POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (PCB) COMPLIANCE GUIDANCE Decontamination Procedures ... The...

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Transcript of POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (PCB) COMPLIANCE GUIDANCE Decontamination Procedures ... The...

  • POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (PCB) COMPLIANCE GUIDANCE

    October 2002

    , ADMIPI RECORD

    IA-A-0029 15

  • PCB Compliance Guide October 31. 2002 Revision I

    . TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1.0 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................................. 1 2.0 PCB CATEGORIES AND AUTHORIZED USES ......................................................................................... 1

    2.1 . PCB CATEGORIES ............................................................................................................................................. 1 2.2. AUTHORIZED USES AND USE CONDITIONS FOR PCBs STILL IN SERVICE ......................................................... 2

    Authorized Uses .. .................................................................................................................................. 2 Non-liquid PCB Material ....................................................................................................................... 2 The Assumption Pol iq for Mineral Oil-Filled Electrical Equipment ................................................... 2

    2.2. I . 2.2.2. 2.2.3. 2.2.4. Conditionsfor Use ofPCBs Still in Service ........................................................................................... 3 PCB MARKING AND MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS ...................................................................... 4 3.0

    4.0 PACKAGINGREQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................................... 4 5.0 PCB STORAGE FOR DISPOSAL ................................................................................................................... 5

    5.1. WASTE STORAGE ........................................... ............................................................................. 5 5.2. WASTE INSPECTIONS ........................................................................................................................................ 6 5.3. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BULK PCB REMEDIATION WASTE AND PCB BULK PRODUCT WASTE ............. 6

    7 6.0 PCB CHARACTERIZATION AND DISPOSAL ........................................................................................... 6 6.1 . GENERAL DISPOSAL REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................... 7 6.2. PCB W A S ~ DISPOSAL-CATEGORY SPECIFIC R E Q u ~ ~ N T s ........................................................................ 7 ..-

    6.2.1. Non-TSCA Regulated wastes ................................................................................................................. 8 6.2.2. Liquid PCBs ........................................................................................................................................... 8 6.2.3, PCB Items (Including PCB Equipment and Containers) ....................................................................... 8 6.2.4. PCB Remediation Waste ........................................................................................................................ 9 6.2.5. PCB Bulk Product Waste ...................................................................... i .............................................. I O 6.2.6. Porous Surfaces (e.g. concrete) ........................................................................................................... 11 6.2.7. Presumptive Rule for Managing Paint-Related Wastes ....................................................................... 12 6.2.8. In-S'itu Bacyill ofPCB-Based Painted Concrete ........................................................... : .......... : .......... 12

    6.3. DECONTAMINATIONFORDISPOSAL .............................................................. . 12 6.3.1. Applicability .......................... ................................................................................. 12 6.3.2. Measurement-Based Decontamination Standards ............................................................................... 13 6.3.3. Self-lmplementing Decontamination Procedures ................................................................................ 14 6.3.4, Sampling and Recordkeepingfor M e a s u r e m e n t - B a s e d D e c o ........................................... 14 6.3.5. Decontamination Waste and Residue Management ............................................................................. 14 6.3.6. Alternate Decontamination or Sampling Approval .............................................................................. 14 PCB SPILL MANAGEMENT ........................................................................................................................ 14

    7.1. SPILLS THAT REQUIRE IMMEDIATE AND URGENT RESPONSE ......................................................................... 14 7.2. SPILL NOTIFICATION AND RESPONSE .................................................................... 15 7.3. SPILL CLEANUP AND RECORDKEEPIN .................................................. 15

    7.0

    8.0 SUMMARY OF PCB MANAGEMENT PLANNING FOR OPERATIONS AND FACILITY DISPOSTION ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

    8.1. OPERATIONS . ................................................................................................................... 15 8.2. BUILDING STABILIZATIO EACTIVATION ............................................................. ; ............... 16 8.3. DECOMMI~SIONING/MO~ALLING .................................... ...... 16 8.4. RFCA PROCESS AS APPLICABLE TO PCB ...................................................................................................... 17

    9.0 RECORD I(EEPING .................... .................................................................................................................. 17 9.1 . PCB ANNUAL RECORDS AND ANNUAL DOCWNT LOG ............................................................................... 17 9.2: PCB SPILLS AND CLEANW ................................................................................................................... : ........ 18 9.3. RECORDKEEPING FOR MEASUREMENT-BASEDDECONTAMINATION AND SMLING ..................................... 18

    Page i

  • PCB Compliance Guide October 31, 2002 Revision I

    9.4. ADDITIONAL RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS ................................................................. 18 9.5. EPA ID NUMBER .............................................. ................................................................. 19 9.6. MANIFESTING ..................................................................................................................................... 9.7. MANIFEST DISCREPANCIES .............................................................................................. 9.8. EXCEFTION REPORTING .................................... 20

    9.8. I . Exception Repor cility .......................... 20 9.9. CERTIFICATES OF DISPOS~ESTRUCTION .......................................................................... 20 ,

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1 . Summary of PCB Storage Marking Requirements ................................................... 4 Table 2 . Measurement-Based Decontamination Standards Under 8761.79 ......................... 13

    1

    Table 3 . PCB Terms and Definitions ....................................................................................... 21

    APPENDIX

    Appendix 1 . Markings ................................. : ............................................................................. 27 Appendix 2 . PCB Storage for Disposal Area Inspection Checklist............................. .......... 28 Appendix 3 . PCB Temporary Storage Area Inspection Checklist........................................ 29

    Page ii

  • PCB Compliance Guide October 31, 2002 Revision 1

    Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Compliance Guidance I

    1.0 INTRODUCTION The Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Compliance Guidance Plan (Plan) defines the regulatory and Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS or Site) requirements and responsibilities for managing PCB equipment and waste while protecting human health and the environment. This Plan outlines the requirements for the use, characterization, and management of PCBs in service and PCB waste regulated for disposal.

    - Note: Since this is a Site regulatory compliance and responsibilitics documcnt, individual disposal facility Waste Acccptancc Criteria may differ from Sitc requircnicnts and should bc rcferenccd prior to shipping Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) PCB waste off-site.

    Under Section 6(e) of TSCA, Congress directed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency @PA) to promulgate rules for the management of PCBs. These rules codified in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 761 (PCB Manufacturing, Processing, Distribution in Commerce, and Use Prohibitions). The requirements differ for the various classifications or categories of PCBcontaining materials and waste, which are generally classified as: 0 Non-PCB Containing - less than 50 parts per million PCB 0

    0

    PCB Remediation Waste

    PCB Contaminated - greater than or equal to 50 ppm, but less than 500 ppm PCB greater than or equal to 500 ppm

    PCB Bulk Product Waste

    Most of the provisions in 40 CFR 761 apply to PCBs, with some exceptions only if they are present in concentrations above 50 ppm (e.g. storage and disposal requirements of Subpart D).

    Redatorv Drivers and Responsibilities

    This Plan is driven by the regulatory