Part 1 - Science in the USDA meet the carrots white orange purple/or ange red yellow pigment none...

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Transcript of Part 1 - Science in the USDA meet the carrots white orange purple/or ange red yellow pigment none...

  • Part 1: Turning plants into food

    Patrick Boyle

  • Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux

    broccoli

  • broccoli

    cabbage Steve Block

  • broccoli cabbage

    Wikimedia Commons user Qurqa

    cauliflower

  • broccoli cauliflower

    cabbage

  • Flickr: La Grande Farmers' Market, / USDA / Eric Hunt

    broccoli cauliflower

    cabbage

    kohlrabi brussels sprouts collards

  • Brassica oleracea Brassica oleracea

    Brassica oleracea

    Brassica oleracea Brassica oleracea Brassica oleracea

  • Brassica oleracea Wikimedia Commons: Sanja565658

  • the first plant engineers

  • Wikimedia Commons: FASTILY

    natural artificial selection

  • survival of the fittest!survival of the tastiest!

    Wikimedia Commons: FASTILY

    natural artificial selection

  • Wikimedia Commons: FASTILY

    selective breeding

    X

  • NASA

    civilization = agriculture?

  • Doebley et. al. Cell:127(7) 2006

  • © John Doebley

    corn

  • Wolfgang Sauber

  • Doebley et. al. Cell:127(7) 2006

    the ancient plant engineers

  • USDA

  • USDA

    meet the carrots

    white orange purple/orange red yellow

    pigment none beta and

    alpha carotene

    anthocyani n, beta and

    alpha carotene

    lycopene, beta

    carotene

    xanthophyll s

    origin 1600’s

    Northern Europe

    1600’s Europe

    Middle East

    900’s Afghanistan

    Turkey Middle East

    1700’s India China Japan

    900’s Afghanistan

    Turkey Middle East

  • X

    X

    LadyofHats

    19th century - genetics

    traits genes

  • X

    LadyofHats

    19th century - genetics

    traits genes

    9 3 3 1: : :

  • systematic plant breeding

  • USDA

    the population bomb?

  • USAID, Copyright © 2007 David Monniaux

  • USAID, Copyright © 2007 David Monniaux

  • Ildar Sagdejev & Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

  • USDA

    the population bomb?

  • USDA

    the population bomb?

  • Wikimedia Commons, Drahkrub

    questions?

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