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2. QUESTIONS ANSWERSFrom which country did Peru gain its independence in 1821?What is Perus highest peak?Who formed the oldest known complex society in Peru?Which two countries fought the War of the Pacific?Which Inca Emperor did Francisco Pizarro defeat?During which period was Peru a Spanish colony?What is Perus longest river?When did the Spanish conquer Peru?(CENTURY)What is a typical Peruvian dish?When is Peru national day celebrated? 3. Song: MI PERUPERUTengo el orgullo de ser peruano y soy felizde haber nacido en esta hermosa tierra del soldonde el indmito inca prefiriendo morirlego a su raza la gran herenciade su valor*ricas montaas, hermosas tierrasrisueas playas, es mi PERUfrtiles tierras, cumbres, nevadasros quebradas, es mi PERUas es mi raza noble y humildepor tradicinpero es rebelde cuando coartan su libertadentonces poniendo alma, mente y coraznrompe cadenas aunque la muerte vea llegar* - *ES MI PERU!!!!!!!!!!!! 4. It is the persons identity and sense ofbelonging to one state or to onenation, a feeling one shares with agroup of people, regardless of onescitizenship status. 5. It is a deep feeling of unity; people develop asense of belonging to the same land and weestablish a strong bond with social-culturaland geographical resources that formed us asPeruvians. 6. 1285, 216 km2 26 regions 28,220,764 inhabitants according toCensus 2007 200 miles of territorial seaHomework:Copy CONSTITUTION art.54 7. Peruvian cuisine blends Amerindian and Spanish food with stronginfluences from African, Arab, Italian, Chinese, and Japanese cooking.Perus varied climate allows the growth of diverse plants and animalsgood for cooking. Perus diversity of ingredients and cooking techniques isreceiving worldwide acclaim.Common dishes include anticuchos, ceviche, and pachamanca. 8. Peruvian music has Andean, Spanish,and African roots. Instruments: quena and the tinya weretwo common instruments. Spaniardsintroduced new instruments, such asthe guitar and the harp, charango African contributions to Peruvian musicinclude its rhythms and the cajn. Peruvian folk dances include marinera,huayno , zamacueca, and tondero. 9. These are the most official representation of thenationality:*The National Flag* The Coat of Arms*The National Anthem. 10. The Inca EmpireThe ViceroyaltyThe RepublicXIX:Foreign InmigrationXX: InternalMigrationXXI: Newstages ofidentityconstruction 11. The official language are Spanish and Quechua.Homework:Copy CONSTITUTION art.48 12. The religion of Peru is an inheritance of the Spanish conquest, forthis reason, it is a mainly Catholic country (more than 75% of thepopulation).Homework:Copy CONSTITUTION art.50 13. Many Peruvian traditions have passed fromone generation to another and continue tofascinate the minds and hearts of touristswho are lucky to visit one of the mostbeautiful countries in the world.Regarding the traditional holidays, there areseveral main holidays that Peruviansvigorously celebrate.*the Sun Festival or Inti RaymiDue to the introduction of Catholicism manyholidays are related to religion, such as:*All Saints Day*Peter and St Pauls Day*The Miracle Lord