Paper clips

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Paper Clips A common item with an uncommon story

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Transcript of Paper clips

Page 1: Paper clips

Paper ClipsA common item with an

uncommon story

Page 2: Paper clips

Early Paper Fasteners

• Fastening papers has been found as early as the 13th century

• Before paper clips, most people used sewing pins to fasten papers

• Inventor John Ireland Howe is invented a machine to mass produce these pins in 1835

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Early Paper Clips

• There are over 50 patents for devices that claim to “fasten papers together”

• The first paper clips showed up in the 1860s• There are three people commonly credited for

inventing the paper clip

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George McGill

• One of the most know inventors of paper clips. Due largely to the fact that he was granted 15 different patents from 1888 to 1903.

• His patent from 1903 is similar to the common paper clip today. However, he doesn’t receive credit inventing it because that design had already been invented and patented years earlier.

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Paper Clips Project

Linda Hooper, a middle school teacher in Whitewell, TN, wanted her students to truly understand how vast the number of Jews executed during the Holocaust was.

How did she do it?

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Paper Clips

• Produced by Joe Fab• Shown for the first time

in 2003 in Whitewell• Officially released in

2004• Won many awards at

various film festivals

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Six Million Paper Clips

• Written by Peter Schroeder and Dagmar Schroeder- Hildebrand

• Copyrighted in 2004

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• Introduced in Microsoft Office 97

• Nicknamed “Clippy”• Meant to provide help

and tips for Microsoft Office users

• Sadly, Clippy was laid to rest after Microsoft Office 2004

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• Johan Vaaler is commonly credited with inventing the paper clip.

• However, William Middlebrook created the common paper clip.

• Cushman and Dennison bought Middlebrook’s patent in 1899 and began selling it as the “Gem clip.”

• The Gem clip is the best selling paper clip in the US.

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One Red Paper Clip

• On July 14, 2005, Kyle MacDonald traded a red paper clip for a fish shaped pen.

• This began a year long journey during which MacDonald eventually bartered his way up to a house.

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Cultural Impact

• Middle school students collected well over 6 million paper clips to represent the 6 million executed during the Holocaust in what was called the “Paper Clips Project.”

• This resulted in a documentary and a book about the project.

• Clippit, or “Clippy” was a Microsoft Office program that helped users become familiar with Office.