Plant cell vs Animal cells

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Plant cells and animal cells

Transcript of Plant cell vs Animal cells

Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell

Domains of Life

Archaea

Bacteria

Eukarya

Eukaryotes

Any organism with one or more cells that have membrane-bound nuclei and organelles.

PLANTS

ANIMALS

PROTISTS

FUNGI

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Components

Cytoplasm w/ Ribosomes

DNA

Cell Membrane

Components

Nucleus

ER

Golgi apparatus

Mitochondria

Cytoskeleton

Chloroplasts

Centrioles

Lysosomes

Vacuoles

Cell Wall

Components

Nucleus

ER

Golgi apparatus

Mitochondria

Cytoskeleton

Chloroplasts

Centrioles

Lysosomes

Vacuoles

Cell Wall

Plant Cell vs. Animal Cell

Plants

Multicellular eukaryotic photoautotrophs

Cellulose-containing cell walls

Store surplus carbohydrates as starch

Chloroplast

Found in plant cells and other photosynthetic organisms

Contains the green pigment chlorophyll

Site of food (glucose) production

Bound by a double membrane

Round or rod shaped organelle that is responsible for converting nutrients into the energy-yielding molecule ATP

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Photoautotrophs - photosynthesis

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Photosynthesis title, definition and equation.

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Onion bulbs contain little to no chloroplasts because they are underground.

Where are the chloroplasts? None, underground! Purple = anthocyanin

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Cell Wall

Cell walls are strong.

prevent a plant cell from exploding when in contact with pure or almost pure water

act as skeletal system for plant cells

Plant cell walls are side by side for support and protection.

Vacuoles

Large central vacuole usually in plant cells

Many smaller vacuoles in animal cells

Storage container for water, food, enzymes, wastes, pigments, etc.

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The image is 2D, so it must have been a light microscope or TEM. If the cell is very tiny, then a TEM was used. Otherwise, a strong light microscope could have captured this image.

Cell walls

Only 1 nucleus -

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Plant cells contain only ONE nucleus

Lysosomes are very rarely found in plant cells.

Animals

Multicellular, eukaryoticheterotrophs.

Lack rigidcell walls.

All animals aremotile, if only at certain life stages.

They areheterotrophic, generally digesting food in an internal chamber, which separates them fromplantsandalgae.

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Animal cells have only few small vacuoles.

Animal cells can have more than one nucleus in a cell.

Animal cells can have many different shapes and sizes.

Centrioles

a two-part rod-shaped structure located in pairs near the nucleus.

During cell division, centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell and form the poles of the spindle fibers that pull the chromosomes apart.

Plant vs. Animal Cells

PLANT CELLS

1. Cell wall

2. One large vacuole

3. Chloroplasts

4. No/rare lysosomes

5. Rectangular

6. Photosynthesis

ANIMAL CELLS

1. No cell wall

2. A few small vacuoles

3. No chloroplasts

4. Lysosomes

5. Roundish

6. Cell Respiration