Pillar erected by King Asoka, mid-third Century BCE, Polished ...

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  • Pillar erected by King Asoka, mid-third Century BCE, Polished sandstone

  • Lion capital of a pillar erected by King Asoka,

    Sarnath, mid-third Century BCE, Polished sandstone

  • Later representation of a Dharma Wheel

    Eight spokes for the Eightfold Path

  • An Indian soldier is reflected on an official emblem of the

    government of India during a military anniversary celebration.

  • Remains of Bharhut stupa, maybe built by Asoka

  • The Buddha represented as a stupa (aniconic)

    Bharhut, red sandstone, early 1st century, BCE

    Most Bharhut artwork is now in Calcutta's Indian Museum.

  • The Buddha represented as the Bodhi TreeThe Naga King pays respect.

    Bharhut, 1st century, BCE

  • The Buddha represented as a Dharma Wheel, Bharhut

  • Bharhut yaksha and yakshi. The yaksha is now worshipped

    locally as Hanuman.

  • Great Stupa at Sanchi

    limestone 150-50 BCE Sunga period Madhya Pradesh India

  • Diagram of the Great Stupa of Sanchi

  • 1. A square, elevated platform supports the rest of the structure. Devotees

    circumambulate clockwise around it.

    2. The body (anda) of the stupa, shaped like an inverted bowl or bell

    3. A tapering neck which extends upward from the body of the bell

    4. A pole (yasti), which symbolizes the world axis

    5. A square railing (harmika) which encloses the pole as a sacred space

    6. A set of umbrellas (chattras) centered on the pole and diminishing in diameter

    towards the top, which signify honor and protection like the umbrellas held over

    the head of kings, abbots, and other important people.

  • Left: The Triratna or "Three

    Jewels" symbol, on a Buddha

    footprint (bottom symbol, the top

    symbol being a dharmachakra).

    1st century CE, Gandhara.

  • Bottom of the western torana shows a scene from the

    Chhadanta Jataka.

    The Bodhisattva was an elephant-king Chhadanta (seen

    with multiple tusks in the center on either side of the

    tree).

  • Yakshi on the east Torana of the Great Stupa at Sanchi

    First century CE

  • Birth of the Buddha, Gandhara, 2nd century CE(notice similarity with Sanchi torana yakshi)

  • Coin with depiction of Buddha, gold, 1st-2nd century CE King Kanishka

  • Coin of Kanishka with the Bodhisattva Maitreya

  • 2nd cent. CE. Left: Gandhara, Right Katra mound, Mathura

  • Barabar Hills, Lomas Rsi and Sudama's Caves

    Dynasty/Period: Maurya, mid 3rd century BCE, 299 BCE - 250 BCE

    Architecture: rock-cut Copyright Holder: Huntington, John C. and Susan L. Photo Year: 1984

  • Lomas Rsi cave interior

  • Barabar Hills, Lomas Rsi cave entrance

  • Mahabodhi Temple.

    Around 250 BC, about 250 years after the Buddhas

    enlightenment, Asoka visited Bodh Gaya to establish a

    monastery and shrine.

  • The Bodhi Tree at the Mahabodhi Temple. Propagated

    from the Sri Maha Bodhi, which in turn is propagated

    from the original Bodhi Tree at this location.

  • Ajanta caves from a distance

  • Diagram of cave at Ajanta

  • Padmapani and Vajrapani, Cave One, Ajanta

  • Cave 1 at Ajanta

  • Cave 1 at Ajanta, shrine at center rear.

    Buddha figure (unidentified).

    Gestures: dharmacakra mudra (teaching gesture), seated

    Date: ca. late fifth century CE, 460 CE - 495 CE

  • Ajanta mural depicting Vajrapani

    Ajanta, Cave 1,

    antechamber, interior, rear

    wall, right side, from group

    Dynasty/Period: Vakataka

    Date: late 5th century, 450

    CE - 499 CE

    Copyright Holder: Huntington, John C. and Susan L.

    Photo Year: 1985

  • Ajanta, Cave 1, antechamber, interior, rear wall, right side.

    From mural depicting Vajrapani, Vajrapani head (close-up).

    Scriptures say:

    Bow eyebrows

    Lotus eyes

    Lions body

  • Ajanta,

    Mahajanaka Jataka, Cave1

    Ajanta, Cave 1, front wall, mural at

    right end

    Dynasty/Period: Vakataka

    Date: late 5th century, 450 CE -

    499 CE

    Material: pigment

    Copyright Holder: Huntington, John C. and Susan L.

    Photo Year: 1985

  • Mahajanaka Jataka, Cave 1 at Ajanta

    The future Buddha as Mahajanaka, whose

    kingdom was usurped by his wicked uncle.

    Mahajanaka became a merchant to gain the

    fortune that would allow him to regain his

    kingdom. After many years his uncle died

    without sons, and his daughter Sivali was only

    allowed to marry a man who fulfilled certain

    conditions. Mahajanaka was able to do these,

    married her and regained his kingdom.

    This picture shows a scene from palace life, in

    which Mahajanaka sits on his throne, watching

    a dance performance arranged for his

    amusement by Sivali, who clearly has eyes

    only for him. Their high status is shown by

    rich jewelry and ornamentation, and by the

    servants surrounding them.

  • Cave 2 at Ajanta, interior, back of cave, center portion, main shrine, view

    from south, looking north

    Vairocana and two bodhisattvas.

  • Ajanta ceiling painting

    Ajanta, Cave 17, veranda ceiling

    Dynasty/Period: Vakataka

    Date: late 5th century, 450 CE - 499 CE Material: pigment

    Copyright Holder: Huntington, John C. and Susan L. Photo Year: 1985

  • Ajanta cave 19 ceiling