Photography 101 basics for ya exchange

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  • 1. Photography 101 Tips on how to take better library photos.

2. Types of digital cameras Webcams/phone cams Point and shoot Intermediate Advanced Consumer Prosumer dSLR Professional dSLR 3. Camera lenses Wideangle zoom Standard Superzoom Telephoto zoom Macro Fisheye 4. Pixels What are pixels? The word "pixel" means a picture element. Every photograph, in digital form, is made up of pixels. They are the smallest unit of information that makes up a picture. Usually round or square, they are typically arranged in a 2-dimensional grid. In the next image, one portion has been magnified many times over so that you can see its individual composition in pixels. As you can see, the pixels approximate the actual image. The more pixels you have, the more closely the image resembles the original. 5. For more information, visit http://www.ultimate- photo-tips.com/what-is-a-pixel.html 6. Setting the Right F-Stop for Your Digital Photo Use an almost-wide-open f-stop to boost sharpness. Adjust your depth of field by moving f-stops. Avoid too-small f-stops. 7. A prefix on film speed ratings that stands for International Standards Organization, the group that standardizes, among other things, the figures that define the relative speed of films. 8. DSLR Basics http://www.digitalslrphoto.com/dslrbasics/ 9. What makes a good photograph? 10. Composition Rule of Thirds The rule of thirds is the simplest rule of composition. All you do is take your frame and overlay a grid of nine equal sections. This means you split the vertical space into three parts and the horizontal space into three parts. 11. Perspective Photographing your subject straight-on is sometimes the right choice, but you can create visual impact by moving the camera left, right, above, and below. 12. Light Manual settings Natural light Indoor lighting Consider all options! 13. FOCUS Auto focus Focus Points http://photographylife.com/dslr-autofocus-modes-explained 14. Location Indoor Outdoor Landscape mode? Portrait mode? Frame the image 15. Considerations Skin tones Hair and makeup Eyeglasses/sunglasses Other details? 16. Tagging and Descriptions Tags are Subject headings (flickr) Tagging someone (Facebook) - considerations Image descriptions, titles, etc. 17. Edit, Edit, and Edit Use online tools such as www.Pixlr.com 18. Look at Library Photos http://www.flickr.com/photos/scsl/ 19. Thank you! Dr. Curtis R. Rogers Communications Director 803-734-8928 crogers@statelibrary.sc.gov