Piedmont and Sardinia

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An investigation into two regions of Italy, Piedmont and Sardinia, which once formed the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont

Transcript of Piedmont and Sardinia

  • 1. Piedmont Sardinia http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=WsB9P5ziaCM by Barnaby Jack Anna

2. Sardinia! Giovanni Maria Angioy Natinal Hero Flag Sea The festival of Sant'Efisio Vandal Coin Giants GraveTharros Prehistoric temple of Monte d'Accoddi Nuraghe Losa The proclamation of the Republic of Sassari A Mamuthones and an Issohadore, Rock Lobster Scampi Sweets Launeddas Wedding Cake Narughe 3. Piedmont! Castelrosso cheese Bagna cuda featured in Babylon 5 Bicerin Bra (cheese) Corzetti Gianduiotto Turin Primo Levi Chemist and Writer Blockbuster Gianni Agnelli founder of Fiat Carla Bruni Piedmontese language Castelmagno cheese Piedmontese Cattle Gianduja Krumiri Sacro Monte di Crea Venchi Lacbon Piemonte Wine The Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Nutella 4. The Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia The Crown of Sardinia was awarded to King Victor Amadeus II of Savoy under the Treaty of The London (1720). This compensated him for the loss of the crown of Sicily to Austria and allowed him to retain the title of king In 1792, Piedmont-Sardinia joined the First Coalition against the French First Republic, but was beaten in 1796 by Napoleon and forced to sign the Treaty of Paris. In 1798 Turin was occupied and Charles Emmanuel IV had to abdicate and go to Sardinia and the provisionary government voted to unite Piedmont with France. In 1814, the kingdom was restored and enlarged with the addition of the former Republic of Genoa The Kingdom of Sardinia industrialized from 1830 onward 5. Turin 6. Charles Albert Charles Albert succeeded Charles Felix to the throne of Sardinia in 1831 Showed sympathy with rioters In March 1848 King Charles Albert promulgated a new constitution for Piedmont- Sardinia, the Statuto Albertino, which became the basis of the constitution of the new kingdom of Italy proclaimed by the first Italian parliament on March 17, 1861. Victor Emmanuel I Returned to Turin in 1815 as one of the restored monarchs Abolished Code Napoleon and equal justice for all Used laws from 1800 Abdicated in 1821 7. Victor Emmanuel II of Italy Came back to Piedmont in 1815, and tried to reinstate the pre- Napoleonic wars so he completely reworked the social and political systems by removing the Code Napoleon, and he restored the old government and law courts. Got rid of all the French stuff. Born: 14 March 1820 Reign (as King of Sardinia): 1849-1861 Reign (as King of Italy): 1861-1878 Died: 9 January 1878 (aged 57) Full name: Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso di Savoia Invited Jesuits to return Reinstated laws about Jewish people owning property, so they had to live in ghettos Returned the lands and power to the nobility and the Church 8. How Happy Were The People and Why? Towards the end of the 18th century the population Piedmont was mainly peasant, and there were high birth and death rates, coupled with short life expectancy On 28 April 1794, during an uprising in Cagliari, two Piedmontese officials were killed This lead to a revolt (called the "Moti rivoluzionari sardi" or "Vespri sardi") all over Sardinia, which culminated in the expulsion of the officers for a few days from the Capital Cagliari Victor Amadeus III 9. Political Strength of the Region Very ambitious They sought Unification from early on After 1815 most key figures in unification came from Piedmont, which meant they dominated the politics afterwards. Up until 1815 they were the strongest political region, with a large army and an ability to switch allegiances quickly between Austria and France Garibaldi, Mazzini, Count Camillo of Cavour 10. Economical Strength of the Region 11. Ambitions All the famous people from the unification came from Piedmont Nationalism started there Politically ambitious- Always had favourable position between Austria and France 12. Weaknesses 13. Key Risorgimento Figures The Risorgimento was an ideological and literary movement that helped to arouse the national consciousness of the Italian people, and it led to a series of political events that freed the Italian states from foreign domination and united them politically. Pier Alessandro Paravia was an Italian writer, scholar, philanthropist and professor of Italian eloquence at the University of Turin. Alfonso Ferrero, Cavaliere La Mrmora was an Italian general and statesman. Giuseppe Garibaldi was an Italian general and politician. Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, of Isolabella and of Leri founder of the original Italian Liberal Party and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont- Sardinia