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  • 1.Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Practice Terminology P1, P2, M1, M2Joshua Whipday

2. In This would be anphotography, shutterexample of a slowspeed determinesshutter the cameraallows light to comeinto contact with thefilm or sensor. 3. FAST SHUTTER SPEED SLOW SHUTTER SPEED 4. ISO stands for International Organization forStandardization. ISO sets standards in many businesses andtechnologies. ISO is not an abbreviation but instead derivesfrom the Greek word isos. The meaning of isos is to be equal. 5. LOW ISO HIGH ISO 6. If the aperture on a camera is raised this allows Depth of field is the range ofmore light to reach the film. So aperture is howdistance that is sharp enough to bewe adjust the light the film receives.a good quality picture. The furtheraway the more the picture blurs.APERTUREDEPTH OFFIELD 7. NARROW DEPTH OFFIELD WIDE DEPTH OF FIELD 8. Exposure is the amount of light that is allowed toreach each area unit of photographic medium whentaking a photograph weather the medium being a filmor image sensor. Manual exposure allows us to havefull control over the exposure of our photos byturning the wheel on the lens of the camera. Manualexposure unlike automatic exposure allows us to takeshots that we might not want to be fully focus toachieve a blurred look to a photograph. 9. Automatic exposure is a setting on most moderncameras that allows the user to completely focuson what they are taking a picture of and thecamera will put the shot you choose to take infocus before you take it. The advantage of usingautomatic exposure is that you as a photographercan concentrate on taking extra care to keep thecamera still if shooting free hand, it also allowsyou to get the best framed shot you can withouthaving to worry about focus and exposure. 10. Colour balance is theglobal adjustment ofthe intensities of thecolours (typicallyred, green, and bluethe reason being theseare the primarycolours. The left half shows the photo as it came from the digital camera. The right half shows the photo adjusted to make a grey surface neutral in the same light. 11. White balance isadjusted inphotography toensure the colours inthe photographs wetake is as accurate aspossible. 12. Composition inphotography is thepositioning of the visualelements in thephotograph beingtaken. It is used to takea balanced photographand to also keeps all keyaspects of thephotograph being takeninside the frame. 13. The Rule of thirds isused to evenly framea shot. Imagining theviewfinder on yourcamera beingseparated into 9squares, 3 squaresacross 3 squares up. 14. Analogous colours havewhat is referred to as aAnalogous colourharmony, an example ofsome colours that have aAnalogous colour harmonywould be orange andyellow. These colours caneasily be revised as goodphotographers do to ensurethat the photographs theytake flow, also by knowingthese colours you can easilydistinguish an easy tounderstand colour theme. 15. Using Complementarycolours in a photographcreates contrast and reallyeye catching photos. Thesecolours are the oppositesof each other on the colourwheel therefore they areeasily executed inphotography to goodeffect. Often usingcomplimentary colours inyour photography willcreate a dramatic imagesince each colour makesthe other colour appearmore active. 16. Macro photography isextreme close up shots.These shots are of smallobjects most of the time.By some definitions, amacro photograph is Photomacrograph of aone in which the size ofcommon yellow dung flythe subject on the(Scathophaga stercoraria)negative or image made using a lens at itssensor is life size ormaximum 1:1greater. However in reproduction ratio, and aother uses it refers to a 1824mm imagefinished photograph ofsensor, the on-screendisplay of the photographa subject at greater than results in a greater thanlife image.