear. For example, in Case.7, the proportion of [A., B.] can be adjusted to [B., C.] by the variation from extreme [I., J.] to relative rational [F., H.].

Adding one or two other densities can make a more beautiful proportion. In Case.5, group [C., F., H.] is fixed. Then adding [A., J., D., OP., and B.] is supports to modify proportion of group [C., F., H.]. In the compared options, added densities cannot provide any benefits, so it is clear that the original type in the case still is the best option.

What strategy is bold consideration? If having bold idea is an option, the work is to find out how to supply it to be rationalized. For example, in Case.6, group [A., J.] is the setting option. In the extreme urban form, supply of other densities would be useful to create other rational types. In the time, it would be easier to find an ideal type in the case.

Too EvenVlume

TooExtremeVlume

C. 10ha

C. 16ha

F. 14ha

The kindsofCatalystarefailed

It isfailedto addthecatalysts

600:800

400:2400

1400:1200

4000

1000

6000Theextremeconditionisstillexisted

Population3200vs4200

A huge area of single density is not the optionCase.2 [ D.G. -> C.F. ] Case.4 [ E. -> C.G. ]

E= 0 is successiful in the two last groups, and more even one is the optionCase.6 [ A.J. + ]

In the dramatic condition, rationalization is more important The massive J is not the option in any situationCase.8 [ J. + ]

Population

>>

>>

>

Case1.

Case2.

Case3.

Case4.

Case5.

Case6.

Fault

O.K

O.K

O.K

Designing density groups step by step, then they all follow the standard of density 10000 people/ 22ha to construct new density arrangement. From familiar city form to unfamiliar, how many city forms can be imagined? The most important question is that which city forms are ideal to recovery the local context of Lian-yun Block.

It is a traveling from Taipei city to others such as New York, Beijing, Mexico City, etc.

If setting the density group [D.E.G.] represents current Taipei city form and superimposes it into the current Lian-yun block: density 10000 people/ 22ha, we can realize the true current city form clearly.

4-2a: Step1 - Construct Formula 4-2b: Step2 - Discard [D., E., G.] 4-2c: Step3 - Pursue Diversity 4-2d: Step4 - Pursue Rationalization

It is notexisted inthe currentworld

Page 16: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

TYP

E1

TYP

E4

TYP

E7

Team1.A.B.C.

x1

Team1.A.B.C.

x1

Team2.D.E.x18

Team3.F.G.x3

Team1.A.B.C.

x9

Team1.A.B.C.

x9

Team3.F.G.x13

Team1.A.B.C.

x14

Team1.A.B.C.

x14

Team3.F.G.x6

Team0.OP.A.

x4

Team0.OP.A.

x1

Team2.D.E.x12

Team4.H.I.J.

x2

Team0.OP.A.x10

Team0.OP.A.x10

Team2.D.E.x3

Team4.H.I.J.

x9

Team4.H.I.J.

x2

Team1.A.B.C.

x12

Team1.A.B.C.

x12

Team3.F.G.x8

Team4.H.I.J.

x2

Team1.A.B.C.

x11

Team1.A.B.C.

x11

Team1.A.B.C.

x10

Team3.F.G.x7

Team4.H.I.J.

x4

Team0.OP.A.

x7

Team0.OP.A.

x7

Team3.F.G.x14

Team4.H.I.J.

x1

Team1.A.B.C.

x10

Team3.F.G.x5

Team4.H.I.J.

x7

Team3.F.G.x4

4-3: 8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure

4-3-1: Check the Proportion

The city form is not topology. Following topology idea, the eight cases can be separated into three kinds: The Hole, Balanceable M Shape Society (Population), and The

Backyard, but the classification is not useful to reconstruct a precise city form, so it must need a further step. Comparing their proportion in separate classification leads the

question: a relatively uneven population arrangement or relatively even city form, which one is more necessary for a new paradigm of Taipei city?

ps: the explanation of uneven population arrangement means that the 10000 people are separated into two part: low density area and high density area but they have near population as 4500 : 5500. The city form will be extreme as Type3.

4-3-2: Check the Arrangement

Transforming the density list to section, the arrangement leads other idea about the context of city form

(especially of Lian-yun Block). Arrangement from growth line to valley line makes meaningful variation that

compare which density is enough, suited, and even ideal density arrangement in an area of city form.

The density arrangement follows expected Lian-Yun Block context: Japanese Official Residences. If assuming the program only can be protected in the inside block, the arrangement from one side to the core to the other side= High density to low density and back to high density.

Density Arrangement 1 Density Arrangement 24-3a: The Hole – Type 1. 3. 8.What scale of an open park is enough in Lian-yun Block? If recovering context of Lian-yun block is the purpose, it is hard to allow huge open park that break the context.

The hole should be narrower because the lower density zone cannot be wasted just for massive garden. In this way,

Type1 is the first option in the classification.

4-3b: Balanceable M Shape Society – Type 4. 5.Choosing a more balanceable population arrangement and less even volume is appropriate in the classification because the future population moving between two parts will be easier in the condition. Even city form and uneven population arrangement never be the option.

Type4 is the best option in the classification.

4-3c: The Backyard – Type 2. 6. 7.Dislike the Hole, consideration of the amount of lower density group [A., B., C.] is necessary because it cannot cause a powerful pressure of higher density area nearby. Type6: larger space with low densituyrelatively waste too many spaces.

Type2: smaller space with lowdensity relatively too even for a new city form.

After abandoning above two types, Type7 is the ideal option in the classification.

Low Density : High Density 1000 : 9000

5: Activate the Programs - Program Resources of Lian- yun Block

The classic programs(Eight Elements)

T4 : 4200 : 5800T5 : 3600 : 6400

In the sector, the purpose of “activating the program” is to reconstruct the ideal operation of local programs and let the programs to appropriately match the density arrangements of Three Types from the 5-4.

Following the process [Eight Elements] > [Reprogramming] > [Add Amounts of the Programs] > [Add New Programs] > [Rearrange the status of eight Elements] of activating the program is useful to reach the purpose. Revealing a discussion about the roles of current programs is rational because we cannot change the form of the world completely.

What resources we own already? And how do we activate them again and let them working well with a new paradigm of city form? Recovery parts of Local Context, Reallocate the Location of Business and Parking Space, and Set the option of Open Park and Housing Space are all the ideas to design a new environment of Taipei City form.

Page 17: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

TYP

E1

TYP

E4

TYP

E7

Team1.A.B.C.

x1

Team1.A.B.C.

x1

Team2.D.E.x18

Team3.F.G.x3

Team1.A.B.C.

x9

Team1.A.B.C.

x9

Team3.F.G.x13

Team1.A.B.C.

x14

Team1.A.B.C.

x14

Team3.F.G.x6

Team0.OP.A.

x4

Team0.OP.A.

x1

Team2.D.E.x12

Team4.H.I.J.

x2

Team0.OP.A.x10

Team0.OP.A.x10

Team2.D.E.x3

Team4.H.I.J.

x9

Team4.H.I.J.

x2

Team1.A.B.C.

x12

Team1.A.B.C.

x12

Team3.F.G.x8

Team4.H.I.J.

x2

Team1.A.B.C.

x11

Team1.A.B.C.

x11

Team1.A.B.C.

x10

Team3.F.G.x7

Team4.H.I.J.

x4

Team0.OP.A.

x7

Team0.OP.A.

x7

Team3.F.G.x14

Team4.H.I.J.

x1

Team1.A.B.C.

x10

Team3.F.G.x5

Team4.H.I.J.

x7

Team3.F.G.x4

4-3: 8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure

4-3-1: Check the Proportion

The city form is not topology. Following topology idea, the eight cases can be separated into three kinds: The Hole, Balanceable M Shape Society (Population), and The

Backyard, but the classification is not useful to reconstruct a precise city form, so it must need a further step. Comparing their proportion in separate classification leads the

question: a relatively uneven population arrangement or relatively even city form, which one is more necessary for a new paradigm of Taipei city?

ps: the explanation of uneven population arrangement means that the 10000 people are separated into two part: low density area and high density area but they have near population as 4500 : 5500. The city form will be extreme as Type3.

4-3-2: Check the Arrangement

Transforming the density list to section, the arrangement leads other idea about the context of city form

(especially of Lian-yun Block). Arrangement from growth line to valley line makes meaningful variation that

compare which density is enough, suited, and even ideal density arrangement in an area of city form.

The density arrangement follows expected Lian-Yun Block context: Japanese Official Residences. If assuming the program only can be protected in the inside block, the arrangement from one side to the core to the other side= High density to low density and back to high density.

Density Arrangement 1 Density Arrangement 24-3a: The Hole – Type 1. 3. 8.What scale of an open park is enough in Lian-yun Block? If recovering context of Lian-yun block is the purpose, it is hard to allow huge open park that break the context.

The hole should be narrower because the lower density zone cannot be wasted just for massive garden. In this way,

Type1 is the first option in the classification.

4-3b: Balanceable M Shape Society – Type 4. 5.Choosing a more balanceable population arrangement and less even volume is appropriate in the classification because the future population moving between two parts will be easier in the condition. Even city form and uneven population arrangement never be the option.

Type4 is the best option in the classification.

4-3c: The Backyard – Type 2. 6. 7.Dislike the Hole, consideration of the amount of lower density group [A., B., C.] is necessary because it cannot cause a powerful pressure of higher density area nearby. Type6: larger space with low densituyrelatively waste too many spaces.

Type2: smaller space with lowdensity relatively too even for a new city form.

After abandoning above two types, Type7 is the ideal option in the classification.

Low Density : High Density 1000 : 9000

5: Activate the Programs - Program Resources of Lian- yun Block

The classic programs(Eight Elements)

T4 : 4200 : 5800T5 : 3600 : 6400

In the sector, the purpose of “activating the program” is to reconstruct the ideal operation of local programs and let the programs to appropriately match the density arrangements of Three Types from the 5-4.

Following the process [Eight Elements] > [Reprogramming] > [Add Amounts of the Programs] > [Add New Programs] > [Rearrange the status of eight Elements] of activating the program is useful to reach the purpose. Revealing a discussion about the roles of current programs is rational because we cannot change the form of the world completely.

What resources we own already? And how do we activate them again and let them working well with a new paradigm of city form? Recovery parts of Local Context, Reallocate the Location of Business and Parking Space, and Set the option of Open Park and Housing Space are all the ideas to design a new environment of Taipei City form.

Page 18: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

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7 - 1 1

W e s t e r n M e d i c i n eB e a u t y C a r e

Sta

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b u f f e t 7 - 1 1F o o d

S h u S h iV e n d o r

J a p a n e s e F o o d

P r o p e r t y A g e n c yP r o p e r t y A g e n c y

P r o p e r t y A g e n c y

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T i l e

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M a i n t e n a n c eA u t o S t o r e sB o o k S t o r eW a t e rV e n d o rV e n d o r sB u i l d i n g M a t e r i a l s

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T e l e c o m

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mb

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PARK I NG

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P A R K I N G

P A R K I N G

P A R K I N G

P A R KP A R K

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C l o t h i n gA c c e s s o r i e sO t h e r I t e m s

H o u s i n g a g e n c yH o m e I m p r o v e m e n t

E d u c a t i o n a lO f f i c e

A u t o & M o t o

A t h l e t i c sL e i s u r e

C h i n e s e C l i n i cW e s t e r n C l i n i c

O t h e r

P a r kT r e e

J a p a n e s e - S t y l eR e s i d e n c e s

P a r k i n g

0m100m

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

OldTrees

OldTrees

PARK I NG

OldTrees Old

Trees

OldTrees

North

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

5-1-1: 8 Elements of Lian- yun Block All Current Situation100%

Housing66%

Now

524 Building =

10000 people

Future

? Building [=] or [>]

10000 people

3.6444 ha Road + Path > 3.6444 ha

x 2

2079.7 m2 + 988 m2 = 3067 m2

[0] , [0.5] , [2] , [4] , [7] , [10] ha

41 Buildings = 5631 m2 41 Buildings + Yards = 11784 m2

3 Buildings = 450.2 m2

Flow

3 Buildings + Squares

= 450.2 m2 + ? m2

2.3118 ha 23117.6 m2 =21430.8 m2 + 1685.9 m2

Floor 1 Business Building

Level 3 = 23Level 2 = 67

Level 1 = 193

Level 3 Tree Square = 23 x 50.24 m2Level 2= 67Level 1 = 193

Floor 1 = 5514 m2

Prosonal Parkign Space = ? m2

Taipei City = 730000 mobiles / 2629269 peopleAverage 2778 mobiles / 10000 people-> Flow2778 mobiles = Floor 1 = 73500 m2 = Parking Tower 15265 m2

Road17%

Parking17% x 15%

Open Space17% x 8%

Old Trees17% x 0.1%

Shrines17% x 1%

JapaneseOfficial

Residences

17% x 15%

Vendors

Business17% x 61%

Program of AllNew Situation100%

Add Programof Activity

Others withoutBusiness39%

Others17%

Program of Housingsurplus%

Environment

Leisure

Generation

Gender

Kid

Old

Women

Program of Road17% +Path5%

Program of Others17% +8% [147%]

From 39%Up to 86%

Road 17%

Others17%

Road ? %

Others? %

Others25 %

Road 17%

Others17%

Path5%

Others17%

Business61%

Open Park 8%

JapaneseOfficial Residences15%

Housing66%

Housing66%

Housing? %

Housing? %

Housing66%

Paper / BottleRecycle Place

Wading PoolReading Room

Garden

Gathering PlaceReading Room

Reading Room

Basketball Court

Tennis Court

Kindergartion

Pleasure Ground

Child-Care Center

SandfieldKid School Way

Old Party

Woman Safe

Parking30%

JapaneseOfficialResidences30%

Japanese OfficialResidences15% x 2

4524

.7 m

2

3357

.7 m

2

5303

.9 m

2

1295

.7 m

2

2613

.4 m

2

1085

.1 m

2

450.

3 m

2

4486

.8 m

2

The parking space is not enough extremely, so using parking Tower is appropriate

The area of road system is increased but it mainly serves the pedestrian

Consideration of Building would be abandoned in new paradigm

Providing more kinds and different size of Open Park is flexible

The biggest trees provide the shadow areas that cotain activity

Business is not only happened at first floor

Housing53 %

In the quality and quantity, raising the standard that reaches the necessity of Lian-yun block in the future is necessary now. It needs more ideas and expectation to reach a better city form.On one hand, the standard will be useful to assist density arrangement of three Types in 4-3 (8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure). On the other hand, it also will challenge the density arrangement because a new urban form that follows a new paradigm always accompanies its new programs. The contradiction would be fixed in next chapter.

5-1-2: Area Proportion of Current Programs

5-1-5: Area Proportion of Renewed Programs

5-1-4: Add quantity of the Programs

5-1-3: Current Program + Reprogramming

5-1-6: Add New Programs of ActivityEnvironment/ Generation/ Gender

If the expectation of more new programs is enhanced, fulfilling living quality of the community is reasonable choice. Moreover, the programs can be selected with different ideas. Who need to be cared is the question.

Quantity of the programs has risen without planning, so it is a chaotic situation now. A community always needs more open parks, trees, and parking spaces.

If inputting the increased spatial quantity into original space, the space cannot shoulder it in the traditional method. It provides a reason to find a new paradigm.

The proportion arrangement of the elements provides clear information to realize their status ranking. The variation of area proportion also can be checked clearly in the sector.

Measuring the area of current programs is simple, but if the program needs to follow a new paradigm, the way of assessment must be changed, too. First, the elements are not only units. Providing them the spatial quantity is useful to affect city form. Second, the regulation of area size is useful to purify the planning process.

Including the backyard of the traditional building is complete

The exclusive openspace for traditional activity

South

5-2: Operation of the 8 Elements5-1: Modification of the Eight Elements

Page 19: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

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Je

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Dr y

Cl e

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Wa

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Cl o

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De

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C o n v e n i e n c e S t o r e

7 - 1 1

M e a t x 3

F a b r i c s s t o r e

Sa

l on

Br e

ak

f as

t

La

mb

ov

en

Ve

nd

or

W a t c h

Ma

rke

t x2

Fa

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Sa

l on

Ve

nd

or

Me

di c

i ne

B a n k

H e a l t h C a r e

p e d i a t r i c

Me

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Ba

nk

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gBa

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S a l o n

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an

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C l o t h i n g

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Dr y

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Me

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C r a m S c h o o lS p r i n g b e dP h o t o G a l l e r y

P o s t o f f i c e

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P h o t o G a l l e r yD r y C l e a n e r s

b u f f e t 7 - 1 1F o o d

S h u S h iV e n d o r

J a p a n e s e F o o d

P r o p e r t y A g e n c yP r o p e r t y A g e n c y

P r o p e r t y A g e n c y

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D e n t i s tF l o w e r S h o p

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H o u s i n g a g e n c yH o m e I m p r o v e m e n t

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A u t o & M o t o

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C h i n e s e C l i n i cW e s t e r n C l i n i c

O t h e r

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J a p a n e s e - S t y l eR e s i d e n c e s

P a r k i n g

0m100m

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

OldTrees

OldTrees

OldTrees Old

Trees

OldTrees

North

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

5-1-1: 8 Elements of Lian- yun Block All Current Situation100%

Housing66%

Now

524 Building =

10000 people

Future

? Building [=] or [>]

10000 people

3.6444 ha Road + Path > 3.6444 ha

x 2

2079.7 m2 + 988 m2 = 3067 m2

[0] , [0.5] , [2] , [4] , [7] , [10] ha

41 Buildings = 5631 m2 41 Buildings + Yards = 11784 m2

3 Buildings = 450.2 m2

Flow

3 Buildings + Squares

= 450.2 m2 + ? m2

2.3118 ha 23117.6 m2 =21430.8 m2 + 1685.9 m2

Floor 1 Business Building

Level 3 = 23Level 2 = 67

Level 1 = 193

Level 3 Tree Square = 23 x 50.24 m2Level 2= 67Level 1 = 193

Floor 1 = 5514 m2

Prosonal Parkign Space = ? m2

Taipei City = 730000 mobiles / 2629269 peopleAverage 2778 mobiles / 10000 people-> Flow2778 mobiles = Floor 1 = 73500 m2 = Parking Tower 15265 m2

Road17%

Parking17% x 15%

Open Space17% x 8%

Old Trees17% x 0.1%

Shrines17% x 1%

JapaneseOfficial

Residences

17% x 15%

Vendors

Business17% x 61%

Program of AllNew Situation100%

Add Programof Activity

Others withoutBusiness39%

Others17%

Program of Housingsurplus%

Environment

Leisure

Generation

Gender

Kid

Old

Women

Program of Road17% +Path5%

Program of Others17% +8% [147%]

From 39%Up to 86%

Road 17%

Others17%

Road ? %

Others? %

Others25 %

Road 17%

Others17%

Path5%

Others17%

Business61%

Open Park 8%

JapaneseOfficial Residences15%

Housing66%

Housing66%

Housing? %

Housing? %

Housing66%

Paper / BottleRecycle Place

Wading PoolReading Room

Garden

Gathering PlaceReading Room

Reading Room

Basketball Court

Tennis Court

Kindergartion

Pleasure Ground

Child-Care Center

SandfieldKid School Way

Old Party

Woman Safe

Parking30%

JapaneseOfficialResidences30%

Japanese OfficialResidences15% x 2

4524

.7 m

2

3357

.7 m

2

5303

.9 m

2

1295

.7 m

2

2613

.4 m

2

1085

.1 m

2

450.

3 m

2

4486

.8 m

2

The parking space is not enough extremely, so using parking Tower is appropriate

The area of road system is increased but it mainly serves the pedestrian

Consideration of Building would be abandoned in new paradigm

Providing more kinds and different size of Open Park is flexible

The biggest trees provide the shadow areas that cotain activity

Business is not only happened at first floor

Housing53 %

In the quality and quantity, raising the standard that reaches the necessity of Lian-yun block in the future is necessary now. It needs more ideas and expectation to reach a better city form.On one hand, the standard will be useful to assist density arrangement of three Types in 4-3 (8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure). On the other hand, it also will challenge the density arrangement because a new urban form that follows a new paradigm always accompanies its new programs. The contradiction would be fixed in next chapter.

5-1-2: Area Proportion of Current Programs

5-1-5: Area Proportion of Renewed Programs

5-1-4: Add quantity of the Programs

5-1-3: Current Program + Reprogramming

5-1-6: Add New Programs of ActivityEnvironment/ Generation/ Gender

If the expectation of more new programs is enhanced, fulfilling living quality of the community is reasonable choice. Moreover, the programs can be selected with different ideas. Who need to be cared is the question.

Quantity of the programs has risen without planning, so it is a chaotic situation now. A community always needs more open parks, trees, and parking spaces.

If inputting the increased spatial quantity into original space, the space cannot shoulder it in the traditional method. It provides a reason to find a new paradigm.

The proportion arrangement of the elements provides clear information to realize their status ranking. The variation of area proportion also can be checked clearly in the sector.

Measuring the area of current programs is simple, but if the program needs to follow a new paradigm, the way of assessment must be changed, too. First, the elements are not only units. Providing them the spatial quantity is useful to affect city form. Second, the regulation of area size is useful to purify the planning process.

Including the backyard of the traditional building is complete

The exclusive openspace for traditional activity

South

5-2: Operation of the 8 Elements5-1: Modification of the Eight Elements

Page 20: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Basic Program

Program Program Program Program

Re - ZoningExistingSituation

Add Program

Basic Program

+ Existing Program

++ + +

- - - - -

+

Re - Zoning

Basic Program

Reprogramming

Basic Program

Reprogramming

Reprogramming

Add Program

Compared

Add New Program

In or Out

Quantity

Activation of Volume

Activation of Program

Quality

Allocation

New

JapaneseOfficialResidences

Step 1.Step 2. Step 3.Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7. Step 8.

5-2: Operation of the 8 Elements 5-2-2: Recovery the Context

5-2-2: Recovery the Context

5-2-1: Rearrange the Status of the 8 Elements

First, in the 5-2-1 (Recovery the Context), no any program form can be deleted. It is interesting to design the programs to be stronger roles and they would be practical to donate the community.

5-2-3: Allocation

Quantity of parking and business programs is fixed, but it is necessary to promote the quality. Changing their locations from chaos and wasteful situation is basic.

5-2-4a: Options 1 - Open Park

Third, after the operation of 5-2-1 and 5-2-2, only the surplus space can be used to be open park and building area. They cover most area in the community, but they also are the perfect selections to be the most passive roles in the eight element.

First, form of the two programs are flexible, the variation of urban can be expected because it provides more possibilities of housing estate. Second, the new paradigm provides new urban form.

5-2-4b: Options 2 - HousingSection 1. Section 2. Section 3. Section 4.

Arranging the designing process also needs designed. On one hand, the most conspicuous objects may not play the most important roles for a city development. On the other hand, the most inconspicuous objects may provide ideas and clues to challenge a city form. We need a new paradigm that cares regional history, and the history provides information that can be used to transform into Density, Program, and Volume. Following the idea, constructing a new city can be efficient and practical.

From current value to history context, traveling step by step, more questions are earned between them. What are the city’s troubles? And what we can reconsider? Maybe one thing covers massive area but no anyone cares such as Japanese Official Residences. They are weak and marginal, but they can be public property in current city and then own massive power to accommodate useful programs. Moreover, they are the key to assess the community’s possible density; it is possible to recovery the context with the Japanese Official Residences in the modern world.

Housing Parking RoadOpen ParkBusiness JapaneseOfficialResidences

Shrines Old Trees

Housing Parking RoadOpen ParkBusinessJapaneseOfficialResidences

ShrinesOld Trees

HousingParkingRoad Open Park BusinessJapaneseOfficialResidences

ShrinesOld Trees

HousingParkingRoad Open ParkBusinessJapaneseOfficialResidences

ShrinesOld Trees

Housing Parking Road Open Park Business JapaneseOfficialResidences

Shrines Old Trees

Housing145000m2

Parking5514m2+

Road36444m2

Open Park3067m2

Business23118m2

JapaneseOfficialResidences5631m2

Shrines450.2m2

Old Trees? m2More Area

More Substantial

Private

Past

Primary

Less Area

Less Unsubstantial

Public

Now

Last

Step 1.

Step 2.More Necessary Less Necessary

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 5.

Step 6.

Step 1.

Step 2.

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 5.

Step 6.

1. 2. 3.

1. 2. 3.

1. 2. 3.

1. 1. 1.

1. 2. 2.

1. 2. 3.

4. 5.

4.

4.

5.

4. 4.

6.

6.

5. 6.

7. 8.

6. 6. 6.

7. 8.

7. 8.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Page 21: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Basic Program

Program Program Program Program

Re - ZoningExistingSituation

Add Program

Basic Program

+ Existing Program

++ + +

- - - - -

+

Re - Zoning

Basic Program

Reprogramming

Basic Program

Reprogramming

Reprogramming

Add Program

Compared

Add New Program

In or Out

Quantity

Activation of Volume

Activation of Program

Quality

Allocation

New

JapaneseOfficialResidences

Step 1.Step 2. Step 3.Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7. Step 8.

5-2: Operation of the 8 Elements 5-2-2: Recovery the Context

5-2-2: Recovery the Context

5-2-1: Rearrange the Status of the 8 Elements

First, in the 5-2-1 (Recovery the Context), no any program form can be deleted. It is interesting to design the programs to be stronger roles and they would be practical to donate the community.

5-2-3: Allocation

Quantity of parking and business programs is fixed, but it is necessary to promote the quality. Changing their locations from chaos and wasteful situation is basic.

5-2-4a: Options 1 - Open Park

Third, after the operation of 5-2-1 and 5-2-2, only the surplus space can be used to be open park and building area. They cover most area in the community, but they also are the perfect selections to be the most passive roles in the eight element.

First, form of the two programs are flexible, the variation of urban can be expected because it provides more possibilities of housing estate. Second, the new paradigm provides new urban form.

5-2-4b: Options 2 - HousingSection 1. Section 2. Section 3. Section 4.

Arranging the designing process also needs designed. On one hand, the most conspicuous objects may not play the most important roles for a city development. On the other hand, the most inconspicuous objects may provide ideas and clues to challenge a city form. We need a new paradigm that cares regional history, and the history provides information that can be used to transform into Density, Program, and Volume. Following the idea, constructing a new city can be efficient and practical.

From current value to history context, traveling step by step, more questions are earned between them. What are the city’s troubles? And what we can reconsider? Maybe one thing covers massive area but no anyone cares such as Japanese Official Residences. They are weak and marginal, but they can be public property in current city and then own massive power to accommodate useful programs. Moreover, they are the key to assess the community’s possible density; it is possible to recovery the context with the Japanese Official Residences in the modern world.

Housing Parking RoadOpen ParkBusiness JapaneseOfficialResidences

Shrines Old Trees

Housing Parking RoadOpen ParkBusinessJapaneseOfficialResidences

ShrinesOld Trees

HousingParkingRoad Open Park BusinessJapaneseOfficialResidences

ShrinesOld Trees

HousingParkingRoad Open ParkBusinessJapaneseOfficialResidences

ShrinesOld Trees

Housing Parking Road Open Park Business JapaneseOfficialResidences

Shrines Old Trees

Housing145000m2

Parking5514m2+

Road36444m2

Open Park3067m2

Business23118m2

JapaneseOfficialResidences5631m2

Shrines450.2m2

Old Trees? m2More Area

More Substantial

Private

Past

Primary

Less Area

Less Unsubstantial

Public

Now

Last

Step 1.

Step 2.More Necessary Less Necessary

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 5.

Step 6.

Step 1.

Step 2.

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 5.

Step 6.

1. 2. 3.

1. 2. 3.

1. 2. 3.

1. 1. 1.

1. 2. 2.

1. 2. 3.

4. 5.

4.

4.

5.

4. 4.

6.

6.

5. 6.

7. 8.

6. 6. 6.

7. 8.

7. 8.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Page 22: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Add New Program A. x 28 Kindergarten x 4

Pleasure Ground x 4

Child-Care Center x 4

Reading Room x 6

Gathering Place x 6

Paper/Bottle Recycle Place x 4

Basic Program Reprogramming Add Program

Comparison New Program

Old Trees that lean Japanese Official Residences are the primary choices to set public spaces

5-2-2a: Road System[Extend the Road]

[Private to Public]

[Periphery to Circus]

[Connection + Square]

The current road system is circuitous and inefficient. Following the current road direction, extending roads cut across housing space. They are the pedestrian areas that deny mobiles.

5-2-2b: Japanese Official Residences

The selected residences match the requirement of 5-1-6 (Add new programs), the small size of public interiors can be used for different program such as small reading room or even the gathering space. Furthermore, it can be the rational reason to renovate the old houses.

Is it possible that connection of the road by the Japanese official residences can show past experience of streets: the skyline with low density region? The idea will be finished in 5-2-4b (Options: Housing).

5-2-2c: Old Trees

The space of tree can be decided for any size, and different size lead different function, from absorbing CO2 to gathering people. They are the public property and the stops of path from core to margin. The new kind of road system is independent for pedestrians. Following the road system, it will be easy to arrive adding new programs in the community.

5-2-2d: Shrines

Shrines afford the activity for traditional festival. The squares of shrines are prepared for that. Meanwhile, making sure the road that connects the two shrines is clear.

The new functions of the residences satify part of programs from 5-1-6 (Add New Programs of Activity). It is rational that they are allocated evenly in the block.

How many residences need to transform? The quantity ofnew programs is decided by the walking time of pedestrians. Time of walking for one minute is more appropriate than 30sec or 90sec.

They are also the functions that are part of 5-1-6 (Add New Programs of Activity). The short cut for women to the main two market and children to the schoold nearby. Olds also can use the path to someopen park.

keep 13 / 41

New Square

Section 1

Step 1. Step 2.

Basic Program Reprogramming Step 1. Step 2.

Step 3.

Step 4.

The programs still stay there, but they can be powerful to assist the necessity of the community. It means that the tiniest units in Lian-yun Block become the positive role. Saving the block from chaos road system is workable and the idea makes sure that the pedestrians have the enough space that is safe, convenient, open, and relax.

5-2-3: Operation 2 - Allocation5-2-2: Operation 1 - Recovery the Context

Page 23: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Add New Program A. x 28 Kindergarten x 4

Pleasure Ground x 4

Child-Care Center x 4

Reading Room x 6

Gathering Place x 6

Paper/Bottle Recycle Place x 4

Basic Program Reprogramming Add Program

Comparison New Program

Old Trees that lean Japanese Official Residences are the primary choices to set public spaces

5-2-2a: Road System[Extend the Road]

[Private to Public]

[Periphery to Circus]

[Connection + Square]

The current road system is circuitous and inefficient. Following the current road direction, extending roads cut across housing space. They are the pedestrian areas that deny mobiles.

5-2-2b: Japanese Official Residences

The selected residences match the requirement of 5-1-6 (Add new programs), the small size of public interiors can be used for different program such as small reading room or even the gathering space. Furthermore, it can be the rational reason to renovate the old houses.

Is it possible that connection of the road by the Japanese official residences can show past experience of streets: the skyline with low density region? The idea will be finished in 5-2-4b (Options: Housing).

5-2-2c: Old Trees

The space of tree can be decided for any size, and different size lead different function, from absorbing CO2 to gathering people. They are the public property and the stops of path from core to margin. The new kind of road system is independent for pedestrians. Following the road system, it will be easy to arrive adding new programs in the community.

5-2-2d: Shrines

Shrines afford the activity for traditional festival. The squares of shrines are prepared for that. Meanwhile, making sure the road that connects the two shrines is clear.

The new functions of the residences satify part of programs from 5-1-6 (Add New Programs of Activity). It is rational that they are allocated evenly in the block.

How many residences need to transform? The quantity ofnew programs is decided by the walking time of pedestrians. Time of walking for one minute is more appropriate than 30sec or 90sec.

They are also the functions that are part of 5-1-6 (Add New Programs of Activity). The short cut for women to the main two market and children to the schoold nearby. Olds also can use the path to someopen park.

keep 13 / 41

New Square

Section 1

Step 1. Step 2.

Basic Program Reprogramming Step 1. Step 2.

Step 3.

Step 4.

The programs still stay there, but they can be powerful to assist the necessity of the community. It means that the tiniest units in Lian-yun Block become the positive role. Saving the block from chaos road system is workable and the idea makes sure that the pedestrians have the enough space that is safe, convenient, open, and relax.

5-2-3: Operation 2 - Allocation5-2-2: Operation 1 - Recovery the Context

Page 24: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Basic Program Reprogramming

In or Out Allocation

[Chaos]

[Chaos] ? ?

[Concentration]

[Scatteration]

Two Markets

The two programs’ problem is that their arrangements of location are chaos and less planning. It is hard to find out appropriate allocation of the stores and parking spaces in current paradigm. No people can obtain benefit from the situation, only creating congested traffic in a limit area. It is a community and a block. Reallocating the two programs with new paradigm is necessary. No any store and parking space would be decreased to face the new condition.

5-2-3a: Business

In the Taipei city, the location of stores is mixed, no rule. Every independent store only chooses the site for benefit that they expect. However, is it true that the site is well for different stores? In fact, many stores are failed for their site so it is easy to see the open or close of many independent stores in Taipei. It has reason why some stores are suited to concentrate or scatter.

The principle from 5-1 (Modification of Elements) is the idea how to input the stores. It cares the location not only for concentrated market but also for individual stores. Keeping continuous street experience for market would stimulate the local shopping.

5-2-3b: Parking Space

Lack of Parking Spaces is almost every big city’s problems. The problem can be solved by well planning as mature public traffic system. But if people cannot dispose to rely on mobiles, it still has chance to fix the problem in an 22ha area. The block is a community, from outside to inside, decreasing the chance to drive cars into the deep region of the block. Parking Towers are constructed near the margin of block, but it is not enough. The massive public underground parking spaces is needed.

Basic Program Reprogramming

Existing Situation

Rezoning

The idea from the 5-1-3

Reprogramming

Section 2

to Section 1

The new allocation of storesconcentrates two mainmarkets. The other one ofcontinuous stores to connect the two markets.Surplus stores lean the margin of block.

The current allocation of stores is chaos clearly.The cloud profile showsthe relationship of stores.

It is no relationship between road direction and open parking spaces in the block. The currentparadigm of parking do not have responsibilityto care the safety of pedestrians.

The original idea of parkingis to divide the block intoinside and out side, but where is the border?Following the new businessarrangement is workableto decide the new border.

The publicunderground parkingspace is used for localmasses. The publicParking Tower can betemporary parkingin the block.

The surplus expected30% parking space inthe inside is rational.It will be hard to seemobiles in the regionif we accept newparking paradigm.

[Concentration or Scatteration]

[Parking Location]

Step 1. Step 2.

Step 2.

Step 1. Step 2.

5-2-4a: Operation 3 - Options 1 - Open Park5-2-3: Operation 2 - Allocation

Page 25: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Basic Program Reprogramming

In or Out Allocation

[Chaos]

[Chaos] ? ?

[Concentration]

[Scatteration]

Two Markets

The two programs’ problem is that their arrangements of location are chaos and less planning. It is hard to find out appropriate allocation of the stores and parking spaces in current paradigm. No people can obtain benefit from the situation, only creating congested traffic in a limit area. It is a community and a block. Reallocating the two programs with new paradigm is necessary. No any store and parking space would be decreased to face the new condition.

5-2-3a: Business

In the Taipei city, the location of stores is mixed, no rule. Every independent store only chooses the site for benefit that they expect. However, is it true that the site is well for different stores? In fact, many stores are failed for their site so it is easy to see the open or close of many independent stores in Taipei. It has reason why some stores are suited to concentrate or scatter.

The principle from 5-1 (Modification of Elements) is the idea how to input the stores. It cares the location not only for concentrated market but also for individual stores. Keeping continuous street experience for market would stimulate the local shopping.

5-2-3b: Parking Space

Lack of Parking Spaces is almost every big city’s problems. The problem can be solved by well planning as mature public traffic system. But if people cannot dispose to rely on mobiles, it still has chance to fix the problem in an 22ha area. The block is a community, from outside to inside, decreasing the chance to drive cars into the deep region of the block. Parking Towers are constructed near the margin of block, but it is not enough. The massive public underground parking spaces is needed.

Basic Program Reprogramming

Existing Situation

Rezoning

The idea from the 5-1-3

Reprogramming

Section 2

to Section 1

The new allocation of storesconcentrates two mainmarkets. The other one ofcontinuous stores to connect the two markets.Surplus stores lean the margin of block.

The current allocation of stores is chaos clearly.The cloud profile showsthe relationship of stores.

It is no relationship between road direction and open parking spaces in the block. The currentparadigm of parking do not have responsibilityto care the safety of pedestrians.

The original idea of parkingis to divide the block intoinside and out side, but where is the border?Following the new businessarrangement is workableto decide the new border.

The publicunderground parkingspace is used for localmasses. The publicParking Tower can betemporary parkingin the block.

The surplus expected30% parking space inthe inside is rational.It will be hard to seemobiles in the regionif we accept newparking paradigm.

[Concentration or Scatteration]

[Parking Location]

Step 1. Step 2.

Step 2.

Step 1. Step 2.

5-2-4a: Operation 3 - Options 1 - Open Park5-2-3: Operation 2 - Allocation

Page 26: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Reprogramming Add Program

+ Japanese Official Residences

+ Road System

+ Old Trees

+ Business

Add New Program B. Wading Pool x 21

Garden 23853 m2

Add New Program C. Vendors x random

Sport x 8

Play Ground x 4

Sandfield x 7

After the operation of the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) and the 5-2-3 (Allocation), the surplus area will be arranged to be substantial housing space or unsubstantial open space. The main two parts of city form face the problem and also the chance to match the new paradigms of above six elements. In the section, if the form of open park is arranged by the street experience of Japanese official residences independently (The lowest density area of Lian-yun Block is the only choice to match none density area), is it possible to match other elements well? Following the presentation is clear to realize that what size of open park is appropriate.

Basic ProgramStep 1.

+ Existing Program Step 2.

ReprogrammingComparison Step 3. Add Program

> Add New Program B.

> Add New Program C.

Step 4.

5-2-4a: Open Park

2ha ~ 2.5 ha Open Park 4ha ~ 4.5 ha Open Park 7ha ~ 7.5 ha Open Park 10ha ~ 10.5ha Open Park

2ha ~ 2.5 ha Open Park 4ha ~ 4.5 ha Open Park 7ha ~ 7.5 ha Open Park 10ha ~ 10.5ha Open Park

Different size of Open Park would make different environment performance. On the other words, connecting the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) smallest units as Japanese official residences, old trees, shrines, and road system, it would lead different method to manage the open space. The question is: Does it need an enormous Open Park in Lian-yun Block? It is beautiful but cannot match the local context. In the 10ha open park, the road system is not road system, and the allocation of stores look like a temporary market. Moreover, it causes extremely congested living space. The region still needs to cover part of density pressure. The relationship between massive open park and high tower of living space is imaginable easily, so the consideration is disposed in the next chapter. In this way, comparison of different size of open park, the 3.5ha of Open Park is the limit of tolerance in the 22ha block.

If the massive open park is workable, it will be easy to input different kinds of sport courts and play ground. Following the variation of size ofthe open park, the quantity of facilities also ischanged.No matter what size it is, the continuous open parkin Lian-yun block will connect the Da-an Forest park from westnorth.

From tiny park to valleyto enormous park, theliving density of population of surplus areaalso is increased dramatically.

The massive open park maydestroys the road system.The narrow widthof surplus roads cannot support the necessity of parking

It is a contradiction betweenthe above road system and the old trees. The massivepark is perfectly match thetrees, so how many treesare protected is a question.

The stores are located in thepark is interesting , but theywould look like temporarymarket. The continuousrelationship of stores isbroken possibly.

They are the basic programs for the backyard of Japanese official residences, soit is not affected by the size of open park.The original open park is larger than 2ha in 22ha.

> 10ha Open Park> 2ha Open Park

The new functions of the open park satify part of programs from 5-1-6(Add New Programs of Activity).

to Section 2

Section 3

[Rematch the Programs]

Step 3. Step 4.

5-2-4b: Operation 4 - Options of Housing5-2-4a: Operation 3 - Options of Open Park

Page 27: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Reprogramming Add Program

+ Japanese Official Residences

+ Road System

+ Old Trees

+ Business

Add New Program B. Wading Pool x 21

Garden 23853 m2

Add New Program C. Vendors x random

Sport x 8

Play Ground x 4

Sandfield x 7

After the operation of the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) and the 5-2-3 (Allocation), the surplus area will be arranged to be substantial housing space or unsubstantial open space. The main two parts of city form face the problem and also the chance to match the new paradigms of above six elements. In the section, if the form of open park is arranged by the street experience of Japanese official residences independently (The lowest density area of Lian-yun Block is the only choice to match none density area), is it possible to match other elements well? Following the presentation is clear to realize that what size of open park is appropriate.

Basic ProgramStep 1.

+ Existing Program Step 2.

ReprogrammingComparison Step 3. Add Program

> Add New Program B.

> Add New Program C.

Step 4.

5-2-4a: Open Park

2ha ~ 2.5 ha Open Park 4ha ~ 4.5 ha Open Park 7ha ~ 7.5 ha Open Park 10ha ~ 10.5ha Open Park

2ha ~ 2.5 ha Open Park 4ha ~ 4.5 ha Open Park 7ha ~ 7.5 ha Open Park 10ha ~ 10.5ha Open Park

Different size of Open Park would make different environment performance. On the other words, connecting the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) smallest units as Japanese official residences, old trees, shrines, and road system, it would lead different method to manage the open space. The question is: Does it need an enormous Open Park in Lian-yun Block? It is beautiful but cannot match the local context. In the 10ha open park, the road system is not road system, and the allocation of stores look like a temporary market. Moreover, it causes extremely congested living space. The region still needs to cover part of density pressure. The relationship between massive open park and high tower of living space is imaginable easily, so the consideration is disposed in the next chapter. In this way, comparison of different size of open park, the 3.5ha of Open Park is the limit of tolerance in the 22ha block.

If the massive open park is workable, it will be easy to input different kinds of sport courts and play ground. Following the variation of size ofthe open park, the quantity of facilities also ischanged.No matter what size it is, the continuous open parkin Lian-yun block will connect the Da-an Forest park from westnorth.

From tiny park to valleyto enormous park, theliving density of population of surplus areaalso is increased dramatically.

The massive open park maydestroys the road system.The narrow widthof surplus roads cannot support the necessity of parking

It is a contradiction betweenthe above road system and the old trees. The massivepark is perfectly match thetrees, so how many treesare protected is a question.

The stores are located in thepark is interesting , but theywould look like temporarymarket. The continuousrelationship of stores isbroken possibly.

They are the basic programs for the backyard of Japanese official residences, soit is not affected by the size of open park.The original open park is larger than 2ha in 22ha.

> 10ha Open Park> 2ha Open Park

The new functions of the open park satify part of programs from 5-1-6(Add New Programs of Activity).

to Section 2

Section 3

[Rematch the Programs]

Step 3. Step 4.

5-2-4b: Operation 4 - Options of Housing5-2-4a: Operation 3 - Options of Open Park

Page 28: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Basic Program Reprogramming

Basic Program Reprogramming

Amplification:The Methodof DensityArrangement

Quantity

Quantity

Quality

Quality

The FormingStreetExperience

Using theCadastralMap toArrangeDensityLevel

From the expected lowdensity areato the expectedhigh densityarea

IncreasedAreaFrom theAboveDensityArrangement

Mix. - 183600.6m2

Massive Surface

Level 6. - 62763.2m2Level 5. - 36601m2Level 4. - 38776.8m2Level 3 . - 15549.8m2Level 2. - 18125.8m2Level 1. - 11784m2Level 0. - 5631.4m2

18.4ha6.3ha3.7ha3.9ha1.6ha1.8ha1.2ha0.6ha

+Level 6. - 183600.6m2+Level 5. - 120837.4m2+Level 4. - 84236.4m2+Level 3 . - 45459.6m2+Level 2. - 29909.8m2+Level 1. - 11784m2Level 0. - 5631.4m2

SurfaceStripCakePoint

Japanese OfficialStep 1. Residences

Housing

Cadastral Map

Complete Surface

Step 2. Surface

No Japanese OfficialResidences

Step 1.

No 7ha Open Park

No Business

No Space of Old Treesand Shrines

No Road System

After the operation of independent Open Park, the last step of operation is inputting the enormous substantial housing space into surplus Lian-yun block. It is important to find a way to transform the living space of 10000 people into volume and then arrange the volume into surplus spaces.

But in the section, the designed arrangement is firstly finished than transformation between density and volume because the diagram of program is operated well to solve the question.

Matching the cadastral map and the sites of Japanese official residences is useful to be an idea of density arrangement.

5-2-4b: Housing[Allocate the Surplus Area]The section represents density arrangement of housing. The first step is finding out where can be inputted above programs, and the surplus space would be arranged different density to be housing space. But what rule can be used to be the paradigm of housing arrangement for surplus area?

Following the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context), the Japanese Official Residences represent the lowest housing density and the existed context of Lian-yun Block. The possibility of the context can be transformed into Volume arrangement. Recovering the skyline (also the Density) of past context would be operated in part of the Block. It is the form of New Paradigm, an idea of FAR arrangement. Lian-yun Block can reach the expectation of the 4-3 (8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure). Owing a backyard or well open park is possible.

Step 0.

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 2.

Level 5. Level 6.Level 4.Level 3.Level 2.Level 1.

Section 4

to Section 3

The concept of density arrangementcan not only allocate the densitylevel of housing but also constructthe continuous street experience (Skyline Assessment in the 6-4-3)

In the area of 22ha, the method of density arrangement is rational because the independent housing space can bethe smallest unit well, providing the variation of local fighue ground.

Following the concept of density arrangement, the quanitity of every level needs to be assessed. In the low density area, it needs more details to match local context of Lian-yun block.

Step 3. Extension Step 5. Mirror Step 6. FillStep 4. Connection

Step 1. Step 2.

Step 1. Step 2.

6: Activate the Volume5-2-4b: Operation 4 - Options of Housing

0.6ha 3.0ha1.2ha 18.4ha12.1ha8.5ha4.5ha

Page 29: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Basic Program Reprogramming

Basic Program Reprogramming

Amplification:The Methodof DensityArrangement

Quantity

Quantity

Quality

Quality

The FormingStreetExperience

Using theCadastralMap toArrangeDensityLevel

From the expected lowdensity areato the expectedhigh densityarea

IncreasedAreaFrom theAboveDensityArrangement

Mix. - 183600.6m2

Massive Surface

Level 6. - 62763.2m2Level 5. - 36601m2Level 4. - 38776.8m2Level 3 . - 15549.8m2Level 2. - 18125.8m2Level 1. - 11784m2Level 0. - 5631.4m2

18.4ha6.3ha3.7ha3.9ha1.6ha1.8ha1.2ha0.6ha

+Level 6. - 183600.6m2+Level 5. - 120837.4m2+Level 4. - 84236.4m2+Level 3 . - 45459.6m2+Level 2. - 29909.8m2+Level 1. - 11784m2Level 0. - 5631.4m2

SurfaceStripCakePoint

Japanese OfficialStep 1. Residences

Housing

Cadastral Map

Complete Surface

Step 2. Surface

No Japanese OfficialResidences

Step 1.

No 7ha Open Park

No Business

No Space of Old Treesand Shrines

No Road System

After the operation of independent Open Park, the last step of operation is inputting the enormous substantial housing space into surplus Lian-yun block. It is important to find a way to transform the living space of 10000 people into volume and then arrange the volume into surplus spaces.

But in the section, the designed arrangement is firstly finished than transformation between density and volume because the diagram of program is operated well to solve the question.

Matching the cadastral map and the sites of Japanese official residences is useful to be an idea of density arrangement.

5-2-4b: Housing[Allocate the Surplus Area]The section represents density arrangement of housing. The first step is finding out where can be inputted above programs, and the surplus space would be arranged different density to be housing space. But what rule can be used to be the paradigm of housing arrangement for surplus area?

Following the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context), the Japanese Official Residences represent the lowest housing density and the existed context of Lian-yun Block. The possibility of the context can be transformed into Volume arrangement. Recovering the skyline (also the Density) of past context would be operated in part of the Block. It is the form of New Paradigm, an idea of FAR arrangement. Lian-yun Block can reach the expectation of the 4-3 (8 Types to 3 Types of Density Figure). Owing a backyard or well open park is possible.

Step 0.

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 2.

Level 5. Level 6.Level 4.Level 3.Level 2.Level 1.

Section 4

to Section 3

The concept of density arrangementcan not only allocate the densitylevel of housing but also constructthe continuous street experience (Skyline Assessment in the 6-4-3)

In the area of 22ha, the method of density arrangement is rational because the independent housing space can bethe smallest unit well, providing the variation of local fighue ground.

Following the concept of density arrangement, the quanitity of every level needs to be assessed. In the low density area, it needs more details to match local context of Lian-yun block.

Step 3. Extension Step 5. Mirror Step 6. FillStep 4. Connection

Step 1. Step 2.

Step 1. Step 2.

6: Activate the Volume5-2-4b: Operation 4 - Options of Housing

0.6ha 3.0ha1.2ha 18.4ha12.1ha8.5ha4.5ha

Page 30: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

6-1: Form the 5-2 Elements to 3D Volume 6-2: 8 Elements x 3 Types = 3 City Models

Extruded Road System

Extend the Road

Private to Public

Abstracted Volume 1Whole Volume10000people/ 22ha

Inputted New Stores Arrangement

Inputted Current Stores Arrangement

Inputted Parking TowersInputted Current Parking

Mixed Volume 1

Mixed Volume 2

Inputted JapaneseOfficial Residences

Extruded JapaneseOfficial Residences Abstracted Volume 3

Extruded Path Abstracted Volume 2

Step 3.

The path system from core to margin provides safe shortcuts for olds, women, and childrens.

The backyards of Residences are the basic open space of the new paradigm.

The basic short cut would fix part of thetraffic problem. It is only for pedestrians.

Forming the six reprogrammed elements (except open park and housing) is a mission in the stage. It decides where cannot input open space and housing. The idea can be divided into two parts: firstly, the idea transforms the unsubstantial elements (such as road system) to substantial volume to decide where the open space is. Secondly, the other idea forms the substantial space that has other function such as Parking Tower and Business.

6-1b: Input the 5-2-2 (Recovery the Context)The reprogrammed elements from the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) are operated into Volume that decides the no housing area. Height of the volume is unlimited so it means that the principle of skyline is finished but the outline of it still is dynamic in different city form. It decides the quality of open space and density arrangement. The forms of surplus volume are living space of 10000people/ 22ha. The quantity of volumes is fixed in the process and they are operated with the idea from 6-2-4b(Options of Housing). The variation of spaces is activated from an even height arrangement. The condition is the principle of “Three Types Cities” in the next sector.

6-1c: Input the 5-2-3 (Allocation)In the end, inputting the 5-2-3 (Allocation) parking spaces and business into right locations that follow the ideas with concentration or scatteration, where can be inputted housing space is clear in the 3D model. The relationship between them also can be assessed precisely.

Step 7.

Step 8.

Current Situation Surplus VolumeNo Housing Volume

Step 4.

Step 5.

Abstracted Volume 5

Abstracted Volume 4Extruded Old Trees AreaPeriphery to Circus

Extruded Shrines + Squares

Connection + Square

Inputted Old Trees

Inputted Shrines

All Extruded Volume

Past City - 1940 - The View of Northeast

Current City - 2008 - The View of Northeast

Existing Three Elements - The View of Northeast

Shrine

Japanese Official Residences + Old TreesIf we ignore the current housing area, the lacations of two elements are scattered roughly from northwest to southwest in the block.

Activation of the Volume is the last sector of D.P.V. City, and it follows the Density arrangement from the chapter4 and the Program Ideas from the chapter 5.

The most important mission of chapter6 is to assess the possibility of forming a new paradigm. Is it true that the way of designing process is effective or not? Is it true that separating the structure to different sectors (Density, Program, and Volume) of city form still work and, most importantly, it work well?

The chapter can be separate into two main parts: Forming the 8 elements of programs and 3 Types of density and inspection of the results (There have three cities).

6a: The New Paradigm

The new paradigm of city form offers opinions of the Taipei city. It still can change in the future no matter how many years is needed. Constructing a new city in a same location with twenty years to fifty years is not so long because it still stays in a generation. In fact, the purposes of the new paradigm not only adjust density arrangement and programs allocation but also recovery the context of Lian-yun Block.

6-1a: 1940, 2008, and [? + elements]Forming the past and current Lian-yun Block into the 3D graphic Volume is the first step to activate the Volume Sector.

It is clear that the two city forms follow completely different paradigms on the same land. It is also clear that the relationship between the form of assumed 1940 village and the form of true 2008 Taipei city is weak and chaos. It is hard to make sure the context of history when we travel in the current environment. The context of Lian-yun block is already researched in Chapter 3 (The Sampling of Experiment) and it is only existed there. The first step to form new paradigm is forming the heritages (the 41 Japanese Official Residences, the 283 Old Trees, and the two Shrines) that are reprogrammed at the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) and then match the demands of a new Lian-yun Block.

6b: Representative of Taipei

The designed results of new cities are not the true conclusion, but the whole process of operation of the D.P.V. City is. It can be a new paradigm to operate the transformation of every block in Taipei city. The forms of blocks are possibly different but the city can be arranged well in the future when it follows the new paradigm of urban planning of Taipei.

ParkingSpace

OpenPark

OpenPark

ParkingSpace

1930 The form of Taipei city

6: Activate the Volume - Form the D.P.V. City

Step 2.

Step 1.

The mixed volume is all unconstructed . It also decides thenew skylinec of the block with the new paradigm.

The Paradigm

Page 31: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

6-1: Form the 5-2 Elements to 3D Volume 6-2: 8 Elements x 3 Types = 3 City Models

Extruded Road System

Extend the Road

Private to Public

Abstracted Volume 1Whole Volume10000people/ 22ha

Inputted New Stores Arrangement

Inputted Current Stores Arrangement

Inputted Parking TowersInputted Current Parking

Mixed Volume 1

Mixed Volume 2

Inputted JapaneseOfficial Residences

Extruded JapaneseOfficial Residences Abstracted Volume 3

Extruded Path Abstracted Volume 2

Step 3.

The path system from core to margin provides safe shortcuts for olds, women, and childrens.

The backyards of Residences are the basic open space of the new paradigm.

The basic short cut would fix part of thetraffic problem. It is only for pedestrians.

Forming the six reprogrammed elements (except open park and housing) is a mission in the stage. It decides where cannot input open space and housing. The idea can be divided into two parts: firstly, the idea transforms the unsubstantial elements (such as road system) to substantial volume to decide where the open space is. Secondly, the other idea forms the substantial space that has other function such as Parking Tower and Business.

6-1b: Input the 5-2-2 (Recovery the Context)The reprogrammed elements from the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) are operated into Volume that decides the no housing area. Height of the volume is unlimited so it means that the principle of skyline is finished but the outline of it still is dynamic in different city form. It decides the quality of open space and density arrangement. The forms of surplus volume are living space of 10000people/ 22ha. The quantity of volumes is fixed in the process and they are operated with the idea from 6-2-4b(Options of Housing). The variation of spaces is activated from an even height arrangement. The condition is the principle of “Three Types Cities” in the next sector.

6-1c: Input the 5-2-3 (Allocation)In the end, inputting the 5-2-3 (Allocation) parking spaces and business into right locations that follow the ideas with concentration or scatteration, where can be inputted housing space is clear in the 3D model. The relationship between them also can be assessed precisely.

Step 7.

Step 8.

Current Situation Surplus VolumeNo Housing Volume

Step 4.

Step 5.

Abstracted Volume 5

Abstracted Volume 4Extruded Old Trees AreaPeriphery to Circus

Extruded Shrines + Squares

Connection + Square

Inputted Old Trees

Inputted Shrines

All Extruded Volume

Past City - 1940 - The View of Northeast

Current City - 2008 - The View of Northeast

Existing Three Elements - The View of Northeast

Shrine

Japanese Official Residences + Old TreesIf we ignore the current housing area, the lacations of two elements are scattered roughly from northwest to southwest in the block.

Activation of the Volume is the last sector of D.P.V. City, and it follows the Density arrangement from the chapter4 and the Program Ideas from the chapter 5.

The most important mission of chapter6 is to assess the possibility of forming a new paradigm. Is it true that the way of designing process is effective or not? Is it true that separating the structure to different sectors (Density, Program, and Volume) of city form still work and, most importantly, it work well?

The chapter can be separate into two main parts: Forming the 8 elements of programs and 3 Types of density and inspection of the results (There have three cities).

6a: The New Paradigm

The new paradigm of city form offers opinions of the Taipei city. It still can change in the future no matter how many years is needed. Constructing a new city in a same location with twenty years to fifty years is not so long because it still stays in a generation. In fact, the purposes of the new paradigm not only adjust density arrangement and programs allocation but also recovery the context of Lian-yun Block.

6-1a: 1940, 2008, and [? + elements]Forming the past and current Lian-yun Block into the 3D graphic Volume is the first step to activate the Volume Sector.

It is clear that the two city forms follow completely different paradigms on the same land. It is also clear that the relationship between the form of assumed 1940 village and the form of true 2008 Taipei city is weak and chaos. It is hard to make sure the context of history when we travel in the current environment. The context of Lian-yun block is already researched in Chapter 3 (The Sampling of Experiment) and it is only existed there. The first step to form new paradigm is forming the heritages (the 41 Japanese Official Residences, the 283 Old Trees, and the two Shrines) that are reprogrammed at the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context) and then match the demands of a new Lian-yun Block.

6b: Representative of Taipei

The designed results of new cities are not the true conclusion, but the whole process of operation of the D.P.V. City is. It can be a new paradigm to operate the transformation of every block in Taipei city. The forms of blocks are possibly different but the city can be arranged well in the future when it follows the new paradigm of urban planning of Taipei.

ParkingSpace

OpenPark

OpenPark

ParkingSpace

1930 The form of Taipei city

6: Activate the Volume - Form the D.P.V. City

Step 2.

Step 1.

The mixed volume is all unconstructed . It also decides thenew skylinec of the block with the new paradigm.

The Paradigm

Page 32: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

6-2: 8 Elements x 3 Types = 3 City Models 6-3: Inspection of the 3 Cities

City - Type 1. - The View of Southeast

City - Type 4. - The View of Southeast

City - Type 7. - The View of Southeast

The View of Northeast - City - Type 1.

The View of Northeast - City - Type 4.

The View of Northeast - City - Type 7.

Population

ha x Density

DensityFormula

x Area 35m2

x Height 3.5m2

/ Housing Area (ha)/ All Area (ha)

Height

x3.5m Height

+ 1 Storey

+ 2 Storey

Population

ha x Density

x Area 35m2

x Height 3.5m2

/ Housing Area (ha)/ All Area (ha)

Height

x3.5m Height

+ 1 Storey

+ 2 Storey

OP4 X 0 8 X 400 4 X 500 4 X 700 2 X 1000

0 3200 2000 2800 2000

0

0

0

0

0

0

6m

7m 10.5m

10.5m 14m

21m 24.5m

7.5m 12m 15m

112000 7000 98000 70000

/ 0 / 4 / 6.8 / 8 / 3.4 / 4 / 3.4 / 4 / 1.7 / 2

392000 345000 343000

14 X 400 6 X 700 2 X 800

4200 4200 1600

6m

7m 14m

9m

12m

17.5m

17.5m

21m

12m 12m

147000 14700 56000

/ 11.9 / 14 / 5.1 / 6 / 1.7 / 2

514500 514500 196000

245000

D E G

C G H

J

H

The eight finished elements are matched with three types of density arrangement, and than the formation of 3 City Models are finished. They represent the completely different paradigm with current Taipei City, but the quantity of whole elements and density are no changed. In the new city forms, the quality of whole elements and

density arrangements are increased. The process of city formation is a mathematic formula, from numbers to area to volume to arrangement. It pursues the high variation and high quality of living experience. The new paradigm of city forms is happened. After that the inspection of D.P.V. City can be activated.

6-2a: Area 35m2 x Height 3.5m2

6-2b: Available housing Area

6-2c: Storey Height of Housing

6-2d: Density Arrangement

Following forms of the six elements and ideas from the other two elements, the three types of city forms will be finished, but how to operate the volume is a question. If using the standard of [living space / people] to decide the whole volume, it means that setting 35m2/ people is basic area and 3 or 3.5m/ storey is basic storey height, and the multiplication of population, 35m2 and 3.5m forms the size of volume.

The Volume of density: 10000 people = 1225000 m3 will be arranged in Lian-yun Block.

The whole block area is roughly 22ha, but the road system covers roughly 3.5 ha. Using the proportion between the road system and the block to decide how many area can be used in 1ha is rational. Moreover, the surplus housing area still needs to be abstracted by the other seven elements, so the housing area is not fixed in the cities with three types because it follow the density arrangements from three types.

Usual storey height of housing is 3 meters or 3.5 meters. In the block, it accepts all the two kinds of height because the two systems can be controlled flexibly in new paradigm.

The multiples of 3m and 3.5m is3m, 6m, 9m, 12m, 15m, 18m, 21m, 24m, 27m… or 3.5m, 7m, 10.5m, 14m, 17.5m, 21m, 24.5m…If we try to combine the two systems, it is[3m, 3.5m], [6m, 7m], [9m, 10.5m], [12m], [14m, 15m], [17.5m, 18m], [21m], [24m, 24.5m], [27m…

The expected height for housing can be matched between the new system and truly necessary height, making diversity for city form.

Following the idea from 5-2-4b (Housing), the three types have different proportion of density to input the block. If one necessary density area exceeds one level, the surplus area will be covered by part of next level. A district that includes a few Japanese official residences is the first choice in the work.

Core of Lian- yun Block

Type1

6-2d > The basic density arrangements of the cities with three types

Type4 Type7

Population

ha x Density

x Area 35m2

x Height 3.5m2

/ Housing Area (ha)/ All Area (ha)

Height

x3.5m Height

+ 1 Storey

+ 2 Storey

7 X 200 4 X 300 7 X 600

1400 1200 4200

3m

3.5m3m

10.5m9m

24.5m21m

7m

6m

17.5m

10.5m

6m 9m

49000 42000 147000

/ 5.95 / 7 / 3.4 / 4 / 5.95 / 7

171500 147500 514000

4 X 800

3200

14m

12m

112000

/ 3.4 / 4

392000

B C F

The low density area The low density area

DensityFormula

DensityFormula

Core of Lian- yun Block

Page 33: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

6-2: 8 Elements x 3 Types = 3 City Models 6-3: Inspection of the 3 Cities

City - Type 1. - The View of Southeast

City - Type 4. - The View of Southeast

City - Type 7. - The View of Southeast

The View of Northeast - City - Type 1.

The View of Northeast - City - Type 4.

The View of Northeast - City - Type 7.

Population

ha x Density

DensityFormula

x Area 35m2

x Height 3.5m2

/ Housing Area (ha)/ All Area (ha)

Height

x3.5m Height

+ 1 Storey

+ 2 Storey

Population

ha x Density

x Area 35m2

x Height 3.5m2

/ Housing Area (ha)/ All Area (ha)

Height

x3.5m Height

+ 1 Storey

+ 2 Storey

OP4 X 0 8 X 400 4 X 500 4 X 700 2 X 1000

0 3200 2000 2800 2000

0

0

0

0

0

0

6m

7m 10.5m

10.5m 14m

21m 24.5m

7.5m 12m 15m

112000 7000 98000 70000

/ 0 / 4 / 6.8 / 8 / 3.4 / 4 / 3.4 / 4 / 1.7 / 2

392000 345000 343000

14 X 400 6 X 700 2 X 800

4200 4200 1600

6m

7m 14m

9m

12m

17.5m

17.5m

21m

12m 12m

147000 14700 56000

/ 11.9 / 14 / 5.1 / 6 / 1.7 / 2

514500 514500 196000

245000

D E G

C G H

J

H

The eight finished elements are matched with three types of density arrangement, and than the formation of 3 City Models are finished. They represent the completely different paradigm with current Taipei City, but the quantity of whole elements and density are no changed. In the new city forms, the quality of whole elements and

density arrangements are increased. The process of city formation is a mathematic formula, from numbers to area to volume to arrangement. It pursues the high variation and high quality of living experience. The new paradigm of city forms is happened. After that the inspection of D.P.V. City can be activated.

6-2a: Area 35m2 x Height 3.5m2

6-2b: Available housing Area

6-2c: Storey Height of Housing

6-2d: Density Arrangement

Following forms of the six elements and ideas from the other two elements, the three types of city forms will be finished, but how to operate the volume is a question. If using the standard of [living space / people] to decide the whole volume, it means that setting 35m2/ people is basic area and 3 or 3.5m/ storey is basic storey height, and the multiplication of population, 35m2 and 3.5m forms the size of volume.

The Volume of density: 10000 people = 1225000 m3 will be arranged in Lian-yun Block.

The whole block area is roughly 22ha, but the road system covers roughly 3.5 ha. Using the proportion between the road system and the block to decide how many area can be used in 1ha is rational. Moreover, the surplus housing area still needs to be abstracted by the other seven elements, so the housing area is not fixed in the cities with three types because it follow the density arrangements from three types.

Usual storey height of housing is 3 meters or 3.5 meters. In the block, it accepts all the two kinds of height because the two systems can be controlled flexibly in new paradigm.

The multiples of 3m and 3.5m is3m, 6m, 9m, 12m, 15m, 18m, 21m, 24m, 27m… or 3.5m, 7m, 10.5m, 14m, 17.5m, 21m, 24.5m…If we try to combine the two systems, it is[3m, 3.5m], [6m, 7m], [9m, 10.5m], [12m], [14m, 15m], [17.5m, 18m], [21m], [24m, 24.5m], [27m…

The expected height for housing can be matched between the new system and truly necessary height, making diversity for city form.

Following the idea from 5-2-4b (Housing), the three types have different proportion of density to input the block. If one necessary density area exceeds one level, the surplus area will be covered by part of next level. A district that includes a few Japanese official residences is the first choice in the work.

Core of Lian- yun Block

Type1

6-2d > The basic density arrangements of the cities with three types

Type4 Type7

Population

ha x Density

x Area 35m2

x Height 3.5m2

/ Housing Area (ha)/ All Area (ha)

Height

x3.5m Height

+ 1 Storey

+ 2 Storey

7 X 200 4 X 300 7 X 600

1400 1200 4200

3m

3.5m3m

10.5m9m

24.5m21m

7m

6m

17.5m

10.5m

6m 9m

49000 42000 147000

/ 5.95 / 7 / 3.4 / 4 / 5.95 / 7

171500 147500 514000

4 X 800

3200

14m

12m

112000

/ 3.4 / 4

392000

B C F

The low density area The low density area

DensityFormula

DensityFormula

Core of Lian- yun Block

Page 34: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Current CitySouth Section 1

Current CityEast Section 1

City - Type 1South Section 4

City - Type 1East Section 4

City - Type 1South Section 3

City - Type 1East Section 3

City - Type 1South Section 2

City - Type 1East Section 2

City - Type 1South Section 1

City - Type 1East Section 1

City - Type 4South Section 4

City - Type 4East Section 4

City - Type 4South Section 3

City - Type 4East Section 3

City - Type 4South Section 2

City - Type 4East Section 2

City - Type 4South Section 1

City - Type 4East Section 1

City - Type 7South Section 4

City - Type 7East Section 4

City - Type 7South Section 3

City - Type 7East Section 3

City - Type 7South Section 2

City - Type 7East Section 2

City - Type 7South Section 1

City - Type 7East Section 1

Current CitySouth Section 2

Current CityEast Section 2

Current CitySouth Section 3

Current CityEast Section 3

Current CitySouth Section 4

99m / 550m

98m / 550m

315m / 550m

241m / 550m

22m

12m

113m 140m

88m 125m

105m 125m

87m 13m

48m 48m 62m 52m

48m

31m

82m

75m 284m

75m

75m

67m

113m 215m

100m 200m

43m 72m

73m 180m

284m

33m

78m

33m 76m

205m

189m

48m 62m 52m

70m 20m 62m

33m 145m

32m

30m

120m

275m 40m

21m208m

33m

80m 18m

11m

60m 30m

145m 113m

48m 80m 113m

63m

25m 55m 10m

253m / 550m

98m / 550m

229m / 550m

273m / 550m

213m / 550m

98m / 550m

214m / 550m

288m / 550m

230m / 550m

112m / 550m

210m / 550m

44m / 550m

Current CityEast Section 4

165m / 525m

SouthSection 4

Eas

tS

ectio

n 1

Eas

tS

ectio

n 2

Eas

tS

ectio

n 3

Eas

tS

ectio

n 4

SouthSection 3

SouthSection 2

SouthSection 1

328m / 525m

359m / 525m

205m / 525m

235m / 525m

300m / 525m

359m / 525m

109m / 525m

236m / 525m

299m / 525m

328m / 525m

189m / 525m

234m / 525m

109m / 525m

115m / 525m

182m / 525m

Park

Entrance

The Backyard

Shrine

Shrine

0m125

300m0

6-3: Inspection of the 3 Cities 6-3-2: 10 Sections of the Elements

6-3-1: 32 Sections of the Density ArrangementInspection of the three cities is

necessary in the end chapter

because it can help us to make sure

that the theory of D.P.V. City is

workable or not. Is it possible that the

new functions (Program) are failed?

Is it possible that the new city forms

(Density to Volume) cannot match

the previous expectation? The

different kinds of perspectives will

assess the whole situation when we

compare the five cities (Three Types

Cities, the past Taipei city, and the

current Taipei city).

In the sector, one city is failed because it makes massive

contradiction between program and

density. One city is successful

because it fulfills most parts of

expectation, even though it is not

perfect. In the end, it is rational that

no city is perfect.

The 16 horizontal sections and 16 vertical sections are the samples of examination that checks whether the idea of density arrangement is workable in the Volume sector.

In the 8 teams, the same section of the four cities can be compared with several aspects and then they provide the conclusions to support or oppose previous ideas. It is possible to assess which arrangement is more effective.

In the eight teams, there has common

condition that sections of the cities with

three types have more lower and

continuous residential areas (especially

in the South Section 2) than the current

Taipei city, and they are well to follow the

new paradigm with low density area

(Japanese Official residences).

The covered length of low density (Lower than 10.5m = three storey) be measured with meter. It means that how many meters of length can match the context in every section. Of course, collecting Japanese official residences have more chance to create complete status of part of the new paradigm. But the other question is appeared: Whether the biggest residential area with low density in the section represents the best restored context?

6-3-1a: Assessment of the 5-4-2 (Classification)

6-3-1b: Assessment of the length.

The hole, even M shape society, and backyard are the three types of city form with low density. They can be compared in the South Section1 and South Section3 clearly. However, can it keep the quality in the three city forms?

The Hole - City Type 1:

In the East Section2 and 3, Type 1 do not have massive park. The hole is not existed, and the space looks like backyard imperfectly. In this way, it is hard to satisfy the two sides: Restored context of Japanese official residences and well function of road system and business. The old trees can adapt any form of empty space.

Even M shape society - City Type 4: It is failed in the sections because the even M shape society pursues relatively extremely uneven city form but it is not. Quantity of population can be closer with two extreme parts: huge area with lower density and small area with higher density. But it only causes closer height of building. The contradiction is appeared when we compare other city form with that.

The backyard - City Type 7: Despite the City – Type7 covers less length but it always keeps well quality with residential area. Is it a continuous region with the quality?

The eight sections of City – Type7 all reach the goal of quality. The quantity of hectare works well in Lian- yun Block, backyard is existed in everywhere.

The total amount of length in the 8 sections of the four cities is enough to assess the block situation with low density area. Samples of sections are enough to represent the condition.The current city has 1036mCity – Type1 has 2034mCity – Type4 has 1798mCity – Type7 has 1862mIf the lengths of sections represent the quantity of low density area, the amount ranking can be

T1 > T7 > T4 > Current cityBut T1 has too many empty spaces, less context. T7 may be the best choice in the sector.

The original parks and shrins cannot affect the density arrangement in the new paradigm, so they have same size of area in the three cities

The density arrangement is workable on left side.The entrance on right side (High Density Area) is fixed

The area of shrines is almost fixed. It is a comparison with finished low density area on right side.

It is the most clear that the new paradigm of three cities is more effective tokeep the continuous low density area than the current city

Page 35: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Current CitySouth Section 1

Current CityEast Section 1

City - Type 1South Section 4

City - Type 1East Section 4

City - Type 1South Section 3

City - Type 1East Section 3

City - Type 1South Section 2

City - Type 1East Section 2

City - Type 1South Section 1

City - Type 1East Section 1

City - Type 4South Section 4

City - Type 4East Section 4

City - Type 4South Section 3

City - Type 4East Section 3

City - Type 4South Section 2

City - Type 4East Section 2

City - Type 4South Section 1

City - Type 4East Section 1

City - Type 7South Section 4

City - Type 7East Section 4

City - Type 7South Section 3

City - Type 7East Section 3

City - Type 7South Section 2

City - Type 7East Section 2

City - Type 7South Section 1

City - Type 7East Section 1

Current CitySouth Section 2

Current CityEast Section 2

Current CitySouth Section 3

Current CityEast Section 3

Current CitySouth Section 4

99m / 550m

98m / 550m

315m / 550m

241m / 550m

22m

12m

113m 140m

88m 125m

105m 125m

87m 13m

48m 48m 62m 52m

48m

31m

82m

75m 284m

75m

75m

67m

113m 215m

100m 200m

43m 72m

73m 180m

284m

33m

78m

33m 76m

205m

189m

48m 62m 52m

70m 20m 62m

33m 145m

32m

30m

120m

275m 40m

21m208m

33m

80m 18m

11m

60m 30m

145m 113m

48m 80m 113m

63m

25m 55m 10m

253m / 550m

98m / 550m

229m / 550m

273m / 550m

213m / 550m

98m / 550m

214m / 550m

288m / 550m

230m / 550m

112m / 550m

210m / 550m

44m / 550m

Current CityEast Section 4

165m / 525m

SouthSection 4

Eas

tS

ectio

n 1

Eas

tS

ectio

n 2

Eas

tS

ectio

n 3

Eas

tS

ectio

n 4

SouthSection 3

SouthSection 2

SouthSection 1

328m / 525m

359m / 525m

205m / 525m

235m / 525m

300m / 525m

359m / 525m

109m / 525m

236m / 525m

299m / 525m

328m / 525m

189m / 525m

234m / 525m

109m / 525m

115m / 525m

182m / 525m

Park

Entrance

The Backyard

Shrine

Shrine

0m125

300m0

6-3: Inspection of the 3 Cities 6-3-2: 10 Sections of the Elements

6-3-1: 32 Sections of the Density ArrangementInspection of the three cities is

necessary in the end chapter

because it can help us to make sure

that the theory of D.P.V. City is

workable or not. Is it possible that the

new functions (Program) are failed?

Is it possible that the new city forms

(Density to Volume) cannot match

the previous expectation? The

different kinds of perspectives will

assess the whole situation when we

compare the five cities (Three Types

Cities, the past Taipei city, and the

current Taipei city).

In the sector, one city is failed because it makes massive

contradiction between program and

density. One city is successful

because it fulfills most parts of

expectation, even though it is not

perfect. In the end, it is rational that

no city is perfect.

The 16 horizontal sections and 16 vertical sections are the samples of examination that checks whether the idea of density arrangement is workable in the Volume sector.

In the 8 teams, the same section of the four cities can be compared with several aspects and then they provide the conclusions to support or oppose previous ideas. It is possible to assess which arrangement is more effective.

In the eight teams, there has common

condition that sections of the cities with

three types have more lower and

continuous residential areas (especially

in the South Section 2) than the current

Taipei city, and they are well to follow the

new paradigm with low density area

(Japanese Official residences).

The covered length of low density (Lower than 10.5m = three storey) be measured with meter. It means that how many meters of length can match the context in every section. Of course, collecting Japanese official residences have more chance to create complete status of part of the new paradigm. But the other question is appeared: Whether the biggest residential area with low density in the section represents the best restored context?

6-3-1a: Assessment of the 5-4-2 (Classification)

6-3-1b: Assessment of the length.

The hole, even M shape society, and backyard are the three types of city form with low density. They can be compared in the South Section1 and South Section3 clearly. However, can it keep the quality in the three city forms?

The Hole - City Type 1:

In the East Section2 and 3, Type 1 do not have massive park. The hole is not existed, and the space looks like backyard imperfectly. In this way, it is hard to satisfy the two sides: Restored context of Japanese official residences and well function of road system and business. The old trees can adapt any form of empty space.

Even M shape society - City Type 4: It is failed in the sections because the even M shape society pursues relatively extremely uneven city form but it is not. Quantity of population can be closer with two extreme parts: huge area with lower density and small area with higher density. But it only causes closer height of building. The contradiction is appeared when we compare other city form with that.

The backyard - City Type 7: Despite the City – Type7 covers less length but it always keeps well quality with residential area. Is it a continuous region with the quality?

The eight sections of City – Type7 all reach the goal of quality. The quantity of hectare works well in Lian- yun Block, backyard is existed in everywhere.

The total amount of length in the 8 sections of the four cities is enough to assess the block situation with low density area. Samples of sections are enough to represent the condition.The current city has 1036mCity – Type1 has 2034mCity – Type4 has 1798mCity – Type7 has 1862mIf the lengths of sections represent the quantity of low density area, the amount ranking can be

T1 > T7 > T4 > Current cityBut T1 has too many empty spaces, less context. T7 may be the best choice in the sector.

The original parks and shrins cannot affect the density arrangement in the new paradigm, so they have same size of area in the three cities

The density arrangement is workable on left side.The entrance on right side (High Density Area) is fixed

The area of shrines is almost fixed. It is a comparison with finished low density area on right side.

It is the most clear that the new paradigm of three cities is more effective tokeep the continuous low density area than the current city

Page 36: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Core Core

Core

Core

N1

N1

N1

N1

N2N3

N2

N2

N3

N3

N4

N4

N5

N5

N6

N6

N7

N7

N8

N8

N8

N8

N8

N7

N7

N7

N6

N6

N6

N5

N5

N5

N4

N4

N4

N3

N3

N3

N1

N1

N2

N1

N1

E1

E1

E2

E3

E1

E1

E2

E2

E2

E3

E3

E3

E4

E4

E4

E5

E5

E5

E6

E6

E6

E7

E7

E7

E8

E8

E9

E9

N2

N2

N2

W1

W1

W1

W1W2

W3W4

W5W6

W7

N1

N2N3

W1W2

W3W4

W5W6

W7

W2

W2

W3

W3

W4

W4

W5

W5

W6

W6

W7

W7

W8

W8

W9

W9

W10

W10

W11

W2W3

W4W5

W6W7

W8W9

E10

N3N2

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

N4 N5 N6N7 N8

N3

N1

N2

E1

E2

E3

N3Current City Form

City Form - Type1

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 0 / 18 Arrival Rate from core to margin: 0 / 17

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 8 / 17

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 7 / 15

City Form - Type4

City Form - Type7

Market

Market

Market

Market

Market

Open Park

Open Park

Past City Form

Current City Form

City Form - Type1

City Form - Type4

City Form - Type7

Past City Form

Old Trees

Old Trees

Old Trees Old Trees

Old Trees

Old Trees Open Park

Open ParkJapanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

Shrine

Japanese Official ResidencesShrine

6-3-2: 10 Sections of the Elements 6-3-3: 30 Perspectives of the City Forms

Japanese Official Residences Business

Business Japanese Official ResidencesShrine Business

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences Open Park

When we make comparison between the five cities, it proves that it is possible to operate well between programs and density in new paradigm (The cities with density of three types). Moreover, is it possible to operate the programs perfectly in the new three cities? The inspection of city forms: road systems + path systems (short cut) with old trees, Japanese official residences, business, and parking tower.

Different kind of density arrangement may causes some programs to lose functions. Especially when the new path system (short cut) from core to margin cannot work well, and the result is that some programs may lose connection with others. The relationship between all elements is broken possibly.

From Low Density Core to Low Density Margin From Low Density Core to High Density MarginAssessment from Core to Margin:

In conclusion: The programs are workable from the low density area to the high density area in Type4 and Type7 because they have successful new road system to reach other elements well. The connection can be more effective.

Following the two diagrams of City – Type1, it is clear that there have a few black arrows from core to margin. It means that the City – Type 1 faces a problem that the path system cannot keep continuous because the density arrangement makes too many empty spaces, so the experience of path system is failed and people cannot find out which direction is the right way in the kind of empty spaces.

Moreover, the other programs are also failed as the result of the other kind of chaos situation because people cannot find the short cut well in the block.

The inspection of programs is divided into two parts in the sector: Low density core to low density margin and low density core to high density margin. Following the two direction of density arrangement, it is conspicuous that whether or not the density arrangement can influence the function of programs (Eight Elements).

Instead of City – Type1, City – Type4 and Type7 have ideal path system that is continuous and clear. Pedestrians can follow the pavement (Old Trees Road System) to reach other useful programs that are added in the 5-2 (Operation of the 8 Elements) such as other old trees circuses, markets, and Parking Tower on the marginal area of the block.

The relationship between pedestrians and mobiles would fix the traffic problem in the new kind of micro traffic system that follows the new paradigm.

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 6 / 19

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 6 / 18

Shrine

City Form - Type 1

City Form - Type 4 and Type 7

Page 37: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Core Core

Core

Core

N1

N1

N1

N1

N2N3

N2

N2

N3

N3

N4

N4

N5

N5

N6

N6

N7

N7

N8

N8

N8

N8

N8

N7

N7

N7

N6

N6

N6

N5

N5

N5

N4

N4

N4

N3

N3

N3

N1

N1

N2

N1

N1

E1

E1

E2

E3

E1

E1

E2

E2

E2

E3

E3

E3

E4

E4

E4

E5

E5

E5

E6

E6

E6

E7

E7

E7

E8

E8

E9

E9

N2

N2

N2

W1

W1

W1

W1W2

W3W4

W5W6

W7

N1

N2N3

W1W2

W3W4

W5W6

W7

W2

W2

W3

W3

W4

W4

W5

W5

W6

W6

W7

W7

W8

W8

W9

W9

W10

W10

W11

W2W3

W4W5

W6W7

W8W9

E10

N3N2

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

N4 N5 N6N7 N8

N3

N1

N2

E1

E2

E3

N3Current City Form

City Form - Type1

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 0 / 18 Arrival Rate from core to margin: 0 / 17

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 8 / 17

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 7 / 15

City Form - Type4

City Form - Type7

Market

Market

Market

Market

Market

Open Park

Open Park

Past City Form

Current City Form

City Form - Type1

City Form - Type4

City Form - Type7

Past City Form

Old Trees

Old Trees

Old Trees Old Trees

Old Trees

Old Trees Open Park

Open ParkJapanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences

Shrine

Japanese Official ResidencesShrine

6-3-2: 10 Sections of the Elements 6-3-3: 30 Perspectives of the City Forms

Japanese Official Residences Business

Business Japanese Official ResidencesShrine Business

Japanese Official Residences

Japanese Official Residences Open Park

When we make comparison between the five cities, it proves that it is possible to operate well between programs and density in new paradigm (The cities with density of three types). Moreover, is it possible to operate the programs perfectly in the new three cities? The inspection of city forms: road systems + path systems (short cut) with old trees, Japanese official residences, business, and parking tower.

Different kind of density arrangement may causes some programs to lose functions. Especially when the new path system (short cut) from core to margin cannot work well, and the result is that some programs may lose connection with others. The relationship between all elements is broken possibly.

From Low Density Core to Low Density Margin From Low Density Core to High Density MarginAssessment from Core to Margin:

In conclusion: The programs are workable from the low density area to the high density area in Type4 and Type7 because they have successful new road system to reach other elements well. The connection can be more effective.

Following the two diagrams of City – Type1, it is clear that there have a few black arrows from core to margin. It means that the City – Type 1 faces a problem that the path system cannot keep continuous because the density arrangement makes too many empty spaces, so the experience of path system is failed and people cannot find out which direction is the right way in the kind of empty spaces.

Moreover, the other programs are also failed as the result of the other kind of chaos situation because people cannot find the short cut well in the block.

The inspection of programs is divided into two parts in the sector: Low density core to low density margin and low density core to high density margin. Following the two direction of density arrangement, it is conspicuous that whether or not the density arrangement can influence the function of programs (Eight Elements).

Instead of City – Type1, City – Type4 and Type7 have ideal path system that is continuous and clear. Pedestrians can follow the pavement (Old Trees Road System) to reach other useful programs that are added in the 5-2 (Operation of the 8 Elements) such as other old trees circuses, markets, and Parking Tower on the marginal area of the block.

The relationship between pedestrians and mobiles would fix the traffic problem in the new kind of micro traffic system that follows the new paradigm.

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 6 / 19

Arrival Rate from core to margin: 6 / 18

Shrine

City Form - Type 1

City Form - Type 4 and Type 7

Page 38: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

2/18 Skyline of the Current City

D.

A.

B. C.

E.

F.

Skyline of Past City

11/18 Skyline of City - Type1

11/18 Skyline of City - Type4

9/11 Skyline of City - Type7

200

800

800

900

900

900

900

200 200

800

800

900

900

Shrine0

Shrine0

600

500

700

600

500

400

700

200

700

200200

400

300

300

500

200

300

300

300

500

200

200

300

200

400

200

500

400

300

500

400

200

300

300

400

400

200

600

500

400

400

200200

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

800

500

Shopping District

Shopping District

Shopping District

700

700 700700

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

The open space of shrine cannot affect the density arrangement dramatically. In fact, in high density area, it is ideal to input the larger open space.

Type 7 is the middle class in the three city forms.

6-3-3: 30 Perspectives of the City Forms 6-3-4: 10 Densities x 6 Programs = 44 Volumes

After the assessment of 10 sections of the elements, traveling from macro perspective to micro perspective, the relationship between density and programs is assessed by the 30 perspectives of the human view. The traveling experience in the five cities is useful to make sure the expected condition of urban form is workable or not: the Appropriately Uneven City Form. In the other words, from margin to core and back to margin, the skylines of them are variety extremely, and it is easy to help us to figure out the variation of parts of city forms. For example, margin of the block with three types match the context of current urban form: housing

area with high density, and parking towers can be appropriate with the area, fulfilling the necessity of macro traffic system in city scale. Oppositely, inside of the block with three types partly match the context of past village: housing area with low density.

In conclusion, the extreme situation is expected through all chapters, but is it true that the cities with three types all can operate well especially in low density area?

A. South Margin of the Block B. Open Park and Shrine C. Inside Residential Area 1. E. Inside Residential Area 2. F. The East Market

Five Skylines

Six ViewpointsD. Core of the Block

The even city form is mediocre, weak relationship with localheritage such as shrine or Japanese Official Residence, but it is the inside problem. In the marginal area, the high density volume is ideal to match the macro road system, so the part is adopted in new paradigm.

It is the most extreme situation of the three types cities, and it is abandoned in the previous sector.

In the perspective of density, it is a rational new city form. But in the perspective of volume, the skyline of low density area is still too high.It is no value when the blockprovides massive high density area on the margin.

The achivement rate is not thehighest in the five cities but the condition of low density area is ideal to reach the local context.

The trees play the conspicuous role of the skyline in past city.

Assessment of the Skylines:

Using the skyline to assess city forms is practical to realize the true living experience in Lian-yun Block. For example, from past village to current city, old trees play the roles from conspicuous space to inconspicuous and we can make sure the variety from the skyline condition.

Moreover, we also can make sure the new condition of the skyline with new paradigm (Three Types): from inconspicuous space to conspicuous (Core of the Block).

However, because the near views and far views are mixed, so skyline cannot provide the information with precise density arrangement, but the work is finished in the 6-3-1 (32 Sections of the Density Arrangement). Form of the past Taipei city and the current Taipei city are too even of the skylines.

City with three types provide more possibilities of city form and it will help the future development of local community even though they have the different details in low density area. The details can be checked in the inside residential areas.

If we check near view of Japanese Official Residences, City - Type7 truly matches the skyline well than Type1 and Type4. In fact, Type 1 is discarded in previous sector of inspection.

Page 39: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

2/18 Skyline of the Current City

D.

A.

B. C.

E.

F.

Skyline of Past City

11/18 Skyline of City - Type1

11/18 Skyline of City - Type4

9/11 Skyline of City - Type7

200

800

800

900

900

900

900

200 200

800

800

900

900

Shrine0

Shrine0

600

500

700

600

500

400

700

200

700

200200

400

300

300

500

200

300

300

300

500

200

200

300

200

400

200

500

400

300

500

400

200

300

300

400

400

200

600

500

400

400

200200

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

Trees0

800

500

Shopping District

Shopping District

Shopping District

700

700 700700

Parking0

Parking0

Parking0

The open space of shrine cannot affect the density arrangement dramatically. In fact, in high density area, it is ideal to input the larger open space.

Type 7 is the middle class in the three city forms.

6-3-3: 30 Perspectives of the City Forms 6-3-4: 10 Densities x 6 Programs = 44 Volumes

After the assessment of 10 sections of the elements, traveling from macro perspective to micro perspective, the relationship between density and programs is assessed by the 30 perspectives of the human view. The traveling experience in the five cities is useful to make sure the expected condition of urban form is workable or not: the Appropriately Uneven City Form. In the other words, from margin to core and back to margin, the skylines of them are variety extremely, and it is easy to help us to figure out the variation of parts of city forms. For example, margin of the block with three types match the context of current urban form: housing

area with high density, and parking towers can be appropriate with the area, fulfilling the necessity of macro traffic system in city scale. Oppositely, inside of the block with three types partly match the context of past village: housing area with low density.

In conclusion, the extreme situation is expected through all chapters, but is it true that the cities with three types all can operate well especially in low density area?

A. South Margin of the Block B. Open Park and Shrine C. Inside Residential Area 1. E. Inside Residential Area 2. F. The East Market

Five Skylines

Six ViewpointsD. Core of the Block

The even city form is mediocre, weak relationship with localheritage such as shrine or Japanese Official Residence, but it is the inside problem. In the marginal area, the high density volume is ideal to match the macro road system, so the part is adopted in new paradigm.

It is the most extreme situation of the three types cities, and it is abandoned in the previous sector.

In the perspective of density, it is a rational new city form. But in the perspective of volume, the skyline of low density area is still too high.It is no value when the blockprovides massive high density area on the margin.

The achivement rate is not thehighest in the five cities but the condition of low density area is ideal to reach the local context.

The trees play the conspicuous role of the skyline in past city.

Assessment of the Skylines:

Using the skyline to assess city forms is practical to realize the true living experience in Lian-yun Block. For example, from past village to current city, old trees play the roles from conspicuous space to inconspicuous and we can make sure the variety from the skyline condition.

Moreover, we also can make sure the new condition of the skyline with new paradigm (Three Types): from inconspicuous space to conspicuous (Core of the Block).

However, because the near views and far views are mixed, so skyline cannot provide the information with precise density arrangement, but the work is finished in the 6-3-1 (32 Sections of the Density Arrangement). Form of the past Taipei city and the current Taipei city are too even of the skylines.

City with three types provide more possibilities of city form and it will help the future development of local community even though they have the different details in low density area. The details can be checked in the inside residential areas.

If we check near view of Japanese Official Residences, City - Type7 truly matches the skyline well than Type1 and Type4. In fact, Type 1 is discarded in previous sector of inspection.

Page 40: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Road System

6 Programs

10 Densities

Japanese Official Residences

Old Trees+ Paths

Shrines+ Squares

Business

ParkingSpace

6-3-4: 10 Densities x 6 Programs = 44 Volumes The End of D.P.V City?

Back to the original concept: Density x Program = Volume, it is so simple but useful to read city forms no matter what scale of city form it is. In the sector, from high density to low density, from road system to parking tower, all of them are mixed in different situation. The kind of mutual support is constructed in new paradigm. Can it make sense about a beautiful city in every unit? What level of the density that the programs can reach is fixed, but it is flexible for future development.

City – Type7 is the Final Sample of inspectionCity – Type7 is the sample in the sector. Following the assessment from the 6-3-1 to 6-3-3, the process provides the reasons that City – Type7 can be the best choice of new paradigm of future Taipei City. First, in the 6-3-1 (32 Sections of the Density Arrangement), cities with three types is all successful to recovery the past context rather than current Taipei. The ranking of them is T1 > T7 > T4. Second, in the 6-3-2 (10 Sections of the Elements), Type1 faces a huge problem of continuous context and it causes failed path system and other programs, so Type1 is abandoned in that sector. Third, in the 6-3-3 (25 Perspectives of the City Forms), Type7 does not have the highest achievement rate in five cities but it is not the main purpose of the operation. The extreme condition is the purpose.

The extremely low density area is only appeared with open spaceon the inside block.

The diverse skylinesof road system represent the wholecondition of densityarangement inLian-yun block.

Following the ideafrom the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context). The new paradigmmakes that the city form is dramaticallychanged from current Taipei city.

The residences decide the densityarrangement well,and old trees andshrines cannot affect the abovecondition.

The two programscan work well onthe marginal areawith high densityvolume.

The partial allocation of themfollows the ideasthat from the 5-2-3(Allocation)

The relationship of local elemesnts is conspicuousin the density zone. TheJapanese residences coverthe new programs.

The group collects paces with the threeprograms: micro path system, old trees circus,and japanese residences of interior new programs. This locations of them mean that the new paradigm of local context is workable fromhigh density area to low density area.

Most of the travelingexperience in the inside street follows the density zone well.

The density zone is located between lowdensity area and middle density area. It has the two characteristics.

It is more like the current Taipei city , but the diverse heigh of volume is more clear than current.

The condition ishappened betweenmiddle and high density area inLian-yun block.

It is more possibly happened betweenextreme low and highdensity area.

The height of volume isnear 700 people/ha, butthe width of road system is narrower than that.

The high density area covers enormous quantityof population and it isefficient on the marginalarea.

The concentratedmarkets are locatedin high density area and theyall close the margin of theblock.

It is impossibleto see the JapaneseOfficial Residencesin the highestdensity area.

The open spacesin high densityarea is useful tobreak the massivevolume of housingspace.

Covering the most population in an area,it is appropriate to matchthe macro road system.

100 people/ha200 people/ha300 people/ha400 people/ha500 people/ha600 people/ha700 people/ha800 people/ha900 people/ha1000 people/ha

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

OpenPark

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

CircusCircus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

Choosing City – Type7 is rational to be the last inspection and the end of D.P.V. City.

Page 41: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Road System

6 Programs

10 Densities

Japanese Official Residences

Old Trees+ Paths

Shrines+ Squares

Business

ParkingSpace

6-3-4: 10 Densities x 6 Programs = 44 Volumes The End of D.P.V City?

Back to the original concept: Density x Program = Volume, it is so simple but useful to read city forms no matter what scale of city form it is. In the sector, from high density to low density, from road system to parking tower, all of them are mixed in different situation. The kind of mutual support is constructed in new paradigm. Can it make sense about a beautiful city in every unit? What level of the density that the programs can reach is fixed, but it is flexible for future development.

City – Type7 is the Final Sample of inspectionCity – Type7 is the sample in the sector. Following the assessment from the 6-3-1 to 6-3-3, the process provides the reasons that City – Type7 can be the best choice of new paradigm of future Taipei City. First, in the 6-3-1 (32 Sections of the Density Arrangement), cities with three types is all successful to recovery the past context rather than current Taipei. The ranking of them is T1 > T7 > T4. Second, in the 6-3-2 (10 Sections of the Elements), Type1 faces a huge problem of continuous context and it causes failed path system and other programs, so Type1 is abandoned in that sector. Third, in the 6-3-3 (25 Perspectives of the City Forms), Type7 does not have the highest achievement rate in five cities but it is not the main purpose of the operation. The extreme condition is the purpose.

The extremely low density area is only appeared with open spaceon the inside block.

The diverse skylinesof road system represent the wholecondition of densityarangement inLian-yun block.

Following the ideafrom the 5-2-2 (Recovery the context). The new paradigmmakes that the city form is dramaticallychanged from current Taipei city.

The residences decide the densityarrangement well,and old trees andshrines cannot affect the abovecondition.

The two programscan work well onthe marginal areawith high densityvolume.

The partial allocation of themfollows the ideasthat from the 5-2-3(Allocation)

The relationship of local elemesnts is conspicuousin the density zone. TheJapanese residences coverthe new programs.

The group collects paces with the threeprograms: micro path system, old trees circus,and japanese residences of interior new programs. This locations of them mean that the new paradigm of local context is workable fromhigh density area to low density area.

Most of the travelingexperience in the inside street follows the density zone well.

The density zone is located between lowdensity area and middle density area. It has the two characteristics.

It is more like the current Taipei city , but the diverse heigh of volume is more clear than current.

The condition ishappened betweenmiddle and high density area inLian-yun block.

It is more possibly happened betweenextreme low and highdensity area.

The height of volume isnear 700 people/ha, butthe width of road system is narrower than that.

The high density area covers enormous quantityof population and it isefficient on the marginalarea.

The concentratedmarkets are locatedin high density area and theyall close the margin of theblock.

It is impossibleto see the JapaneseOfficial Residencesin the highestdensity area.

The open spacesin high densityarea is useful tobreak the massivevolume of housingspace.

Covering the most population in an area,it is appropriate to matchthe macro road system.

100 people/ha200 people/ha300 people/ha400 people/ha500 people/ha600 people/ha700 people/ha800 people/ha900 people/ha1000 people/ha

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

OpenPark

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

CircusCircus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

Circus

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

ParkingTower

Choosing City – Type7 is rational to be the last inspection and the end of D.P.V. City.

Page 42: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Postscript: The D.P.V. City provides a possibility of methodology of city planning. It is continuous to face the dynamic condition of the current city. It is not to design another new city because the resources of local context are still stayed there. The work not only provides a new concept of feasible city form but also provides a new perspective that helps us to assess the current city and then realize the true destiny of it. In D.P.V. City, the sample of cities: Taipei city, and the sample of Taipei city: Lian-yun block, the new paradigm: Type 7. City can be operated well in the block, so each block also can do the similar way in Taipei. In this way, what kind of the city form is possible in the future? To be continued…

Architecture DesignThesis: D.P.V. CityNew Paradigm: City - Type 7.

Page 43: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Postscript: The D.P.V. City provides a possibility of methodology of city planning. It is continuous to face the dynamic condition of the current city. It is not to design another new city because the resources of local context are still stayed there. The work not only provides a new concept of feasible city form but also provides a new perspective that helps us to assess the current city and then realize the true destiny of it. In D.P.V. City, the sample of cities: Taipei city, and the sample of Taipei city: Lian-yun block, the new paradigm: Type 7. City can be operated well in the block, so each block also can do the similar way in Taipei. In this way, what kind of the city form is possible in the future? To be continued…

Architecture DesignThesis: D.P.V. CityNew Paradigm: City - Type 7.

Page 44: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism
Page 45: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism
Page 46: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

In the project, it requests that the four programs: Office, School, Library, and Market follow a fixed proportion to input into a narrow site (10m x 55m)in Taipei city. It would be a complete complex building that is expected to fulfill the regional necessity of masses. However, is it possible that we can combine the four programs into a tall building? In the other words, is it workable that the four programs are operated well in a narrow area but tall height? It is also possible that we can find the answer in the city when we make a study of urban condition.

Urban Architecture Design

Architecture Design - Summer 2007

Advisor: Chun-Hsiung, Wang

Undifferentiated City - Academic Writing

The current Taipei city is dynamic and chaotic, no well planning. In this way, any where can be used to be the residences, market, or office. They are all mixed together. It causes the undifferentiated city. Following the figure ground of the four programs, it is clear that the city only has weak regional planning of them. No relationship when we observe them in the first time. But can we say that they are all failed? In fact, the situation provides the other kind of chance. They may adapt chaotic and even program allocation in a macro scale even though the city planning is failed.

Traveling around the city, the undifferentiated landscape always destroys our sense of geography, losing the direction. It is hard to recognize building forms in many regions. They are all simple cube. So how do we figure out different region? Where we are stayed? The shop sign and shop front is the main symbol of region and it is enough in the city, so the mixed and undifferentiated space is not perfect truth. In the space of Taipei city, making a discussion of building form is not the most important thing. It is clear that the size of programs and the chaos of program arrangements is the key characteristic that we need to consider. If the condition (chaos and even) is effective in Taipei city, it is also effective in a complex building that is expected to contain four programs.

It is rational that the perspective of a city decides the form and function of the building. It means that the city truly follow a Paradigm.

Office + School + Library + MarketComplex Building

Size and Barter - Four Sizes x Four Programs

Page 47: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

In the project, it requests that the four programs: Office, School, Library, and Market follow a fixed proportion to input into a narrow site (10m x 55m)in Taipei city. It would be a complete complex building that is expected to fulfill the regional necessity of masses. However, is it possible that we can combine the four programs into a tall building? In the other words, is it workable that the four programs are operated well in a narrow area but tall height? It is also possible that we can find the answer in the city when we make a study of urban condition.

Urban Architecture Design

Architecture Design - Summer 2007

Advisor: Chun-Hsiung, Wang

Undifferentiated City - Academic Writing

The current Taipei city is dynamic and chaotic, no well planning. In this way, any where can be used to be the residences, market, or office. They are all mixed together. It causes the undifferentiated city. Following the figure ground of the four programs, it is clear that the city only has weak regional planning of them. No relationship when we observe them in the first time. But can we say that they are all failed? In fact, the situation provides the other kind of chance. They may adapt chaotic and even program allocation in a macro scale even though the city planning is failed.

Traveling around the city, the undifferentiated landscape always destroys our sense of geography, losing the direction. It is hard to recognize building forms in many regions. They are all simple cube. So how do we figure out different region? Where we are stayed? The shop sign and shop front is the main symbol of region and it is enough in the city, so the mixed and undifferentiated space is not perfect truth. In the space of Taipei city, making a discussion of building form is not the most important thing. It is clear that the size of programs and the chaos of program arrangements is the key characteristic that we need to consider. If the condition (chaos and even) is effective in Taipei city, it is also effective in a complex building that is expected to contain four programs.

It is rational that the perspective of a city decides the form and function of the building. It means that the city truly follow a Paradigm.

Office + School + Library + MarketComplex Building

Size and Barter - Four Sizes x Four Programs

Page 48: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Size (S, M, L, XL) and Barter of the Four Programs Building with Regulation or Choas

Size - S, M, L, XL Barter - [O]ffice, [S]chool, [L]ibrary, [M]arket

120m2

2m x 10m x 6 2m x 10m x 62m x 10m x 4 2m x 10m x 4x 3 Core Corex 3x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2

120m280m2 80m260m2 60m2Core

XL

XL L

CO

RE

CO

REM s s

XL

XL

XLL

L

LM

M

Ms s

s s

s s

M

M

M

M Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

CoreCore

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

M

M

M

M

L

L

L

LL

L

L

L

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

M

M

M

M Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

CoreCore

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

M

M

M

M

L

L

L

LL

L

L

L

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

2.5m3.5m

2.5m + 2m2.5m + 2m

5.5m

3m + 2.5m

3m + 2.5m

2.5m 2.5m 2.5m

Height

Area

Height

Area

2.5m 2.5m 2.5m3.5m

4.5m4.5m5.5m 5.5m

Core20m2 20m220m220m220m2 20m2

CoreXL

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ?

Following the previous Academic Writing, it discards the aesthetic form design and then changes the way to pursue the pure spatial relationship in the kind of building. In the chapter, the main work is to make the basic regulation of spatial relationship in different sizes and then rearrange the four programs into separate cube. It is

necessary to reaffirm that it is no meaning to make a discussion of aesthetic form in the city. Now, the four sizes x the four programs ≠ sixteen results, it tries to make sense of our life experience. What kind of building form is adopted and what kinds of programs are selected will have answer in the chapter.

If it is no meaning to make a discussion about form of architecture in the city, what kind of work can be the option? The diversity of programs size is the first idea and it can help to cause the clear relationship between program and program. So in the narrow site, I choose the area 2m x 10m to be the basic unit and then rearrange the size concept from surface to solid form. How to construct the building with diversity would be conspicuous but the principle of circulation is pure.

Most of programs can be described with different sizes that satisfy the separate necessity. So if we follow the Size: S, M, L, XL to arrange the details of programs, what kinds of programs we need? And how to transform the programs into spaces? The next work is to allocate the all into a vertical building. When we have a complex building that extremely mixes programs in every space, it is more possible that every space would have more chances to be used especially the library.

2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m

84.8m

Parking

11.5m

Size 2: The width of basic line is 2m

Barter 4: Principles of Program Arrangement

Size 6: The situation of stacling up the cubes

Some cubes is broken so how to fix the structure is a problem The hiden pathways cannot effect the chaotic elevation

1

Size 1: The region can represent the whole area of Taipei that is combined by different size of buildings. The chaos is not embarrassed in the city

Barter 1: It is conspicuous that the four programs have different sizes of spaces. We can try to sample the principle of them into the building.

Barter 2: In the complex building, the possibilities of programs are clear because they can mix together to satisfy the demand of separate program.

Barter 3: The principle of spatial variety. It decides the wall and furnitures of spaces. So the space can have a chaotic elevation of the cubes.

Size 5: If we try to change the parts of pathways to other side, the volume of building would be more stronger.

All thepathwaysarelocatedin oneside.

First:It cannothave theneighborswith sameprogram

XL:Office x 5School x 2Library x 3Market x 2

L:Office x 5School x 6

M:Office x 3School x 2Library x 3Market x 2

S:Office x 8Market x 8

W.C X 6

Third:The first arrangementcannot provide diversity.The second denythe first principle.It is rational tochoose a chaoticcondition.

Second:Market, Library, and School have the reason to near thecore because if they cannotdeny the first principle, theyneed a vertical relationship of their operation.The Ranking isLibrary> School> Market

XL to S

XL to S

S to XL

S to XL

XL to S

XL to S

S to XL

S to XL

FromXL to Sor S toXL,theyarelocatedindifferentside.

Size 3: Following the basic line to decide the different sizes of space, the four kinds of size are enough to fulfill the demand and supply the diversity of the complex buiilding. The different areas include the height of separatespace. In the XL cube, the 5.5m height is possible for second layer (3m + 2.5m)

Size 4: The question is: how do they can be constructed in a vertical building? The problems of structure andcirculation need to be solved to held a more stable construction.

First Step: Arranging the units into different parts, the height of space is no idea currentlySecond Step: 2.5m is the limit height of the building and then it is added for 1m, 2m, 3mThird Step: Transforming the units to adapt the form of site, it is possible to add second layer in the XL cube and L cube.

XLL LM M CoreS S S S S S

CoreXL XLL LM M CoreS S S SS S

2

3

4

5

5

6

[O]ffice/ Studio

XL L M S XL L M S

[S]chool

[L]ibrary

[M]arket

Office

ConferenceRoom

Office Office

Studio Studio

ReceptionRoom

LectureTheatre

OpenStacks / Stacks

VendingMachine/Rest Room/Lunge

Classroom Classroom/LectureHall

Magazine/Newspaper/Children’sDepartment

ConvenienceStore/Restaurant

Market

W.C

XL L M S

OO O Core1st 1st2nd

1st

1st 1st2nd

3rd

3rd

3rd

3rd

3rd

3rd

1st 1st2nd

1st 1st2nd

1st2nd

1st 1st2nd

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

OO O

LL LMM M

SS S

SS S

So LSo L

So MSo M

SO L

SO L

OO OOO O

LL LMM M

SS S

SS S

SO OLO S

SO LOM M

OS L

SO M

12F

11F

10F

9F

8F

7F

6F

5F

4F

3F

1F

2F

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

O

O

O

O

O

S

S

L

L

L

M

M

L

S

O

O

S

L

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L

M

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Core

Core

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S

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W

W

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W

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W

W

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W

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W

M

M

W

O

M

M

O

M

O

O

M

M

O

XL L M S1 S2

Page 49: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Size (S, M, L, XL) and Barter of the Four Programs Building with Regulation or Choas

Size - S, M, L, XL Barter - [O]ffice, [S]chool, [L]ibrary, [M]arket

120m2

2m x 10m x 6 2m x 10m x 62m x 10m x 4 2m x 10m x 4x 3 Core Corex 3x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2

120m280m2 80m260m2 60m2Core

XL

XL L

CO

RE

CO

REM s s

XL

XL

XLL

L

LM

M

Ms s

s s

s s

M

M

M

M Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

CoreCore

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

M

M

M

M

L

L

L

LL

L

L

L

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

M

M

M

M Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

CoreCore

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

SS

M

M

M

M

L

L

L

LL

L

L

L

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

2.5m3.5m

2.5m + 2m2.5m + 2m

5.5m

3m + 2.5m

3m + 2.5m

2.5m 2.5m 2.5m

Height

Area

Height

Area

2.5m 2.5m 2.5m3.5m

4.5m4.5m5.5m 5.5m

Core20m2 20m220m220m220m2 20m2

CoreXL

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ?

Following the previous Academic Writing, it discards the aesthetic form design and then changes the way to pursue the pure spatial relationship in the kind of building. In the chapter, the main work is to make the basic regulation of spatial relationship in different sizes and then rearrange the four programs into separate cube. It is

necessary to reaffirm that it is no meaning to make a discussion of aesthetic form in the city. Now, the four sizes x the four programs ≠ sixteen results, it tries to make sense of our life experience. What kind of building form is adopted and what kinds of programs are selected will have answer in the chapter.

If it is no meaning to make a discussion about form of architecture in the city, what kind of work can be the option? The diversity of programs size is the first idea and it can help to cause the clear relationship between program and program. So in the narrow site, I choose the area 2m x 10m to be the basic unit and then rearrange the size concept from surface to solid form. How to construct the building with diversity would be conspicuous but the principle of circulation is pure.

Most of programs can be described with different sizes that satisfy the separate necessity. So if we follow the Size: S, M, L, XL to arrange the details of programs, what kinds of programs we need? And how to transform the programs into spaces? The next work is to allocate the all into a vertical building. When we have a complex building that extremely mixes programs in every space, it is more possible that every space would have more chances to be used especially the library.

2m 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m2m

84.8m

Parking

11.5m

Size 2: The width of basic line is 2m

Barter 4: Principles of Program Arrangement

Size 6: The situation of stacling up the cubes

Some cubes is broken so how to fix the structure is a problem The hiden pathways cannot effect the chaotic elevation

1

Size 1: The region can represent the whole area of Taipei that is combined by different size of buildings. The chaos is not embarrassed in the city

Barter 1: It is conspicuous that the four programs have different sizes of spaces. We can try to sample the principle of them into the building.

Barter 2: In the complex building, the possibilities of programs are clear because they can mix together to satisfy the demand of separate program.

Barter 3: The principle of spatial variety. It decides the wall and furnitures of spaces. So the space can have a chaotic elevation of the cubes.

Size 5: If we try to change the parts of pathways to other side, the volume of building would be more stronger.

All thepathwaysarelocatedin oneside.

First:It cannothave theneighborswith sameprogram

XL:Office x 5School x 2Library x 3Market x 2

L:Office x 5School x 6

M:Office x 3School x 2Library x 3Market x 2

S:Office x 8Market x 8

W.C X 6

Third:The first arrangementcannot provide diversity.The second denythe first principle.It is rational tochoose a chaoticcondition.

Second:Market, Library, and School have the reason to near thecore because if they cannotdeny the first principle, theyneed a vertical relationship of their operation.The Ranking isLibrary> School> Market

XL to S

XL to S

S to XL

S to XL

XL to S

XL to S

S to XL

S to XL

FromXL to Sor S toXL,theyarelocatedindifferentside.

Size 3: Following the basic line to decide the different sizes of space, the four kinds of size are enough to fulfill the demand and supply the diversity of the complex buiilding. The different areas include the height of separatespace. In the XL cube, the 5.5m height is possible for second layer (3m + 2.5m)

Size 4: The question is: how do they can be constructed in a vertical building? The problems of structure andcirculation need to be solved to held a more stable construction.

First Step: Arranging the units into different parts, the height of space is no idea currentlySecond Step: 2.5m is the limit height of the building and then it is added for 1m, 2m, 3mThird Step: Transforming the units to adapt the form of site, it is possible to add second layer in the XL cube and L cube.

XLL LM M CoreS S S S S S

CoreXL XLL LM M CoreS S S SS S

2

3

4

5

5

6

[O]ffice/ Studio

XL L M S XL L M S

[S]chool

[L]ibrary

[M]arket

Office

ConferenceRoom

Office Office

Studio Studio

ReceptionRoom

LectureTheatre

OpenStacks / Stacks

VendingMachine/Rest Room/Lunge

Classroom Classroom/LectureHall

Magazine/Newspaper/Children’sDepartment

ConvenienceStore/Restaurant

Market

W.C

XL L M S

OO O Core1st 1st2nd

1st

1st 1st2nd

3rd

3rd

3rd

3rd

3rd

3rd

1st 1st2nd

1st 1st2nd

1st2nd

1st 1st2nd

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

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LL LMM M

SS S

SS S

So LSo L

So MSo M

SO L

SO L

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SS S

SS S

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SO M

12F

11F

10F

9F

8F

7F

6F

5F

4F

3F

1F

2F

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

Core

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O

O

O

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S

S

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XL L M S1 S2

Page 50: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

VerticalClassroom

Theindependentconnectionof classroomis necessaryfor considerablecirculatingpeople ina short time

Office

Office

Office

Office

W.C

Office

Super Market

ClassroomClassroom

OfficeMagazine Studio Restroom

Restroom W.C

Restroom Studio

Reception Room ClassroomStacks Classroom

Office Super Market

Office

ClassroomClassroom

StacksOffice

Studio W.CRestroom Studio

W.CStudio

StudioRestroom Hanging Garden Office

Open Stacks

Market Office Lecture Theatre

Classroom

Classroom

OfficeHanging Garden

LungeReception Room

W.C

Building with Regulation or Chaos - A. Building with Chaos

12FS to XL

Bookshelf x 33Desk x 14Board x 1Chair x 30 ~

Seat of Lecture x 70Desk x 18BlackBoard x 1Chair x 27 ~

Desk x 54Chair x 57 ~

BlackBoard x 1Desk x 50Chair x 57 ~

Seat ofLecture x 70Shelf x 8Desk x 12Chair x 20 ~

Bookshelf x 24Board x 1Desk x 12Chair x 16 ~

Bookshelf x 7Board x 1, BlackBoard x 1, Desk x 49, Chair x 57 ~

Shelf x 26Desk x 25Chair x 31 ~

Shelf x 5Board x 1BlackBoard x 1Desk x 55Chair x 60 ~

Board x 1Black Board x 1Desk x 57Chair x 61 ~

Black Board x 1Desk x 58Chair x 65 ~

Shelf x 32Board x 1Desk x 12Chair x 30 ~

W.C Studio Newspaper Office

CorePathwayL or ML or MXL or S

Open StacksLecture TheatreHanging GardenHanging Garden ClassroomRestroom

Wind Tunnel = Hanging Garden

11FS to XLdown

10FXL to S

09FXL to Sup

08FS to XL

07FS to XLdown

06FXL to S

05FXL to Sup

4.5m

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

4.5m

3.5m

3.5m

4.5m

4.5m

3.5m

3.5m

4.5m

4.5m

3.5m

3.5m

04FS to XL

03FS to XLdown

02FXL to S

01FXL to Sup

XL or S

Building with Regulation

The contradiction between regulative inside and chaotic outside is not contradictory in the city. Maybe we cannot change the urban surface immediately but we still can have a chance to design the spaces that we use. The right is especially powerful in the kind of city. Furniture can provides enough information of every cube. It follows the same idea with shop sign. Form follows function cannot work in the city. In fact, I arrange the programs for cubes in the time, and it will be easy to change the program arrangements in the future to fulfill new necessity. The diversity is dynamic.

Section B

Section D Section E Section F Section G Section G

Section A

Section C

Levels of the building are diverse. The sections of building may confuse people that do not know how to arrive a specific program. Moreover, the structure of building likes to pile up cubes. The different size of cubes can be installed together on the narrow site. The width of every cube is fixed, so constructing them can be easy in the factory before transporting to separate location.

In fact, the circulation can be so simple in the complex building if we can regulate them well. In the previous chapter, the idea of barter provides the regulation of it. The circulation and structure can be assessed in the chapter. In the inside, it is a building with regulation.

It is necessary to provide the holes in the higher level because the building is too narrow that cannot hold the power of wind from the front direction.In this way, setting hanging gardens isrational.

0m18m

Page 51: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

VerticalClassroom

Theindependentconnectionof classroomis necessaryfor considerablecirculatingpeople ina short time

Office

Office

Office

Office

W.C

Office

Super Market

ClassroomClassroom

OfficeMagazine Studio Restroom

Restroom W.C

Restroom Studio

Reception Room ClassroomStacks Classroom

Office Super Market

Office

ClassroomClassroom

StacksOffice

Studio W.CRestroom Studio

W.CStudio

StudioRestroom Hanging Garden Office

Open Stacks

Market Office Lecture Theatre

Classroom

Classroom

OfficeHanging Garden

LungeReception Room

W.C

Building with Regulation or Chaos - A. Building with Chaos

12FS to XL

Bookshelf x 33Desk x 14Board x 1Chair x 30 ~

Seat of Lecture x 70Desk x 18BlackBoard x 1Chair x 27 ~

Desk x 54Chair x 57 ~

BlackBoard x 1Desk x 50Chair x 57 ~

Seat ofLecture x 70Shelf x 8Desk x 12Chair x 20 ~

Bookshelf x 24Board x 1Desk x 12Chair x 16 ~

Bookshelf x 7Board x 1, BlackBoard x 1, Desk x 49, Chair x 57 ~

Shelf x 26Desk x 25Chair x 31 ~

Shelf x 5Board x 1BlackBoard x 1Desk x 55Chair x 60 ~

Board x 1Black Board x 1Desk x 57Chair x 61 ~

Black Board x 1Desk x 58Chair x 65 ~

Shelf x 32Board x 1Desk x 12Chair x 30 ~

W.C Studio Newspaper Office

CorePathwayL or ML or MXL or S

Open StacksLecture TheatreHanging GardenHanging Garden ClassroomRestroom

Wind Tunnel = Hanging Garden

11FS to XLdown

10FXL to S

09FXL to Sup

08FS to XL

07FS to XLdown

06FXL to S

05FXL to Sup

4.5m

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

S

S

S

S

S

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

2.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

5.5m

4.5m

3.5m

3.5m

4.5m

4.5m

3.5m

3.5m

4.5m

4.5m

3.5m

3.5m

04FS to XL

03FS to XLdown

02FXL to S

01FXL to Sup

XL or S

Building with Regulation

The contradiction between regulative inside and chaotic outside is not contradictory in the city. Maybe we cannot change the urban surface immediately but we still can have a chance to design the spaces that we use. The right is especially powerful in the kind of city. Furniture can provides enough information of every cube. It follows the same idea with shop sign. Form follows function cannot work in the city. In fact, I arrange the programs for cubes in the time, and it will be easy to change the program arrangements in the future to fulfill new necessity. The diversity is dynamic.

Section B

Section D Section E Section F Section G Section G

Section A

Section C

Levels of the building are diverse. The sections of building may confuse people that do not know how to arrive a specific program. Moreover, the structure of building likes to pile up cubes. The different size of cubes can be installed together on the narrow site. The width of every cube is fixed, so constructing them can be easy in the factory before transporting to separate location.

In fact, the circulation can be so simple in the complex building if we can regulate them well. In the previous chapter, the idea of barter provides the regulation of it. The circulation and structure can be assessed in the chapter. In the inside, it is a building with regulation.

It is necessary to provide the holes in the higher level because the building is too narrow that cannot hold the power of wind from the front direction.In this way, setting hanging gardens isrational.

0m18m

Page 52: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Building with Urban Form

up

dn

dn

dndn

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upup

up

upup

upup

up

up

up

upup

upup

up up

up

upup

up

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dn dn

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up

W.C

Section A.

Automatic Parking Space B1 - B3

The structure of undergroundspace is different with abovestructure of cubes 1f ~ 12f.

0.5F Main Entrance

Section B. Section C.

Studio Newspaper Office CoreCore

Core

Core

Core

CoreCore

Core

Core

Core Core

Core

Open StacksLecture TheatreHanging GardenHanging Garden ClassroomRestroom

OfficeOffice ClassroomClassroom OfficeHanging Garden Hanging Garden LungeReception Room W.C

W.CStudio StudioRestroom Hanging Garden Office Open Stacks Market Office Lecture Theatre

OfficeOffice ClassroomClassroom StacksOffice Studio W.CRestroom Studio

Restroom Studio Reception Room ClassroomStacks Classroom Office Super MarketOffice

OfficeSuper Market ClassroomClassroom OfficeMagazine Studio Restroom Restroom W.C

XLLMS1S2 XLLMS1S2

XLLMS1S2

XLLMS1S2 XLLMS1S2

XLLMS1S2S2S1MLXL

S2S1MLXL S2S1MLXL

S2S1MLXL S2S1MLXL

S2S1MLXL

+1.7m +2.7m +3.7m +4.7m

3F

2F1F

6F5F

4F 9F

8F7F

12F11F

10F

Building with Chaos

If the principle of spatial function can be fulfilled, the arrangement of walls would be dynamic in this building. The concept responses the urban form of Taipei city: Chaos and no facial expression. In this way, wall locations provide the information about relationship between cubes and structure of building. Different kinds of programs have different demands of open space. It is a common sense that the smaller space is more private and the larger space is more public. It is no meaning to create any small room in XL cubes because S cubes are nearby to assist larger cubes for leisure space or others. The condition of public and private makes more possibilities between walls and mirrors. Having a chaotic expression of the complex building is rational.

Cube Groups with Four Levels Cube Groups with One Level Cube Groups with Four Levels Cube Groups with One Level

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

+13.1m +12.1m +11.1m +10.1m

+18.5m +19.5m +20.5m +21.5m

+29.9m +28.9m +27.9m +26.9m

+35.3m +36.3m +37.3m +38.3m

+46.7m +45.7m +44.7m +43.7m

Building with Regulation or Chaos - B.

Page 53: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Building with Urban Form

up

dn

dn

dndn

dn

upup

up

upup

upup

up

up

up

upup

upup

up up

up

upup

up

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dn

dn dn

dn

dn

dn

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up

up

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up

up

dn

dn

up

up

up

up

W.C

Section A.

Automatic Parking Space B1 - B3

The structure of undergroundspace is different with abovestructure of cubes 1f ~ 12f.

0.5F Main Entrance

Section B. Section C.

Studio Newspaper Office CoreCore

Core

Core

Core

CoreCore

Core

Core

Core Core

Core

Open StacksLecture TheatreHanging GardenHanging Garden ClassroomRestroom

OfficeOffice ClassroomClassroom OfficeHanging Garden Hanging Garden LungeReception Room W.C

W.CStudio StudioRestroom Hanging Garden Office Open Stacks Market Office Lecture Theatre

OfficeOffice ClassroomClassroom StacksOffice Studio W.CRestroom Studio

Restroom Studio Reception Room ClassroomStacks Classroom Office Super MarketOffice

OfficeSuper Market ClassroomClassroom OfficeMagazine Studio Restroom Restroom W.C

XLLMS1S2 XLLMS1S2

XLLMS1S2

XLLMS1S2 XLLMS1S2

XLLMS1S2S2S1MLXL

S2S1MLXL S2S1MLXL

S2S1MLXL S2S1MLXL

S2S1MLXL

+1.7m +2.7m +3.7m +4.7m

3F

2F1F

6F5F

4F 9F

8F7F

12F11F

10F

Building with Chaos

If the principle of spatial function can be fulfilled, the arrangement of walls would be dynamic in this building. The concept responses the urban form of Taipei city: Chaos and no facial expression. In this way, wall locations provide the information about relationship between cubes and structure of building. Different kinds of programs have different demands of open space. It is a common sense that the smaller space is more private and the larger space is more public. It is no meaning to create any small room in XL cubes because S cubes are nearby to assist larger cubes for leisure space or others. The condition of public and private makes more possibilities between walls and mirrors. Having a chaotic expression of the complex building is rational.

Cube Groups with Four Levels Cube Groups with One Level Cube Groups with Four Levels Cube Groups with One Level

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

0m12m

+13.1m +12.1m +11.1m +10.1m

+18.5m +19.5m +20.5m +21.5m

+29.9m +28.9m +27.9m +26.9m

+35.3m +36.3m +37.3m +38.3m

+46.7m +45.7m +44.7m +43.7m

Building with Regulation or Chaos - B.

Page 54: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Temporary Void

South Elevation East Elevation

North Elevation

1F

4F

3F

7F

5F

8F

9F

11F

Hanging Garden - L12F

1F

2F

3F

5F

6F

7F

9F

10F

Office11F

West Elevation

Hanging Garden - S

Hanging Garden - M

Hanging Garden - M1.

4.

5.

5.

1.

6.

6.

7.

7.

8. 8.

9. 9.

9.

10. 10.

10. Entrance

Entrance

Entrance Main EntranceEntrance

Main EntranceEntrance

2.

2.

3.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Super Market

Hanging Garden - L

Hanging Garden - S

Hanging Garden - M

Hanging Garden - M

Restroom

W.C

Restroom

W.C

Studio

W.C

ReceptionRoom

W.C

Core

Core

Studio

W.C

Restroom

W.C

Office

OpenStacks

OpenStacks

LectureTheatre

LectureTheatre

SuperMarket

Office

Office

Office

Office

SuperMarket

Expression of the complex building is chaotic. It is hard to figure out the right location of separate function form outside. The condition makes sense with Taipei urban form. The complex building is truly complicated but it can work well because the arrangement of inside programs can suit the necessity of masses. In this way, can we say the kind of building is the best choice of Taipei city in the future? The building extends the current experience of this city but if the city can follow a new paradigm in the future, the idea of building would be abandoned. In conclusion, the expression of building can effect urban form and vice versa, too.

It is a contradiction between elevation and spatial experience.Elevations provide the information that circulation of the buildingis broken because the view of space is broken, too. In fact, all functions have close relationship when we observe theserious of perspectives. Smaller one assists larger one. Traveling on the pathway, other activities in other cubes areconspicuous.

Office

Classroom

Classroom Classroom

Classroom

Hanging Garden

Hanging Garden

Hanging Garden

Classroom

Office

Office

Office

Office

Office

W.C

W.C

Newspaper

Office

Open Stacks

Open Stacks

Open Stacks

Lecture

Restroom

Office

Office

Office

Office

Office

Reception Room

Office

Office

Restroom

Studio

Studio

W.C

W.C

Studio

Restroom

Super Market

M

L

L

M

XL

XL

XL

S

S

M

L

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

XL

S

S

S

S

S

XL

Classroom

Classroom

Classroom

Office

Stacks

Stacks

Core

Core

Core

M

L

XL

M

L

S

S

XL

S

S

L

M

L

M

M

M

XL

XL

Core

Classroom

XL

L

L

L

M

M

XL

XL

S

L

Building with Urban Form

Building with Regulation or Chaos - C.

0m18m

Page 55: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Temporary Void

South Elevation East Elevation

North Elevation

1F

4F

3F

7F

5F

8F

9F

11F

Hanging Garden - L12F

1F

2F

3F

5F

6F

7F

9F

10F

Office11F

West Elevation

Hanging Garden - S

Hanging Garden - M

Hanging Garden - M1.

4.

5.

5.

1.

6.

6.

7.

7.

8. 8.

9. 9.

9.

10. 10.

10. Entrance

Entrance

Entrance Main EntranceEntrance

Main EntranceEntrance

2.

2.

3.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Super Market

Hanging Garden - L

Hanging Garden - S

Hanging Garden - M

Hanging Garden - M

Restroom

W.C

Restroom

W.C

Studio

W.C

ReceptionRoom

W.C

Core

Core

Studio

W.C

Restroom

W.C

Office

OpenStacks

OpenStacks

LectureTheatre

LectureTheatre

SuperMarket

Office

Office

Office

Office

SuperMarket

Expression of the complex building is chaotic. It is hard to figure out the right location of separate function form outside. The condition makes sense with Taipei urban form. The complex building is truly complicated but it can work well because the arrangement of inside programs can suit the necessity of masses. In this way, can we say the kind of building is the best choice of Taipei city in the future? The building extends the current experience of this city but if the city can follow a new paradigm in the future, the idea of building would be abandoned. In conclusion, the expression of building can effect urban form and vice versa, too.

It is a contradiction between elevation and spatial experience.Elevations provide the information that circulation of the buildingis broken because the view of space is broken, too. In fact, all functions have close relationship when we observe theserious of perspectives. Smaller one assists larger one. Traveling on the pathway, other activities in other cubes areconspicuous.

Office

Classroom

Classroom Classroom

Classroom

Hanging Garden

Hanging Garden

Hanging Garden

Classroom

Office

Office

Office

Office

Office

W.C

W.C

Newspaper

Office

Open Stacks

Open Stacks

Open Stacks

Lecture

Restroom

Office

Office

Office

Office

Office

Reception Room

Office

Office

Restroom

Studio

Studio

W.C

W.C

Studio

Restroom

Super Market

M

L

L

M

XL

XL

XL

S

S

M

L

XL

XL

XL

XL

S

XL

S

S

S

S

S

XL

Classroom

Classroom

Classroom

Office

Stacks

Stacks

Core

Core

Core

M

L

XL

M

L

S

S

XL

S

S

L

M

L

M

M

M

XL

XL

Core

Classroom

XL

L

L

L

M

M

XL

XL

S

L

Building with Urban Form

Building with Regulation or Chaos - C.

0m18m

Page 56: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Temporary VoidSize and Barter

Future Automobile and Mobile TelephoneConcept Store

Architecture Design Winter / 2005

Advisor: Wei-Shieng Sung

In Taipei city, the private undeveloped space is scarce and dynamic. It can be used for any temporary function such as a parking space, an open park, or a model house. These programs all dramatically affect the local community but they are not existed permanently. Some programs provide benefits for local people but some programs are not. Now, I have a chance to face the temporary void. I need to realize the difference between programs. Caring the life of local people is not enough. In the project, creating more inducement of shopping is the other challenge.

This concept store provides the imagination of our future life with automobile and cell phone. In this project, I design two independent exhibition rooms that follow different ideas, but they have common entrance and service zone. The visiting circulations from two sides are workable in the store.

Page 57: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Temporary VoidSize and Barter

Future Automobile and Mobile TelephoneConcept Store

Architecture Design Winter / 2005

Advisor: Wei-Shieng Sung

In Taipei city, the private undeveloped space is scarce and dynamic. It can be used for any temporary function such as a parking space, an open park, or a model house. These programs all dramatically affect the local community but they are not existed permanently. Some programs provide benefits for local people but some programs are not. Now, I have a chance to face the temporary void. I need to realize the difference between programs. Caring the life of local people is not enough. In the project, creating more inducement of shopping is the other challenge.

This concept store provides the imagination of our future life with automobile and cell phone. In this project, I design two independent exhibition rooms that follow different ideas, but they have common entrance and service zone. The visiting circulations from two sides are workable in the store.

Page 58: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Outside: Four Temporary Voids of Concept Store Inside: The Two Exhibitions

Hole of the Wall

Elevation Design

Floor Plan

South Elevation

North Elevation

Section A.

1 Floor Plan

North North North

2 Floor Plan 3 Floor Plan

East Elevation

West Elevation

The Temporary Void faces the other characteristic of Taipei city figure ground. Buildings that locate on the margin of every block are combined to be a

massive wall. In current city planning, the space follows higher FAR standard than inside space of a block. It makes a conspicuous condition that the wall

can resist the pressure from main traffic system. People who live in inside block may have chance to breath easily. The site is long and deep into inside

block. The concept store not only cannot lead strangers into community but also provides program that services local people and visitor. I need to

consider the situation to be the main concept.

The two exhibitions have common entrance. The left side ramp is a runway of automobile. But in the space, visitors are the runners.

The inside continuous space can be readed from outside elevations. The forms of different mirror units follow different voids of space. For example, in the east elevation, the exaggerative form of curtain wall is expected to come into notice of visitors.

The right side exhibition room is flat space of mobiletelephone. It is flexible for different kinds or periodsshow room.

In the end of two exhibition, the highest level hasreception rooms and restrooms.

Void 3. Community

Void 2. Square

Void 1. The Urban

CommunityUrban

MobileSquare

Void 3. Mobile

0m25m 0m25m

0m25m

0m25m

Section B. Section C. Section D. Section E. Section F. Section G.

Page 59: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Outside: Four Temporary Voids of Concept Store Inside: The Two Exhibitions

Hole of the Wall

Elevation Design

Floor Plan

South Elevation

North Elevation

Section A.

1 Floor Plan

North North North

2 Floor Plan 3 Floor Plan

East Elevation

West Elevation

The Temporary Void faces the other characteristic of Taipei city figure ground. Buildings that locate on the margin of every block are combined to be a

massive wall. In current city planning, the space follows higher FAR standard than inside space of a block. It makes a conspicuous condition that the wall

can resist the pressure from main traffic system. People who live in inside block may have chance to breath easily. The site is long and deep into inside

block. The concept store not only cannot lead strangers into community but also provides program that services local people and visitor. I need to

consider the situation to be the main concept.

The two exhibitions have common entrance. The left side ramp is a runway of automobile. But in the space, visitors are the runners.

The inside continuous space can be readed from outside elevations. The forms of different mirror units follow different voids of space. For example, in the east elevation, the exaggerative form of curtain wall is expected to come into notice of visitors.

The right side exhibition room is flat space of mobiletelephone. It is flexible for different kinds or periodsshow room.

In the end of two exhibition, the highest level hasreception rooms and restrooms.

Void 3. Community

Void 2. Square

Void 1. The Urban

CommunityUrban

MobileSquare

Void 3. Mobile

0m25m 0m25m

0m25m

0m25m

Section B. Section C. Section D. Section E. Section F. Section G.

Page 60: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Inside: The Two Exhibitions of Concept Store Temporary: Detail of Automobile Exhibition

Sections

In the detail project, I chose the automobile exhibition room to challenge the issue about temporary. The kind of structure can be constructed easily

because the components of construction can be transported to the site easily and then be fabricated by labor power. So it would not cause too many

problems of original land. The idea makes sense of the project: Temporary Void.

Temporary: Detail of Automobile Exhibition

From urban scale into community scale, the different sections of volume are decided to elevate and marginalize. The activities of concept store cannot

affect usual life of local people. So the design work is to create a possible circulation of visitors which leans south. In the other side, the terminal coffee

shop provides s temporally comfortable space of all people, and the central interior square is a buffer zone between urban and community.

Section A. Mobile Void

Coffee Shop

Mobile Void

Mobile Void

Urban Void

North Elevation of Detail Design

South Elevation of Detail Design

Community Void

Community Void

Square Void

Urban Void

Section B.

Section C.

Section D.

Section E.

Section F.

Section G.

Back Square of Community

Back Square of Community

Service Area

Service Area

Future Automobile Exhibition ZoneFan Club

Service Area

Entrance ofAutomobileExhibition

Runway ofAutomobileExhibition

Central Square

Back Entrance ofCentral Square

Entrance ofConcept Store

Parking Space

Parking Space

Mobile PhoneMusic Station

Core

Reception RoomVIP RoomRestroom, Conference Room

Parking Space

Entrance of Central Square

Entrance of Mobile Phone Exhibition

Main Mobile Phone Exhibition Room

Runway of AutomobileExhibition

Service Area

Runway ofAutomobileExhibition

Back Square of Community

Central Park

0m25m

Page 61: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Inside: The Two Exhibitions of Concept Store Temporary: Detail of Automobile Exhibition

Sections

In the detail project, I chose the automobile exhibition room to challenge the issue about temporary. The kind of structure can be constructed easily

because the components of construction can be transported to the site easily and then be fabricated by labor power. So it would not cause too many

problems of original land. The idea makes sense of the project: Temporary Void.

Temporary: Detail of Automobile Exhibition

From urban scale into community scale, the different sections of volume are decided to elevate and marginalize. The activities of concept store cannot

affect usual life of local people. So the design work is to create a possible circulation of visitors which leans south. In the other side, the terminal coffee

shop provides s temporally comfortable space of all people, and the central interior square is a buffer zone between urban and community.

Section A. Mobile Void

Coffee Shop

Mobile Void

Mobile Void

Urban Void

North Elevation of Detail Design

South Elevation of Detail Design

Community Void

Community Void

Square Void

Urban Void

Section B.

Section C.

Section D.

Section E.

Section F.

Section G.

Back Square of Community

Back Square of Community

Service Area

Service Area

Future Automobile Exhibition ZoneFan Club

Service Area

Entrance ofAutomobileExhibition

Runway ofAutomobileExhibition

Central Square

Back Entrance ofCentral Square

Entrance ofConcept Store

Parking Space

Parking Space

Mobile PhoneMusic Station

Core

Reception RoomVIP RoomRestroom, Conference Room

Parking Space

Entrance of Central Square

Entrance of Mobile Phone Exhibition

Main Mobile Phone Exhibition Room

Runway of AutomobileExhibition

Service Area

Runway ofAutomobileExhibition

Back Square of Community

Central Park

0m25m

Page 62: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Temporary: Detail Automobile Exhibition Two Islands

Exploded Detail View of Automobile Exhibition Room

This series stages looks like a runway of mobiles, but mobiles are fixed and visitors need to follow the only circulation of exhibition. In the process,

people would have more chance to see the details of mobiles from different angles. The detail plan is to design a lithe structure of visiting experience,

so extended gaps between every stage are conspicuous. Other slight gaps are expected to dramatically extend the experience.

This temporary structure can be divided into several layers. From main structure to subsidary structure to walls to curtain walls, the process is fixed in

this project.

Detail = Circulation

420

1170

395

75

24

730

355

350

11501700970

455

420615 110

383

200

420

350

120

535

110

110

2090

1660

190260160470

1080

dndn

dn

up

up

up

up

up

up

up

2200

1170

940442

480150480600

+40 +150 +260 +370

+500

+590

+20

+20

+700

+770

Floor Plan of Detail Design

Upper Main Structure

Subsidary Structure A.

Subsidary Structure B.

Subsidary Structure C.

Stage

Ceiling

Support of Lighting Ceiling

Lighting Ceiling

Perspectivefrom Upper Level

Lower Main Structure

Curtain Wall

Walls

Curtain Wall

Units: Centimeter

Circulation

Section A. of Detail Design

Service Area

Exhibition Room

Section B. of Detail Design

Page 63: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Temporary: Detail Automobile Exhibition Two Islands

Exploded Detail View of Automobile Exhibition Room

This series stages looks like a runway of mobiles, but mobiles are fixed and visitors need to follow the only circulation of exhibition. In the process,

people would have more chance to see the details of mobiles from different angles. The detail plan is to design a lithe structure of visiting experience,

so extended gaps between every stage are conspicuous. Other slight gaps are expected to dramatically extend the experience.

This temporary structure can be divided into several layers. From main structure to subsidary structure to walls to curtain walls, the process is fixed in

this project.

Detail = Circulation

420

1170

395

75

24

730

355

350

11501700970

455

420615 110

383

200

420

350

120

535

110

110

2090

1660

190260160470

1080

dndn

dn

up

up

up

up

up

up

up

2200

1170

940442

480150480600

+40 +150 +260 +370

+500

+590

+20

+20

+700

+770

Floor Plan of Detail Design

Upper Main Structure

Subsidary Structure A.

Subsidary Structure B.

Subsidary Structure C.

Stage

Ceiling

Support of Lighting Ceiling

Lighting Ceiling

Perspectivefrom Upper Level

Lower Main Structure

Curtain Wall

Walls

Curtain Wall

Units: Centimeter

Circulation

Section A. of Detail Design

Service Area

Exhibition Room

Section B. of Detail Design

Page 64: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Two Islands:Temporary Void

First Island: Jiju Island - Hill of Sea Women MuseumBio-Climatic Architecture Studio

Second Island: Ho-Ping Island - Border EcotoneLand & Scape Studio

Architecture Design Winter / 2006

Advisor: Yoshio Kato

Architecture Design 2007 - 2008

Advisor: Min-Chieh, Kang

In the EA4, I joined the two studios that follow different perspectives to observe and research two islands, and then design the project that response to the characteristics and requirements of two islands.

“Island” is a special region which needs local people to care more about their available resources. It also provides a limit region which has independent culture and society. Everything can be more conspicuous in an island. From scientific method to emotional consideration, “Island” tests professional ability of architect. I need to put in more observation and consideration of local environment even though I am a stranger.Currently, Island gradually loses its characteristic because the globalization affects every space which people live. People’s livelihood may not be a problem in an island now, but architecture is not appropriate to follow the condition if designers still believe their profession. It is why I expect to pursue further knowledge of architecture.

The Korean Island is affected by oceanic climate, and its flat terrain promotes the characteristic that the wind velocity is dramatic height. Fortunately, the direction of wind is simple in four seasons, and the local material (rock) is stronger enough to resist the power of wind.

The two conditions can be used to construct a museum that not only solves the problem but also transforms the disadvantage into advantage.

The Taiwanese Island includes many immigrants who come from over eight races. It is not only a geography border but also a shelter of disadvantaged minorities.

The heritages from different periods of history in this island can be a chance to save the condition.

Page 65: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Two Islands:Temporary Void

First Island: Jiju Island - Hill of Sea Women MuseumBio-Climatic Architecture Studio

Second Island: Ho-Ping Island - Border EcotoneLand & Scape Studio

Architecture Design Winter / 2006

Advisor: Yoshio Kato

Architecture Design 2007 - 2008

Advisor: Min-Chieh, Kang

In the EA4, I joined the two studios that follow different perspectives to observe and research two islands, and then design the project that response to the characteristics and requirements of two islands.

“Island” is a special region which needs local people to care more about their available resources. It also provides a limit region which has independent culture and society. Everything can be more conspicuous in an island. From scientific method to emotional consideration, “Island” tests professional ability of architect. I need to put in more observation and consideration of local environment even though I am a stranger.Currently, Island gradually loses its characteristic because the globalization affects every space which people live. People’s livelihood may not be a problem in an island now, but architecture is not appropriate to follow the condition if designers still believe their profession. It is why I expect to pursue further knowledge of architecture.

The Korean Island is affected by oceanic climate, and its flat terrain promotes the characteristic that the wind velocity is dramatic height. Fortunately, the direction of wind is simple in four seasons, and the local material (rock) is stronger enough to resist the power of wind.

The two conditions can be used to construct a museum that not only solves the problem but also transforms the disadvantage into advantage.

The Taiwanese Island includes many immigrants who come from over eight races. It is not only a geography border but also a shelter of disadvantaged minorities.

The heritages from different periods of history in this island can be a chance to save the condition.

Page 66: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Wind

Rock

Rock

Defense

Hide

Wind

The highest mountaion (漢拿山) is only 1950 meters, so its height is not enough to resist the massive wind in whole year. In this way, thelocal people found a way to construct their housing that can resist the pressure of wind and, moreover, provide a safy space of daily life.

Sea women were distributed in two centries ago in Japan and South Korea. In essential resource of nutrient. Sea women need to dive into the water to find sea food. Now the existence of them is one of the most important heritage in Jeju Island. The oldest sea woman in Chiju Island is over 80 years old and not retired so far.

First Island: A Bio- Climatic Architecture in Jeju Island Exhibition and Landscape Plan

암석Rock

Formation of the island is by the eruption of volcano, so the landscape of whole island is formed by igneous rock.

Plant always has the ability to grow on rock.The cover of plant as a carpet on the island.

The rock was the most important resource of local people to create the artifacts and buildings.

바람Wind

In the warm current region, the transition of four seasons is dramatic. Dry climate in winter and moist climate in summer. 16 degrees centigrade is the average temperature of whole year. The range of temperature is from 1 degrees centigrade to 33.5 degrees centigrade.

The quantity of sea women drops fast now. In the 1960, more than 30000 people di the job but now less than 5000 people.First, the long-term work is too dangerous and most of women can find other works in towns. Second, pollution of the inshore areas is increased, so it is hard to findsea food there. The profession will disappear in the future. In this way, it is rational to construct a museum of them to protect the heritage oflocal culture.

Hill of Sea Women Museum

제주도

Natural Condition and Social Custom of Jeju Isalnd

Landscape of Hidden Building

The Hidden Method of Local Traditional Building:

History of Sea Women:Until the 19th century, diving was mostly done by men. The job became unprofitable for men since they had to pay heavy taxes, unlike women who did not. Women took over the diving (which was considered the lowest of jobs) and, because of the great dependence on sea products in most places on Jeju, became the main breadwinners. It could also be said that women simply were more adapted for the job, with their bodies keeping them warmer and being more suited to swimming than a male, with more body fat. With that, they often became "the head" of their family.

In the studio of bio-climatic architecture, I need to learn how to use the kind of practical information to design a building that matches the local resource and custom. Before beginning of the design project, I try to study the climatic and natural condition and social custom of the island. It is not only to solve the problem of environmental landscape but also to realize the influence of single building with micro climate. Form of the sea women museum looks like a hill that is hidden near a shore to protect the landscape and custom of local context in the Island.

SummerJapan

Winter

해녀Sea

Woman

This site is near the southern coast of the island. It is a marginal place that we need to drive car for one hour from a nearest city. Arround area is original forest so a conspicuous building would extremely destroy the landscape. Following the idea of hidden traditional building. The building is hidden under a hill. It is not only protect the landscape but also resist the power of wind.

Rock is the best local resource to construct buildings. Because the wind is so powerful that may destroy thestructure of housing. Using the rock to be the wall or to construct a half-underground housing is rational.

North

SouthShore

Korea

Japan

Korea

Page 67: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Wind

Rock

Rock

Defense

Hide

Wind

The highest mountaion (漢拿山) is only 1950 meters, so its height is not enough to resist the massive wind in whole year. In this way, thelocal people found a way to construct their housing that can resist the pressure of wind and, moreover, provide a safy space of daily life.

Sea women were distributed in two centries ago in Japan and South Korea. In essential resource of nutrient. Sea women need to dive into the water to find sea food. Now the existence of them is one of the most important heritage in Jeju Island. The oldest sea woman in Chiju Island is over 80 years old and not retired so far.

First Island: A Bio- Climatic Architecture in Jeju Island Exhibition and Landscape Plan

암석Rock

Formation of the island is by the eruption of volcano, so the landscape of whole island is formed by igneous rock.

Plant always has the ability to grow on rock.The cover of plant as a carpet on the island.

The rock was the most important resource of local people to create the artifacts and buildings.

바람Wind

In the warm current region, the transition of four seasons is dramatic. Dry climate in winter and moist climate in summer. 16 degrees centigrade is the average temperature of whole year. The range of temperature is from 1 degrees centigrade to 33.5 degrees centigrade.

The quantity of sea women drops fast now. In the 1960, more than 30000 people di the job but now less than 5000 people.First, the long-term work is too dangerous and most of women can find other works in towns. Second, pollution of the inshore areas is increased, so it is hard to findsea food there. The profession will disappear in the future. In this way, it is rational to construct a museum of them to protect the heritage oflocal culture.

Hill of Sea Women Museum

제주도

Natural Condition and Social Custom of Jeju Isalnd

Landscape of Hidden Building

The Hidden Method of Local Traditional Building:

History of Sea Women:Until the 19th century, diving was mostly done by men. The job became unprofitable for men since they had to pay heavy taxes, unlike women who did not. Women took over the diving (which was considered the lowest of jobs) and, because of the great dependence on sea products in most places on Jeju, became the main breadwinners. It could also be said that women simply were more adapted for the job, with their bodies keeping them warmer and being more suited to swimming than a male, with more body fat. With that, they often became "the head" of their family.

In the studio of bio-climatic architecture, I need to learn how to use the kind of practical information to design a building that matches the local resource and custom. Before beginning of the design project, I try to study the climatic and natural condition and social custom of the island. It is not only to solve the problem of environmental landscape but also to realize the influence of single building with micro climate. Form of the sea women museum looks like a hill that is hidden near a shore to protect the landscape and custom of local context in the Island.

SummerJapan

Winter

해녀Sea

Woman

This site is near the southern coast of the island. It is a marginal place that we need to drive car for one hour from a nearest city. Arround area is original forest so a conspicuous building would extremely destroy the landscape. Following the idea of hidden traditional building. The building is hidden under a hill. It is not only protect the landscape but also resist the power of wind.

Rock is the best local resource to construct buildings. Because the wind is so powerful that may destroy thestructure of housing. Using the rock to be the wall or to construct a half-underground housing is rational.

North

SouthShore

Korea

Japan

Korea

Page 68: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

First Isalnd: Exhibition and Landscape Plan Application of Water Tank

Hill B

B2 Plan

1.Entrance Hall

2.East (Main) Information

3.Director Office

4.Office

5.Reception Room

6. W.C

7.Aquarium Maintenance Office

8.Warehouse

9.Store

10.Buffet

11.Foyer

12.West Information

13.Exhibition Room

14.SEA Square

15.Warehouse

16.Facilities

Exit

+5m

-2m

-7m

Square

WaterSquare

Entrance

Entrance

Shore

Exit

Hill

Hill A

1.

2.

3.

4.

25.

0m28m0m28m

21.

20.

19.

17.

18.

23.

24.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.6.

16.

11.

12.

6.

15.

13.13.

13.

Hill CParking Space

South

Section A.

Section B.

Section C.

1F Plan

17.Wind Tube

18.Handicraft & Biography Gallery

19.Seascape Room

20.Experience Box 1

21.Water Tank

22.Experience Box 2

23.Exit Hall

24.Exit Gallery

25.Stage Drama

Section B.

Section C.Section A.

North

West East

South

The museum is divided into two main parts: upper exhibition and lower exhibition. They follow different ideas of visiting experience. One (lower) is the traditional exhibition of the artifacts and history, and the other one (upper) is a unique exhibition that like a massive aquarium.

The upper exhibition is an enormous aquarium and people will visit five cube which show the work experience of sea women. Moreover, it is not only a tank of water. The parts of material of aquarium wall are glasses so light will reflect into the building to make dynamic shadow of whole museum. The museum does not need much electric power of light, too.

Lower Exhibition Upper Exhibition

Circulation of Visiting

18. Handicraft and Biography Gallery

24. Exit Gallery

Lower Exhibition: Water Square

North South

North South

From facilities to exhibition room, almost all traditional functions are collected in the lower space. Central Square of lower space is under the aquarium and it provides the region of activity and performance. Considering the micro climatic condition and the efficiency of visiting, the method of location is rational.

North

Page 69: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

First Isalnd: Exhibition and Landscape Plan Application of Water Tank

Hill B

B2 Plan

1.Entrance Hall

2.East (Main) Information

3.Director Office

4.Office

5.Reception Room

6. W.C

7.Aquarium Maintenance Office

8.Warehouse

9.Store

10.Buffet

11.Foyer

12.West Information

13.Exhibition Room

14.SEA Square

15.Warehouse

16.Facilities

Exit

+5m

-2m

-7m

Square

WaterSquare

Entrance

Entrance

Shore

Exit

Hill

Hill A

1.

2.

3.

4.

25.

0m28m0m28m

21.

20.

19.

17.

18.

23.

24.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.6.

16.

11.

12.

6.

15.

13.13.

13.

Hill CParking Space

South

Section A.

Section B.

Section C.

1F Plan

17.Wind Tube

18.Handicraft & Biography Gallery

19.Seascape Room

20.Experience Box 1

21.Water Tank

22.Experience Box 2

23.Exit Hall

24.Exit Gallery

25.Stage Drama

Section B.

Section C.Section A.

North

West East

South

The museum is divided into two main parts: upper exhibition and lower exhibition. They follow different ideas of visiting experience. One (lower) is the traditional exhibition of the artifacts and history, and the other one (upper) is a unique exhibition that like a massive aquarium.

The upper exhibition is an enormous aquarium and people will visit five cube which show the work experience of sea women. Moreover, it is not only a tank of water. The parts of material of aquarium wall are glasses so light will reflect into the building to make dynamic shadow of whole museum. The museum does not need much electric power of light, too.

Lower Exhibition Upper Exhibition

Circulation of Visiting

18. Handicraft and Biography Gallery

24. Exit Gallery

Lower Exhibition: Water Square

North South

North South

From facilities to exhibition room, almost all traditional functions are collected in the lower space. Central Square of lower space is under the aquarium and it provides the region of activity and performance. Considering the micro climatic condition and the efficiency of visiting, the method of location is rational.

North

Page 70: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

First Island: Application of Water Tank (Upper Exhibition) Second Island: Ho- Ping Island

Observat ionResearchHarvestDirect ion Diving

Firstly, The front whole absorbs hot air from south into the half-underground museum in summer, and then the temperature is decreased when they flow through the water tank. The cold air will comes down into lower exhibition room.

Secondly, in the lower layer, exhaust gas such as co2 would be accumulated. The electric fan can sent the gas from lower exhibition room to the upper hill. The kind of thermal convection is efficient in this museum.

Hot Air

co2

Whole

Experience CubesUpper ExhibitionWater Membrane

Structure

Service CenterLower Exhibition

Pillars ,Stairs, Elevators

Entrance

Seascape Window

Micro Climatic Condition

Experience of Sea Woman Exploded View of Sea Woman Museum

In the upper exhibition room, the five cubes are connected to express the work experience of sea woman, so the process can be divided into the five parts: Observation, Diving, Search, Harvest, and Direction. It is so simple but the experience still is special for common masses. How they dive into the bottom of shallow sea? Performance of true sea woman can be achieved in the aquarium.

Exhaust Gas

South

In Summer

In Winter

In Summer

South

South

Water

O2

South

North

South

North

Cold Air

Seascape Balcony

Stage Drama

Hill: Cortex

Natural Lighting

Page 71: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

First Island: Application of Water Tank (Upper Exhibition) Second Island: Ho- Ping Island

Observat ionResearchHarvestDirect ion Diving

Firstly, The front whole absorbs hot air from south into the half-underground museum in summer, and then the temperature is decreased when they flow through the water tank. The cold air will comes down into lower exhibition room.

Secondly, in the lower layer, exhaust gas such as co2 would be accumulated. The electric fan can sent the gas from lower exhibition room to the upper hill. The kind of thermal convection is efficient in this museum.

Hot Air

co2

Whole

Experience CubesUpper ExhibitionWater Membrane

Structure

Service CenterLower Exhibition

Pillars ,Stairs, Elevators

Entrance

Seascape Window

Micro Climatic Condition

Experience of Sea Woman Exploded View of Sea Woman Museum

In the upper exhibition room, the five cubes are connected to express the work experience of sea woman, so the process can be divided into the five parts: Observation, Diving, Search, Harvest, and Direction. It is so simple but the experience still is special for common masses. How they dive into the bottom of shallow sea? Performance of true sea woman can be achieved in the aquarium.

Exhaust Gas

South

In Summer

In Winter

In Summer

South

South

Water

O2

South

North

South

North

Cold Air

Seascape Balcony

Stage Drama

Hill: Cortex

Natural Lighting

Page 72: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Border Ecotone in Ho-Ping Island Alabawan: The Further Border和平島

Mapping I: Ho- Ping IslandBorder Ecotone

Border of Taiwan Island: Ho-Ping Island

Research of the island is a team work of five members, and we follow different concepts to face several specific regions. Concepts affect the methods of drawing and the size of study region. What kind of programs can be inputted in separate area? And how do we input the functions?The mapping is a beginning of the work of border ecotone. From natural landscape to culture landscape, the border can be connected with our work.

Different kind of building such as Factory, Temple, Military Base, Shipyard, Shed, etc. are all mixed together in Ho-Ping Island. Some buildings are so old but it is still operated currently. Some buildings are new but the results of constructions are rude. The lost space loses context of region and history. Can we find a way to provide new possibility of this island?

In the project, I try to follow the viewpoint of “border ecotone” to study an islet (Ho-Ping Island) that leans the main island (Taiwan) in its south. The perspective is that the border not only is a line in a map but also is a space or a history. In the frontier, many activities are dramatically different with common sense. It never stays in a peace period, and it is always dynamic. In the island, there have over ten races such as Japanese, Chinese, Dutch, and many Aborigines. It is no idea that which tribe is main tribe in this island?

I am a stranger for the island. When I travel in the space, it is easy to find out many heritages such as structure of military or buildings from different culture. The contradiction is extended and I almost cannot find out what is older and what is new. In fact, it is no matter for the condition because what time we join the micro society is workable. It never stops in any time. It is a border ecotone.

Border Oscilliate2007Yang- Yu Huang

Ho- Ping Island2007Chun-Yao KoRoy HsiehShih-Hisang LinYi-An LinYang-Yu Huang

Page 73: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Border Ecotone in Ho-Ping Island Alabawan: The Further Border和平島

Mapping I: Ho- Ping IslandBorder Ecotone

Border of Taiwan Island: Ho-Ping Island

Research of the island is a team work of five members, and we follow different concepts to face several specific regions. Concepts affect the methods of drawing and the size of study region. What kind of programs can be inputted in separate area? And how do we input the functions?The mapping is a beginning of the work of border ecotone. From natural landscape to culture landscape, the border can be connected with our work.

Different kind of building such as Factory, Temple, Military Base, Shipyard, Shed, etc. are all mixed together in Ho-Ping Island. Some buildings are so old but it is still operated currently. Some buildings are new but the results of constructions are rude. The lost space loses context of region and history. Can we find a way to provide new possibility of this island?

In the project, I try to follow the viewpoint of “border ecotone” to study an islet (Ho-Ping Island) that leans the main island (Taiwan) in its south. The perspective is that the border not only is a line in a map but also is a space or a history. In the frontier, many activities are dramatically different with common sense. It never stays in a peace period, and it is always dynamic. In the island, there have over ten races such as Japanese, Chinese, Dutch, and many Aborigines. It is no idea that which tribe is main tribe in this island?

I am a stranger for the island. When I travel in the space, it is easy to find out many heritages such as structure of military or buildings from different culture. The contradiction is extended and I almost cannot find out what is older and what is new. In fact, it is no matter for the condition because what time we join the micro society is workable. It never stops in any time. It is a border ecotone.

Border Oscilliate2007Yang- Yu Huang

Ho- Ping Island2007Chun-Yao KoRoy HsiehShih-Hisang LinYi-An LinYang-Yu Huang

Page 74: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Alabawan - The Further Border Community Centre Plan of Alabawan

Mapping II: Northeast of Ho- Ping Island Watercolor Painting: Imagination of the Underground Border

Alabawan, it means “The Lost Place” in aboriginal language. The current main tribe in this region is Amis, Less than fifty people, almost no young people. In fact, the weak tribe never has power to resist new tribe on the lower flat land in this island until now. So they had to withdraw to the border of border. In this valley, Amis is not the original ethnic tribe. In the end of valley, broken military vestiges provide evidence that there had Japanese troop eighty years ago. The work of them was to oversee the north shore of pacific for thirty years. It is the other border, but which is which’s border?

Model: Structure of the Underground Border

In a legend of Alabawan, the Japanese Fort has an underground pathway that connects the Japanese Dormitory and further entrance. I cannot find the precise entrance of the pathway, but I can begin to imagine the form of secret. If the legend is true, I believe it would be an important inducement of visitor. Following the perspective of border ecotone, it is not only a connection but also a space. What kind of the space is possible between the dormitory (and Community Center) and underpass?

After the imagination of underpass, I began to make a study model about two heritages that connect the underpass. This manual structure is rough but it truly responds the status of Alabawan.

Border of Geography 2007Yang- Yu Huang

Underground Border 2007Yang-Yu Huang

Alabawan: The Further Border

Alabawan

Fort

Fort

Fort

Fort PathwayForest

Dormitory of Japanese Troop

Community CentreVillage of Amis Tribe (Alabawan)

Entrance

Dormitory of Japanese Troop

Fort

Community Centre

Alabawan

Entrance

Page 75: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Alabawan - The Further Border Community Centre Plan of Alabawan

Mapping II: Northeast of Ho- Ping Island Watercolor Painting: Imagination of the Underground Border

Alabawan, it means “The Lost Place” in aboriginal language. The current main tribe in this region is Amis, Less than fifty people, almost no young people. In fact, the weak tribe never has power to resist new tribe on the lower flat land in this island until now. So they had to withdraw to the border of border. In this valley, Amis is not the original ethnic tribe. In the end of valley, broken military vestiges provide evidence that there had Japanese troop eighty years ago. The work of them was to oversee the north shore of pacific for thirty years. It is the other border, but which is which’s border?

Model: Structure of the Underground Border

In a legend of Alabawan, the Japanese Fort has an underground pathway that connects the Japanese Dormitory and further entrance. I cannot find the precise entrance of the pathway, but I can begin to imagine the form of secret. If the legend is true, I believe it would be an important inducement of visitor. Following the perspective of border ecotone, it is not only a connection but also a space. What kind of the space is possible between the dormitory (and Community Center) and underpass?

After the imagination of underpass, I began to make a study model about two heritages that connect the underpass. This manual structure is rough but it truly responds the status of Alabawan.

Border of Geography 2007Yang- Yu Huang

Underground Border 2007Yang-Yu Huang

Alabawan: The Further Border

Alabawan

Fort

Fort

Fort

Fort PathwayForest

Dormitory of Japanese Troop

Community CentreVillage of Amis Tribe (Alabawan)

Entrance

Dormitory of Japanese Troop

Fort

Community Centre

Alabawan

Entrance

Page 76: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Community Centre Plan of Alabawan Concrete Wall is the Border

UP

UP

UP

The Border between Community Centre and UnderpassThe Border between Community Centre and Alabawan

1F Plan

1.Square of Woodworking

2.Porch

3.Classroom of Woodworking

4.Depository of Karaoke

5.Gameroom

6. Storeroom of Vegetable Garden Tools

7.Underground Space

8.Entrance of Fort

9.Well

B1 Plan

10.Reading Room

11.Underground Square

12.Entrance of Underpass

13.Underground Gameroom

14.Underpass

15.Well

1.

+0m

North North

-2.8m

-0.5m

+2.3m

+4.8m

Section B.

Section C

.

Section D.

Section E.

Section F.

Section F.

Section G.

Section H.

Section A.

10.

11.

12.

13.

8.

9.

2.

3.

7.

4.

5.

6.

6.

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

14.

To Fort

To Fort

To Port

To Port

15.

In the end of Alabawan, there have two abandoned structures that can be used to be a tiny community centre. The purpose is to provide a functional space of Amis Tribe and Visitors who go to see the fort heritage. I hope the reconstructed structure can be a buffer zone between aborigines and strangers. People all can take a rest in the space or have a social discussion. The border can be an architecture space.

Upper Room:Woodworking

Timber Structure:In Alabawan, it is hard toconstruct a building with complicated skill becauseit is not a cost-effectivestructure. Simple woodworking is rationalin the project.

New Walls = Main Structure:The concrete walls provides stability of wholeconstruction. They followthe other direction thatcan be the support oforiginal walls, dividingthe whole space into fourparts.

Vegetable Garden:There has a tiny landof public vegetable gardenThe structure can beextended to the ramp.

Massive Stairs:The three massive stairslike a ramp that connectupper and lower space. The middle one also canfollow the under squareto be seats of party.

Lower Room:Reading Room

Underpass

Underpass

Gameroom

Storeroom 2.Storeroom 1.

The circulation between structure and underpass is a space that connects the two buildings to provide enough open space for people. In the open basement, people can hear the sound of flowing wing that from underpass. It likes a big secret that is prepared for discovery.

Section B.Section A.

0m10m

0m10m

0m10m

0m10m

Study Model: Fencing or Wall?

Abandoned Community Centre

Abandoned JapaneseDormitory

Section D.

Section E.

Page 77: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Community Centre Plan of Alabawan Concrete Wall is the Border

UP

UP

The Border between Community Centre and UnderpassThe Border between Community Centre and Alabawan

1F Plan

1.Square of Woodworking

2.Porch

3.Classroom of Woodworking

4.Depository of Karaoke

5.Gameroom

6. Storeroom of Vegetable Garden Tools

7.Underground Space

8.Entrance of Fort

9.Well

B1 Plan

10.Reading Room

11.Underground Square

12.Entrance of Underpass

13.Underground Gameroom

14.Underpass

15.Well

1.

+0m

North North

-2.8m

-0.5m

+2.3m

+4.8m

Section B.

Section C

.

Section D.

Section E.

Section F.

Section F.

Section G.

Section H.

Section A.

12.

8.

9.

2.

3.

7.

4.

5.

6.

6.

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

DN

UP

UP

-2.8m

Section F.

12.

14.

To Fort

To Fort

To Port

To Port

15.

In the end of Alabawan, there have two abandoned structures that can be used to be a tiny community centre. The purpose is to provide a functional space of Amis Tribe and Visitors who go to see the fort heritage. I hope the reconstructed structure can be a buffer zone between aborigines and strangers. People all can take a rest in the space or have a social discussion. The border can be an architecture space.

Upper Room:Woodworking

Timber Structure:In Alabawan, it is hard toconstruct a building with complicated skill becauseit is not a cost-effectivestructure. Simple woodworking is rationalin the project.

New Walls = Main Structure:The concrete walls provides stability of wholeconstruction. They followthe other direction thatcan be the support oforiginal walls, dividingthe whole space into fourparts.

Vegetable Garden:There has a tiny landof public vegetable gardenThe structure can beextended to the ramp.

Massive Stairs:The three massive stairslike a ramp that connectupper and lower space. The middle one also canfollow the under squareto be seats of party.

Lower Room:Reading Room

Underpass

Underpass

Gameroom

Storeroom 2.Storeroom 1.

The circulation between structure and underpass is a space that connects the two buildings to provide enough open space for people. In the open basement, people can hear the sound of flowing wing that from underpass. It likes a big secret that is prepared for discovery.

Section B.Section A.

0m10m

0m10m

0m10m

0m10m

Study Model: Fencing or Wall?

Abandoned Community Centre

Abandoned JapaneseDormitory

Section D.

Section E.

Page 78: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Concrete Wall is the Border Public or Private

Space between New Walls and Old Walls Constructed Method - Handiwork Exploded View - Materials

The idea is about how to design a series of new walls that can fulfill expectations. First, the new walls can be the support of old walls from the other direction, so the old walls will not affect the continuous underground space that connects underpass. Second, all space can be divided into four parts by the intersection between new walls and old walls. The idea can extend the spatial experience. Third, the building is part of the landscape. From natural landscape to culture landscape, the structure can play an appropriate role in this border.

Activity of Woodworking

Reading Room &Under Square

Support and Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

Gameroom

Store of Vegetable Garden

In Alabawan, it is hard to transport massive or complicated tools into the site because the pathway is too narrow. So consideration of handiwork is necessary.

When we dig out the whole, we can use two units of slightly different height of wood structure to support the two old walls. When one unit is supporting, we are also constructing a lower unit that is the support of next stage. After the underground space is finished, we can begin to construct the new concrete walls and wood structure.Section C.

Section D.

Section E.

Section F.

Section G.

Step 1.

Woodworking

Black work of Support

Concrete Wall

Woodworking of Stairs

Destroy parts of the old wall (abandoned Community Centre)

Dig out the soil inthe inside areaof old walls

Input the supportunits

Form the underground space

Construct newconcrete walls

Construct the structure ofwoodworking

Construct the walls and floors ofwoodworking

Step 2.

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 5.

Step 6.

Step 2.

Page 79: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Second Island: Concrete Wall is the Border Public or Private

Space between New Walls and Old Walls Constructed Method - Handiwork Exploded View - Materials

The idea is about how to design a series of new walls that can fulfill expectations. First, the new walls can be the support of old walls from the other direction, so the old walls will not affect the continuous underground space that connects underpass. Second, all space can be divided into four parts by the intersection between new walls and old walls. The idea can extend the spatial experience. Third, the building is part of the landscape. From natural landscape to culture landscape, the structure can play an appropriate role in this border.

Activity of Woodworking

Reading Room &Under Square

Support and Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

Gameroom

Store of Vegetable Garden

In Alabawan, it is hard to transport massive or complicated tools into the site because the pathway is too narrow. So consideration of handiwork is necessary.

When we dig out the whole, we can use two units of slightly different height of wood structure to support the two old walls. When one unit is supporting, we are also constructing a lower unit that is the support of next stage. After the underground space is finished, we can begin to construct the new concrete walls and wood structure.

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

> to Underpass

Section C.

Section D.

Section E.

Section F.

Section G.

Step 1.

Woodworking

Black work of Support

Concrete Wall

Woodworking of Stairs

Destroy parts of the old wall (abandoned Community Centre)

Dig out the soil inthe inside areaof old walls

Input the supportunits

Form the underground space

Construct newconcrete walls

Construct the structure ofwoodworking

Construct the walls and floors ofwoodworking

Step 2.

Step 3.

Step 4.

Step 5.

Step 6.

Step 2.

Page 80: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Public or Private The End

C a r P e o p l e T r e e R i v e r P a v e m e n t S t o o l U r i n a l W a s h A B C D E F G H

9 . A + E + G + D

8 . A + F + E + H + D

7 . B + E + F

6 . B + E + D

5 . B + E + D

4 . B + H + E + F

3 . A + F + E + D

2 . B + E + F

1 . B + H + E + C

1 7 . B + E + H + D

1 6 . B + E + C + D

1 5 . B + E + G + D

1 4 . A + F + E + D

1 3 . B + H + E + G + D

1 2 . B + E + D

1 1 . B + E + F

1 0 . B + G + E + D

It is a Public Lavatory that locates on a site between river and road. The situation makes an issue about public and private. The view of river is excellent of public space, so we have to encourage more possibilities of this public (or open) space. However, a public lavatory always looks like a jail which is dark and private. The project is to challenge the basic function of public lavatory that would create a harmonious relationship between road, public lavatory and view of river.

Between Road and River, the steel plate is twisted into different form that follows the allocation of lavatory necessary function.

Form the Steel Plate into Space

Detail Design - Electric and Water Support

A

River

River

Road

Plant

B A - B Section

Page 81: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Public or Private The End

C a r P e o p l e T r e e R i v e r P a v e m e n t S t o o l U r i n a l W a s h A B C D E F G H

9 . A + E + G + D

8 . A + F + E + H + D

7 . B + E + F

6 . B + E + D

5 . B + E + D

4 . B + H + E + F

3 . A + F + E + D

2 . B + E + F

1 . B + H + E + C

1 7 . B + E + H + D

1 6 . B + E + C + D

1 5 . B + E + G + D

1 4 . A + F + E + D

1 3 . B + H + E + G + D

1 2 . B + E + D

1 1 . B + E + F

1 0 . B + G + E + D

It is a Public Lavatory that locates on a site between river and road. The situation makes an issue about public and private. The view of river is excellent of public space, so we have to encourage more possibilities of this public (or open) space. However, a public lavatory always looks like a jail which is dark and private. The project is to challenge the basic function of public lavatory that would create a harmonious relationship between road, public lavatory and view of river.

Between Road and River, the steel plate is twisted into different form that follows the allocation of lavatory necessary function.

Form the Steel Plate into Space

Detail Design - Electric and Water Support

A

River

River

Road

Plant

B A - B Section

Page 82: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Matsu IslandThe Border between Taiwan and China2009 SummerYang-Yu Huang

Taiwan IslandThe Presentation of D.P.V. City2008 SummerHan-Yin Hsu

Taiwan IslandThe Harbor2009 AutumnYang-Yu Huang

The End

Yang-Yu Huang

Resume

Born: 10/12 Libra, 1984, Taipei City, Taiwan

Address: 2F., No.19, Ln.118, Anju St., Da’an Dist., Taipei City 106, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

Mobile: [+886] - 989 - 179 - 512

E-mail: hata007@ hotmail.com

2004 - 2008: Dept. of Architecture, Tamkang University, Taipei, Taiwan

Spring / 2009: Publication - Special Issue of Young Talented Architecture Design Award

Summer / 2008: Nominated for the Young Talented Architectural Design Award

Summer / 2008: 40th Graduation Exhibition in Red Theatre Tamkang University Architecture Dept.

Winter / 2007: EA4 Annual Exhibition of Tamkang University Architecture Dept.

Photoshop, Illustrator, Auto CAD, 3D Max, Sketch Up, Photography, Painting

2008 - 2009: Matsu Island, ChinaSpring / 2007: Ho-Ping Island, TaiwanSummer / 2006: Tokyo, JapanAutumn / 2005: Hong-Kong, ChinaSummer / 2005: Bangkok and Pattaya , Tailand

Summer / 2009: Competition - Reconstruction of Yilan Distillery Min-Chin Weng & Associates Responsible for 3D Model Drawing

Summer / 2008 - Summer / 2009: Troop of Army, it is located in Matsu Island

Summer / 2008: Competition - Luodong Township Office Building Chang-Chun Lin & Associates Responsible for 3D Model Drawing

Summer / 2007: Publication - “Rustic & Poetic - An Emerging Generation of Architecture in Postwar Taiwan” Responsible for CAD Drawing and Model Making

Summer / 2006: Competition - Reconstruction of Catholic Church Meng-Wei Huang & Associates Responsible for 3D Model Drawing

Education

Work Experience

Skills

Traveling Experience

Awards and Exhibition

Page 83: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

Matsu IslandThe Border between Taiwan and China2009 SummerYang-Yu Huang

Taiwan IslandThe Presentation of D.P.V. City2008 SummerHan-Yin Hsu

Taiwan IslandThe Harbor2009 AutumnYang-Yu Huang

The End

Yang-Yu Huang

Resume

Born: 10/12 Libra, 1984, Taipei City, Taiwan

Address: 2F., No.19, Ln.118, Anju St., Da’an Dist., Taipei City 106, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

Mobile: [+886] - 989 - 179 - 512

E-mail: hata007@ hotmail.com

2004 - 2008: Dept. of Architecture, Tamkang University, Taipei, Taiwan

Spring / 2009: Publication - Special Issue of Young Talented Architecture Design Award

Summer / 2008: Nominated for the Young Talented Architectural Design Award

Summer / 2008: 40th Graduation Exhibition in Red Theatre Tamkang University Architecture Dept.

Winter / 2007: EA4 Annual Exhibition of Tamkang University Architecture Dept.

Photoshop, Illustrator, Auto CAD, 3D Max, Sketch Up, Photography, Painting

2008 - 2009: Matsu Island, ChinaSpring / 2007: Ho-Ping Island, TaiwanSummer / 2006: Tokyo, JapanAutumn / 2005: Hong-Kong, ChinaSummer / 2005: Bangkok and Pattaya , Tailand

Summer / 2009: Competition - Reconstruction of Yilan Distillery Min-Chin Weng & Associates Responsible for 3D Model Drawing

Summer / 2008 - Summer / 2009: Troop of Army, it is located in Matsu Island

Summer / 2008: Competition - Luodong Township Office Building Chang-Chun Lin & Associates Responsible for 3D Model Drawing

Summer / 2007: Publication - “Rustic & Poetic - An Emerging Generation of Architecture in Postwar Taiwan” Responsible for CAD Drawing and Model Making

Summer / 2006: Competition - Reconstruction of Catholic Church Meng-Wei Huang & Associates Responsible for 3D Model Drawing

Education

Work Experience

Skills

Traveling Experience

Awards and Exhibition

Page 84: Portfolio of Architecture and Urbanism

YANG-YU HUANG

2003 - 2008Academic Work

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