Photography terminology

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  • 1.Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Practice Terminology P1, P2, M1, M2PhotographicTerminologyCharlotte Bracken

2. Shutter SpeedShutter Speed is basicallyhow long the camerashutter is open for. Theshutter is used for theexposure of time or theduration of light. 3. Shutter Speed Fast Shutter Speed Slow Shutter Speed 4. ISOInternational Organization For Standardizationmeasures the sensitivity of the image sensor. If thenumber is low, then it means your camera is lesssensitive to light and also the grain will be finer.However, the higher ISO settings generally are used indarker places to get faster shutter speeds. 5. ISOHigh ISO Low ISO 6. Aperture &Depth of FieldThe aperture is basicallyan adjustable openinginside your camera lenswhich can control theamount of light whatgoes into the image.The depth of field isbasically how far ornear you are to theobject you might betaking a picture of. 7. Aperture & Depthof Field Narrow Depth of Field Wide Depth of Field 8. Manual ExposureFor the manualexposure, thephotographer will have tochoose all the settingsthey would like to usethemselves. This willenable them to createtheir own desired imagethemselves. 9. AutomaticExposureThe AutomaticExposure is basically adigital camera withan automatedsystem which sets theaperture/shutterspeed which will bebased on the lightconditions for thephoto. 10. Colour BalanceColour balance is a globaladjustment of the primarycolours which are typicallyred, blue and green.Rendering specific coloursis an important goal foradjustment. Generallyneutral colours are mainlytargeted and the generalmethod is called greybalance, neutral balanceor even white balance. 11. White BalanceWB also known as white balance isthe basic process of removingunrealistic colour casts, This is so thatobjects which seem white in personto the human eye, will be renderedto be white in the image you havetaken. 12. CompositionThe composition ofan image inphotography is thearrangement orplacement ofobjects or visualelements. It isknown as a visualart. 13. Rule of thirds The rule of thirds is areliable compositionmethod consisting ofplacing your subject (or themain feature of yoursubject in the case of aclose up shot) on one ofthe intersecting points ofthe lines which divide theframe into thirds. Thismethod will give you animage with an off-centeredsubject offering the viewera more dynamic andinteresting composition. 14. Examples ofRule of thirds 15. AnalogouscoloursAnalogus colours are three on acolour chart of wheel sitting sideby side. Some examples ofcolours which can be shown onthe analogus colour scheme are red, orange, and yellow green, blue, and purple yellow, yellow-green, andgreen 16. ComplementaryColours A complementary colour scheme is a where there are two colours facing each other within the colour wheel or chart. Different shades or tints also work well within this colour scheme for example a light shade of pink works well with a dark green as the colours appear to be balanced when next to each other. Three other pairs of complementary colours are red and green blue and orange purple and yellow 17. Macro Marco photography is more of a professional term for a clos-up photography. Marco photography allows you to see things from the world in a different prospective and shows the beauty in something so simple yet small. To capure these kinds of shots, you need a lens capable of reproduction ratios greater than 1:.