Pick your Gear - Outdoor Photography for beginners
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1 Pick Your Gear
Outdoors Photography for Beginners
Produced by: Frank and Sue Wall / Our Hiking Blog
Pick Your GearStephanie Cotteret
2 Pick Your Gear
As tourists, travellers and hikers, we come in contact with the outdoors at its best. From grand mountain crags to pristine deserted beaches, nature is full of gorgeous scenery. Beyond the beauty of the landscape, nature also lives in the moment - the flight of a sea eagle above the waves, the play of light falling through the trees deep into the woods, or the smile of a partner or a child as they explore new places - the many instances that come together to create powerful experiences and weave fond memories.
Photography is a natural companion in your discovery of the outdoors. Photography helps you appreciate and reflect on your surroundings, engage further with the environment,
and above all, capture the moods and essences of those precious moments.
This Outdoors Photography for Beginners series will ease you into the wonderful world of photography. This first book, Pick Your Gear, takes you right from the start, as we explain how to choose the right equipment for your needs, with:
a comprehensive rundown on the different types of cameras available;
the important features to look for;
the wonderful range of accessories and what they do;
advice on how to care for all this fabulous gear.
Welcome to Pick Your GearIntroductIon
OverviewTable of Contents
Click on a chapter title to jump to that chapter.
What type of camera should I get? . . . . . 3What to look for in a camera . . . . . . . . . . 10Lenses for your SLR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Caring for Your Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Sharing our passion for the outdoors . . 29Learn the lingo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30Explore the great outdoors . . . . . . . . . . . 33A Big Thanks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
What type of camera should I get?chaPter 1
What is a camera? Nowadays, a camera can be anything from an option on your smartphone to a complex, state-of-the-art SLR. This section gives you an overview of the range of cameras available and helps you decide which type may be best for you.
Image: Vladimir Agafonkin
WHAT TYPE OF CAMERA SHOULD I GET? 4 Pick Your Gear
You will be familiar with the point and shoot camera. Small, lightweight, cheap and easy to use, the compact camera is the obvious choice when you are just starting out in the world of photography.
These tough little cameras come packed with special features. A variety of modes allow you to take different types of photographs, from portraits to landscapes and sports shots. All compact cameras include a video mode as a standard feature, and many make it easy to take panoramic, black and white or sepia photographs. They have an in-built flash, simple controls and advanced technology such as face detection, so taking pictures is a quick and easy job.
Because they are so easy to use and carry around, point and shoot cameras are the ones you are most likely to take
with you, no matter where you go. Shockproof and waterproof models are available, making these cameras truly all-terrain and virtually unbreakable.
In many ways, a point and shoot is the ultimate foolproof camera. However, great ease of use comes at the cost of freedom. Compacts will rarely let you choose your own settings, relying instead on built in automatic modes, that is, the camera makes the decisions for you. As you improve, you will want to have more control of your photography, and the limitations of a point and shoot may soon have you frustrated and wanting more.
Compact Cameraspoint and shoot
Compact cameras pack a lot of punch into a tiny package, so you will get you great bang for your buck for a while! But dont panic when you outgrow your point and shoot, it is still so handy youll want to keep it around!
Phone Cameras Using your phone as a camera has two great advantages. First, its small, slim and light and youre very likely to always have it with you. Second, it makes it incredibly easy to share your pictures with friends through social media, instant messaging or email. But, unless you own a high-end phone or Smartphone, image quality will be at best average. As the camera is just an added bonus to the phone, it suffers from the lack of dedicated camera controls making it impossible to tweak settings, or use accessories such as tripods and filters.
Bottom line?Use your phone as a good backup camera - handy for quick snaps and sending pictures instantly to family and friends.
WHAT TYPE OF CAMERA SHOULD I GET? 5 Pick Your Gear
A helping handIf youre feeling overwhelmed by the number of cameras available, youre not alone.
As well as asking the helpful staff at your local camera store for advice on specific cameras, there are plenty of resources available online to help you with your choice.
Two sites which review all types of digital cameras to help you decide between them are linked below:
Digital Photography Review
Digital Camera Resource Page
WHAT TYPE OF CAMERA SHOULD I GET? 6 Pick Your Gear
Bridge cameras are bigger and better than a point and shoot camera, but still not as advanced or expensive as an SLR. They are great for intermediate level photographers, or keen, committed beginners. They are the perfect go-between hence their name.
Because it is usually physically bigger and heavier, the bridge camera might not be quite as practical as a compact, especially if you intend to carry it for long distances. Shockproof or waterproof options are not usually available. However, because bridges still include a wealth of automatic or semi-automatic modes, as well as video, they are just as easy to
use just a little heavier to carry around.
Why bother with that extra weight and mass?
First its not that bad. Bridges are still quite light, and their medium size makes them more comfortable to use
for people with bigger hands or when wearing gloves! Their larger, better quality
LCD screens are a boon to everyone, as are their powerful zooms.
Second - and most importantly - what a bridge takes away in practicality, it gives back in functionality.
Bridge Camerasstart learning
Bridge cameras have full manual controls. This means you can use photography staples such as shutter speed
and aperture, and good understanding of your camera and fine tuning your settings, you will improve as a photographer. Plus, if youre in a rush or feeling lazy, its easy to just flip the switch and revert back to automatic!
If youre keen on photography and have a bit more cash to spare, a bridge camera will take your photography further and last you longer.
WHAT TYPE OF CAMERA SHOULD I GET? 7 Pick Your Gear
For years now, the SLR has been the cream of the crop, and the digital revolution has not changed that one bit. What has changed is that, thanks to the digital revolution, an SLR is now within reach of the keen amateur!
What makes an SLR so good?
SLRs have bigger and better sensors for optimum image quality. They perform well in difficult, low light conditions. They are extremely quick to start up and shoot fast, so they will get more shots right - no more missing the moment because your compact needed a minute to think first! SLRs react instantly to the press of a button.
SLRs come with full manual controls, both in settings such as shutter speed
and focusing. If you feel like playing with depth of field, or notice the autofocus floundering you can take charge and have complete control over your photography. Whereas bridge cameras have only one lens, SLRs have many interchangeable lenses. Although this means youll have to buy more gear to take full advantage of an SLRs potential, it ensures fantastic image quality due to greater optics. And because there are so many different kinds of lenses available, the SLR is unparalleled in terms of versatility.
This all comes at a price literally. SLRs are by far the most expensive cameras, and their high performance and quality build make them big and heavy, so they are never fun to carry. Their high price tag may be a source of
Single Lens Reflex (SLR) camerasTurn into a pro!
extra stress as you really wouldnt want them to get broken, lost or stolen.
SLRs are designed for the serious photographer and imply a serious budget. But if you do go crazy about photography, there are no two ways about it youll want one sooner than later!
WHAT TYPE OF CAMERA SHOULD I GET? 8 Pick Your Gear
Now that your head is buzzing with information about the long-standing division between compacts, bridges and SLRs, you might be wondering why no one has thought of combining the best qualities of each yet. Well, surprise they have!
Although hybrid cameras are still rare, they could turn out to be the next big thing. Hybrids can be compared to bridges in that they stand halfway between a compact and an SLR, but they do so in a smart new way. The idea behind a hybrid is to have a camera with the full manual controls
and interchangeable lenses of a SLR, but be as small and lightweight as a compact
How is this possible?
SLRs have always used internal mirrors as part of the viewfinder and exposure
system. This works very well, but takes up a lot of room inside the camera, making the body bulkier and heavier. Hybrids have done away with mirrors entirely,
thus saving a lot of space and weight.
This saving is