Parisara Vahini March 2015

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Parisara Vahini March 2015 published by Karnataka State Pollution Control Board

Transcript of Parisara Vahini March 2015

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    Mangaluru: February 6thVenue: DC Office, Mangaluru

    About 100 people were present in the consultation venue, but only 34 people from the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Chickamagalur made oral presentations. Few others had sent written feedback. NGOs, individuals working on environmental and social issues, educational institutions, women activists, students, people from industrial and agricultural background, industrial associations, DC and ADC, Dakshina Kannada participated. DC also shared his views with the participants.

    The focus was largely on coastal ecology. Main issues raised were: coastal erosion, over fishing, DANIDA report, solid waste management, salt water ingress, lack of animal husbandry, and issues with open grazing; license to additional polluting industries, opposition to Yattinahole water diversion, careful usage of energy and energy auditing, urbanization, separation of waste at source, energy conservation, consumption reduction, discharge of untreated sewage to sea, effective implementation of various Acts on pollution, changes in cropping pattern, coffee plantation issues, sustainable agriculture, bio-fuels, modeling of Climate Change issues in India, flood forecasting and preparedness in urban areas, ecological flows in rivers, zoning issues for factories / residences, land management

    issues, rain water harvesting, T&D losses in power sector, roof top SPVs and solar cookers, the real need for additional airports, efficient usage of existing infrastructures, pollution due to expansion of NHs, aging vehicle fleet, agro forestry, green industries and business, massive tree planting, desalting of lakes and dams,

    Karwar: February 7th

    Venue: District Science centre

    About 30 people were present in the consultation venue, but only 15 people from the districts of Uttara Kannada and Haveri made oral presentations. Few others had sent written feedback. NGOs, individuals working on environmental and social issues, educational institutions, women activists, students, people from industrial and agricultural background, industrial associations.

    The focus was largely on coastal ecology, rivers and bio-diversity. Main issues raised were: coastal erosion, concerns over large infrastructure projects, health of estuaries, mangroves, threat to fishing, rainwater harvesting, preservation of rice varieties suitable to the coast, Kandla forestry. concerns over Tadadi port, energy conservation, advantages of nuclear power, objections to Kaiga 5 & 6. Pollution at Dandeli due to two paper industries, adequate number of trains to reduce vehicular pollution,

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    awareness and education campaign, pollution of air, water and land, already adequate number of industries in the district, effective means for compensatory afforestation, pollution due to fly ash, role of KSPCB in protecting the forest wealth, stone mining, protecting natural forests, sustainable agriculture, urbanization, pollution in beaches, major development policies, dams, coal power plants, too many ports, scientific studies needed in all projects.

    Sirsi: February 9th

    Venue: M.M College

    About 40 people were present in the consultation venue, but only 17 people from the areas around Sirsi made oral presentations. The presentations were mostly by college students and lecturers. Few others have assured to send written feedback. NGOs, individuals working on environmental and social issues, educational institutions, women activists, students, people from agricultural background participated.

    The focus was largely on forests, rivers and bio-diversity. Main issues raised were: developmental paradigm, massive tree planting, food habits and life style changes, awareness and peoples effective participation, protection of forests, rivers and soils, the need to provide income insurance against loss of agricultural products, usage of pesticides such as Endosulphan, renewable energy, efficiency, management of micro climate, pollution of Bedthi and Aghanashini rivers, importance of sacred groves, disproportionate no. of power plants in the district, mining in forest areas, carbon credits for traditional practices in agriculture, plastic wastes, vehicle pollution, soppina betta, medicinal plants, awareness and

    education campaign, traditional knowledge base in Uttara Kannada, polluter pays principle, grass lands, land use changes, value based credits to forest based people, tourism.

    Ballari: February 20thVenue: Rao Bahaddur Y Mahabaleshappa College of Engineering

    About 50 people were present in the consultation venue, but only 27 people from Raichur, Ballari and Koppal districts made oral presentations. The presentations were by farmers, college students, lecturers, industrialists, NGOs, individuals working on environmental and social issues, educational institutions, women activists particiapted.

    The focus was largely on industrial pollution in Sandur/ Tornagallu areas. Main issues raised were: the impact on agriculture and human health by the industrial pollution from mining, steel works and coal power plants; degradation of environment due to forest cover depletion; increased concerns on fresh water availability; need for moving away from industrial base to agro-forestry economy; best practices in mines, steel works and coal power plants; need to develop alternative energy sources such as solar and bio-mass; carrying capacity of the region; carbon disclosure projects of JSW; dry development imperatives; preservation of local environment; organic farming; vehicle pollution; additional mining in sensitive areas; risk of social disharmony due to massive pollution issues; recharging of ground water tables; solid waste management and waste segregation; agricultural land diversion; afforestation.

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    Kalaburagi: February 21stVenue: District Science Centre

    About 30 people were present in the consultation venue, but only 17 people from Kalaburagi, Bidar and Yadgir districts made oral presentations. The presentations were by college students, lecturers, industrialists, NGOs, individuals working on environmental and social issues.

    The focus was largely on balanced growth between industry and environment. Main issues raised were: optimal usage of natural resources; water conservation and rain water harvesting, bio-fuels, renewable energy, garbage disposal, need for massive plantation of trees, awareness programmes at various levels, bio-fuel plants, life style changes, traditional practices, energy efficiency & conservation and best practices in industry, integrated approach to health related issues in the context of CC, implementation of strict pollution control measures; polluter pays principle; trees on road sides; focus on solar power; bio-pesticides; urbanization, sand and stone extraction issues; vehicle pollution.

    Vijayapura: February 22nd

    Venue: ZP Convention Hall

    About 40 people were present in the consultation venue, but only 15 people from Vijyapura, and Bagalkot districts made oral presentations. The presentations were by college students, lecturers, industrialists, NGOs,farmers, and individuals working on environmental and social issues.

    The focus was largely on balanced growth between industry and environment. Main issues raised were: equity in access to natural

    resources; water conservation, bio-fuels, renewable energy, garbage disposal, need for massive plantation of trees, awareness programmes at various levels, possible impact on agricultural and horticultural crops from the Kudigi thermal power plant, responsibilities of municipal bodies, safe keeping of heritage structure in the districts, e-waste, animal husbandry, assistance to farmers to prepare for drastic changes in climate, growing drought resistant crops, rural development, concerns on growing urbanization, traditional practices, energy efficiency & conservation and best practices in industry, bio-diversity conservation, sewage treatment, implementation of strict pollution control measures; trees on road sides; focus on solar power; bio-pesticides; vehicular pollution.

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    Consent/ Extension application by industries: KSPCB reduces file disposal period

    Karnataka State Pollution Control Board has also reduced the time period for disposing Consent/ Extension applications by industries in Karnataka. KPSCB has announced that it will, from now onwards, dispose the Consent / Renewal applications in 23 days for Green Category industries and 40 days for Orange category industries.

    Orange category applications for buildings and construction activities that are supposed to be disposed by Central office will be disposed in 70 days. This was decided in the 194th Board meeting of KSPCB, presided iover by Dr. Vaman Acharya, Chairman, KSPCB.

    Apart from this, the applications of industries that come under EIA (Environment Impact Assessment) will be disposed in 120 days and the deadline for those which do not come under EIA would be 100 days.

    It is hoped that the industries which comply with Rules and Regulations of the KSPCB will get benifited from these radical changes.

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    Minimum 5 year consent (Licence) for industriesKSPCB takes steps to simplify administrative processes

    The Karnataka State Pollution Control Board has decided to issue a permission for a minimum of 5 years to the large industries and establishments under Red Category and collect Consent Fee in two installments. This is part of few radical steps to reform the administration in KSPCBs Consent process mechanism. This will come into force from the year 2015-16. This simplified rule is also applicable to large industries in Orange and Medium Industries in Red and Orange. All these industries will get 5 year consent and will have to pay the consent fee in two installments.

    This was decided at the 195th Meeting of the KSPCB Board, presided over by Dr. Vaman Acharya, the Chairman of KSPCB.

    Background

    Since 2012, KSPCB was collecting three years fees and issuing 5 year consent for Red and Orange category small industries. The Red category large industries were given consent for only one year. The Orange category large and medium industries were earlier given two year consent.

    Now by issuing 5 year consent for all the industries, KSPCB has moved forward towards a simplified consent process.

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  • 18 PlP jg | iZ 2015

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  • 19PlP jg | iZ 2015

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  • 20 PlP jg | iZ 2015

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  • 21PlP jg | iZ 2015

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  • 22 PlP jg | iZ 2015

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  • 23PlP jg | iZ 2015

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  • 24 PlP jg | iZ 2015

    WASTE MANAGEMENT TIPS Do not create waste as far as possible: it is unfortunate that people have stopped carrying cloth bags when

    shopping. In the bargain each one comes back with innumerable plastic bags which litter the entire country and harm cows, birds and other creatures. As per one of the leading newspapers, 200 cows in Delhi are being operated upon to remove 50 kgs of plastic from their stomachs. If we revere the cow, then should we not bring

    about this basic change in our attitudes and carry cloth bags vis--vis the convenience of plastic bags? It is important to educate the vast population of the intergenerational negative consequences of plastics.

    Reduce wherever possible: while buying vegetables the leaves can be left in the mandi/ market, so that the same is not disposed of at the residential level, only to be collected and dumped at the land fill sites of a few cities. Aggregation of vegetable leaves at source can be deployed for manure making, or gas generation through the bio- methanation process.

    Cook potatoes along with their jackets, chop apples with the skin for fruit salad, dry orange peel for pickling - some very simple examples which we seem to be forgetting .

    Use whatever is possible: To extend the example of vegetable plants, many such leaves/parts of a plant can be eaten-for example the leaves of the drumstick tree and the stem of the banana plant, are used as delicacies in the southern states of India.

    GUEST COLUMNMost of lifes lessons are simple. We complicate them to sound knowledgeable.Finally, we fail and return to simple answers.

    -Anonymous

    The announcement, by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, of making Clean India a priority agenda, has brought back the public debate on something that has concerned the countrys citizens for a long time. Swachha Bharat Abhiyaan, is a clarion call targetting year 2019 when hopefully, India will be a clean country - a much needed and laudable effort required, if India wants a larger share of the tourism footfalls in the region. India loses 6 per cent of its GDP on account of poor sanitation facilities in the country. Considering that our current GDP is 1 trillion dollars, this is a large sum of money to lose out on for want of basic cleanliness in a resource constrained nation such as ours.

    As per the WHO & UNICEF Program on Drinking

    Water and Sanitation Report, National Family Welfare Survey; 67 per cent of rural households have no toilets, 78 per cent of sewage is dumped in rivers, and 6000 tonnes of plastic waste is littered on a daily basis. Roughly 600 million Indians defecate in the open. Even poorer countries have a better record. This lack of toilets, leads to malnourished children, on account of open defecation, tainted water, poor absorption of nutrients, bacteria and intestinal worms. Fewer toilets lead to more disease. Good sanitation can however boost per capita income by 6000 crores a year.

    The above data reflects sanitation alone. In addition, we have challenges of waste management covering a large spectrum of different kinds of waste: wet, liquid, gaseous and often the untouched topic of the mining burden. This waste stream is not on the radar screen of the media because of the remoteness of mining areas.

    According to the Ministry of Environment and Forest, India generates 150,000 tonnes of domestic waste every day of which only 13 per cent is treated. How do we address the vast quantum of

    Principles of Waste Management

    jg R

  • 25PlP jg | iZ 2015

    waste generated every day, so that India remains a clean, vibrant and healthy country with a thriving population? If these principles are applied, then it will be possible to clean up the countrys waste as storage of waste is another difficult challenge in a country with a density of 470 persons per sq km vis--vis China with a population density of 140 persons per sq km.

    In my view, being frugal is the need of the day to handle waste and not by allocating costly scarce urban land for practices which we have followed for thousands of years, but have forgotten in the onslaught of modernisation and globalisation.

    As a country, we have to move away from the linear production process, to a circular one. In a linear production process we extract, produce, use and then throw the waste which ends up being an eye sore in the landfill sites. On the other hand, in a circular process, the so called waste is redeployed productively. We have still not fully realised that the residual value of waste can be creatively deployed for another use, probably another industry. Good examples are the use of fly ash and slag in the cement industry as well as the use of discarded paper in paper manufacturing.

    Spent cooking oil can also be converted into biodiesel for operating vehicles, as is the practice in London and some cities in Sweden. Two billion tonnes of agri-waste has the potential of being converted into power for rural use - this is still to be tapped on a grand scale .

    Co- processing of plastic and old tyres has commenced in the cement industry for the purpose of incineration. While a lot of waste is informally recycled, the time has come to develop clusters where the waste of one can be a resource for another. Due to many reasons, this concept is difficult to implement, hence attempts should be made to have complementary industries in a particular geographical region, for co processing. For example, if power plants can be located near the mines, the fly ash of the power plant can be used to fill the abandoned mines and reclaim the land for natural regeneration.

    In the bargain we will reduce the transport intensity of coal which is carried to great distances by railways with an embedded hidden subsidy. In the sanitation domain for public toilets, we need to breakdown the subject into three segments:

    HArdWArE: Considering the huge numbers of toilets required, we will need different materials depending on the five agro climatic conditions and its impact on natural resources.

    SOFTWArE: How are we going to handle the waste for productive purposes in farming through use of the waterless pan design- a product called eco san is already in use in the State of Kerala. The pan design lends itself to segregation of urine and faeces. While the urine can be used for farming, the faeces can be composted. Needless to mention, introduction of attitude shifts and developing systems which are clean and user friendly need to be introduced.

    HEARTWARE: It is of paramount importance that the people who work in this field are given dignity and respect as opposed to the caste system of the country which keeps them ostracised for performing cleaning services.

    The tourism industry by virtue of its diverse internal skills has a great role to play in lending its hands in training people with dignity. A hotel group that I am familiar with started the Andaman & Nicobar Tourism Guild in Port Blair consisting of hoteliers, boat operators and transport providers. In the island, sight-seeing takes tourists to different islands. The food packets, carried by them for the days picnic, were left back on the islands resulting in huge amounts of garbage on islands which were pristine and clean.

    The Guild trained boat operators to inform tourists that litter was to be taken back to the boat, something invariably resisted by most tourists. Instead of getting into a confrontation, the boat operator would refrain from starting the engine of the boat until the best practice was complied with! Similarly, The Basant Lok Jagriti Association was started in Vasant Vihar in 1993 to clean up the complex which was in a state

  • 26 PlP jg | iZ 2015

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    of disarray. Staff were recruited and given uniforms, shoes and the complex was cleaned and cleared of all debris and garbage. Dust bins with the message Thank you for not littering were placed all over the complex but were ignored by many due to the lackadaisical civic sense which pervades the country.

    What are the steps that the tourism industry can take that can be geographically dispersed across the country?

    z Learn to engage with locals and sensitise them to adopt best practices for their own long term health and business interest.

    z Depending on the size of the hotel set up, run clean toilets which can be gradually handed over to locals to run as a means of livelihood. Tourists do not mind paying for a clean service facility.

    z Design the toilets such that they have natural ventilation and lighting and good views.

    z Look at the opportunity of urinals only for men, but also consider unisex toilets where there is space / other constraints not foreseen.

    z Develop a nice patch around this facility with flowering plants/ shrubs or even fruit trees to make the place attractive. Hopefully, the ambience will create good habits over a period of time.

    z Use solar devices to lift water to overhead tanks for washing purposes, or provide a charging facility for solar lights and mobiles. The idea is to try and weave new revenue earning opportunities that have not been thought of before.

    The role of the Government: Just as extended producer responsibility has been implemented for car batteries with a small price embedded in the cost of product for recovery and responsible reuse of the same, this concept of product stewardship needs to be extended to host of other products to make Swach Bharat a reality in the shortest span of time.

    A regulatory nudge will result in industries to think through their current practices in driving out waste from their production processes through innovative ways that they have not thought of due to lax

    regulatory regime in most developing countries.

    One foresees principles of bio mimicry taking roots on a grand scale, leading to elimination of land fill sites, which can be converted into city forests, for cities which are choking with its excessive wasteful consumption of poorly priced natural resources.Mahatma Gandhis dream would be realised if different stakeholders attempt their own experiments in a country with five diverse agri climatic conditions dove tailed with the diversity of thinking and visualising a vibrant India.

    Chalo Swach Bharat Abhiyan shuru kare

    Niranjan Khatri,

    Ex GM, EnvironmentInitiatives, ITC Hotels

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  • 27PlP jg | iZ 2015

    Awareness programme on Bio-Medical wasteAwareness programme on Bio-Medical Waste ( Management & Handling ) Rules , 1998 and to the

    provisions of Water Act & Air Act at Indian Medical Association, Behind Shimoga Institute of Medical

    Sciences, Shimoga on 28th January.

    Around two hundred and fifty attendees from various Health Care Establishments in and around Shimoga District were beneficiaries of the programme.

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  • 28 PlP jg | iZ 2015

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    Karnataka State Pollution Control Board has decided to dispense with collection of guarantee money that is being collected during various circumstances. This decision shall come into effect from 5th January, 2015.

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  • PlP jg | PlP gd i AiAvt AqAi iwP | Al 5 AaP 3 iZ 2015 | SV gPV