Personal Narratives: Writing, Revising, and Publishing .Personal Narratives: Writing, Revising, and
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Shirley Lyons 75
Writing, Revising, and Publishing (WRAP)
Shirley Lyons F.M. Black Middle School
If anyone would ask me which middle school grade level of Language Arts is the most challenging course to teach in Texas, I would say that without a doubt that teaching Seventh
Grade Language Arts is one of the most challenging middle school subjects because the teacher is
held responsible and accountable for both the state reading and writing tests. Then, in addition to the content challenges for seventh grade language arts, many middle school teachers also deal
daily with adolescent raging hormones and teenage apathy for learning. From my fourteen years
of teaching seventh and eighth grade at-risk learners with the Houston Independent School District, I have noticed that each year the students are more challenging to reach and teach than
the year before, and, therefore, each year I must continue to develop alternative ways and means
of helping my students. In order to better help my students experience success in my class, I
became part of the Houston Teacher Institute and chose to participate in a meaningful and relevant seminar as one of the ways and means that helped me remain an effective professional
Claudia Rankines seminar Creative Writing in the Schools is the 2006 HTI seminar that I chose to participate in because the topics included in this seminar were relevant and vital to the
specific content area that I teach. As I developed and worked on ways to help my seventh graders
improve their writing skills, I also wanted to explore different methods and approaches to creative writing. The Creative Writing in the Schools seminar allowed me to expand my own knowledge
and understanding of creative writing the process and the skills, and I also believe that the
experience and knowledge that I gained from this seminar will positively impact my students
because my unit will focus on Personal Narratives: Writing, Revising, and Publishing (WRAP).
My seventh grade students will definitely benefit from my Personal Narrative WRAP unit
because this unit includes resources and activities that will allow my students to engage in
writing, revising, and publishing. I focused on finding and including resources that will ignite within each of my students a desire to write passionately because it is the internal passion that
will allow the writers voice to be heard loudly and clearly. By directly engaging in many of the
creative writing activities, I gained a deeper understanding and insight into the frustrations my
students may feel, and I also discovered some additional ways to help my students overcome some of the obstacles that block them from writing passionately.
This unit can also be helpful to other grade level language arts classroom teachers who are
responsible for improving their students writing skills. Our state writing test is comprised of two parts. One section of the test consists of multiple-choice questions that challenge students to
identify grammatical errors and to select the best revisions. The other part our state writing test is
a composition that is written in response to the writing prompt on the test. My unit focuses on personal narratives because my seventh grade students are expected to successfully write a
personal narrative. This unit can be modified to challenge higher ability students as well as
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simplified to meet the needs of fourth graders who also have to write a personal narrative on the
My Personal Narratives: Writing, Revising, and Publishing (WRAP) unit focuses on the
writing process for personal narratives that I plan to use with my seventh graders. My students
will definitely benefit from my WRAP unit because I designed this unit to include many writing techniques that I learned through the course of the seminar and research. This unit includes
activities that will allow my students to engage in the complete process: writing, revising, and
publishing. Included in this unit are resources that I hope will ignite within each student a desire to write passionately because I know the internal passion will allow the writers voice to be heard
loudly and clearly. By directly engaging in some creative writing activities, I gained insight into
a few frustrations that some of my students may feel, and I discovered some additional ways to help my students overcome some of the obstacles that block them from writing passionately. My
completed unit can also be helpful to other classroom teachers as an additional resource with
ideas and activities that can help improve students writing skills.
Included in this unit are writing exercises and prompts which will encourage my students to explore and acknowledge their own wealth of personal experiences that can provide them with
This unit starts with students exploring autobiographies and biographies. As students read like writers, they will focus on various methods of presenting experiences and details about a
persons life. Among the products that students produce in his unit, students will create four
books: a writers notebook, a journal, an expandable dictionary, and a final class published book that contains a collection of student work.
Students will be maintaining both a writers notebook and a journal. Though both of these
books will contain writing, they are different in the material that each of them will contain and in
the fact that each of the books will have a different focus and purpose.
The journal, which is a composition book, will stay in the classroom and is the place where
students will be making reader-response entries; responding to writing prompts; applying pre-
writing and brainstorming techniques for a specific topic; using different graphic organizers to guide the flow of compositions, first drafts, and complete papers; and revising at least one copy of
the compositions. However, unlike the journals, students will keep their writers notebook with
them at all times, but those writers notebooks will periodically be checked to ensure they are
being maintained. The students will use their writers notebooks to make entries that reflect their observations, ideas, thoughts, and growth as writers. Their writers notebooks can contain items,
such as free-writes, clippings from newspapers, pictures or photos from magazines, student-
selected poems, jokes, and riddles, as well as examples of self-selected excerpts of material that means something to them and which they came across either in or beyond my class.
The third book that students will create and maintain is an expandable personal dictionary,
which will include vocabulary words that were introduced from selected passages as well as words that were self-selected and words that convey feelings, thoughts, actions, and sounds.
Students will maintain a running list of vocabulary words by listing the words on their binder
word walls. Both the personal expandable dictionaries and notebook word wall sheets will help
my students be better able to describe a situation or experience more precisely and vividly.
The fourth book that students will create at the conclusion of this unit is the class publication
of work that they accumulated, edited, and revised. Their collection will include prose and verse.
Each student will create their own All about Me book, which will include biographical information along with their creative writing pieces. The unit concludes with a grand finale book
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event where parents will be encouraged to attend a showcasing of completed books and where my
students will experience their first author appearance experience that stars them for a public reading.
Through the course of this unit, students will practice and learn additional writing strategies
that can be applied to their writing projects. Strategies include: methods of brainstorming and
developing ideas connected to writing prompts such as webbing; listing and branching; a 1-2-3 method for exploring experiences related to the topic; and editing and revising tools. The
important components of this unit will be the inclusion of a writers notebook, a journal for
writing prompts, a personal expandable dictionary, and some of the activities, resources and strategies to use in the classroom.
This unit will provide students with opportunities to engage in constructive peer editing, use
various graphic organizers, brainstorm ideas, respond to visual and written journal prompts, increase grammatical awareness through daily mini-edit activities, expand their vocabulary,
engage in creative thinking activities, and apply revision techniques using outlines or tools
Showcasing students writings by posting on the wall examples representative of the different stages of the writing process will illustrate and guide students through all of the writing stages.
Prompts that students respond to in their journals will be written on a strip, and then one student
from each class will have his or her writing process to that prompt placed under the prompt. Each writing prompt sample will include three sections: a prewriting or brainstorming piece; the first
draft piece, and a revised piece. Displays will continually change to spotlight different prompts